Religions, Reasons and Gods: Essays in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Religion

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Cambridge University Press, 25.11.2006
Traditional theistic proofs are often understood as evidence intended to compel belief in a divinity. John Clayton explores the surprisingly varied applications of such proofs in the work of philosophers and theologians from several periods and traditions, thinkers as varied as Ramanuja, al-Ghazali, Anselm, and Jefferson. He shows how the gradual disembedding of theistic proofs from their diverse and local religious contexts is concurrent with the development of natural theologies and atheism as social and intellectual options in early modern Europe and America. Clayton offers a fresh reading of the early modern history of philosophy and theology, arguing that awareness of such history, and the local uses of theistic argument, offer important ways of managing religious and cultural difference in the public sphere. He argues for the importance of historically grounded philosophy of religion to the field of religious studies and public debate on religious pluralism and cultural diversity.
 

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Inhalt

Claims contexts and contestability
1
REASON AND RELIGIOUS PLURALISM
13
Thomas Jefferson and the study of religion
16
Common ground and defensible difference
58
Religions reasons and gods
80
THEISTIC ARGUMENTS IN PREMODERN CONTEXTS
99
Ramanuja Hume and comparativephilosophy remarks on the Sribhasya and the Dialogues concerning Natural Religion
101
Piety and the proofs
133
THEISTIC ARGUMENTS IN EARLYMODERN CONTEXTS
181
The debate about God in earlymodern French philosophy
184
The Enlightenment project and the debate about God in earlymodern German philosophy
222
The debate about God in earlymodern British philosophy
245
Beyond the Enlightenment project?
292
The 1997 Hulsean Sermon
310
Bibliography
318
Index
354

The otherness of Anselm
161

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