The History of Allelopathy
Springer Science & Business Media, 12.10.2007 - 316 Seiten
This book had its beginnings about thirty-five years ago, when I migrated to Australia from Canada, and began a doctoral study concerning the role of allelopathy in forests of the eucalypt known in Australia as mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans), under the supervision of Dr Kingsley Rowan and the late Dr David Ashton. In first assembling materials for the usual survey of the relevant literature, I came to realise that the relative youth of Australia as a nation and its geographical remoteness were to be barriers in fully dealing with historical concepts. At times, the simplest option was to buy the requisite antiquarian books, if they were not readily available from local libraries. I remember that one of the first such works that I acquired was de Candolle’s Physiologie Végétale, and it was then that I began to learn that the history of allelopathy had been only superficially investigated. Allelopathy is a topic which has been very much in the limelight of plant ecology in the past few decades. It is a controversial topic which has a surprisingly large body of literature associated with it, yet the mere existence of allelopathy as an ecological process is still considered doubtful by many. Most students of allelopathy seem to have assumed that the topic has been c- menced in 1937 with the work of Hans Molisch, or to those more historically minded, the theories of A. P.
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acid Agriculture allelopathy American animals Anonymous antipathy and sympathy bacteria became black walnut Book Botanique botanist botany Brugmans Bureau of Soils cabbage Candolle Candolle’s theory cause century Chapter chemical chemistry Colewort Columella companion planting concerning crop rotation culture Department of Agriculture Dynasty early ecology edition effect English example Experimental Fruit Farm exudates farmers fertilisers Figure germination grass Greig-Smith grow grown guayule harmful Herbrand Arthur Russell Hilgard Horticultural ideas inhibition inhibitory interactions interest Jane Marcet juglone juice known leachates legumes London Macaire-Prinsep Madaus Molisch Naturelle nutrients observed organic Paris peach Physiologie Végétale phytoncides Pickering’s plant growth poison produced published Qing Dynasty Reed reported root excretion theory root excretions Russell Schreiner and Shorey Science seedlings seeds Senebier Skinner Society soil fertility soil sickness species sympathy and antipathy Theophrastus theory of crop toxins translated U.S. Department Uslar vegetation vine walnut tree weeds wheat Whitney Woburn Experimental Fruit wrote
Seite 89 - The prudent will observe, what passions reign In various plants (for not to man alone, But all the wide creation, Nature gave Love, and aversion) everlasting hate The Vine to Ivy bears, nor less abhors...
Seite 156 - The Treasury of Botany, or Popular Dictionary of the Vegetable Kingdom ; with which is incorporated a Glossary of Botanical Terms.
Seite 93 - And Philomele her song with teares doth steepe; O carefull verse! ' The water Nymphs, that wont with her to sing and daunce, And for her girlond Olive braunches beare...
Seite 1 - For the Snark's a peculiar creature, that won't Be caught in a commonplace way. Do all that you know, and try all that you don't: Not a chance must be wasted to-day! "For England expects — I forbear to proceed: Tis a maxim tremendous, but trite: And you'd best be unpacking the things that you need To rig yourselves out for the fight.
Seite 194 - Bestandtheile der Pflanzen , oder Beantwortung der Frage : Sind die anorganischen Elemente, welche sich in der Asche der Pflanzen finden, so wesentliche Bestandtheile des vegetabilischen Organismus, dass dieser sie zu seiner völligen Ausbildung bedarf, und werden sie den Gewächsen von Aussen dargeboten?
Seite 96 - Fierce in dread silence on the blasted heath Fell Upas sits, the Hydra-tree of death. Lo; from one root, the envenom'd soil below, A thousand vegetative serpents grow; In shining rays the scaly monster spreads O'er ten square leagues his far-diverging heads; Or in one trunk entwists his tangled form, Looks o'er the clouds, and hisses in the storm.
Seite 90 - Herefordian plant Caresses freely the contiguous Peach, Hazel, and weight-resisting Palm, and likes T approach the Quince, and the Elder's pithy stem ; Uneasy, seated by funereal Yew, Or Walnut, (whose malignant touch impairs All generous fruits) or near the bitter dews Of Cherries. Therefore weigh the habits well Of plants, how they associate best, nor let III neighbourhood corrupt thy hopeful grafts.
Seite 152 - The excrementitious matter discharged from the roots of a vine is very great, and if this be given out in a soil that is close and adhesive, and through which, the action of the solar rays is feeble, the air in the neighbourhood of the roots quickly becomes deleterious, and a languid and diseased vegetation immediately follows.
Seite 178 - I will give only a single instance, which, though a simple one, has interested me. In Staffordshire, on the estate of a relation where I had ample means of investigation, there was a large and extremely barren heath, which had never been touched by the hand of man; but several hundred acres of exactly the same nature had been enclosed twenty-five years previously and planted with Scotch fir. The change in the native vegetation of the planted part of the heath was most remarkable, more than is generally...
Seite 89 - Poestan rose unfolds Her bud more lovely near the fetid leek (Crest of stout Britons), and enhances thence The price of her celestial scent : the gourd And thirsty cucumber, when they perceive Th...