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KING. I think thee now some common cus


DIA. By Jove, if ever I knew man, 'twas you. KING. Wherefore hast thou accus'd him all this

while ?

DIA. Because he's guilty, and he is not guilty ; He knows, I am no maid, and he'll swear to't: I'll swear, I am a maid, and he knows not. Great king, I am no strumpet, by my life; I am either maid, or else this old man's wife. [Pointing to Lapeu. KING. She does abuse our ears; to prison with



DIA. Good mother, fetch my bail.-Stay, royal [Exit Widow. The jeweller, that owes the ring, is sent for, And he shall surety me. But for this lord, Who hath abus'd me, as he knows himself, Though yet he never harm'd me, here I quit him : He knows himself, my bed he hath defil'd2; And at that time he got his wife with child: Dead though she be, she feels her young one kick: So there's my riddle, One, that's dead, is quick : And now behold the meaning.



Re-enter Widow, with HELENA.

Is there no exorcist 3

- customer-] i. e. a common woman. So, in Othello: "I marry her!-what?-a customer!" STEEVENS.

2 He knows himself, &c.] The dialogue is too long, since the audience already knew the whole transaction; nor is there any reason for puzzling the King and playing with his passions; but it was much easier than to make a pathetical interview between Helen and her husband, her mother, and the King.

JOHNSON. 3-exorcist-] This word is used, not very properly, for

enchanter. JOHNSON.

Beguiles the truer office of mine eyes?

Is't real, that I see?


No, my good lord; "Tis but the shadow of a wife you see,

The name, and not the thing.


Both, both; O, pardon! HEL. O, my good lord, when I was like this


I found you wond'rous kind.

And, look you, here's

There is There is your ring, your letter; This it says, When from my finger you can get this ring, And are by me with child, &c.-This is done : Will you be mine, now you are doubly won?


Shakspeare invariably uses the word exorcist, to imply a person who can raise spirits, not in the usual sense of one that can lay them. So, Ligarius, in Julius Cæsar, says

"Thou, like an exorcist, hast conjur'd up
"My mortified spirit."

And in The Second Part of Henry VI. where Bolingbroke is about to raise a spirit, he asks Eleanor

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Will your ladyship behold and hear our exorcisms?"

Such was the common acceptation of the word in our author's time. So, Minsheu, in his Dict. 1617: "An Exorcist or Conjurer."-So also, "To conjure or exorcise a spirit."

The difference between a Conjurer, a Witch, and an Inchanter, according to that writer, is as follows:

"The Conjurer seemeth by praiers and invocations of God's powerfull names, to compell the Devil to say or doe what he commandeth him. The Witch dealeth rather by a friendly and voluntarie conference or agreement between him or her and the Divell or Familiar, to have his or her turne served, in lieu or stead of blood or other gift offered unto him, especially of his or her soule :-And both these differ from Inchanters or Sorcerers, because the former two have personal conference with the Divell, and the other meddles but with medicines and ceremonial formes of words called charmes, without apparition."


4 And ARE] The old copy reads-And is. Mr. Rowe made the emendation.


BER. If she, my liege, can make me know this


I'll love her dearly, ever, ever dearly.

HEL. If it appear not plain, and prove untrue, Deadly divorce step between me and you !O, my dear mother, do I see you living?

LAF. Mine eyes smell onions, I shall weep anon:Good Tom Drum, [To PAROLLES.] lend me a handkerchief: So, I thank thee; wait on me home, I'll make sport with thee: Let thy courtesies alone, they are scurvy ones.

KING. Let us from point to point this story


To make the even truth in pleasure flow:

If thou be'st yet a fresh uncropped flower,

[TO DIANA. Choose thou thy husband, and I'll pay thy dower; For I can guess, that, by the honest aid, Thou kept'st a wife herself, thyself a maid.Of that, and all the progress, more and less, Resolvedly more leisure shall express: All yet seems well; and, if it end so meet, The bitter past, more welcome is the sweet. [Flourish.


The king's a beggar, now the play is done3:
All is well ended, if this suit be won,

That you express content; which we will pay,
With strife to please you, day exceeding day:

5 The KING'S A BEGGAR, now the play is done:] Though these lines are sufficiently intelligible in their obvious sense, yet perhaps there is some allusion to the old tale of The King and the Beggar, which was the subject of a ballad, and, as it should seem from the following lines in King Richard II. of some popular interlude also:

"Our scene is altered from a serious thing,

"And now chang'd to the beggar and the king." Malone.

Ours be your patience then, and yours our parts; Your gentle hands lend us, and take our hearts.

[Exeunt ".

6 Ours be your patience then, and yours our parts;] The meaning is: Grant us then your patience," hear us without interruption. "And take our parts; "that is, support and defend


7 This play has many delightful scenes, though not sufficiently probable, and some happy characters, though not new, nor produced by any deep knowledge of human nature. Parolles is a boaster and a coward, such as has always been the sport of the stage, but perhaps never raised more laughter or contempt than in the hands of Shakspeare.


I cannot reconcile my heart to Bertram; a man noble without generosity, and young without truth; who marries Helen as a coward, and leaves her as a profligate when she is dead by his unkindness, sneaks home to a second marriage, is accused by a woman whom he has wronged, defends himself by falsehood, and is dismissed to happiness.

The story of Bertram and Diana had been told before of Mariana and Angelo, and, to confess the truth, scarcely merited to be heard a second time. JOHNSON.

C. Baldwin, Printer, New Bridge-street, London.


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