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Laugh at your friends, and, if your Friends are fore,
So much the better, you may laugh the more.
To Vice and Folly to confine the jest,
Sets half the world, God knows, against the reft;
Did not the Sneer of more impartial men
At Sense and Virtue, balance all agen. 60
Judicious Wits spread wide the Ridicule,
And charitably comfort Knave and Fool.

P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth :-
Adieu Distinction, Satire, Warmth, and Truth!
Come, harmless Characters that no one hit; 65
Come, Henley's Oratory, Olborn's Wit!
The Honey dropping from Favonio's tongue,
The Flow'rs of Bubo, and the Flow of Y--ng!
The gracious Dew of Pulpit Eloquence,
And all the well-whipt Cream of Courtly Sense, 70
That First was HI--vy's, F---'s next, and then
The S---te's, and then H---vy's once agen.

NOTES. Ver. 56. So much the better, you may laugh the more.] Their foreness being a clear indication of their wanting the frequent repetition of this discipline.

Ver. 66. Henley--Ofborn,] See them in their places in the Dunciad.

P. Ver. 69. The gracious Dew] Alludes to some court fermons, and Aorid .panegyrical speeches; particularly one: very full of puerilities and Aatteries; which afterwards got into an address in VOL. IV,

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O come, that easy Ciceronian style,
So Latin, yet so English all the while,
As, tho' the Pride of Middleton and Bland, 75
All Boys may read, and Girls may understand !
Then might I sing, without the least offence,
And all I sung should be the Nation's Sense ;
Or teach the melancholy Muse to mourn,
Hang the sad Verse on Carolina's Urn,

80

NOTES.

the same pretty styli, and was lastly served up in an Epitaph, between Latin and English, published by its author. P.

Vir. 69. The gracious Dew of Pulpit Eloquence,] Our moral Bard was no great Adept in Theology, nor did he enter into the depths of Pulpit Eloquence. Which (and it is much to be lamented) rendered his judgment of things, on certain occasions, but Night and fuperficial. It is plain he here gibeth at this master-stroke of Pulpit Eloquence. But Master Doctor Thomas Playfere might have taught him better. This eminent court-divine in his Spittal-sermon preached in the year 1595, Jayeth open the whole fecret of this matter. • The voice of " a preacher (faith he, himselfe a powerfull preacher) ought

to be the voice of a Crier, which should not pipe to make " the people dance, but mourne to make them weep.

Hence " it is, that in the oulde law none that was blinde, or had anie “ blemishe in his eye, might serve at the Aulter; because for " that impedimente in his eye he could not well shew his in" warde forrowing by his outwarde weeping. And when they “ offered up their firit borne, who was ordinarily in every fa

mily their Prieste, or their Preacher, they offered also with “ him a paire of turtle doves, or two younge pigeons. That “ paire of turtle doves did fignify a paire of mournfull eyes; “ those two younge pigeons did signifie likewise two weeping

eyes: And at that offering they prayed for their first-borne,

And hail her passage to the Realms of Rest,
All Parts perform'd, and all her Children bleft!
So Satire is no more - I feel it die
No Gazetteer more innocent than I ---
And let, a God's-name, ev'ry Fool and Knave 85
Be grac'd thro' Life, and flatter'd in his Grave.

F. Why so? if Satire knows its Time and Place, You still may lalh the greatest ---in Disgrace :

Notes « that afterwards he might have such eyes himselfe. For in « deed, as Austin witnesseth, THERE IS more good to be “ done with sighing than with speaking, with weeping than with " with words. Plus gemitibus quam fermonibus, plus Aletu

quam affatu.”

Ver. 75. As, tho' the Pride of Middleton] i. e. though 10 able a judge as Dr. Middleton himself jould approve the Latinity, I say it is bad and barbarous.

Ver. 76. All Boys may read, and Girls may understand! ] i. e. full of school-book phrases and Anglicisms.

Ver.78. Nation's Sense; ] The cant of Politics at that time.

Ver. 80. Carolina] Queen confort to King George II. She died in 1737. Her death gave occasion, as is observed above, to many indiscreet and mean performances unworthy of her memory, whose last moments manifested the utmost courage and resolution.

P. How highly our Poet thought of that truly great personage may be seen by one of his letters to Mr. Allen, written at that time; in which, amongst others, equally respectful, are the following words: “ The Queen shewed, by the confession of « all about her, the utmost firmness and temper to her last “ moments, and through the course of great torments. What o character historians will allow her, I do not know; but all • her domestic servants, and those nearest her, give her the “ best testimony, that of sincere tears.” VER. 84. No Gazetteer more innocent than 1.] The Gazet

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II

You grow correct, that once with Rapture writ,
And are, besides, too moral for a Wit.
Decay of Parts, alas ! we all must feel ---

5 Why now, this moment, don't I see

you

steal ? 'Tis all from Horace; Horace long before ye Said, “Tories calld him Whig, and Whigs a Tory;"* And taught his Romans, in much better metre, “ To laugh at Fools who put their trust in Peter.”

But Horace, Sir, was delicate, was nice;
Bubo observes, he lash'd no sort of Vice:
Horace would say, Sir Billy seru'd the Crown,
Blunt could do Bus'ness, H-ggins knew the Town

i
VARIATIONS.
P. Sir, what I write, should be correctly writ.
F. Correct ! 'tis what no genius can adinit.
Besides, you grow too moral for a Wit.

NOTES.
Ver. 9. And taught his Romans, in much better metre, Ta
laugh at Fools who put their trust in Peter.”] The general turn
of the thought is from Boileau,

Avant lui, Juvénal avoit dit en Latin,

Qu'on est assis à l'aise aux sermons de Cotin. But the irony in the first line, and the satirical equivoque in the second, mark them for his own. His making the objector say, that Horace excelled him in writing verse, is pleasant. And the ambiguity of putting their trust in Peter, infinuates that Horace - and he had frequently laughed at that specific folly, arising from indolence, which still disposes men to intruft their spiritual and temporal concerns to the absolute disposal of any fanctified or unsanctified cheat, bearing the name of Peter.

VER. 12. Bubo obferves,] Some guilty person very fond of making such an observation.

P.

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In Sappho touch the Failings of the Sex, 15
In rev'rend Bishops note fome small Neglects,
And own, the Spaniard did a waggis thing,
Who cropt our Ears, and sent them to the King.
His fly, polite, insinuating style
Could please at Court, and make Augustus smile:
An artful Manager, that

crept

between His Friend and Shame, and was a kind of Screen. But 'faith your very Friends will soon be fore; Patriots there are, who wish you'd jest no more ---And where's the Glory? 'ewill be only thought 25 The Great man never offer'd you a groat. Go fee Sir ROBERT--

21

NOTES Ver. 14. H-sgins) Formerly Jaylor of the Fleet prison, enriched himself by many exactions, for which he was tried and expelled.

P. Ver. 18. Who cropt our Ears,] Said to be executed by the Captain of a Spanish ship on one Jenkins a Captain of an English one.

He cut off his ears, and bid him carry them to the King his master.

P.
VER. 22. Screen.]

Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico

Tangit, et admiffus circum præcordia ludit Perf. P. Ibid. Screen.] A metaphor peculiarly appropriated to a certain person in power.

P. VER. 24. Patriots there are, &c.] This appellation was get nerally given to those in opposition to the Court. Though some of them (which our author hints at) had views too mean and interested to deserve that name.

P. VER. 26. The Great man] A phrase, by common use, appropriated to the first minifter,

P.

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