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and on the other hand, it is far more difficult to make a successful be ginning, to lay a good foundation in history, than in the other studies included in the usual public course.

This it is which makes the most useful employment of the little time allowed so perplexing a problem.

The conclusion to which the editor arrived was, that in the impossibility of communicating a thorough knowledge of history in this time, thus much should be attempted : 1. The study of some judicious work of general history; 2. The study of some good specimen of the philosophy of history, as it is called, or the method of generalizing and reflecting upon the facts of history; and 3. The thorough investigation of some small portion of special history. The editor recommended the work of Guizot, referred to above, as a good specimen of philosophical reflection upon history; and he knows no work on general history better adapted to the purpose of public instruction than the present.

C. S. H. New York, December 11, 1844.

English.

A MANUAL

OF

GRECIAN AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES.

BY DR. E. F. BOJESEN,

Tofessor of the Greek Language and Literature in the University of Sora

Translated from the German.

EDITED, WITH NOTES AND A COMPLETE SERIES OF QUESTIONS, BY TRR

REV, THOMAS K. ARNOLD, M. A.

REVISED WITII ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS

One neat volume, 12mo. Price $1.

The present Manual of Greek and Roman Antiquities is far superior to any thing on be ane topics as yet offered to the American public. A principal Review of Germany says :

Small as he compass of it is, we may confidently arfirm that it is a great improvement on all preceding wors of the kind. We no longer meet with the wretched old method, in wnich su's. jects essentially distinct are herded together, and connected subjects disconnected, but have a simple, systematic arrangement, by which the reader easly receives a crear representation et Roman life. We vlonger stumble against countless errors in detail, which though long ago assailed and extirpued by Niebuhr and others, have found their last place of refuge in our Ma. nuals. The recent investigations of philologists and jurists have been extensively, but carefully. and circumspectly used. The conciseness and precision which the author has every where prescribed to himself, prevents the superficial observer from perceiving the essential superiority of the book to its predecessors, but whoever subjects it to a careful examination will discover this on every page.”

The Editor says :-“I fully believe that the pupil will receive from these little works a correct and tolerably complete picture of Grecian and Roman life; what I may call the POLITICAL portions—the account of the national constitutions and their effects-appear to ine to be of great value; and the very moderate extent of each voluine admits of its being thoroughly mastered-of ice being GOT UP and RETAINED."

"A work long needed in our schools and colleges. The manuals of Rennet, Adam, Potter, and Robinson, with ..le more recent and valuable translation of Eschenburg, were entirely too voluminous Here is ne her too much, nor too little. The arrangement is admirable-every subject is treated of in its proper place. We have the general Geography, a succinct historica view of the general subject; the chirography, history, laws, manners, customs, and religion of cach State, as well as the points of union for all, beautifully arranged. We reyard the work as che very best adjunto classical study for youth that we have seen, and sincerely hope that wachers may be bright to regard it in the same light. The whole is copiously digested into ppropriate questions."'-. Lit. Gazette.

From Professor Lincoln, of Broun University. " I found on my table after a short absence from home, your edition of Bojecen's Greek an Roman Antiquities. Pray accept my acknowledgments for it. I am agreeably surprised to con examining it, that within so very narrow a compass for so comprehensive a sutject, the took contains so much valuable matter; and, indeed, so far as I see, omits noticing no topics es. Densial. It will be a very useful book in Schools and Colleges, and it is far superior to any thing chat I know of the same kind. Besides being cheap and accessible to all students, it has the gitat merit of discussing its topics in a consecutive and connected manner."

Erıract of a letter from Professor Tyler, of Amherst College. "I have never found time till lately to look over Bojeson's Antiquities, of which you wero kind enough to send me a copy. I think it an excelleni book; learned, accurate, concise, and erspicuous; well adapted for use in the Academy or the College, and comprehending in mall compass, more that is valuable on the subject than many extended creauses "

3

Euglisi.

HAND BOOK

OF

MEDIÆVAL GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY,

BY

WILHELM PUTZ,

PRINCIPAL TUTOR IN THE GYMNASIUM OF DUREN.

Translated from the German by

REV. R. 8. PAUL, M. A.,
Vicar of St. Augustine's, Bristol, and late Fellow of Eseter College, Oxford.

I volume, 12me. 75 cig.

IIEADS OF CONTENTS.

I. Germany before the Migrations
II. The Migrations.

THF MIDDLE AGES.

FIRST PERIOD.--From the Dissolution of the Western Empire to the Accessiou of the Carloria

gians and Abbasides. B&COND L'ERIOD.-From the Accession of the Carlovingians and Abbasides to the first Crusada THIRD PERIOD.-Age of the Crusades. Fourth Period.–From the Termination of the Crusades to the Discovery of America.

“The characteristics of this volume are: precision, condensation, and luminous arrarıgement It is precisely what it pretends to be-a manuai, a sure and conscientious guide for the studeni through the crooks and tangles of Mediæval history.

All the great principles of the ex'ensi e Period are carefully laid down, and the most important facts skilfully grouped around then. There is no period of History for which it is more difficult to prepare a work like this. and none for which it is so much needed. The leading facts are well established, but they are scattered over an immense space; the principles are ascertained, but their development was slow, unequal, and interrupted. There is a general breaking up of a great body, and a parceiling of it out among small tribes, concerning whom we have only a few general data, and are left to analogy and conjecture for the details. Then come successive atteinpts at organization, each more or less independent, and all very imperfect. Al last, modern Europe begins slowly to emerge from the chaos, but still under forms which the most diligent historian cannot always comprehend. To reduce such materials to a clear and definite form is a task of no small difficulty, and in which partial success deserves great praise. It is not too much to say that t has never been so well done within a compass so easily mastered, as in the little voluine wheh is now offered to the public."-Extract from American Preface.

“This translation of a foreign school-book embraces a succinct and well ar anged body of facts concerning European and Asiatic history and geography during the middle ages. It is furnished with printed questions, and it seems to be well adapted to its purpose, ip all respects The meille val period is one of the most interesting in the annals of the world, and a knowledge of its great men, and of its progress in arts, arms, government and religion, is particularly in. portan', since this period is the basis of our own social polity."--Commercial Advertiser.

“This is an immenso amount of rescarch condensed into a moderaiely sized volume, in a way which no one has patience to do but a German scholar. The beauty of the work is iis luninotie arranguinent. It is a guide to the student amidst the intricacy of Mediæval History, the moo difficult period of the world to understand, when the Roman Empire was breaking up and par celling out into snaller kingdoms, and every thing was in a transition state. It was a periosi oj chaos from which modern Europe was at length to arise.

The author bas briefly taken up the principal poliucal and social influences which wert acting on society, and shown their bearing from the time previous to the migrations of the Northern nations, down through the middle ages to the sixteenth century. The notes on the crusade. are particularly valuable, and the range of observation embraces not only Ewep: but the East To the student it will be a inost valuable Hand-book, saving him a world of truut le hunung up authorities and facts.".-Rev. Dr. Kip, in Albany State Register.

English.

MANUAL

. OF

ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY.

BY WILHELM PÜTZ,

PRINCIPAL TUTOR IN THE GYMNASIUM OF DUREN

Translated from the German.

EDITED BY THE REV. THOMAS K. ARNOLD, 1. A.,

AUTHOR OF A SERIES OF "GREEK AND LATIN TEXT-BOOKS."

One volume, 12mo. $1.

eis.

"Ai no perine nas listory presented such strong claims upon the attention of the leamed, u the pres'n day; and to no people were its lessons of such value as to those of the United States. With ro past of our own to revert to, the great masses of our better educated are tempted

overlook a science, which comprehends all others in its grasp. To prepare a text-book, which shall present a full, clear, and accurate view of the ancient world, its geography, its political, civil, social, religious state, must be the result only of vast industry and learning. Our exami. nation of the present volame leads us to believe, that as a text book on Ancient History, for Colleges and Academies, it is the best compend yet published. It bears marks in its methodical arrangenent, and cordersation of materials, of the untiring patience of German scholarship; and in its progress througn the English and American press, has been adapted for acceptable use in our best institutions. A noriceable feature of the book, is its pretty complete list of sources of information' upon the nation which it describes. This will be an invaluable aid to the student in his future course of reading."

“ Wilhelm Pitz, the author of this “Manual of Ancient Geography and History,' is Principa' Tutor (Oberleher) in the Gymnasium of Duren, Germany. His book exhibits the advantages o the German method of treating History, in its arrangement, its classitication, and iu rigid analy.

The Manual is what it purports to be a clear and definite outline of the history of the principal nations of antiquity,' into which is incorporated a concise geography of each country. The work is a text-520k; to be studied, and not merely read It is to form the groundwork of subsequent historical investigation,-the materials of which are pointed out, at the proper places, in the Manual, in careful references to the works which treat of the subject direcily under consacration. The list of references (especially as regarıls earlier works) is quite complete, -thus supplying that desideratum in Ancient Mistory and Geography, which has been supplied so fully by D::J. C. I. Gieseler in Ecclesiastical History.

* The nations whose history is considered in the Manual, are: in Asia, the Israelites, th: Indians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, the Medes, the Persians, che Phænicians, the States of Asia Minor; in Africa, the Ethiopians, the Egyptians, the Carthaginians; in Europe, the Greeks, the Maredonians, the Kingdoms which arose out of the Macedonian Monarchy, the Romans. Tho onier in which the history of each is treaterl, is admirable. To the whole are appended a Chr cological Table, and a well prepared series of Questions. The pronunciation of proper ames is indicated,-an excellent feature. The accents are given with remarkable correctness, The typographical execution of the American edition is most excellent."-S.W.Baptist Chronicle

" Like every thing which proceeds from the editorship of that eminent Instructor, T. K. Arnold, this Manual appears to be well suited to 'ne design with which it was prepared, and will, un Jultedly, secure for itself a place among the text books of schools and academies thoughout the

intry: It presents an outline of the history of the ancient nations, froin the earliest ages to the Call of ihe Western Empire in the sixth century, the events being arranged in the order of an accurate chronology, and explained by accompanying treaties on the geography of the several countries in which they transpired. The chiel leature of this work, and this is a very important one, is, that it sets forth ancient history and ancient g?ography in their connection with each other.

" It was originally prepared by Wilhelm Pütz, an eminent German scholar, and translated and edited in England by Rev. T. K. Arnold, and is now reviser, and introduced to the American pubiic in a well wristen preface, by Mi George W. Greene, Teacher o Modern Languagca in Brown University.Prov. Journal.

5

English.

PROF. MANDEVILLE'S READING BOOKS.

I. PRIMARY, OR FIRST READER. Price 10 cents.
II. SECOND READER. Price 16 cents.

These two Readers are formed substantially on the same plan; and the second is a continua uon of the first. The design of both is to combine a knowledge of the meaning and pronuncia 11ou of words, with a knowledge of their gramatical functions. The parts of speech are in Iroduced successively, beginning with the articles; these are followed by ihe demonstrative pro nouns; and these again by others, class after class, until all that are requisite to form a sentence have been separately considered; when the common reading lessons begin.

The Second Reader reviews the ground passed over in the Primary, but adds largely to the amount of information. The child is here also laught to read writing as well as printed matter; aint in the reading lessons, attention is constantly directed to the diflerent ways in which senter ces are formed and connected, and of the pu uliar manner in which each of them is delivered. All who have examined these books, have pronounced them a decided and inportant advance on every other of the same class in use.

UI. THIRD READER. Price 25 cents.
IV. FOURTH READER. Price 38 cents.

in the first two Readers, the main object is to make the pupil acquainted with the meaning api functions of words, and to impart facility in pronouncirg them in sentential connection; the leaving design of these, is to form a natural, flexible, and varied delivery. Accordingly, the Third Reader opens with a series of exercises on articulation and modulation, containing numer. cus examples for practice on the elementary sounds (including errors to be corrected) and on the widerent movements of the voice, produced by sentential structure, by emphasis, and by the pas. sions. The habits formed by these exercises, which should be thoroughly, as they can be easily mastered, under intelligent instruction, find scope for improvement and confirmation in the read. ing lessons which follow, in the same book and that which succeeds.

These lessons have been selected with special reference to the following peculiarities; Ist. Colloquial character ; 20, Variety of sentential structure; 3d, Variety of subject matter; 4th, Alaplation to the progressive development of the pupil's mind; and as far as possible, 5th, Tendency to excite moral and religious emotions. Great pains have been taken to make the books in these respects, which are, in fact, characteristic of the whole series, superior to any others in use; with what success a brief comparison will readily show.

V. THE FIFTH READER; OR, COURSE OF READING. Price 75 cents.
VI. TIE ELEMENTS OF READING AND ORATORY. Price 81.

These books are designed to cultivate the literary taste, as well as the understanding and ve. ga powers, of the pupil.

'THE COURSE OF READING comprises three parts; the first part containing a more elaborate dercription of elementary sounds and the parts of speech grammatically considered than was ütemed necessary in the preceiling works; here indispensable : part second, a complete classifi. Cotion and description of every sentence to be found in the English, or any other language; ex. amples of which in every degree of expansion, from a few words to the half of an octavo page u ength are adduced, and arranged to be read; and as each species has its peculiar delivery as wat as structure, both are learned at the same time; part third, paragraphs; or sentences in ibt!r connection untolding general thoughts, as in the common reading books. It may be ob merved that the selections of sentences in part second, and of paragraphs in part third, comprise Bavne of the finest gems in the language : disunguished alike for beauty of thought and facility moduction. If not found in a school book, they might be appropriately called “ elegant extracts.''

Chs El.EMENTS OF READING AND ORATORY closes the series with an exhibition of the an de theory and art of Elocution exclusive of gesture. It contains, besides the classification of se tences already referred 10, but here presented with fuller statement and illustration, the laws oi punctuation and delivery deduced from it the whole followed by carefully selected pieces foi sentential analysis and vocal practice.

The Result. --' The student who acquaints himself thoroughly with the contents of this book, wul, as numerous experiments have proved; Ist, Acquire complete knowledge of the structure of the language; 21, Be able to designate any sentence of any book by name at a glance: 34, Be able to declare with equal rapidity its proper punctuation; 4ih, Be able to declare, and wiih zui: fcient practice to give is proper delivery. Such are a few of the general characteristics of the series o school books which the publishers now offer to the friends and patrons of a sound common snool and academic education. For more particular information, reference is respectfully made in the “ Hints,” which may be found at the beginning of each volume.

X. B. The punctuation in all these books conforms, in the main, to the sense and proper de. jvery of every sentence, and is a guide to both. When a departure from the proper punctua un occurs, the proper delivery is indicated. As reading books are usually punciuated, it is a mer of surprise that children should learn to read at all.

The above series of Reading Books are already very extensively introduced and commended Du the most experienced Teachers in the country. “ Prof. Mandeville's system is eminently Original, scientific and practical, and destined wherever it is introduced to supersede at once al

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