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as in Peter's Letters, or in the Letters Baldwin's Magazine, in so far as it from the Lakes its joys will speedily imitates Blackwood's, is not, we think, perish. When they can no longer nestle very successful. Its most desperate atin privacy, they will wither. We can- tempts at humour-such as the effusions not however refuse to Blackwood's conof Janus Weathercock, and Mr. Bon tributors the praise of great boldness in Mot-are stupendously unwieldy and throwing away the external dignities of frivolous. Excepting a few lively artiliterature, and mino ling their wit and cles, attributed to the pen of the liveeloquence and poetry with the familiari- liest of our young writers in the South, ties of life, with an ease which nothing its strength lies in its criticism. , The but the consciousness of great and ge- article on the Scottish novels--though nuine talent could inspire or justify. we think its eulogies far too highly coMost of their jests have, we think, been loured_displayed a great richness and carried a little too far. The town be- fulness of thought, and a most cordial gins to sicken of their pugilistic articles; sympathy with the author, and with the to nauseate the blended language of humanity which breathes in his creaOlympus and St. Giles's; to long for tions. The essay on Wordsworth, reinspiration from a purer spring than plete with ingenious observations, we Belsher's tap; and to desire sight of thought inadequate-but this is no matApollo and the Muses in a brighter ring ter of surprise. than that of Moulsey-hurst. We ought We have thus, impartially, we think, not to forget the debt which we owe to endeavoured to perform the delicate task this magazine for infusing something of of characterizing the principal contempothe finest and profoundest spirit of the raries and rivals of the New Monthly German writers into our criticism, and Magazine, on which last-mentioned pubfor its “high and hearted” eulogies of lication, it will not be expected that we the greatest, though not the most popu- should here venture to make any relar of our living poets.


DEATH OF JAMMEAMEA, KING OF THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. By a letter from Captain Ricord, sacred his useful institutions," for Governor of Kamschatka, we are in- which,” said he,“ we are obliged to formed of the death of Jammeamea, the white men who have visited us, and King of the Sandwich Islands. This those who dwell among us.”. He adextraordinary man, who seems to have vised that they should be respected been destined by Providence to rescue

above all others, that their property his countrymen from barbarous igno- should be held inviolable, and that they rance, by introducing among them the should continue to enjoy the same prin knowledge and arts of Europe and vileges and advantages as he had granted America, died, after a short illness, in them. Hereupon he named, as his sucMarch 1819, in the Island of Owhyhee. cessor in the supreme authority, one of Before his death, an extraordinary natu- his sons, Reo-Reo, a high-spirited youth, ral phænomenon occurred at Owhyhee: not above 20 years of age, who has reduring a period of three hours, the ceived an European education, and is waters of the ocean rose and fell, in said to be well skilled in the English a certain number of minutes, six feet, language. He caused the assembled and this with so much regularity and princes to take the oath, in the usual calmness, that no damage was done manner, to this his successor, but left either to the vessels lying in the port, or him, on account of his youth, under the to the places on the coast. This phæ- care of his wife, thus making her, for a nomenon, which is worthy the atten- time, unlimited regent of all his domi, tion of natural philosophers, was con nions. A few hours after this he exsidered, by the inhabitants of Owhyhee, pired. according to the superstitious notions According to the custom of the islanpeculiar to savage nations, as a presage ders, the person who is recognized as of the approaching death of their be- the next heir of the supreme authority loved king; while the great Jammea- must quit the place, and even the island mea, stretched on his death-bed, gave in which the king died. The spirited for the last time good advice to the and ambitious young Reo-Reo, on his princes of all the islands subject to him, departure from Owhyhee, said to his who had assembled round him by his friends :—" If my father has found me command ; and exhorted them to keep worthy to be his successor, in prefer

ence to my brothers, I shall not bear Jamimeamica has left behind him a colany other authority over me, and I de- lection of many good anecdotes and clare expressly, that at the expiration of witty sayings, which it is probable may the appointed time, I will either return appear in print in the United States. as real king, or not at all.". The princes Of these anecdotes, Captain Ricord rewho remained behind at Owhyhee em- Jates only the following “On occaployed themselves in military exercises, sion of an order which he had published and the whole island is full of men who in his islands, one of the most ambiare," for the most part, armed in the tious princes, who was in company with European fashion. All the foreign ves- his friends, and had heated his imaginasels then in the harbour were likewise tion by drinking rum to excess, said that obliged to keep themselves ready for he would by no means obey this order. combat.

An Englishman present, who had long Such was the situation of the Sand- been settled inthe island,a favourite of the wich Islands at the departure of the king's, and filling the next post to him American vessel which has brought us in the government, answered him, that these accounts. It is, however, be- he would not venture to show the lieved, that young Reo-Reo, who has a slightest disobedience. Why do you strong party, and whom the American think so?' said the Prince haughtily; vessels are prepared to support in case of do you not know that I am as much need, will succeed in maintaining his king in my island as Jammeamea in lawful authority, even though some Owhyhee?? The king's favourite acblood should be spilt on the occasion. quainted his master the following day

The treasure found on Jammeamea's with the speech of the arrogant prince. death, and which he had amassed by The king listened with apparent commeans of his trade with the Europeans, posure, and, by way of answer, desired amounts to about half a million of hiin to carry to the prince, who fancied Spanish piastres, besides merchandize himself independent, the little box in of nearly equal value, and some well- which he used to spit, and which only armed trading, vessels. This treasure the king can use; for which reason this must be considered as an extraordinary box, which is a symbol of the supreme sum, when we recollect that the cele- power, is carried after the king, wherbrated Jammeamea, at the time of Van ever he goes, by a particular officer, couver's voyage, who made some stay in The Prince, on receiving from Jammeathe Sandwich Islands, in 1795, came to inea this unexpected present, felt inhim with other persons to barter bana- stantly the design of sending to him this nas and hogs for iron nails, and that box, with which he did not venture to while he helped the sailors to fill the show himself to the people, and retumcasks with fresh water, he very dexterous- ed it with all the respect due from a subly contrived to knock off the iron hoops. ject to King Jammeamea in person.”


The blunders and ignorance of a deed, so utterly unfortunate as not to thorough-bred cockney are familiar to be able, once or twice in the year, to get every one. Woe unto him who is themselves so far transported among born within the sound of Bow-bell, and rural objects, as to be able to ascertain whose avocations allow him not to stray with their own eyes, that beef and mutbeyond the confines of the Borough? ton are not merely different parts of the Hé is certain at one period or other of same animal, that ducks and geese can his life to betray the place that gave go into the water without being drownhim birth, and to become the jest of ed, and that apples and pears grow on every witling, who may have heard the different trees. Nor let our more fashionhackneyed story of “ hark how the cock able tourists, who run all over the conneighs.!". Of late years, however, the tinent to get rid of that ennui which means of escaping, for a few hours at must inevitably accompany them, so least, from the dust and turmoil of Lon- long as they make their own empty don, have been so wonderfully facilitated heads a part of their travelling establishby coaches and steam-boats, to say no ment, laugh at the day's pleasure of a thing of that hobby of the moment, careful citizen, whose longest sumnier the dandy-horse, that there are few, in- excursion is to Shooter's-hill by one of

A distance of two leagues, or thereabouts.

the “ four-horse” coaches, or to Mar- tempting, a pretty daughter, who takes gate by the steam-packet. Most assu care to let himn know that she is to spend, redly they will not feel a more lively certain saint-days and holidays there. is pleasure in scaling the Alps, or looking Thus tempted, he resolves to conquer at their own languid countenances in his repugnance to the water, to expose the beauteous lake of Geneva itself, than himself to the danger of change of air, 1 he will do at the wonders which will to brave the fatigue of travelling; in meet his eyes at every step, when short, to act upon the principle which “ Scarce passed the turnpike half a mile,

he recollects to have read in Virgil ; v “ How all the country seems to smile,” little thinking, as he remarks at that Perhaps, however, the Parisian bour- time, that he ever should be called upon geois is still more alive to the “ effect of to apply it to himselfnovelty upon ignorance" even than the Omnia vincit amor, et nos cedamus amori, native Londoner ; for the French in ge We will pass over the preparations neral are less addicted, as a nation, to he makes for his voyage; the pres the pleasures of rural life, than the Eng- caution with which he accustomis him-sı lish; and, consequently, such of them self by, degrees to the air from the as are cooped up within the walls of the water, by walking every day, near the is metropolis, make fewer efforts to eman- river, among all the washerwomen, and cipate themselves from its unnatural re- crossing occasionally from Port St. Ni straints. The gay simplicity and unsus- cholas to the Quatre Nations; the dispecting ignorance of a traveller of this charging of all his debts, making his class, is most happily delineated by a will,confessing himself, and receiving the French writer of the name of Néel, who sacrament, We will pass over the stock in his little work, intituled, Voyage de of wearing apparel which he takes with Paris à St. Cloud par mer, et retour de him, including changes for all the seas St. Cloud à Paris, par terre, has not sons; the load of provisions, sufficient only held up, a highly diverting pic- for an India voyage, which he lays in, ture of the lively impressions, made the mathematical instruments with in the course of an excursion of which he provides himself for the pure

- miles upon a young man who pose of taking observations; the books, ri had never before been beyond les barrieres, for reference, the music for recreation, but 'has likewise ingeniously ridiculed the chess and back-gammon men, cards, ! the pompous flights, and untenable hy- dice, and a vast heap of &c. pour faire potheses of some of the most celebrat- l'aimable with his fellow passengers, ed travellers of the day in which he We will even pass over the sorrowful wrote; and though a lapse of half a cen adieux of his friends, his tutor, mother,... tury has swept away some of the objects and two aged aunts, who accompany which excité the attention of his hero, him to the water's edge ; and will introand consigned to oblivion some of the duce him to tell his own story, at the names which were at that time deeined precise moment when, for the first time worthy of tecord; yet the wit of his in his life, he is called upon to think little volume remains unchanged and and act for himself.

then the picture he presents is, perhaps, still “Whilst I was busy looking after my more interesting, it preserves the re- luggage, the vessel got afloat. I felt ibi membrance of a sort of character, the wonderfully, by a tossing which alaringd, original of which, under the present because it surprised me. I went on state of manners and increase of infor- deck to see the manæuvres ; the Pont; mation, becomes fainter and fainter Royal already began to draw, back, ini every day. He introduces his hero mak- order to make room for us, and all the ing a forcible eulogium upon the benefit other vessels loaded with timber, which of travel, and modestly contrasting the seemed only to have come there to stand ignorance under which he had before in our way, ranged themselves in the laboured, with the accession of know- same order, at the voice of the pilot, ledge and enlargement of mind, which who swore at them like a hundred he states himself to have gained in the devils. course of his excursion to and from St. We had scarcely got under weigh, ! Cloud. This great undertaking, he in- when several passengers having made forms his readers, he had been contem- signals to us from the shore that they plating, for two years; and was at last wished to embark with us, the captain persuaded to put it into execution by a ordered out the long boat to pick them.. friend, whose father had a pretty coun up; they had, apparently, had places try-house there, and what was still more kept for them : we had gone on very

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smoothly till we took them up; we af- grass, quite fresh ;=that it was doubtterwards got out in open sea, opposite to less from this island that we were supthe New Carousal, and began to go at a plied with the beautiful swansdown good rate.

muffs, which were formerly so much the A light breeze from the south wafted 'rage ;—and that though there were no us on. it was apparently contrary for trees, there was a great quantity of fagus, as we hoisted no sail, not even the 'gots and planks piled one upon another mizen, bụt relied solely on our oars, until in the open air, from which I drew the we might be able to avail ourselves of inference, that the wood harvest was the 'trade winds. The smell of the tar over, because the month of August is began 'all on a sudden to affect my head : forwarder at Paris than that of SeptemI thought I would go a little further off, ber;—that there is not a sufficient numto get out of the way of it, but I was ber of warehouses or cellars to stow it much astonished to find, on attempting in; and in short, that it is doubtless from to rise, that I had not the power to do this place that we procure the fine woods it. I had unfortunately seated myself used by our cabinet-makers, and of upon a coil of rope, without observing which our turners make such beautiful that it was newly pitched: the heat I nine-pins. had communicated to it had incorpora Two steps from this place, on a sandted it so closely with my breeches, that bank towards the south, we saw the some shreds of them were obliged to be reinains of a merchantman which was cut off before I could be set at liberty. wrecked the winter before, laden with This adventure seemed, however, dis- hemp. A citizen of Domfront* would agreeable to no one but myself; for of not have been moved at this sight, beall the spectators, I was the only one in cause he regards the plant as an illwhom it did not excite laughter. To omened one for him, but as for myself, proceed—we coasted on, northwards, I could not disguise the feelings which until we came off a port, the name of such a spectacle awakened in me, exwhich I was informed was La Confe- posed as I was at that moment to the rence: there were many vessels at anchor possibility of a similar fate: I also might here, loaded with divers merchandize be a castaway, and perish! Speaking of from Paris, destined for foreign parts. hemp, and Domfront, makes me call to I conjectured that the country which I mind the simplicity of a churchwarden saw on the opposite side, was the same of Domfront, who was walking one day which our Paris geographers call the with a Parisian in a field sown with Frog Fens, for in fact I heard the croak- hemp; his companion asked him if it ing of the frogs themselves.

was not some kind of salad. “Oh, to We passed the Pont-tournant and the be sure!" cried the churchwarden," you Petit Cours on one side of the land, and are a fine fellow, and know a thing or the Invalides and the Gros-Caillon on the two! Salad, indeed! I wish you plenty other. We afterwards discovered a de- of it! A pretty devilish sort of salad; sert island of considerable extent, upon confound it, it choaked my late poor which I could see nothing but a few father!" cabins, apparently belonging to savages, We kept making good way, and by and some sea-cows, with here and there help of tacking sailed along-side of the cattle of the Irish breed. I asked, if it shore, which was covered with stones was not the same place as was called, in from St. Leu, that I at first took for my map of the world, the Island of Italian marble. Our pilot, who was Martinique, to which we are indebted very, prudent and steady, not having for 'good sugar and bad coffee. I was yet broken his fast, now, in order to answered in the negative; and that this make up for an ebbing tide and a conisland was formerly known by a very in- trary wind, threw out a rope to land, decent name, but went in the present which was immediately fastened to a day by that of l'Isle des Cignes.* Icon- couple of horses, and a man who guidsulted

my map, and not finding it there, ed them. I remarked, that although I made the following notes respecting it. they kept on a brisk trot, and sometimes I observe that the pasturage must be even a' gallop, all three, we followed excellent, because of its proximity to the them without quickening our pace. sea, by which it is supplied with water The sea is certainly a most noble inat the very first hand :-that if the island vention! were cultivated, it would grow very good

* A town in Lower Normandy. L'Isle Maquerelle. New MONTHLY MAG.–No. 80.

Vol. XIV.


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1 was at this time in a state of the ut Upon the easy and pleasing slope of a most tranquillity; for I was busy in hill which borders the shore on the consuming a part of my sea-stores, when northern side, rise innumerable mansuddenly I beheld a long sort of frigále, sions, every one of which seems prettier much more powerful than our vessel, than the last, forming the perspective and which came right a-head of us. I of a large town. We now came alongthought we were utterly lost! It is said side of it, when I perceived at one of that fear gives wings, but I am sure it the extremities two spacious octagon does not give appetite ; at least it carried pavilions, in the Roman style, omaaway mine in a single instant. I saw mented with weathercocks, and joining the Captain rush headlong out of his on a terrace which skirts along a charmcabin, and, leaving a dish of cow-heel, ing garden. I remarked to an Abbé over which he was enjoying himself who was standing beside me, that probawith some ladies, run up on deck, and bly, in the time of the Holy Wars, this call out repeatedly avast! avast! avast! place had narrowly escaped being taken I saw the sailors on board the frigate by escalade on the side next the sea, by wave their hats in the air and call out the Turks, since the ladders were still ho! ho! ho! to the men and horses on remaining attached to the walls; or that shore. I took all this as signals for it might perhaps be one of the places boarding, and as we are now at peace which our greatest travellers have named with our neighbours, I imagined at les Echelles du Levant; but he informed first that the frigate was an Algerine me that the village was called Chaillot; galley, which might capture and send us that the pavilions had been built by his to Marseilles, to join the unfortunate Royal Highness the Dauphin, and that prisoners who are conducted thither the ladders were for the accommodation every year from the gaols, and whom the of the washerwomen of the country, in reverend Mathurin fathers go frequently order that they might go down them to into Barbary to redeem: I was altoge- wash their linen. I was sufficiently ther in a mortal fright, for I had read an convinced of the truth of what the Abbé account of the sufferings which were in- told me, for at that moment some of flicted upon the poor Christians who the wonien were descending, and others were not willing to embrace the religion ascending the ladders, with bundles of of the country ;-it is indeed a good linen, whilst those who remained upon thing to have a little reading! But I the strand washing, beating, and wringhad already taken my resolution on that ing it, cracked a thousand jokes upon point, like a brave man, when I saw us, as we passed, which modesty will the frigate towed along, and continuing not permit me to insert in this place. her way: she had even got to a great What vexed me the most, though a distance from us before I could feel as- thing insignificant in itself, was to hear sured that it was not a stratagem, and myself called names and laughed at by that she would not turn round again one of these harpies, whom I knew noand board us. This frigate was named, thing of, who had never seen me before, as I was afterwards informed, the Per- and who nevertheless called me a 'son of fect, of ten men and eight horses, and

I blushed to hear my poor I forget how many hundred tons burden, dear mother thus brought in question. laden with groceries, commanded by Sorry indeed should I have been for her Captain Lewis George Fréret, and bound to have heard it; for I can certify that if from Rouen to Paris. I took this op- she ever had had any little weaknesses, portunity of asking if the vessels of the pobody had ever ventured to reproach East India Company came this way, her with it in public; for my father was when they went to Japan for the fine too particular in his notions of honour, linens of Holland ?_if we were far from to have put up patiently with an affront Cape Breton ?--if we ran no risk from of that sort. * As, however, I did not the pirates ?—and if I came this way wish to get into trouble in a foreign when I returned from Pantin, the place country, I thought it better to seem not where I was out at nurse. Í observed to hear what was said, than to expose that at every question they laughed in myself to the volley of abuse with which my face, which, however, I attributed I should most inevitably have been asto their recollection of my tarry breeches. sailed. It is true all the rest of the pasBe that as it would, without telling me sengers took my part, and endeavoured what amused them so much, they turned to revenge my cause on the impertinent their backs upon me, and I was left wretches who had been so insolent to alone at the foot of the main-inast, me, by paying them in their own coin where I quietly finished my breakfast. so effectually, that one of the oldest of


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