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« On Thursday there was but one delinquent. This 'was a gentleman of strong voice, but weak under

* standing. He had unluckily engaged himself in a dif

* pute with a man of excellent sense, but of a modest « elocution. The man of heat replied to every answer

* of his antagonist with a louder voice than ordinary, 'and only raised his voice when he should have ensorced « his argument. Finding himself at length driven to art

* absurdity, he still reasoned in a more clamorous and 'consused manner, and to make the greater impression.

* upon his hearers, concluded with a loud thump upon 'the table. The president immediately ordered him

* to be carried off, and dieted with water-gruel, till « such time as he should be sufficiently weakened for

* conversation.

On Friday there passed very little remarkable, sav'ing only, that several petitions were read of the per

* sons in custody, desiring to be released from their con'sinement, and vouching for one another's good be'haviour for the future.

'On Saturday we received many excuses from per

* sons who had found themselves in an unsociable tern'per, and had voluntarily shut themselves up. The

* insirmary was indeed never so full as on this day,

* which I was at some loss to account for, till upon my 'S0lnS abroad I observed that it was an easterly wind.

* The retirement of most of my friends has given me

* opportunity and leisure of writing you this letter,

* which I must not conclude without assuring you, that

* all the members of our college, as well those who are 'under consinement, as those who are at liberty, are

* your very humble servants, tho1 none more than,

C He:

Saturday, N° 441 Saturday, July 26.

Si frailus iVabatur orhis,
Jtnpwvidurn forient ruin/e. Hor. Od. 3. 1. 3. v. 7.

Should the whole frame of nature round him break'

In ruin and consusion hurl'd,
He, unconcern'd, would hear the mighty crack,

And stand secure amidst a falling world.


MAN, considered in himself, is a very helpless and a very wretched being. He is subject every moment to the greatest calamities and misfortunes. H; is beset with dangers on ail sides, and may become unhappy by numberless casualties, which he could not foresee, nor have prevented had he foreseen them.

It is our comfort, while we are obnoxious to so many accidents, that we are under the care of one who, directs contingencies, and has in his hands the management of every thing that is capable of annoying or offending us; who knows the assistance we stand in need of, and is always ready to bestow it on-thosc who aslt it of him.

The natural homage which such a creature bears to so insinitely wife and good a Being, is a sirm reliance on him for the blessings and conveniencies of life, and an habitual trust in him for deliverance out of all such dangers and difficulties as may befal us.

The man who always lives in this disposition of mind, has not the fame dark and melancholy views of human nature, as he who considers himself abstractedly from this relation to the Supreme Being. At the fame time that he reflects upon his own weakness and imperfection, he comforts himself with the contemplation of those divine attributes, which are employed for his safety and his welfare. He sinds his want of foresight made up by the omniscience of him who is his support. He is not sensible of his own want of strength, when he knows that his helper is Almighty. In short, the person who has a sirm trust on the Supreme Being is powerful in his power, wife by hit wisdom, happy by his laappiness. He reaps the benesit of every Divine Attribute, and loses his own insufsiciency in the fulness of insinite perfection.

To make our lives more easy to us, we are commanded to put our trust in him, who is thus able to relieve and succour us; the Divine Goodness having made such a. reliance a duty, notwithllanding we should have been miserable had it been forbidden us.

Among several motives, which might be made use of to recommend this duty to us, 1 shall only take notice of those that follow.

The sirst and strongest is, that we are promised, He will not fail those who put their trust in him.

But without considering the supernatural blessing' which accompanies this duty, we may observe that it has a natural tendency to its own reward, or in other words, that this sirm trust and considence in the great Disposer of all things, contributes very much to the getting clear of any affliction, or to the bearing it man fully A person who believes he has his succour at hand, and that he acts in the sight of his friend, often exerts, himself beyond his abilities, and does wonders that are: not to be matched by one who is not animated with such, a considence of success. I could produce instances, from history, of generals, who, out of a belief that they were under the protection of some invisible assistant, did not only encourage their soldiers to do their utmost, but have acted themselves beyond what they would have done, had they not been inspired by such a belief. I might in the same manner shew how such a trust in the afliance of an Almighty Being, naturally produces patienc -, hope, chearfulness, and all other dispositions of mind that alleviate those calamities which we are not able to remove.

The practice of this virtue administers great comfort to the mind of man in times of poverty and affliction, but most of all in the hour of death. When the soul is hovering in tUtz last moments of its separation, when it is just entring on another state of existence, to converse with scenes, and objects, and companions that are altogether new, what can support her under such tremblings of thought, such, fear, such anxiety, suc^ apprehensions, but the casting of all her cares upon, him who sirst gave her being," who has conducted her through one stage of it, and will be always withher to guide and comfort her in her progress thiough eternity i

David has very beautifully represented this steady, reliance on God Almighty in his twenty-third Psalm, which is a kind of a pastoralhymn, and silled with those, allusions which are usual in that kind of writing. As, the poetry is- very exquisite, I shall present my reader, with the, following translation of it.

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Thy hounty Jhall my fains biguile:

1he barren wilderness pall jmile,

Wilb sudden greens and herbage crown d,

Andstreams jhall murmur all around, yr

N* 442 Monday, July 28.

Scribimut indotli dotlique -

Hor. Ep. 1.1. 2. v. 117

Those who cannot write, and those who can, AW rhime, and scrawl, and scribble to a man.


IDo not know whether I enough explained myself tothe world, when I invited all men to be assistant tome in this my work of speculation-; for I have not yet acquainted my readers, that besides the letters andvaluable hinis I have from time to time received from my correspondents, 1 have by me several curious and extraordinary papers sent with a design (as no one will doubt when they are published) that they may be printed intire, and without any alteration, by way of Spectator. I must acknowledge also, that I myself being tha sirst projector of the paper, thought I had a right to rriake them my own, by dressing them in my own stile, by leaving out what would not appear like mine, and by adding whatever might be proper to adapt them to the character and genius of my paper, with which it was almost impossible these could exactly correspond, it being certain that hardly two men think alike, and therefore so many men so many SpeBators. Besides, I must own my weakness for glory is such, that if I consulted that only, I might be so far swayed by it, as almost to wish that no one could write a SpeiJator besides myself; nor can I deny, but upon the sirst perusal of those papers, I felt some secret inclinations of ill-will towards the persons who wrote them. This was the impression I had upon the sirst reading them ; but upon a late leview (more for the fake of entertainment than use),


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