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and on the other hand, it is far more difficult to make a successful be ginning, to lay a good foundation in history, than in the other studies included in the usual public course.
This it is which makes the most useful employment of the little time allowed so perplexing a problem.
The conclusion to which the editor arrived was, that in the impossibility of communicating a thorough knowledge of history in this time, thus much should be attempted : 1. The study of some judicious work of general history; 2. The study of some good specimen of the philosophy of history, as it is called, or the method of generalizing and reflecting upon the facts of history; and 3. The thorough investigation of some small portion of special history. The editor recommended the work of Guizot, referred to above, as a good specimen of philosophical reflection upon history; and he knows no work on general history better adapted to the purpose of public instruction than the present.
C. S. H. New York, December 11, 1844.
GRECIAN AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES.
BY DR. E. F. BOJESEN,
Tofessor of the Greek Language and Literature in the University of Sora
Translated from the German.
EDITED, WITH NOTES AND A COMPLETE SERIES OF QUESTIONS, BY TRR
REV, THOMAS K. ARNOLD, M. A.
REVISED WITII ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS
One neat volume, 12mo. Price $1.
The present Manual of Greek and Roman Antiquities is far superior to any thing on be ane topics as yet offered to the American public. A principal Review of Germany says :
Small as he compass of it is, we may confidently arfirm that it is a great improvement on all preceding wors of the kind. We no longer meet with the wretched old method, in wnich su's. jects essentially distinct are herded together, and connected subjects disconnected, but have a simple, systematic arrangement, by which the reader easly receives a crear representation et Roman life. We vlonger stumble against countless errors in detail, which though long ago assailed and extirpued by Niebuhr and others, have found their last place of refuge in our Ma. nuals. The recent investigations of philologists and jurists have been extensively, but carefully. and circumspectly used. The conciseness and precision which the author has every where prescribed to himself, prevents the superficial observer from perceiving the essential superiority of the book to its predecessors, but whoever subjects it to a careful examination will discover this on every page.”
The Editor says :-“I fully believe that the pupil will receive from these little works a correct and tolerably complete picture of Grecian and Roman life; what I may call the POLITICAL portions—the account of the national constitutions and their effects-appear to ine to be of great value; and the very moderate extent of each voluine admits of its being thoroughly mastered-of ice being GOT UP and RETAINED."
"A work long needed in our schools and colleges. The manuals of Rennet, Adam, Potter, and Robinson, with ..le more recent and valuable translation of Eschenburg, were entirely too voluminous Here is ne her too much, nor too little. The arrangement is admirable-every subject is treated of in its proper place. We have the general Geography, a succinct historica view of the general subject; the chirography, history, laws, manners, customs, and religion of cach State, as well as the points of union for all, beautifully arranged. We reyard the work as che very best adjunto classical study for youth that we have seen, and sincerely hope that wachers may be bright to regard it in the same light. The whole is copiously digested into ppropriate questions."'-. Lit. Gazette.
From Professor Lincoln, of Broun University. " I found on my table after a short absence from home, your edition of Bojecen's Greek an Roman Antiquities. Pray accept my acknowledgments for it. I am agreeably surprised to con examining it, that within so very narrow a compass for so comprehensive a sutject, the took contains so much valuable matter; and, indeed, so far as I see, omits noticing no topics es. Densial. It will be a very useful book in Schools and Colleges, and it is far superior to any thing chat I know of the same kind. Besides being cheap and accessible to all students, it has the gitat merit of discussing its topics in a consecutive and connected manner."
Erıract of a letter from Professor Tyler, of Amherst College. "I have never found time till lately to look over Bojeson's Antiquities, of which you wero kind enough to send me a copy. I think it an excelleni book; learned, accurate, concise, and erspicuous; well adapted for use in the Academy or the College, and comprehending in mall compass, more that is valuable on the subject than many extended creauses "
MEDIÆVAL GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY,
PRINCIPAL TUTOR IN THE GYMNASIUM OF DUREN.
Translated from the German by
REV. R. 8. PAUL, M. A.,
I volume, 12me. 75 cig.
IIEADS OF CONTENTS.
I. Germany before the Migrations
THF MIDDLE AGES.
FIRST PERIOD.--From the Dissolution of the Western Empire to the Accessiou of the Carloria
gians and Abbasides. B&COND L'ERIOD.-From the Accession of the Carlovingians and Abbasides to the first Crusada THIRD PERIOD.-Age of the Crusades. Fourth Period.–From the Termination of the Crusades to the Discovery of America.
“The characteristics of this volume are: precision, condensation, and luminous arrarıgement It is precisely what it pretends to be-a manuai, a sure and conscientious guide for the studeni through the crooks and tangles of Mediæval history.
All the great principles of the ex'ensi e Period are carefully laid down, and the most important facts skilfully grouped around then. There is no period of History for which it is more difficult to prepare a work like this. and none for which it is so much needed. The leading facts are well established, but they are scattered over an immense space; the principles are ascertained, but their development was slow, unequal, and interrupted. There is a general breaking up of a great body, and a parceiling of it out among small tribes, concerning whom we have only a few general data, and are left to analogy and conjecture for the details. Then come successive atteinpts at organization, each more or less independent, and all very imperfect. Al last, modern Europe begins slowly to emerge from the chaos, but still under forms which the most diligent historian cannot always comprehend. To reduce such materials to a clear and definite form is a task of no small difficulty, and in which partial success deserves great praise. It is not too much to say that t has never been so well done within a compass so easily mastered, as in the little voluine wheh is now offered to the public."-Extract from American Preface.
“This translation of a foreign school-book embraces a succinct and well ar anged body of facts concerning European and Asiatic history and geography during the middle ages. It is furnished with printed questions, and it seems to be well adapted to its purpose, ip all respects The meille val period is one of the most interesting in the annals of the world, and a knowledge of its great men, and of its progress in arts, arms, government and religion, is particularly in. portan', since this period is the basis of our own social polity."--Commercial Advertiser.
“This is an immenso amount of rescarch condensed into a moderaiely sized volume, in a way which no one has patience to do but a German scholar. The beauty of the work is iis luninotie arranguinent. It is a guide to the student amidst the intricacy of Mediæval History, the moo difficult period of the world to understand, when the Roman Empire was breaking up and par celling out into snaller kingdoms, and every thing was in a transition state. It was a periosi oj chaos from which modern Europe was at length to arise.
The author bas briefly taken up the principal poliucal and social influences which wert acting on society, and shown their bearing from the time previous to the migrations of the Northern nations, down through the middle ages to the sixteenth century. The notes on the crusade. are particularly valuable, and the range of observation embraces not only Ewep: but the East To the student it will be a inost valuable Hand-book, saving him a world of truut le hunung up authorities and facts.".-Rev. Dr. Kip, in Albany State Register.
ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY.
BY WILHELM PÜTZ,
PRINCIPAL TUTOR IN THE GYMNASIUM OF DUREN
Translated from the German.
EDITED BY THE REV. THOMAS K. ARNOLD, 1. A.,
AUTHOR OF A SERIES OF "GREEK AND LATIN TEXT-BOOKS."
One volume, 12mo. $1.
"Ai no perine nas listory presented such strong claims upon the attention of the leamed, u the pres'n day; and to no people were its lessons of such value as to those of the United States. With ro past of our own to revert to, the great masses of our better educated are tempted
overlook a science, which comprehends all others in its grasp. To prepare a text-book, which shall present a full, clear, and accurate view of the ancient world, its geography, its political, civil, social, religious state, must be the result only of vast industry and learning. Our exami. nation of the present volame leads us to believe, that as a text book on Ancient History, for Colleges and Academies, it is the best compend yet published. It bears marks in its methodical arrangenent, and cordersation of materials, of the untiring patience of German scholarship; and in its progress througn the English and American press, has been adapted for acceptable use in our best institutions. A noriceable feature of the book, is its pretty complete list of sources of information' upon the nation which it describes. This will be an invaluable aid to the student in his future course of reading."
“ Wilhelm Pitz, the author of this “Manual of Ancient Geography and History,' is Principa' Tutor (Oberleher) in the Gymnasium of Duren, Germany. His book exhibits the advantages o the German method of treating History, in its arrangement, its classitication, and iu rigid analy.
The Manual is what it purports to be a clear and definite outline of the history of the principal nations of antiquity,' into which is incorporated a concise geography of each country. The work is a text-520k; to be studied, and not merely read It is to form the groundwork of subsequent historical investigation,-the materials of which are pointed out, at the proper places, in the Manual, in careful references to the works which treat of the subject direcily under consacration. The list of references (especially as regarıls earlier works) is quite complete, -thus supplying that desideratum in Ancient Mistory and Geography, which has been supplied so fully by D::J. C. I. Gieseler in Ecclesiastical History.
* The nations whose history is considered in the Manual, are: in Asia, the Israelites, th: Indians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, the Medes, the Persians, che Phænicians, the States of Asia Minor; in Africa, the Ethiopians, the Egyptians, the Carthaginians; in Europe, the Greeks, the Maredonians, the Kingdoms which arose out of the Macedonian Monarchy, the Romans. Tho onier in which the history of each is treaterl, is admirable. To the whole are appended a Chr cological Table, and a well prepared series of Questions. The pronunciation of proper ames is indicated,-an excellent feature. The accents are given with remarkable correctness, The typographical execution of the American edition is most excellent."-S.W.Baptist Chronicle
" Like every thing which proceeds from the editorship of that eminent Instructor, T. K. Arnold, this Manual appears to be well suited to 'ne design with which it was prepared, and will, un Jultedly, secure for itself a place among the text books of schools and academies thoughout the
intry: It presents an outline of the history of the ancient nations, froin the earliest ages to the Call of ihe Western Empire in the sixth century, the events being arranged in the order of an accurate chronology, and explained by accompanying treaties on the geography of the several countries in which they transpired. The chiel leature of this work, and this is a very important one, is, that it sets forth ancient history and ancient g?ography in their connection with each other.
" It was originally prepared by Wilhelm Pütz, an eminent German scholar, and translated and edited in England by Rev. T. K. Arnold, and is now reviser, and introduced to the American pubiic in a well wristen preface, by Mi George W. Greene, Teacher o Modern Languagca in Brown University.”—Prov. Journal.
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The Second Reader reviews the ground passed over in the Primary, but adds largely to the amount of information. The child is here also laught to read writing as well as printed matter; aint in the reading lessons, attention is constantly directed to the diflerent ways in which senter ces are formed and connected, and of the pu uliar manner in which each of them is delivered. All who have examined these books, have pronounced them a decided and inportant advance on every other of the same class in use.
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X. B. The punctuation in all these books conforms, in the main, to the sense and proper de. jvery of every sentence, and is a guide to both. When a departure from the proper punctua un occurs, the proper delivery is indicated. As reading books are usually punciuated, it is a mer of surprise that children should learn to read at all.
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