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that, unless the Lord of Hofts himself should by some extraordinary acts of Providence engage for the one against the other, the Church would be in great danger of being devoured by her enemies. But, besides this, Almighty God, by appearing thus visibly by some token of his power and presence in the behalf of his Church and people, and against their enemies, will serve another great defign of his grace and favour towards the world; and that is, in making such proceeding of his to be a means of convincing the world in general, that the God of these Christians, for whom he thus wonderfully appears, is the only true God, and their Religion the only true Religion ; upon account of which they will be drawn to learn it of them. There are many Scriptures which give intimation of this, and some hints of the manner in which the enemies of the Church will be destroyed; one of which is, the enemies falling out among themselves, and falling foul upon one another, instead of prosecuting their design against the armies of the Christians. Isaiah ix. 2. Zechariah xiv. 13. xii. 2,3,4. Haggai ii. 22. Ezekiel xxxviii. 21. Micah v. 6. This seems to be designed to be put in execution upon the pouring out of the seventh vial.....Amos ix. 11, 12. The raising up the decayed and low estate of the house of David, or of the people of the Jews, is, we fee, designed by God not only as an extraordinary favour to them, but to this end also, as a means conducing to it, viz. that the refidue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles upon whom my name is called, faith the Lord,' for so the words run Acts xv. 17. Thele glorious things spoken of this people of God, which will thus affect "even nations, and cause them to desire and seek their fayour and friendfhip, are to be understood, I conceive, of their outward prosperity especially, and of the extraordinariness of the change of their outward condition, both


for the suddennefs of it, and the means of effe Eting it. As for their spiritual glory and beauty, the Heathen, its like, will not at first be moved with that to seek their favour and friendship, nor to admire them for that glory, because they cannot have a sense of that until they are inftructed in the nature of spiritual things. Only so far as they come to hear of the excellency of their morals, their truth and charity, their temperance and chastity, these the Heathen can judge of indeed, and an eminency in these will procure reverence and respect even from barbarous nations. But its likely that which will come first to the notice of foreign nations concerning the Jews, will be their strange and wonderful vietories, and the extraordinary manner of obtaining them, the wonderful things which will be done for them in bringing them together out of their difperfion, and how in all things they prosper, and the like. And the fame of these things, and the respect it will procure them, will prepare the Heathen to receive the Gospel, and for the light of salvation by them, and quickly to fall in with them in their belief and profession of it. See Jeremiah xxxiii. 7."

Extracts from a Work intitled, “On the Future State of the Church,” by W. A. printed in 1684.

Additional Note to the Second Edition.

It has been suggested by a person, eminently distina guished by his zeal and exertions in the service of Religion, that this work bears hard upon the Roman Catholics, at a time when Christians of all denominations should lay aside antient animosities, and unite against the common enemy. 'The Author cannot therefore suffer another Edition to appear, without observing, that nothing has been advanced inconsistent with the most cor


dial with for union among the Members of the different Christian Churches, upon real Christian principles. But how far that is likely to be effected, while the Members of the church of Rome adhere to the authority of Councils, and of Popes, for the rule of their faith and practice, and while so many of the Protestant Churches and fece tarists maintain the supreme authority of human Reason, as the judge of revealed doctrines, and the guide of life, let others determine. In point of fact, both parties reject the authority of Scripture; the one often ignorantly, when it disagrees with the decisions of their Church; and the other often arrogantly, when it exceeds their comprehension, or opposes their opinions. THE AU. THORITY OF SCRIPTURE MUST THEN BE MADE THE POINT OF UNION ; and therefore those Churches which maintain this authority, and prove their doctrines to be founded upon it, cannot quit their station, without evident injury to the great cause of Religion, and without incurring individual guilt: for temporising measures with respect to the fundamental doctrines of Christianity can never be justified, even upon the ground of expediency, though they may be highly laudable when confined to unimportant points of difference. Let the Roman Catholics, who profess to venerate the Scriptures, but fair. ly examine the persecuting, the tyrannical, the idolatrous decrees, and the unfounded dogmas of their Church, by the light of the Gospel, and the testimony of History, ard they must acknowledge them to be inconsistent with the Word of God, and cease to think their Church in. fallible. Let them compare the Prophecies concerning Antichrist with their corruptions, and with their present calamities ; and they will see the indispensable necessity of reforming their Church, or of leaving her communion, according to the example of their predecessors, who led the way to the separation of the truth from the errors

A D D E N D A.


with which it had been unhappily mingled. Surely then whatever tends to open their eyes to a conviction of these truths, muft tend to effect a union between them and the Episcopal Protestant Church, to whose truly Chriftian principles they are indebted for receiving good for evil, and whose doctrines are the same with those held by the Church of Rome itself, in the primitive ages of Christianity-a Church which, aware of the mischiefs attending the undue exaltation, as well as the depression, of human Reason, erected the standard of her faith upon the Scriptures, and has preserved it, with the blessing of God, unchanged *, amidst the din of controversy, as the beacon of a troubled world.

Let those Protestants, who, relying upon Reason as the sole director of their faith, disclaim every species of authority, and renounce every doctrine not level to their understandings, be warned by the fatal tendency of their principles towards Anarchy and Atheism.

Let them, « while they stand fast in the liberty, with which Christ has made them free,” “ bring every thought under captivity to the Gospel of Christ,” and, “avoiding queftions that do gender strifes,” remove the odium of a presumptuous versatility in their opinions.--Thus indeed may the various Churches, now distracted by divifions, be reconciled; and though not in perfect unity of faith and practice, preserve the bond of peace in Chriftian charity and strengthen themselves against the Enemy of all Religion, whatever are its forms and doctrines.

* See the Bishop of Lincoln's Christian Theology, vol. ii.

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Lately published,

The Second Edition, With additional Notes and Authorities, of AREPRESENTATION of the CONDUCT and OPINIONS of the PRIMITIVE CHRISTIANS, with Remarks on certain Affertions of Mr. GIBBON, and Dr. PRIESTLEY, in Eight Sermons preached at Oxford, at the Bampton Lecture in 1790.

In One Volume Otavo, boards, ss.

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