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richest man in the German empire. I am going to my long home, but shall not return to common dust. Then he resumed a countenance of alacrity, and iold him, that if within an hour alter his death he anointed his whole body, and poured down his throat that liquor which he had from oid Bajilius, the corps would be converted into pure gold. I will not pretend to express to you the unseigned tenderness that passed between these two extraordinary persons; but if the father recormi ended the care of his remains with vehemence and aifection, the son was not behind-hand in professing that he would not cut the least bit off him, but upon the utmost extremity, or to provide for his younger brothers and sisters.
Well, Alexandrinus died, and the heir of his body (as our term is) could not forbear in the wantonnesses of his heart, to measure the length and breadth of his beloved father, and cast up the ensuing value of him before he proceeded to operation. When he knew the immense reward of his pains, he began the work: But lo! when he had anointed the corps all over, and began to apply the liquor, the body stirred, and Renatus, in a fright broke the phial. T
Quantum a rerun turpitudine abes, tantum le a verho* rum libertatefijungas. Tun,
We shou'd be as careful of our words.as our actions; and as far from speaking, as from doing ill.'
IT is a certain sign of an ill heart to be inclined to defamation. They who are harmless and innocent, can have no gratisication tliat way ; bat it ever arises from a neglect of what is laudable in a man's self, and an impatience of seeing it in another. Else why should F 3 virtue virtue provoke? Why shnuld beauty displease in such a degree, that a man given to scandal never lets the mention of either pass by him without offering something to the diminution of it? A lady the other day at a visit bting attacked somewhat rudely by one, whose own character has been very rudely treated, answered a great deal of heat and imemperance very calmly, deed Madam /fare me, nho am none of your match; / speak ill of no hody, and it is a new thing to me to bespoken ill of. Little minds think fame consists in the number of votes they have on iheir side among the multitude, whereas it is really the inseparable follower of good and worthy actions* Fame is as natural a follower of merit, as a shadow is of a body. It is true, when crouds press upon you, this shadow cannot be seen, but when they separate from around you, it will again appear. The lazy, the idle, and the sroward, are the persons who are roost pleased with the little tales which pass about the town to the disadvantage of the rest of the world. Were it not for the pleasure of speaking ill, there are nembers of people who are too lazy to go out of their own nouses, and too ill-natured to open their lips in conversation. It was not a little diverting the other day to observe a lady reading a post-letter, and at these words, jester all her airs, he has heard some story or other, and the match is broke off, gives orders in the midst of her reading, Put to the horsts. That a young woman of merit had missed an advantageous settlement, was news not to be delayed, lest somebody else should have given her malicious acquaintance that satisfaction before her. The unwillingness to receive good tidings is a quality as inseparable from a scandal-bearer, as the readiness to divulge bad. But, alas! how wretchedly low and contemptible is that state of mind, that cannot be pleased but Dy what is the subject of lamentation. This temper has ever been in the highest degree odious to galant spirits. The Perfian soldier, who was heard reviling Æexander the Great, was well admonish'd by his officer, Sir, ycu are paid to sight against Alexander, and net to rail et him.
Cicero in one of his pleadings, defending his client from general scandal, fays very handsoinly^ and with
much reason, There are many who have particular engagements to the prosecutor: There are many, who are kno wn tvhave ili-will to him for whom I appear ; there are many nxho are naturally addicted t» desamation, and envious of any good to any man, who may have contributed to spread reports of this kind: For nothing is so swist as scandal, nothing is more eafily sent abroad, nothing received with moie rwe'ceme, nothing diffuses itself so universally. I shall not defire, that if any report to cur d fadvuntage has any groundfor it, you would overlook or extenuate it: But if there be any thing advanced, without a perjon who can Jay nvhence he had it, or which is uttefied by one who sorgot <whj told him it, or who bad it srom one ofso little confideration that be did not then think it worth bis notice, all such trstitnonies as thest, I know, you will think too flight to ha-vt tiny credit again/} the innocence and honour of your followtitixens. When an ill report is traced, it very often vanishes among such as the orator has here recited. And how despicable a creature must that be, who is in pain for what passes among so frivolous a people ? There is a town in Warwick/hire of good note, and formerly pretty famous for much animosity and dissension, the chief families of which have now turned all their whispers, backbitings, envies, and private malices, into mirth and entertainment, by means of a peevish old gentlewoman, known by the title of the lady Bluemantle. This heroine had for many years together out-done the whole sisterhood of gossips, in invention, quick utterance, and unprovoked malice. This good body is of a lasting constitution, though extremely decayed in her eyes, and -decrepid in her feet. The two circumstances of being always at home from her lameness, and very attentive from her blindness, make her lodgings the receptacle •f all that passes in town, good or bad; but for the latter Ihe seems to have the better memory. There is another thing to be noted of her, which is, That as it is usual with old people, she has a livelier memory of things which passed when she was very young, than of late years. Add to all this, that she does not only not love any body, but she hates every body. The statue in Rome does not serve to vent malice half so well, as this nold lady dees to disappoint it. She does not know'the
F 4 author author os any thing that is told her, but can readily repeat the matter itself; therefore, though she exposes all the whole town, she oifends no one body in it. She is so exquisitely leslless and peevish, that she quarrels with all about hrr, ar.d sometimes in a freak will instantly change her ha'oi'ation. To indulge thi.- humour, she is lej about the grounds belonging to the seme house she is. in, and the persons to whom she is to remove, being in the plot, are ready to receive her at her own chamber again. At stated rrms, the gentlewoman at whose house she supposes she is at the time, is sent for to quarrel with, according to her common custom: When they have a mind to diive the jest, ihe is-immediately urged to that degree, that she will beard in a family with which she has never yet been; and away she will go this instant, and tell them ail that the rest have been faying of them. By this means (he has been an inhabitant cf every house in the place without stirring from the fame habitation: nnd the many stories which every body furnishes her with to favour Ihat deceit, make her the general intelb'geccer of the town of all that can be f.id by one woman against another. Thus groundless ilories die away, .and sometimes tiuths are smothered under the general word, when they have a mind to discountenance a thing, Oh! tha$ iS in my lady Bluemantle's memoirs. - Whoever receives impressions to the disadvantage of others without examination, is to b,e had in no other credit for intelligence than this good lady Bluemant!e% who is subjected to have her ears imposed upon for want of other help, to better insormation. Add to this, that other scandal bearers suspend the use of these faculties which she has lost, rather than apply them to do justice to their neighbours; and I think, for the service of my fair readers, to acquaint them, that there is a voluntary lady Bluemantle at every visit in town. . T
Ofcupet extremumscabies Hor. Ars Poet. v. 417.
The Devil take the hindmost! [English Proverb.]
IT is an impertinent and unreasonable fault in conversation ior one man to take up all the discourse. It may possibly be objected to me myself, that I am guilty in this kind, in entertaining the town every day, and not giving so many able persons who have it more in their power, and as much in their inclination, an opportunity to oblige mankind with their thoughts. Besides, said one whom 1 overheard the other day, why must this paper turn altogether upon topics of learning and morality? Why should it pretend only to wit, humour, or the like f Things which are useful only to amuse men of literature and luperior education. I would have it consist also of all things which may be necessary or useful to any part of soeiety, and the mechanic arts mould have their place as well as the liberal The ways of gain, husbandry, and thrift, will serve a greater number of people, than discourses upon what was well said or done by such a philosopher, hero, geneal, or poet. I no sooner heard this critic talk of my works, but I minuted what he had said; and from that iastant resolved to enlarge the plan of my speculations, by giving notice to all persons of all orders, and each sex, that if they are pleased to send me discourses, with their names and places of abode to them, so that I can be satissied the w ritings are authentic, such their labours shaii be faithfully inserted in this paper. It will be of much more consequence to a youth in his apprenticeship, to know by what rules and arts such a one became theriff of the city of London, than to see the sign of one of his' own quality wi h a lion's heart in each hand. The world indeed is enchanted with romantic and improbable - 'F 5 atchieve