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in the Cattegat. . His brother was, mean. There can be little doubt of this disposition while, at the Observatory at Copenhagen'; spreading to other provinces'; and perhaps and, although nearly thirty leagues off, and it may become general under the patronage provided only with an ordinary telescope, of the various governments of Europe. The he discerned them very distinctly, appearing whole, when properly arranged and digested, as stars of the first magnitude. This experia will donbtless elucidate many points of ment, with others, is taken as an excellent history which are now obscure. method of executing signals, and very useful

SWEDEN. for nieasuring the largest arcs of a circle.

Anglo-Saxon Coins discovered. On this subject we may be allowed to sug

In the gest a caution: on occasion of the peace of

course of last summer a number of work1763, among other tokens of rejoicing, it

men being engaged in digging in a field in was proposed to discharge sir thousand of

the parish of Dalsund, in Bialstad Socken, the most powerful rockets at the same in coins, and other articles, of fine silver : as

discovered a considerable quantity of ancient stant ; and observers were desired in all nine bracelets of four different shapes; also parts to watch the moment of the explosion, silver chains, which apparently were used as and to transmit their observations. This bracelets. Among 242 coins, the inscripwas done by correspondents, some of them as far off as Wales, who described the bear

tions on which were still legible, 87 were of ings, effect, &c. of these powerful lumina

the Anglo-Saxons, and, except three, were ries,—which, after all, were not discharged.

all struck in the reign of King Ethelred; two are of the reign of his father Edgar ;

83 bear date of the year 1005. The reComets, pellucid Bodies ? - M. Encke,

mainder, except two Cufic coins, one of the Assistant Director of the Observatory at

year of the Hegira 286, the other of the year Gotha, has lately accomplished an exact

308, are German, struck under the reigns of representation of the track of the comet

the emperors Otho I. and II. and the emwhich appeared in the years 1786, 1795, press Adelaide. This intelligence may prove 1805, and 1819. It is by means of an

interesting to British collectors whose series ellipsis of an uncommon form, if not abso

of the Anglo-Saxon coins are not complete. lutely unique, that the orbit of this body, We know that a publication on this subject (rather to be reckoned among planets

was in forward preparation, and some of the than comets) has been traced. That this plates engraved, by the late Rey. Mr. Southbody was not self-luminous, is now pretty his plan was persevered in after the decease

gate of the British Museum ; but how far well ascertained ; that the tail, or radiance emanating from this comet, and from all

of the learned author, we do not know. The comets, was a lucid vapour, through which Royal Cabinet of Antiquities at Stockholm rays of light passed without interception, ad- is in possession of the antiquities thus accimits of no question; and if confidence

dentally obtained.

may be placed in an accidental observation of the face of the sun, at the time when, by cal

Provisions rendered incorruptible : Vessel culation, this comet should have been passing nol submergible.-M. de Boucher, a Frenchover it, the body also of this meteor was dia man by birth, Counsellor of State to his phanous ;-otherwise it was so very small as Majesty the Emperor of Russia, has discoto escape the notice of the observer, who vered a method of rendering the provisions was, indeed, most intent on examining the intended for victualling ships absolutely inspots then visible on the surface of the sun. corruptible. His discovery has been ap

proved by the Economical Society, and by a

committee of physicians. Antiquities to be preserved.—The Chancel. has been decreed to him. The same genlor of State has given orders for collecting tleman has also presented to the Economic together into the Museum at Bonn, the Ro- Society the model of a vessel that cannot man and German antiquities, which sink : it has been applauded by a practical now dispersed in various parts of the pro- ship builder. vinces of Westphalia along the Rhine. Every Russian Poem honoured in China.-The proprietor of land may undertake whatever Emperor of China has received the “ Ode to diggings or examinations he pleases on his the Supreme Being," written in Russian by own estate ; but he will not be allowed to Gabriel Romanowtcht, a Russian poet : he displace those antiquities which by the sta has caused it to be translated, has had it cotion they occupy are historical monuments. pied in both languages (the Chinese and the This attention is due to the object, and to Tartar) written on a piece of rich silk, and the intention of past ages. It, therefore, suspended in the interior of his palace. This gives us pleasure to announce that a society incident will give rise to various observaof men of learning has been formed in tions ; few, indeed, are the instances in Silesia, for the purpose of explaining and which the Celestial Empire has condescendpublishing the antiquities found in that pro- ed to accept ideas, especially on subjects vince; and also another for the same pur connected with theology, from foreigners, pose is formed at Naumburgh, in Thuringia. or others not of its own persuasion and scct.



gold medal



Greek City: Lecters from the south of fellow.citizens from involving themselves Russia state, that M. Kaptnest, a German in the intrigues of certain deceitfal men, proprietor, has discovered an ancient mole whose conduct is influenced by motives of and other unquestionable remains of a Greek self-interest, in exciting the citizens to entown, at a village called Koktabel, situated gage in proceedings repugnant to good faith. between Kaffa and Sudack, in the Crimea. Consider yourselves as fathers of families, M. Kaptnest believes them to be the ruins when you are called to decide on the difof Theodosia ; but a gentieman who has ferences which occur between your countryvisited the spot, is hardly persuaded to refer men. Rather be arbiters of their controthem to so considerable a city.

versies, than inexorable judges; and pity

the situation of the innocent who often loses Official Journal: President's Address— his cause, because the forms of justice, puzThe Telegraph is the official journal of the zling the facts of the case, entangle the afRepublic: it is composed in the French lan- fair in an inextricable maze. The laws, unguage, and well printed. The Number for der a form of unrelenting austerity, address December 19, 1819, contains an account of themselves only to obedience : they cannot an excursion lately made by the President abate this, to converse with men as a good in the arrondissement of Jacinel, and his ad- father converses with his children. Those, dresses to the different authorities of that di- therefore, who are the organs of the laws, are rision of the island. That which he deli- bound to explain them in the most favourFered to the Judicial Order deserves to be able sense to such as seek their protection. recorded : we give it almost entire.--" The Remember, also, that justice and equity obligations which are laid on you are not should always preside over your actions. confined to your assembling in the hall of Banish every predilection ; never reject the the tribunal to pronounce judgment on the poor from your heart; and never declinc cases brought before you. The love of the any of the fatigues or disagreeable cirpublic good should prompt you, as well as cumstances which accompany the offices myself, to desire the entire suppression of you have agreed to hold: you will hereby the spirit of chicane, which seems to threaten ensure the esteem of your fellow-citizens, to extend itself greatly, to the division and and obtain that internal peace, that satisfacmutual enmity of families. ... Experience tion which announces itself in a much more has proved to me that it depended much effectual manner than any thing else in the and always on the judges to withhold their mind of the upright man!!"


cumstance in the experiment, it was repeated. On the Force of a Jet of Water.-M. J. In the first case, the power exerted on the Morosi, Member of the Imperial Institute of disc equalled 9 pounds 12 ounces of MiMilan, has published an account of a new lan, now it was increased to 20 pounds. phenomenon in hydrodynamics, which pro- These experiments were made with a mises to be of considerable utility in the ap- reservoir of water, ten feet (French) high, plication of that science. In consequence having an aperture in its side near the botof the establishment of a manufactory at tom, four inches square ; to this aperture Milan, in which the power of water was to was adapted a pyramidal canal, which, at its be applied, M. Morosi commenced a course external orifice, was an inch in the side, so of experiments, to determine the force of a that the section of the stream of water was a stream or jet of water. They were made by square inch, but the length of the canal, and directing a jet of water against a round disc, the size of the disc against which the water and estimating the force exerted on it by a struck, are not mentioned. The disc was balance. In this way, which is the usual placed vertically at such a distance from the method employed, an expression of the orifice, as to correspond with the maximum force of the water was obtained. But M. of contraction in the jet of water. Morosi observed, that in the experiments, Improvement on Scissors.--A very valuthe water which had passed against the disc able improvement has been made on sciswas thrown off in a lateral direction all sors. It is especially so to those employed round, with a velocity scarcely inferior to for delicate operations in surgery. The obthat with which it first moved, so that much"jection to the common scissors is, that in the of the force possessed by the jet of water was act of cutting, they, to a very considerable not brought into action on the disc, but was extent, compress and bruise the parts. expended in the production of this lateral This is owing to the edges being set very stream; and he concluded, that if in any strong, and to the particular angle at which way this could be accumulated on the disc, they are set ; and is sufficient to account the effect would be much greater. To ob- for wounds made by scissors refusing to tain, in part, this end, a rim of the height of unitę by what surgeons call the first intensix lines was raised round the edge of the tion. To remedy this defect, it was lately disc, so as to form it into a kind of dish; 'suggested to Mr. Stodart by Dr. Wollaston, and then, without changing any other cir- to give to scissors the same kind of cutting


as to

edge that a knife has. This has been done, becn induced to apply himself to this partiand the success has fully justified the expe- cular object. After long trial and perse-, riment. The operation of Hare lip has verance, he discovered a metal which he been repeatedly performed with the knife- calls aurum millium, and which he has no edged scissors both on the infant and' on doubt will answer most of the purposes of the adult, with complete success. The ope- gold, without being subject to the numeration is in this way performed with facility rous imperfections of petit-or, pinchbeck, to the operator, and in less time than with &c. &c. In colour it resembles 00s. gold, the knife; and consequently a less degree and is nearly as heavy in specific grayity as of pain to the patient. This improvement jewellers' gold. It is malleable, and has the need not be confined to the science of sur- invaluable property of not easily tarnishing, gery. A variety of delicate fancy-work is to which the metals just mentioned, and all performed by scissors, all of which will be other imitations of gold are so particularly much better done by giving them knife- liable. It is very hard and sonorous, and edges. There is a little art in setting the requires carc in the working. The price of edges, readily acquired by practice; this it being from 4s. to 45. 6d. an ounce, will must be done with a view to the kind of not be an obstacle to its general use, and he work for which the scissors are intended. has no hesitation in saying, that for beauty This improvement may easily be applied to there is not any metal that exceeds it, as it is common scissois, by grinding down the out: susceptible of an exquisite polish. er sides of the blades.

Rubics. These are the rarest, and have Substitute for a Copying Machine. hitherto been the dearest, of all artificial Write with common writing ink in which

M. Doualt-Wieland, a jeweller of lump sugar has been dissolved, in the pro- Paris, has discovered a method of making portion of four scruples, or a drachm and a with the greatest ease excellent imitations, half of sugar to one ounce of ink.

by fusing five ounces of strass and one gross Moisten copying paper, (a paper which is of oxid of manganese. sold at the stationers at is. 10d. per quire Nautical Improvements. A simple mefor the use of copying machines,) by pass, chanical apparatus to impel boats instead of ing a wet soft brush over it, then press it oars has lately been employed on the Thames, gently between soft cap paper so and it appears equally eligible for canal smoothen it, and absorb the superabundant conveyance. It consists of the machinery moisture.

of steam-vessels ; but the moving power is Put the paper so moistened upon the wri- the hand applied to a windlass. Boats were ting, and both between cap or other smooth first used on this principle with success on soft paper, placing the whole on the carpet Whit-Monday, between London and Greenor hearth-rug, one end of which is to be wich. The labour is much less than that of folded over it. By standing and treading oars, and the impulse of the boat through upon this, an impression will be taken equal the water much increased in swiftness. if not superior, to what would have been Though we consider this a very 'judicious taken by a copying machine.

mode of employing a rotatory motion, to Tempering of Glass.— The experiments impel vessels on a small scale, it possesses which have been tried in this country for no merit on the score of novelty, engravings rendering glass less brittle by heating it up of a similar apparatus being to be found in to the boiling point, as suggested by à Leupold's Theatrum Machinarum, and other foreign journal, and thence inserted in scientific works of a very early period. our preceding Volume, have not been Magnetic Attraction.—Mr. Barlow's' in. successful. It is confidently affirmed that vention for ascertaining the correct ** deviathe mechanical condition of glass, whether tion" caused by local attractions in the ship's annealed or unanncaled, is not capable of compass is now undergoing, under the inbeing altered by the heat of boiling water. ventor's direction, the ordeal of practical

New-invented Plough.—A plough has late- experiment on board his Majesty's ship ly been invented by the Rev. Dr. Cartwright, Severn, which, we understand, the Lords of which works merely by human power. With the Admiralty, actuated by a laudable zeal two men to keep it in motion, and a third for the improvement of nautical science, to regulate its course, it performs its office have directed to be fitted out for that purwith as much precision and dispatch as pose. could be done by any common pair of horses and a plough-holder. The utility of the in- Charles Smith, of Piccadilly, in the

NEW PATENTS, vention will not, it is presumed, be confined to this object only, it being equally applica

County of Middlesex, superfine Colourble to every purpose for which horses can be manufacturer ; for an Improvement in the employed, except conveying a burden on

Method or Form of making up superfine the back.

Oil and Water Colours, for Drawing, New Metal called Aurum Millium.-It

Painting, and other Purposes. January having been a great desideratum with watch

15, 1819. makers, plate-workers, &c. &c. to procure

This invention consists in inclosing varinew metal resembling gold, and possessing ous kinds of superfine oil and water colours some of its best qualities, Mr. Mill has in wood, or any other material, so as to be


come a species of coloured pencils, to work Josepu BARKER, of Cottage Green, Camby dipping in liquid, and not dry and chalky, berwell, for Means of continuing the Molike those before known, capable of making fion of Machinery. February 6, 1916. perfect transparent or opaque drawings, on *This invention is, for the purpose of conpaper, or wood, linen, or any other mate tinuing a regular and constant motion and rial, by being wetted of moistened with force to any machinery, even though the water, oil, varnish, spirit, or any other prime mover or actuating force is not conliquid matter. To make them, take wood, tinuous or regular in its action. The means or other grooves, similar to those used for of effecting this is, by applying the prime black-lead pencils, and inclose in them all

mover of the machine, which may be the kinds of the best superfine water or oil strength of men or animals, wind, water, or colours, and fasten or glue them up, of steam, to raise up certain detached weights whatsoever material they may be made, and into an elevated trough or receptacle, sound and finish them, so as to appear like a regularly and continually delivered out to regular coloured drawing-pencil, fit for the certain other machinery, of which the mopurpose of drawing or painting, on any tion will be continued in a regular manner material, with colours, and japan, or colour, by the descent of the said weights; a recepeach pencil outside of the same teint it con tacle being made large enough to contain a taigs within.

sufficient number of the said weights, they John Smith, of Bermondsey, Surrey, Tim- continue the motion thereof even though

will act constantly upon the machinery, and ber Merchant; for Improvements in making the action of the prime mover in raising the Arms or Axletrees for Coaches, and all

weights into the receptacle should decrease, other Descriptions of Carriages. April

or even cease altogether for a short time. 20, 1819.

In Mr. S.'s improved carriage, he constructs the axletree in sach a manner that

William Halland WILLIAM ROSTILI, the bearing takes place, for a short distance, of Birmingham, Warwickshire, Tortoisc, at each end only, the bearings being both shell-box-makers; for a certain improveof the same diame:er, form a cylindrical ment in the manufacture of hafts, handles, fitting within the box. The outer or ex

or hills, for knives, forks, swords, or any treme end of the arm is formed to a convex

other instruments to which they are necesshape, which bears against the end or bottom of the box in the centre only, to reduce sary, and can be applied, whether made of

turtle or tortoiseshell, or other suitable mathe friction, and prevent the back of the terial. April 11, 1820. collar on the inner end of the arm from

EDWARD COLEMAN, Professor of the Louching the box when the wheel of the Veterinary College, St. Pancras, Middlesex ; carriage drifts endways. A ring or collet of for a new and improved form of construction thick leather, or other fit material, is applied of shoes for horses. April 15, 1820. to the face of the collar, and secured by a

MAJOR ROHDE, of Leman-street, Goodring of metal, bolted against the end of the man's-fields, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner; nave of the wheel. The leather being firmly for a method of separating or extracting the pressed cound the edge of the box, and in molasses or syrup from Muscovado or other contact with the face of the collar on the sugar. Communicated to him by a certain axle, prevents the escape of oil with which foreigner residing abroad. April 15, 1820. the axle is supplied. The ring of metal,

William BRUNTON, of Birmingham, which secures the leather collet, is fitted Warwickshire, Engineer; for certain imtruly upon a cylindrical part of the arm, close to the face of the collar, to keep it provements on, and additions to, fire-grates.

April 19, 1820. steady in its place, and by being bolted

George LILLEY, of Brigg, and JAMES through the nave of the wheel, prevents Bristow Fraser, of Blackburn-house, the wheel from coming off by the motion

Linlithgow, Scotland; for certain improveof the carriage.

ments in the application of machinery for

propelling boats or other vessels, and for atJAMES Hadden the Younger, of Aberdeen, taining other useful purposes, by means of for an Improvement in preparing, roving,

an hydropneumatic apparatus, acted upon and spinning of Wool. November 12, by a steam-engine, or other adequate power. 1818.

April 19, 1820. Various methods have been employed for Thomas Hancock, of Little Pulteneyapplying heat to wool during the processes street, Golden-square, Middlesex, Coachof roving and spinning ; that which Mr. H. maker ; for the application of a certain mahas adopted has been the introduction of terial to various articles of dress, and other cast-iron heaters into the retaining rolleis articles, by which the same may be rendered used in these processes, always using three more elastic. April 29, 1820. rollers, and leading the wool over half the THOMAS Cook, of Brighton, Sussex, circumference of their upper surface, by Engineer; for an improved apparatus for the which means it becomes thoroughly warmed purpose of cooking, which he designates, without retarding the working process. A Philosophical Cookery. April 29, 1820. New MONTHLY Mag. No. 78. Vol. XIV.




John Hague, of Great Pearl-street,' Spi- powers, and modifications thereof, where talfields, Middlesex, Engineer ; for certain power and velocity, are required. May 11, improvements in the method of heating hot 1920. houses, manufactories, and other buildings; ? JOHN MÁLAM, of Romney-terrace, Horseand of boiling liquids. May 9, 1820. ferry-road, Westminster, Engineer; for cer

JOHN AMBROSE TICKELL, of West tain improvements on gas-meiers May 11, Bromwich, Staffordshire, Gentleman; for a cement to be used in aquatic and other ROBERT WORNUM, of Wigmo;e-street, buildings, and stucco-work, which is pro- Cavendish-square, Piano-forre-maker; for duced by the use and application of a mine an improvement on piano-fortes, and cerral substance, never before employed in the tain other stringed instrumen:s. May 13, manufacture thereof. May 9, 1820.

Josiah PARKES, of Warwick, Worsted John Barton, of Falcon-square, Lon. manufacturer; for a new and improved don, Engineer; for certain improvements method of lessening the consumption of in propelling vessels, and in the construcfuel in steam-engines, and furnaces in gene tion of engines and boilers applicable to ral, and for consuming smoke. May 9, propelling, and other purposes. May 15, 1820. JAMES Jacks, of Camberwell, Surrey,


of Crown-court, Gentleman, and Arthur Aikin, of the Temple Bar, Middlesex, Printer; for imAdelphi, Westminster, Gentleman; for a provements in inking printing-types with new or improved method or methods of pre- rollers, and in placing and conveying paper venting mildew in sail-cloth and other can on types, and in inking with a cylinder. vass, and in other manufactures made of May 15, 1820. vegetable fibre. May 11, 1820.

EDWARD MASSEY, of Eccleston, LanJames Scott, of Grafton-street, Dublin, cashire, Watch-manufacturer ; for certain Watch-maker; for a new method of com improvements in the construction of chrobining, adjusting, and applying, by ma nometers and pocket watches. May 19, chinery, certain of the well-known mechanic



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Opera et Studio J. R. Major, A. B. editum. Memoirs of Granville Sharp, Esq. com

Royal 4to. 5). 6s. pused from his own Manuscripts and other authentic documents, in the possession of Abdallah, or the Arabian Martyr; a Chrishis Family and of the African Institution. tian Drama, in 3 acts. 1s, 6d. By Prince Hoare. With observations on Virginius; a New Historical Tragedy. By Mr. Sharp's Biblical Criticisms. By the Rt. James Sheridan Knowles, Esq. 35. od. Rev. the Lord Bishop of St. David's. In Retsch’s Series of Twenty-six Outlines to one vol. 4to. with Portrait, 21. 12s. 6d. Goethe's Tragedy of Faust, engraved from The Authentic Life of Augustus Von

the Originals. By Henry Moses. Demy Kotzebue, from the German. 12mo. 7s. 4to. 145. proofs 21s.

CHEMISTRY. The Rudiments of Chemistry ; illustrated Lectures on Painting, delivered at the by Experiments and Engravings. By Samuel Royal Academy, with additional ObservaParkes, F. L. S. half-bound, 5s.

tions and Notes. By Henry Fuseli. With A Treatise on Heat, Flame, and Combus Portrait. 4to. il. 16s. tion. By T. H. Pasley. 8vo. 25. od

Roman Costumes, drawn from Nature A Proposal for establishing in Edinburgh by Pinelli, and on Stone by C. Hullmanand other Towns, a new improved Appara- del. To consist of four numbers, each tus for the application of the Vapour of number containing six Plates. Super-royal Water, Sulphur and other Medical sub- folio. 6s, each, and 12s. coloured. stances, found so efficacious in the cure of Views illustrating the Route of the Simthe Rheumatism and Diseases of the Skin. plon. Drawn from Nature by Major Cock8vo. 2s.

burn, and on Stone by J. Hardinge. To

consist of 12 Nos. each No. containing five CLASSICAL.

Plates, super-royal folio, ss, each. R. Porsoni Notæ in Aristophanem, qui- ber will be published every other month. bus Plautum Comædiam, partim ex ejusdem Views illustrating the Route of the Mont recensione, partini e Manuscriptis emenda- Cenis. tam et variis Lectionibus instructam, præ- Cockburn, and on Stone, by C. Hullmandel


Drawn from Nature by Major misit, et Collationum Appendicem adjecit, To consist of 12 Nos. each No. containing P. P. Dobree, A.M. Coll. SS. Trinit. Soc.


5 Plates, super-royal folio, 8s. each. 21s. L. P. 21. 2s. Scapulæ Lexicon Gr. Lat. cum Indicibus

Twenty-four Views of Italy. Drawn Græc. et Lat. consilio et cura J. Bailey ; mandel. Medium folio, 30s.

from Nature, and on Stone, by C. Hull


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