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Such as may make thee search thy coffers round,
Milton's to his native language, Pindar, Pyth. iii. 26. axsporxouoc that even in these green years Por@q. Hor. Od. i. xxi. 2. he had the ambition to think of Intonsum pueri dicite Cynthium. writing an epic poem; and it is 40. Then passing through the worth the curious reader's atten- spheres of watchful
fire, &c.] A tion to observe how much the sublime mode of describing the Paradise Lost corresponds in its study of natural philosophy. circumstances to the prophetic Compare another college exerwish he now formed. Thyer.
cise, written perhaps about the Here are strong indications same time. Nec dubitatis, auof a young mind anticipating ditores, etiam in cælos volare, the subject of the Paradise Lost, ibique ille multiformia nubium if we substitute Christian for
spectra, niviumque coacervatam Pagan ideas. He was now deep vim, contemplemini . . . . Granin the Greek poets. T. Warton. dinisque exinde loculos inspicite,
36. the thunderous throne] et armamenta fulminum perscruShould it not be the thunderer's? temini. Pr. W. ii. 591. But the Jortin,
thoughts are in Sylvester's Du Thunderous is more in Milton's Bartas, p. 133. ed. 1621. He manner, and conveys a new and supposes that the soul, while stronger image. Besides, the imprisoned in the body, often word is used in Par. Lost, X. springs aloft into the airy re702.
gions ; Nature and ether black with thun. -And there she learns to knowe drous clouds,
Th' originals of winde, and hail, and
snowe; It is from thunder, as slumbrous
Of lightning, thunder, blazing-stars, from slumber, Par. Lost, iv. 615. and stormes, Wondrous from wonder is ob- Of rain and ice, and strange-exhaled vious. T. Warton.
By th' aire's steep stairs she boldly 37. -unshorn Apollo] An epi
climbs aloft thet by which he is distinguished
To the world's chambers: heaven in the Greek and Latin poets. she visits oft, &c.
And misty regions of wide air next under,
See also Sylvester's Job, ibid. p. The fields he passed then, whence
hail and snow, 944. Milton might here have
Thunder and rain fall down from had an eye on a similar passage
clouds above. in Sir David Lyndesay's Dreme.
Fairfax. Compare Brewer's Lingua, 1607. Reed's Old Pl. vol. v. 162. Men. 42. green-ey'd Neptune] dacio says, having scaled the hea- Virgil, Georg. iv. of Proteus. vens,
Ardentes oculos intersit lumine glauco., In the province of the meteors I saw the cloudy shapes of hail and
T. Warton, rain, Garners of snow, and crystals full of
48. Such as the wise Demododew, &c.
cus &c.] Alluding to the eighth
T. Warton. book of the Odyssey, where Al40. —watchful fire.] See Ode cinous entertains Ulysses, and on Chr. Nativ. v. 21..
the celebrated musician and poet And all the spangled host keep watch Demodocus sings the loves of in order bright.
Mars and Venus, and the de
Hurd. struction of Troy; and Ulysses We have vigil flamma, Ovid, and the rest are affected in the Trist. iii, 4. vigiles flammas, Art. manner here described. Am. iii. 463. T. Warton.
48. He now little thought that 41. And misty regions of wide Homer's beautiful couplet of the air next under,
fate of Demodocus, could, in a And hills of snow and lofts of
priety be applied to himself. So Tasso describes the descent He was but too conscious of his of Michael. Cant. ix. st. 61.
resemblance to some other Greek Vien poi da campi lieti, e fiammeg. the Paradise Lost. See b. jii. 33.
bards of antiquity when he wrote gianti D'eterno di là, donde tuona, e pioue: seq. T. Warton.
In willing chains and sweet captivity.
Then Ens is represented as father of the Predicaments
his ten sons, whereof the eldest stood for Substance with his canons, which Ens, thus speaking, explains.
GOOD luck befriend thee, Son; for at thy birth
52. In willing chains and sweet if we recollect, that every thing, captivity.) Tasso, Gier. Lib. c. vi. in the masks of this age, ap84.
peared in a bodily shape. Airy
nothing had not only a local haGiogo di servitu dolce e leggiero.
bitation and a name, but a visible
figure. It is extraordinary that 56. -of thy predicament :] the pedantry of King James I. What the Greeks called a cate- should not have been gratified gory, Boëthius first named a
with the system of logic repredicament: and if the reader is sented in a mask, at some of his acquainted with Aristotle's Cate- academic receptions. He was gories, or Burgersdicius, or any once entertained at Oxford, in of the old logicians, he will not 1618, with a play called the want what follows to be explained Marriage of the Arts. As to the to him; and it cannot well be fairy ladies dancing, &c. it is the explained to him, if he is unac- first and last time that the sysquainted with that kind of logic. tem of the fairies was ever in
59. Good luck befriend thee, troduced to illustrate the docSon, &c.] Here the metaphysical trine of Aristotle's ten categories. or logical Ens is introduced as a Yet so barren, unpoetical, and person, and addressing his eldest abstracted a subject could not son Substance. Afterwards the have been adorned with finer logical Quantity, Quality, and touches of fancy, than we meet Relation, are personified, and with, v. 62. come tripping to the speak. This affectation will ap- room, &c. v. 69. a sibyl old, &c. pear more excusable in Milton, And in this illustration there is VOL. III.
Thy drowsy nurse hath sworn she did them spy
great elegance, v. 83. to find a exist, but as inherent in Subfoe, &c. The address of Ens is stance. From others he shall stand a very ingenious enigma on Sub- in need of nothing; he is still substance. T. Warton,
stance, with, or without, accident. 74. Shall subject be to many an Yet on his brothers shall depend Accident.] A pun on the logical for clothing ; by whom he is accidens. O'er all his brethren he clothed, superinduced, modified, shall reign as king ; the Predica- &c. But he is still the same. ments are his brethren; of or to To find a foe, &c.; Substantia which he is the subjectum, al- substantiæ nova contrariatur, is a though first in excellence and school maxim. To harbour those order. Ungratefully shall strive that are at enmity; his accidents. to keep him under ; they cannot T. Warton.
To find a foe it shall not be his hap,
shall lull him in her flow’ry lap;
The next Quantity and Quality spake in prose,
then Relation was called by his name. RIVERS arise; whether thou be the son Of utmost Tweed, or Oose, or gulphy Dun,
peace shall lull him in gulphy Dun, I find not in Spenher flow’ry lap;] So in Harring- ser, but suppose the Don is ton's Ariosto, c. xlv. 1.
meant, from whence Doncaster Who long were lulld on high in for.
has its name; and Camden's ac. tune's lap
count of this river shows the See also W. Smith's Cloris, 1596. propriety of the epithet gulphy.
“ Danus, commonly Don and and Spenser's Tears of the Muses,
“ Dune, seems to be so called, Terpsich. st. i. and Par. Lost, iv.
“ because it is carried in a low 254. T. Warton.
“ deep channel ; for that is the 91. Rivers arise ; &c.] In in
signification of the British voking these rivers Milton had his
« word Dan." See Camden's eye particularly upon that admi- Yorkshire. Or Trent, who like rable episode in Spenser of the marriage of the Thames and the description is much nobler than
some earth-born giant &c. This ,
Spenser's, st. 35. vers are introduced in honour of
And bounteous Trent, that in himthe ceremony. Faery Queen, b.
self enseams iv. cant. 11. Of utmost Tweed; Both thirty sorts of fish, and thirty .so Spenser, st. 36.
sundry streams. And Tweede the limit betwixt Lo- The name is of Saxon original, gris land
but (as Camden observes in his And Albany.
Staffordshire) “some ignorant Or Oose, either that in Yorkshire, " and idle pretenders imagine or that in Cambridgeshire, both “ the name to be derived from mentioned by Spenser. Or - the French word Trente, and