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Note". While famish'd nations died along the shore.

The following account of British conduct, and its consequences, in Bengal, will afford a sufficient idea of the fact alluded to in this passage, After describing the monopoly of salt, betel nut, and tobacco, the historian proceeds thus: Money in this current came but by drops; it could not quench the thirst of those who waited in India to receive it. An expedient, such as it was, remained to quicken its

pace. The natives could live with little salt, but could not want food. Some of the agents saw themselves well situated for collecting the rice into stores; they did so. They knew the Gentoos would rather die than violate the principles of their religion by eating flesh. The alternative would therefore be between giving what they had, or dying. The inhabitants sunk;—they that cultivated the land, and

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saw the harvest at the disp

t'at the disposal of others, planted in doubt; scarcity ensued. Then the monopoly was easier managed -sickness'ensued. In some districts

languid living left the bodies of their numerous dead unburied. s'il,

Short History of the English Transactions

in the East Indies, page 145.

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1. His awful

presence o'er the prostrate world! Among the sublime fictions of the Hindoo my-. thology, it is one article of belief, that the Deity Brama has descended nine times upon the world in various forms, and that he is yet to appear a tenth time, in the figure of a warrior upon a white horse, to cut off all incorrigible offenders. Avatar is the word used to express his descent.

Note'. And Camdeo bright, and Ganesa sublime.

Camdeo is the God of Love in the mythology of the Hindoos. Ganesa and Seriswattee corre

spond to the Pagan deities, Janus and Minerva.


Note'. The noon of manhood to a myrtle shade!
Sacred to Venus is the myrtle shade.


Note". Thy woes, Arion!] Falconer, in his poem, The Shipwreck, speaks of himself by the name Arion.

See Falconer's Shipwreck, Canto III.

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Note ^. What millions died that Cæsar might be

great. The carnage occasioned by the wars of Julius Cæsar has been usually estimated at two millions of


Note'. Or learn the fate that bleeding thousands


March'd by their Charles to Dneiper's

swampy shore.

In this extremity (says the Biographer of Charles XII. of Sweden, speaking of his military exploits before the battle of Pultowa), the memorable winter of 1709, which was still more remarkable in that part of Europe than in France, destroyed numbers of his troops; for Charles resolved to brave the seasons as he had done his enemies,

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