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society. Prizes were also given to women for spin- dian of Sir Frederick George Johnstone, bart, a ning the greatest quantity of thread and yarn; minor (grandson of the late Governor Johnstone), and to cottagers for possessing the cleanest cot. to whom the immense estates of the late Sir Wm. tages, and best cultivated gardens.

Pulteney descended-At Kirkhill, near Aberdeen, Lately as the mail coach was on its way from Thomas Barclay, esq. of London, to Mary, second Llandilo to Carmarthen, the driver fell from the daughter of Captain C. Adamson, of Kirkhill. box, on his head, and was killed on the spot : the Died.) At Portobello, near Edinburgh, Right guard took the reins, and drove the coach into Hon. Alexander Lord Elibank-At Blackad Carmarthen, but, by coming in contact with the near Sanquhar, Wm. Johnstone, esq. of Roundchurch-yard wall, a male outside passenger had stonefoot, one of his majesty's justices of the one of his legs fractured, and a female passenger peace for Dumfrieshire, 87. was severely injured. The Rev. E. Evans is preferred to the rectory of

IRELAND Hirnam, Montgomeryshire.

The new magistrates for the city of Dublin are, Married.) The Rev. Evan Williams, rector of Alderman B. King, lord inayor, Wm. Whiteford, Llangefni, Anglesea, to Maria Dorothea, eldest and W.C. Brady, esqrs. high sheriffs. daughter of the late Herbert Jones, esq. of Llynon- Dr. Kyle is appointed provost of Trinity college, At Llanbadarnfawy, Cardiganshire, George Peacock, Dublin. esq. of Bath, to Miss Jemima Duenford, of Aberyst- Government intend to erect a lunatic asylum, with-The Rev. Rice Price, to Mrs. Elizabeth Anne capable of containing 100 persons, for the counties Gwynne, of Llanclued, Radnorshire-At Yyspyt- of Limerick, Clare, Kerry, Tipperary, and the eity tycynfyn, Cardiganshire, Wm. Jones, esq. of Ha- of Dubiin. fodau, to Margaret, third daughter of William Births.) At Bally giblin, the lady of M. W. Hughes, esq. of Tynyllwyr, near Aberystwith-At Becher, esq. M. P. (late Miss O'Neil) of a son, Haverfordwest, Captain Davies, R. N. to Miss since deceased-In Tuam, Lady Matilda Burke, Pavin, of the Happy Retreat, near Milford.

of a son-in Ely Place, Dublin, the lady of Hon.

, Rev. Henry Caulfield, of a son and heir-In Dublin, the P. Whitley, vicar of that cathedral, and rector of lady of Hon, and Rev. John Pratt Hewitt, of a son Cwm, Flintshire-At Welch Pool, Rev. William --The lady of Thomas Purcell, esq. solicitor, of a Moody, jun, son of Rev. Wm. Moody, of Bath. son-In Mountjoy-square, Dublin, the lady of ampton House, Wiltshire-At Llanfechau, Mont- Sir Nicholas Conway Colthurst, bart. of a son and gomeryshire, Rev. Mr. Evans-At Llandillo, Mr. heir--In Waterford, the lady of T. Hutchinson, Wm. Tollerton.

esq. of a daughter.

Married.) At Moss Hill, co. Roscom inon, SCOTLAND.

Patrick Coury, esq. to Susan, daughter of Patrick There is at present to be seen, at Arbroath, a O'Beirne, of Dangan, in same county, esq.-At beautiful phenomenon of nature, arising from stag- Kilworth, Thomas St. John Grant, esq. of Kilmuny, nate water by the late hot weather. In a basoul to Anna Esther, daughter of Rev. Alexander Grunt, belonging to a salt-work, stopt some time ago vicar of Clondelane, co. Cork-At Lyons, the seat from working, the combination of gases occasioned of Lord Cloncurry, Henry, Baron Robeck, to Hon. by the decomposition of the water, has become so Mary Lawless, his lordship's eldest daughter-At powerful that, after dark, its surface appears as if Taney, Wm. Maxwell Eason, of Stephen's Green, sparkling with fire; and when a stone, or other Dublin, esq. to Charlotte, daughter of Daniel weighty substance, is thrown in to disturb the Beern, of Mount Anville, esq.-At Kilshannick, fluid, a brilliant bluish flame immediately takes co. Cork, James De la Cour, esq. of Beauforest, to place.

Henrietta Georgiana, daughter of late James LomA monument has recently been erected in the bard, of Lombardstown, esq.-At Wexford, Rev. Grey Friars church-yard, Edinburgh, to the me Richard Waddy Elgee, son of the archdeacon of mory of the Scottish poet, Allan Ramsay.

Leighlin, to Cassandra, daughter of late Rev, Births.] At Dunnekeir House, the lady of Lieut. Samuel Hawkshaw, prebendary of Lyhallen, die General Sir John Oswald, of a son-At Gester, the cese of Clogher. Marchioness of Tweedale, of a daughter-At Cul. Died.] At Carrigatoyle Castle, co. Kerry, Mrs. len House, the lady of Col. Grant, M. P. of a son Gaff, wife of Christopher Gaff, esg. 55-At Sally-At Edinburgh, the lady of Captain David Camp mount, near Dublin, William Bourke, esq. late of bell, of a son.

LimerickCapt. Robert Mayne, R, N. 90-At MyMarried.) Adt Westerhall, Dumfriesshire, Major dora, co. Meath, Peter Cruise, esq. 83-åt his Weyland, 16th lancers, to Lady Johnstone, widow seat, Knockthomas, Richard Evans, esq. 47, justice of Sir John Lowther Johnstone, bart.-At Edin of the peace for the county of Carlow-In Merrion burgh, Capt. Wm. Cunningham Dalyell, R. N. to Square, Dublin, Mary Anne, only surviving dangh. Maria, youngest daughter of A. J. Sampayo, esq. of ter of late Sir John Hort, and sister to the present Peterboro' House, Middlesex-At Westerhall, in Sir William Hort, bart. 24-in Rutland Square, Annandale, Major Weyland, of Woodstock House, Dublin, Dr. James Clarke, 32-In Londonderry, Oxfordshire, to Lady Johnstone, mother and guar. Dr. Robert Maginnis.

LONDON:
PRINTED BY S. AND R. BENTLEY, DORSET STREET, FLEET STREET.

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London Published by Henry Colburn & V. Conduit Street, Dec? 1.4.1820.

NEW MONTHLY

MAGAZINE.

No. 83.]

DECEMBER 1, 1820.

[Vol. XIV,

MEMOIR OF BENJAMIN ROBERT HAYDON, ESQ.

(WITH A PORTRAIT.) TO RECORD the successful efforts of the painter of the Judgment of Soloa man of genius is one of the most pleas- mon, and the Triumphant Entry of ing tasks of the biographical writer, who Christ into Jerusalem, will be consiis too often engaged in the melancholy dered by posterity as a man whose opioffice of describing the painful and un- nion on works of art was entitled to availing struggles of merit and virtue some respect, even when it has differed with poverty, neglect, and obscurity. 'from that of connoisseurs, and been exOf the numbers possessed of talents in- pressed without much delicacy for the tended for the improvement, instruc- feelings of his opponents. The writtion, and delight of society, how few al- ings of this artist, elicited by his disaptain that publicity and extended scope probation of the conduct of individuals of action essential to the developement and 'societies connected with the fine of their powers ! and out of the small arts, will long continue to delight and number who succeed in thus attracting instruct the students and admirers of attention, how few are entitled to boast those arts, when the persons and occathat merit has been the only cause of sions which called forth these powertheir distinction. The individual who 'ful effusions of professional real and relies on truth and the consciousness of science are forgotten. Sanctioned and his talents, who, disdaining every bye- dignified by the productions of their aupath, resolutely and industriously pur- thor's pencil, they will prove the disinsues the road to fame over its most rug- terested ardour with which he laboured ged rocks and steep acclivities, destroy- for the advancement of the fine arts, ing, instead of avoiding the obstacles not only by his own performances, but which impede his progress--this man, by pointing out to all his competitors whatever be his fate, is sure of the the means of attaining excellence, and esteem of the wise. But when his noble to society at large the true principles of efforts are seen crowned with triumphant criticism. Nothing is more admirable success, those who can appreciate the in Haydon's character than the rational merit of his endeavours, join with the diffidence which induced him to prepare most heartfelt pleasure in the universal himself by the severest studies for realapplause which success never fails to izing those splendid images which must. command.

have prevailed in his mind when he de . Mr. Haydon is an instance of this termined to become a painter. He mainundeviating pursuit of truth, which has tains, indeed, in one of his publications, led him to his present well-merited that young artists do not begin to paint eminence in art. His life has been re- sufficiently soon ; that they form exagmarkable for the contentions in which gerated notions of the preparatory requihe has been involved, by his enthu- sites for a great picture, and delay the siasm in the cause of historical painting, attempt to think, ostensibly from diffiunrestrained by the prudential consider- dence, but in reality from idleness or ations which usually guide the conduct imbecility. But as well by the context of those who aspire to reputation, and as by his own practice, it is evident that who are aware of the danger of relying he means only that they should try to on merit only. Whether the splendid paint in order to discover and remedy proofs of talent which he has exhibited their deficiencies, not with the idea that will ever reconcile those whom his genius will supply the want of acquired steady opposition and blunt contradic- skill, or that patronage ought to attend tions have rendered less sensible to his their crude indications of talent. merits than the public in general, we Benjamin Robert Haydon was born, at cannot predict; but it is evident that Plymouth, Jan. 26, 1786. He is deNew MONTHLY Mag.--No. 83. VOL. XIV.

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scended from a respectable Devonshire be unavailing, and therefore consented family. His grandfather and father to his going to London for the purpose were booksellers at Plymouth, and both of studying at the Royal Academy. had some taste for painting. While Accordingly, in May 1804, he arrived in yet an infant, Haydon shewed a strong the metropolis. predilection for the arts which have He applied himself immediately an: since raised him to eminence. This most earnestly to study, having deter. inclination was confirmed during his mined to draw and dissect for two years education at Plymouth grammar-school, before he should begin to paint. This then conducted by the Rev. Dr. Bid. resolution was founded on the most lake, a man of taste, and a tolerable correct principle; whether the object painter and musician. Haydon fre- might not be attained in a shorter pequently attended the doctor while en- riod we know not. Fuseli, Opie, and gaged in painting, and soon became Smirke, approved his resolution, but it ainbitious of producing something ori- is said that another distinguished artist ginal himself. His first attempt was affected to think anatomy a superfluous the caricature of a schoolfellow, whom study for a painter! Through the kind he represented crying and holding a cup offices of Mr. Prince Hoare, to whom to catch the tears; a production which Haydon had obtained a letter of introwas greatly admired by his juvenile duction, he was enabled to cultivate the companions. After this performance friendship of these great painters, parHaydon received some instructions ticularly of Mr. Fuseli, who was much from a drawing-master ; but the devo- interested in his favour by the talent and tion he evinced for the art alarmed his industry he evinced, and took pleafather, who never intended him to cul- sure in every opportunity of advising tivate it as a profession. He was there and assisting him in his studies. In fore sent to a school at Honiton, kept by 1805 he acquired the friendship of the Rev. W. Haynes, who was vainly Wilkie, then lately become a student in requested to check the growing inclina- the academy, and, we are happy to say, tions of the future painter. But the the mutual regard of these two highlyworthy master soon discovered not only gifted artists has ever since continued to that his pupil's ardour was inextinguish- increase. able, but that it was rapidly cominuni. Haydon began his first historical piecating to every boy in the school. He ture in 1806, which he finished in March therefore advised Haydon's father no 1807, and exhibited at the Royal Acalonger to attempt to repress the youth's demy the same year. The subject was, inclination. Being afterwards sent to Joseph and Mary resting on the road to learn merchants' accounts, Haydon Egypt after a day's journey over the neglected those tedious studies for poetry parching Desert; Joseph holds the Diand drawing, to the disappointment of vine Infant, while the Virgin sleeps his family, who wished to see him under the protection of two Guardian qualified for making his way in the world. Angels. This picture excited universal

His father's perseverance in this con- admiration ; and being afterwards exhitest with nature produced an agreement bited at the British Gallery in 1808, was that Haydon should for seven years at purchased by Mr. T. Hope. tend to his father's affairs, and after- About this time some dissensions wards be at liberty to follow his own in- arose between the students and some of clinations. He continued, however, his the academicians, on occasion of the favourite pursuits with unabated eager- present of a silver vase made to M. Funess. About two years afterwards he seli by the students; and, as Mr. Haybecame possessed of Reynolds's admir- don took an active part in the arrangeable discourses, which, by the encou- ment of this well-nierited compliment, ragement they offer to industry and it has been asserted that he became talent, finally and irrevocably decided thenceforth obnoxious to some of the Haydon's profession. From this time academicians. It is certain that a law he began to study regularly and in- was passed, prohibiting similar exprestensely : he copied the plates in Albinus' sions of approbation on the part of the Anatomy, and made himself master of students for the future. This transacthe names, forms, situation, and uses of tion elicited the hostile feelings which the muscles. When Mr. Haydon, sen. were afterwards heightened by the disfound his son thus arduously toiling satisfaction of Haydon at the conduct through the drudgery of art, he per- of the academicians, in hanging his seceived that all farther opposition must cond historical picture, the Death of

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