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After coasting the two islands which many specimens for the royal gardens form New Zealand, the voyagers pro- at Kew, wlich were 'most graciously ceeded towards the coast of New Hol received. land, to which part Cook gave
Amidst the display of philosophic adof New South Wales, where Mr. Banks miration of the voyagers, there were stills and Dr. Solander made so many botani-: some envious individuals who affected cal acquisitions in one bay, that the to despise their exertions and acquisiname of Botany Bay was given to it; tions. The younger Forster, who, with but Port Jackson they merely passed so his father, accompanied Captain Cook as to see that it was a harbour deserving in his second voyage, seems to allude to of a name. Whilst running along the this when he says,-"The British legis. coast of New Hollaud, they met with lature did not send out and liberally ..! an accident which had nearly deprived support my father as a naturalist, who Mr. Banks, and the world at large, of was merely to bring hoine a collection the fruits of all his labours; for the ship of butterflies and dried plants.” But having struck upon a coral reef, to the this is the less deserving notice, as manifest risk of all their lives, of which Forster was a professed grumbler, bethere is a most interesting account in came afterwards an admirer of the rights Hawkesworth, they afterwards got her of man, and through the exercise of into Endeavour River, where, on bring- those rights, lost his head somewhere in ing her by the stern to get at the leak Germany. under the bows, the water in the lim Soon after the arrival of Mr. Banks in bers rushed aft into the bread-room, London, he became entangled in a dis- i where all his botanical collections were pute with the relations of one of his stowed, together with his other acquisi- draughtsmen, Sydney Parkinson, who tions in natural history, which were so had died in the course of the voyage,' ta, completely wetted through, that it was having been engaged at a salary of 80. with the utmost difficulty they could be per annum, as natural history painter, restored.
for which he had shewn considerable From New Holland they visited New genius. Parkinson's friends seemed to Guinea, proceeding thence through the have formed the most extravagant ideas Indian Archipelago to Batavia, where respecting the property left by their both Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander had young friend in general effects, curiosinearly lost their lives from that unhealthy ties, and drawings; and consequently climate. There too, to his inexpressible they felt much disappointed, accusing regret, he lost his Otaheitean friend, Mr. Banks, by implication, of having Tupia, whose superior intelligence and unfairly taken possession of various ar i goodness of heart had endeared him to ticles, independently of drawings, which his patron. After visiting the Cape of he claimed as the work of his own Good Hope and St. Helena, the En- draughtsman. But these charges, with deavour anchored in the Downs on the the whole affair of the publication of 12th of June, 1771; and Mr. Banks Parkinson's account of the voyage, may had the pleasure of landing on his na be found in the preface to that book; tive shore, after an absence of three but as much of it seems the result of years all but two months.
passion and prejudice, no farther notice Our enterprising philosopher was re- of it is necessary here ; and indeed Mr. ceived on his return, by all ranks, with Banks appears not to have considered the most eager admiration and the ut- himself as at all called on to offer any most kindness; and on the 10th of vindication in the affair. August, by his Majesty's express desire, Early in 1772 an expedition was preMr. Banks and Dr. Solander, accom- pared under the command of Captain panied by Sir John Pringle, then Presi- Cook, to proceed in search of the so dent of the Royal Society, attended at much talked of Southern Continent; in Richmond, where they had the honour which Mr. Banks most anxiously took of a private royal interview, which lasted a part, intending to perform the voyage; some hours. Indeed neither of those he prepared his establishment upon the distinguished naturalists had been un most extensive scale, and was to be acmindful of the predilection which he, companied by Zoffany the painter, under whom we may now call the great father his Majesty's express patronage. On this and patron of British science, had for account orders were given by the Adbotanical novelty; and accordingly they miralty for fitting the ships out with had taken care to bring home a great every possible accoinmodation that Mr.
Banks could desire.; but the Resolution Man for the purpose of examining some having sailed from Long Reach for Ply- Runic inscriptions ; but the weather mouth
on the 10th of May, she was being unfavourable, they gave up the found so very crank, from the additional design, and pushed on for the Western upper works, even in the smooth water Islands, visiting Oransay, Columbkill, of the river, as to be obliged to be Scarba, and Staffa, so remarkable for its carried into Sheerness to have the ad- basaltic columns, but till then, we may ditional cabins, cut away, with such say, comparatively unknown. In fact, other alterations as were necessary to previous to this, Staffa had only been make her sea-worthy. This of course slightly mentioned by Buchanan; so that struck at the very root of Mr. Banks's Mr. Banks had no idea or intention of project, in curtailing him of the space stopping there, nor would he, had it not and accommodation absolutely neces been that the strength of the tides sary for the establishment which he had obliged them to' anchor, during the forined;
but so anxious were the Ad- night, in the sound between the Isle of miralty to do every thing possible for Mull and Morven, opposite to Drumen, him, that the first Lord, the Earl of the seat of Maclean, a Highland chiefSandwich, and Sir Hugh Palliser, actual- tain, who invited the 'travellers on shore ly went down to Sheerness to super- to breakfast the next morning, when intend the alterations, and to preserve they received information of the pillars things in such a state as to accommo from Mr. Leach, who had visited them date the man who was nobly resigning a few days before. Mr. Banks' desire all the delights of polished society in the for information could not resist the offer cause of science. "It was impracticable, of that gentleman to accompany the however, with any regard to the safety party to Staffa, and accordingly they of the ship, and the success of the geo- set off in the boats the same day, arriving graphical objects of the expedition, to at the spot late in the evening, the dispreserve the necessary accommodations; tance being about_nine leagues from and Mr. Banks gave up his plans, though their anchorage. For probable inconwith great regret, and not before the veniences they had well provided, having early part of June, on the 11th of which taken two days provisions, and a small month the Messrs. Forster were en tent, in which they cooked their supgaged to perform the voyage upon a pers and slept, in preference to taking smaller scale of preparation; during all up their abode in the only house on the which Mr. Bank's most sedulously gave island. his best advice and assistance.
Having ordered their vessel to wait Disappointed in this expedition, Mr. for them at Tobirmore, a very fine barBanks was prompted to engage in some bour on the Mull side, they joined her, other active research, and accordingly after gratifying their curiosity by an acdetermined on a voyage to Iceland and curate investigation, and proceeded on the western islands of Scotland; partly their voyage, which was now directed for the purpose of scientific observation, through seas hitherto unexplored by the and, as Van Troil states, who accom- eye of philosophic science. panied him, in order to keep together They passed the Orkneys and Shetand employ the draughtsmen, and other land islands without any particular inpersons, whom he and Dr. Solander had vestigation ; being anxious to have the engaged for the South Sea expedition, whole summer before them for the
The vessel which he hired for this examination of Iceland, whose rocky voyage was engaged at 100l. per month; coasts promised them great acquisicions and the party was agre
greeably increased in ichthyology, whilst its extensive by Dr. James Lind of Edinburgh as astro- plains, under the rapid and exuberant nomer, and the late Captain Gore, who fertility of the northern hemisphere, accompanied Cook in his third voyage, would present a new scene in the bothen a Lieutenant; to which we may tanical world. add another Lieutenant of the navy, On the 28th of August, 1772, they three draughtsmen, two writers, and sea- arrived off the coast
of Iceland, and men, and servants, to the number of anchored near to Bassestedr; from forty in all
whence they proceeded to investigate They sailed from the river in July, the natural curiosities of that extraordiand called at Portsmouth, thence to nary, and then little known, island. Plymouth, and proceeded up St. George's Their journey to Mount Hecla occuChannel, meaning to call at the Isle of pied twelve days, the distance being
love for the sciences." In this he was
In this he was late Majesty's unhappy illness, but afsuccessful, the British government feel- terwards. ing the same liberal principles, and During the latter years of a well-spent acting as they did afterwards on several life, Sir Joseph laboured under an afsimilar occasions.
flicting complaint, which in a great meaA life of such general advantage to sure had so deprived him of the use of the country, could not fail to merit the his lower extremities, that he was unattention of his venerable and patriotic able to take his accustomed exercise; sovereign, who speedily selected him as but his spirits still supported him, and an effective member of the Privy Coun- to the last he was the active patron of cil, and conferred upon him, in 1795, science and literature. In the month the red ribband of the Bath. Sir Joseph, of April of the present year, however, however, took no part in politics, at he found himself so totally unable to least as a partizan; he had not even a sustain the duties of his office at Somerseat in Parliament, notwithstanding his set House, that he expressed a wish to parliamentary connexion with Boston, resign : but this resignation the society as Recorder of that borough.
were unwilling to accept of, and he conIn 1804, he became active in forming tinued to hold the office until his dethe Horticultural Society, to which he mise, which took place soon after, on was a contributor of several papers, ex the morning of the 19th of May, 1820, planatory of his mode of cultivating se at his house in Soho-square. veral scarce, yet useful productions, in We have not space to record the nuhis garden at Spring Grove, and also at merous instances which we could adRevesby Abbey; particularly his plan duce of his liberal encouragement of with respect to the American cranberry, science, of his benevolent attention to the paper on which, in the Society's public and private charities, or of his first volume, gives an interesting de- generous hospitality. His last will disscription of the garden and orchard at plays his feelings towards his country, his suburban villa, where he expended by the bequest of his library and colleclarge sums, though only a tenant until tion to the British Museum. Dying 1808, when he purchased it in fee. without issue his title is extinct; and
In 1817, Sir Joseph Banks had the his estates go to collateral connexions, misfortune to lose his sister, Sarah So- after the death of his dowager. phia, a loss which he severely felt, as We trust that public gratitude will her amiable qualities, together with do honour to him and to the country, those of Lady Banks, had often render by all that can now be done—an approed Spring Grove the favourite and fami priate monument. liar resort of royalty, not only before his
ORIGINAL AND SELECT POETRY. Ertract from the Epilogue spoken at Reading School, Since past are mantling joys and tragic pains,
after the Representation of the Raging Hercules of And nothing, save the Farce of Life, remains ; Euripides, and before the Aferpiece of the Critic. te The pile of earthly grandeur rises taper,
And what began in gold has end in paper ! "Tis done-our toils are past-the prompter's bell
Blest age of authors ! chiefs of ancient time Bids to the grand heroic style, farewell
Have fought and died to furnish thee with Of high emprise and tragic rage enough,
rhyme; Tis time for Hercules to yield to Puff.
Thy tender bosoms learn in song to melt, O change significant! in thee appears
And send their griefs to press as soon as felt;
But dies away in sentimental lays;
It leaves its fragrance in a magazine;
Hides its soft secrets in the daily press ;
In high contempt of fame, huge quartos piles, * We give part of this epilogne, though its oc
And nobly scorns mankind, to win its smiles ! casion is not very recent, because it is not merely of temporary interest, and will be found to illus. Haste, Science, onward ! speed the glorious hour trate that state of literature to which we have al. When genius' self shall own mechanic power, luded in our observations on the Remains of Peter When new machines the author's toil remove, Corcoran. The representations of Greek plays at And spinning jennies weave out notes of love; Reading school have a perfection and beauty which Teach wit's bright sparks, by chemic skill to can only be believed by those who have witnessed
And build an epic by the aid of steam !
Behold the wonders of our glorious age,
And she drank, and she totter'd, but still she
Was talking and shaking her liead ::. Muttered "temperance"! prudence," until she Was carried by Folly to bed.
TO THE RIVER THAMES.
With no cold admiration do I gaze
T, N, T.
Hail to thy world of desolation ! here
lived In dread communion with the weeping shade Of desolated Nature thou hast made.
Fame the Symbol and the Evidence of Immortality.
There stand they-fortresses upreard by man
T, N, T.
Departed hours ! as Memory fondly pores
Along your page with retrospective ken; And wanders back, 'midst childhood's happy hours,
Far from the more observant eye of menIt seems to woo you from a death-like sleep,
Where, shrouded in the sepulchre of years, Oblivion pillows you-Oh! I would steep
In Lethean draught, methinks, an age of tears, And be the happy being that I was,
As careless and as innocent-but oh ! It wisely is forbidden man to pause
Amidst this earthly prigrimage of woem He journeys on ;-yet 'mid Hope's withering blight Life's earlier pleasures steal more fair and bright,
J. A. B.
All sportingly, laughingly gay ;
To drive old dame Wisdom away. “O my children, take care !" said the beldame,
“ Attend to these counsels of mine; “ Get not tipsey ! for danger is seldom
“ Remote from the goblet of wine.” “With thee in his company, no man
" Can err," said our wag with a wink, “ But come thou good-humourd old woman,
“ (There's a drop in the goblet) -and drink.” She frown'd, but her scruples soon twisting
Complyingly, smilingly said : " So polite---there's iudeed no resisting,
« For Wisdom was never ill-bred." She drank-but continued her teaching,
* Let the wise from indulgence refrain: And never gave over her preaching
But to say, “Fill the goblet again !"
When smiling in the pride of May,
Again to try his angle's viles,
Lonely I no longer roam
Where you dwell shall be my home,
Where you die shall be my grave. nsThough rising high, or sinking low,
Mine the God whom you adore, 1 Yet never ceases it to flow,
Your Redeemer shall be mine;
Every idol I resign. :)
Tell me not of gain and loss,
Ease, enjoyment, pomp, and power;
Welcome poverty, and cross,
Shame, reproach, affliction's hour!
-“ Follow me!"— I know thy voice, Which varied joys were wont to greet,
Jesus, Lord ! thy steps I see;
Now I take thy yoke by choice,
Light thy burthen now to me.
J. MONTGOMERY. When silly boyhood, sanguine, gay,
Sought all within the passing minute;
TO NATHAN DRAKE, M. D.
On reading the First Paper in his “ Winter Nights."
With witching eloquence and truth
Hast thou described the dear delights, I mean not that the cradled boy
Accessible to Age and Youth,
In frowning Winter's stormiest sights. I Or blushing maid's ideal joy
While turning o'er thy first essay,
My heart so warmly feels its spell,
It cannot for an hour delay
The thanks which thou hast won so well. Whilst laughing, ev'n in spite of pain,.
Such pictures—whether they describe, · He charms his visionary night;
In Truth's own simple eloquence,
The frolics of a youthful tribe,
Happy in early innocence ;
In whose bright eyes the vivid gleam : 1
Of Home's loved fire-side gaily glances ;
While the more mild and chasten'd beam When Woman's smile and Friendship's tongue Impress'd the heart with pleasure's truth;
From older ones, their mirth enhances; When Feeling sigh'd and Beauty sung,
Or whether they pourtray the charm
Which erst o'er Cowper's spirit stole;
When evening's pensive soothing calm
Sheds its own stillness o'er the soul;
Such pictures do not merely pass
Before the eye and fade in air;
Like summer-showers on new-mown grass, And stole from love its foolish grief;
They call back living freshness there.
Aye ! c'en to lonely hearts, which feel
That such things were, and now are not, Recal me love's first year so gay!
Not poignant, only, their appeal,
But fraught with bliss, yet unforgot."
Yes, bliss !--for joys so calm and pure
Leave blessings with the heart they bless'd;'
And still unchangeably endure, July 8, 1820.
E’en when not actually possess'd.
For thee, my friend ! if wish of mine,
A bard obscure, could call down bliss
Could I implore for thee or thine,
A more delightsul boon than this ?--
Than-that thy Mother's green old age
May be her Child's, or Children's too; Now to you my spirit turns,
And that each charm that decks thy page, Turns,-a fugitive unblest;
Thy own fire-side may prove is true. Brethren ! where your altar burns,
BERNARD BARTON. O receive me to your rest.
Woodbridge, 5th No. 25th, 1820.