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count de Nevers, brother to the duke of Burgundy, sir Robert de Bar, count de Marle, the count de Vaudemont, John brother to the duke of Bar, the count de Blaumont, the count de Grand-pré, the count de Roussy, the count de Fauquembergh, sir Louis de Bourbon, son to the lord de Préaux. The names of other great lords, as well from Picardy as elsewhere: the vidame of Amiens, the lord de Croy", and his son sir John de Croy, the lords de Helly, d'Auxit, de Brimeu, de Poix, l'Estendart, lord de Crequio, the lord de Lauvroy, sir Vitart de Bours, sir Philippe d'Auxi, lord de Dampierreş, bailiff of Amiens, his son the lord de Raineval||, his brother sir Alain, the lord de Mailly", and his eldest son the lord d'Inchy, sir William de Saveuses, the lord de Neufville, and his son the castellan of Lens, sir John de Moreul, sir Rogue de Poix, sir John de Bethune, lord of Moreul in Brie”, sir Symon de Craon, lord de Clarsyth, the lord de Rocheguyonfi, and his brother the vidame de Launois, the lord de Galigny, the lord d'Alegreşş in Auvergne, the lord de Bauffremont in Champagne, sir James de Heus||, the lord de Saint Bris, Philippe de Fosseux, sir Regnault de Crequy, lord de Comptes, and his son sir Philippe, the lord de Mannes, and his brother Lancelot, Mathieu and John de Humieres'ssos, brothers, sir Louis de Beausault, the lord de Ront, sir Raoul de Manne, sir Oudart de Renty, and two of his brothers”, the lord d'Applincourt, and his son sir James, sir Louis de Guistelle, the lord de Vaurin, and his son the lord de Lidequerke, sir James de Lescuelle, the lord de Hames, the lord de Hondescocte, the lord de Pulchres, sir John Baleul, sir Raoul de Flandres, sir Collart de Fosseux, the lord de Roissimbos, and his brother Louis de Boussy, the lord de Thiennes, the lord d'Azincourt and his son, sir Hustin Kieretfff, le bêgue de Caen and his brother Payen, the lord de Varigines, the lord d'Auffemontfff and his son sir Raulequin, sir Raoul de Neele, the lord de St. Crépin, the viscount de Quesnes, sir Pierre de Beauvoir, bailiff of the Vermandois, sir John de Lully and his brother sir Griffon, the lord de St. Symon and his brother Gallois $$$, Collart de la Porte, lord of Bellincourt, sir Yvain de Cramailles, the lord de Cerny in the Laonnois, sir Drieu d'Orgiers, lord de Bethencourt, sir Gobert de la Bove, lord de Savoisy, the lord de Becqueville * and his son sir John Marthel, the lord d'Utrecht, the seneschal d'Eu, the lord de la Riviere, de Tybouville, the lord de Courcy, the lord de St. Beuve, the lord de BeauInainnil +, the lord de Combouchis, the lord de la Heuse, the lord Viesport, sir Bertrand Painel, the lord Chambois, the lord de St. Cler, the lord de Montcheveul, the lord d'Ouffreville , sir Enguerrand de Fontaines and his brother sir Charles, sir Almaury de Craon, lord de Brolay $, the lord de Montejan, the lord de la Haye, the lord de l'Isle-Bouchart, sir John de Craon, lord de Montbason ||, the lord de Bueuil T, the lord de Laumont-sur-Loire, sir Anthony de Craon, lord de Beau Vergier **, the lord d'Asse, the lord de la Tour tt, the lord de l'Isle-Gonnort, sir John de Dreux, sir Germain de Dreux, the viscount de Tremblay, sir Robert de Bouvay, sir Robert de Challusi, sir John de Bonnebault, the lord de Mongaugier §§, sir John de Walcourt, the lord de Sainteron, sir Ferry de Sardonne, sir Peter d'Argie, sir Henry d'Ornay, the lord des Roches, sir John de Montenay, the lord de Bethencourt, the lord de Combourt, the viscount de la Belliere ||, the lord de la Tute, sir Bertrand de Montauban's", Bertrand de St. Gille, seneschal of Hainault, the lord de la Hamecte, the lord du Quesnoy, the lord de Montigny, the lord de Quiervran, the lord de Jumont, the lord de Chin, sir Symon de Havrech, the lord de Poctes, sir John de Gres, sir Allemand d'Estaussines, sir Philippe de Lens”, and sir Henry, brothers to the bishop of Cambray, sir Michel du Chastellier and his brother Guillaume de Vaudripont, Ernoul de Vaudrigien, Pierre de Molin, Jean de Buait, George de Quiervran and his brother Henry, the lord de Saures, sir Briffault his brother, le Baudrain d’Aisne knight, sir Maillart d’Azouville Palamedes des Marquais, the lord de Bousincourt, the lord de Fresencourt, the lord de Vallusant, the lord de Hectrus, Guernier de Brusquent, the lord de Moy in the Beauvoisis, his son Gamot de Bournouville and his brother Bertrand, Louvelet de Massinguehen and his brother, sir Collart de Phiennes, Alain de Vendôme, Lamont de Launoy, sir Colinet de St. Py, the lord de Bos d'Ancouin, Lancelot de Fremeusent, the lord d'Aumont +++, sir Robinet de Vaucoux, sir Raisse de Moncaurel off, sir Lancelot de Clary, the lord de la Rachie, sir Guerard d'Herbaines, sir Guerard de Haucourt, sir Robert de Montigny, sir Charles de Montigny, sir Charles de Chastillon $$$, Philippe de Poitiers, the lord de Feuldes, the lord de St. Pierre, Guillaume Fortescu, Burel de Guerames, Robert de Potiaumes, the son to the bailiff of Rouen, the provost to the marshals of France, Bertrand de Belloy ||, Jacques de Han, the lord de Baisir and Martel du Vauhuon his brother, Jean de Maletraicts, Raoul de Ferrieres, Raoul de Longeul knight, Henry de la Lande, sir Ernault de Corbie, lord d'Aniel, Jean Discoilevelle, sir Yvain de Beauval, sir Brunel Fretel, le Baudrain de Belloy knight, sir Regnault d'Azincourt, the governor of the county of Rethel, Ponce de Salus knight, lord of Chastel-neuf, the lord de Marquectes, Symmonet de Morviller, Foleville, butler to the duke of Aquitaine, Gallois de Fougiers, sir Lancelot de Rubempré, Lyonnet Torbis, the lord de Boissay, Anthony d'Ambrine, sir Hector de Chartres the younger and his two brothers", Tauppinet de la Nefville t, Thibault de Fay, the lord de Beauvoir-sur-Autre, Hue des Autels, the lord de Caucroy and his brother Eustace d'Aubrunes, Lancelot de Couchy, Jean de Launoy, sir Collart de Monbertant, sir Charles Boutry, sir Guy Gourle, with John Gourle his brother, le Bon de Sains, Anthony de Broly, Guillaume de Villers, lord d'Urendone, Floridas du Souys, the lord de Regnauville, Baughois de la Beuvriere, and his brother Gamart, le Plontre de Gerboal, Pierre Aloyer, Percival de Richebourg, the lord de Fiefes and his son the bègue de Quenoulles, Godfrey de St. Marc, the lord de Teneques, the lord de Herlin, Symon de Monchiaux, sir Maillet de Gournay and his brother Porus, Jean de Noyelle, Pierre de Noyelle, and Lancelot de Noyelle, sir Carnel de Hangiers , Jean d’Authville lord de Waverans $, Regnault de Guerbauval, William lord de Rin, Pierre Remy, Sausset d'Eusne, the lord de Haucourt in Cambresis, sir Guichard d'Ausne, the lord de Raisse ||, the lord d'Espaigny, the lord de Cheppon, Jean de Chaule lord of Bretigny, Jean de Blausel, Guillebert de Gubauval, Haudin de Beleval, sir Guerard de Hauressis, sir Louis de Vertain, sir Estourdy d'Ongines, with his brother Bertrand, sir Henry de Boissy lord of Caule, sir Arthur de Moy, the borgne de Noaille, sir Floridas de Moreul, sir Tristrain de Moy, sir Bridoul de Puiveurs, the lord de Verneul, Langhois de Guerbauval, the viscount de Dommart, Ponchon de la Tour, Godfrey de Prouville. In short, the number of persons, including princes, knights, and men of every degree, slain that day, amounted to upwards of ten thousand, according to the estimates of heralds and other able persons. The bodies of the greater part were carried away by their friends after the departure of the English, and buried where it was agreeable to them. Of these ten thousand, it was supposed only sixteen hundred were of low degree, the rest all gentlemen; for in counting the princes, there were one hundred and six-score banners destroyed. During the battle, the duke of Alençon most valiantly broke through the English line, and advanced, fighting, near to the king, insomuch that he wounded and struck down the duke of York. King Henry, seeing this, stepped forth to his aid; and as he was leaning down to raise him, the duke of Alençon gave him a blow on the helmet that struck off part of his crown. The king's guards on this surrounded him, when, seeing he could no way escape death but by surrendering, he lifted up his arm, and said to the king, “I am the duke of Alençon, and yield myself to you;” but, as the king was holding out his hand to receive his pledge, he was put to death by the guards. At this period, the lord de Longny, marshal of France, as I have said, was hastening with six hundred men-at-arms attached to the king of Sicily, to join the French, and was within one league of them when he met many wounded, and more running away, who bade him return, for that the lords of France were all slain or made prisoners by the English. In consequence, Longny, with grief at heart and in despair, went to the king of France at Rouen. It was supposed that about fifteen hundred knights and gentlemen were this day made prisoners: the names of the principal are—Charles duke of Orleans, the duke of Bourbon, the count d'Eu, the count de Vendôme, the count de Richemont, sir James de Harcourt, sir John de Craon lord of Dommart, the lord de Humieres, the lord de Roye, the lord de Cauny, sir Boors Quieret lord of Heuchin, sir Peter Quieret lord of Hamecourt, the lord de Ligne in Hainault, the lord de Noyelle, surnamed le Chevalier Blanc, Baudo his son, the young lord of Inchy, sir John de Vaucourt, sir Actis de Brimeu, sir Jennet de Poix, the eldest son and heir to the lord de Ligne, sir Gilbert de Launoy, the lord d'Ancob in Ternois.

count of Nevers, who died s. p., and John, count of
Estampes and of Nevers after the death of his brother.
Edward, duke of Bar, and John de Bar, lord of Puisaye,
were brothers, and both died s. p.
Robert de Bar, count of Marle and Soissons, was son to
Henry de Bar another brother, and also died, s. p. Upon
these deaths the succession was disputed between Louis,
cardinal de Bar, the surviving brother, and Yoland, queen
of Arragon, their sister. This dispute was terminated in
1419, when the cardinal resigned his right in favour of
Réné of Anjou (duke of Lorraine, &c.), grandson of
John I., count of Alençon, succeeded by his son, John
Ferry, count de Vaudemont. He was of the house of
Lorraine, and acquired Vaudemont by his marriage with
the heiress of Vaudemont and Joinville.
Henry II., count of Blamont, of the house of Salms.
Edward II., count of Grandpré, of the house of Porcien.
John W.I., count of Roussy and Braine, descended from
the old counts of Rheims. He left one daughter, Jane,
married to Robert de Sarreback, count of Commercy.
He was recognised among the dead by a wound which had
made one arm shorter than the other.
Waleran, eldest son of Raoul II., lord of Rayneval and
grand-pannetier de France, and his wife Philippa, daughter
of John de Luxembourg, count de Ligny and castellan of
Lille. Waleran possessed the lands of Fauquemberg by
the will of his aunt, Jane de Luxembourg, widow of Guy
de Châtillon, count of St. Pol. This count Waleran left

only a daughter, married to Baldwin d'Ailly, vidame of .

* John, lord de Croy, and his two eldest sons, John
and Archambaud. f David, lord of Auxi.
: Raoul, surnamed L'Estendart, on account of the
many standards he had won from the English, son of
John IV., lord of Crequy.
§ Philip, brother of David, lord of Dompierre, not
Dampierre, which was in the house of Châtillon.

|| Raoul II., lord of Rayneval, grand-pannetier de
France, left four sons, of whom Waleran, the eldest, was
count of Fauquemberg, and killed at this battle; John,
the third, was lord de Meracourt, also killed here; Aubert,
the fourth, lord of Betencourt, also killed here:
Raoulequin, lord of Cardonnia, was the second;—but
there must be some mistake about their father the bailiff
of Amiens, and also about the brother sir Allain.
* Colard, or Nicholas, lord of Mailly, and his eldest
son Colard.
** John de Bethune, lord of Mareuil, Autrèche, &c.
youngest son of John, lord of Wendeul and Vergier.
tf Simon, lord of Dommart and Claed, son of John de
Craon, lord of Dommart, and brother of William, lord of
Nouastre, and John, lord of Dommart, who was also taken
prisoner at Azincourt, and died in 1420.
John the young, lord of Midens, brother of John IV.,
lord of Crequy, Canaples, &c. was also killed at Azincourt.
ft Guy VI., lord de Rocheguyon, counsellor and
chamberlain to the king. His son, Guy VII., was the
last male of this illustrious house. I find nothing of his
§§ Morinot de Tourzel, lord of Alegre. But I find in
Moreri, that he lived to the year 1418.
|| Heu, a family of Le Pays Messin, celebrated in the
sixteenth century.
** Matthew and John de Humieres, sons of Matthew,
lord de Humieres, and brothers of Philip de Humieres,
made prisoner on the same day.
*** Renty, a branch of the house of Croy.
tfit Henry Quieret, lord of Tours en Vimeu, died in
1406, leaving two sons, Guy, and Peter, lord of Haucourt,
both made prisoners at Azincourt; but I find none of
the family killed there.
fit Guy III., de Nesle, of the family of Clermont-en-
§§§ Matthieu de Rouvroy, and Guillaume le Gallois, his
brother, descended in the female line from the old
counts of Vermondois.

* William Martel, lord of Bacqueville, often men-
tioned before. He was the last person distinguished by
the venerable office of Porte-orisflamme.
+ Robert VI. de Harcourt, lord of Beauménil.
t Q. Offrainville * Denis de Longueil, lord of
Offrainville, was killed at Azincourt, together with his
elder brother, William lord of Longueville, and his son
§ Amaury de Craon, lord de Briolé, of the branch of
La Suze.
|| John de Craon, lord of Montbazon and viscount
of Châteaudun, grand-echanson de France.
* John, lord of Beuil, master of the cross-bows from
1396 to 1399.
** Antony, lord of Beauvergier, grand-pannetier de
+f Agne III., de la Tour, lord of Orliergues.
to Probably Robert de Chabannes, lord of Charlus,
father of Stephen lord of Charlus, James, lord of La
Palice, and Anthony, count of Dammartin.
§§ St. Maur, lords of Montgaugier, a house of Touraine.
| Anthony de Bellievre, ancestor of the Bellievres,
presidents and chancellors, lived at this time; but it was

a law-family, and Q. if any of the branches were addicted
to arms ?
To Oliver V., lord of Montauban, a great house in
Bretagne, died soon after 1386, leaving five sons,—
1. William, who died in 1432; 2. Robert, bailiff of
Cotentin, at the siege of Orleans in 1420; 3. Bertrand,
killed at Azincourt; 4. Renaud, lord of Crépon ; 5. John.
*** John de Recourt, castellan of Lens, brother to
Charles, admiral of France, was killed at this battle ; but
I find no others of the family.
+++ John Hutin, lord of Aumont, Chars and Chapes,
échanson du roi, &c.
::f John, lord of Montcavrel, was killed at this battle.
He left only one daughter, in whose right Montcavrel
passed into the family of Monchy.
§§§ Charles de Châtillon, lord of Sourvilliers and
Gaspard de Chastillon and Hugh his brother, of the
Chastillons, lords of Blois and la Bastie, were also killed.
||| Hugh, lord of Bellay and Giseux, married Isabel
de Montigny, lady of Langey. Bertrand his son. He
had two other sons, one killed at Crevant, another at

* Hector de Chartres, lord of Ons-en-Bray, grand master of waters and forests in Normandy, father of Renaud, archbishop of Rheims and chancellor of France.

f Perhaps a son of the mareschal Neufville, who succeeded to the estates of sir Arnold d'Andreghen in 1370.

: I can find no such name as Hangiers; but John W. lord de Hangest, grand-master of cross-bows from 1407 to 1411, was killed here.

§ John de Mailly, lord of Authuille and Warans, one of the twenty-five sons of Giles, lord of Authuille. This was a branch of the lords de Mailly before-mentioned.

| Guy II. de la Val, lord of Retz and Blazon, is said, by Moreri, to have died before 1416. He was father of the infamous marshal de Retz, by Mary of Craon.


WHEN the king of England had on this Saturday begun his march towards Calais, many of the French returned to the field of battle, where the bodies had been turned over more than once, some to seek for their lords, and carry them to their own countries for burial, others to pillage what the English had left. King Henry's army had only taken gold, silver, rich dresses, helmets, and what was of value; for which reason the greater part of the armour

was untouched and on the dead bodies; but it did not long remain thus, for it was very soon

stripped off, and even the shirts, and all other parts of their dress were carried away by the peasants of the adjoining villages. The bodies were left exposed as naked as when they came into the world. On the Saturday, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, the corpses of many princes were well washed and raised, namely, the dukes of Brabant, Bar, and Alençon, the counts de Nevers, de Blaumont, de Vaudemont, de Fauquemberg, the lord de Dampierre, admiral, sir Charles d'Albreth, constable, and buried in the church of the Friars Minors at Hesdin. Others were carried by their servants, some to their own countries, and others to different churches. All who were recognised were taken away, and buried in the churches of their manors.

When Philippe count de Charolois heard of the unfortunate and melancholy disaster of the French, he was in great grief, more especially for the death of his two uncles, the duke of Brabant and count de Nevers. Moved by compassion, he caused all that had remained exposed on the field of battle to be interred, and commissioned the abbot de Roussianville and the bailiff of Aire to have it done. They measured out a square of twenty-five yards, wherein were dug three trenches twelve feet wide, in which were buried, by an account kept, five thousand eight hundred men. It was not known how many had been carried away by their friends, nor what number of the wounded had died in hospitals, towns, villages, and even in the adjacent woods; but, as I have before said, it must have been very great. This square was consecrated as a burying-ground by the bishop of Guines, at the command and as procurator of Louis de Luxembourg, bishop of Therounne. It was surrounded by a strong hedge of thorns, to prevent wolves or dogs from entering it, and tearing up and devouring the bodies.

In consequence of this sad event, some learned clerks of the realm made the following Werses :

“A chief, by dolorous mischance oppress'd, Nobles made noble in dame Nature's spite,
A prince who rules by arbitrary will, A tim'rous clergy fear, and truth conceal,
A royal house by discord sore distress'd, While humble commoners forego their right
A council, prejudiced and partial still, And the harsh yoke of proud oppression feel:
Subjects by prodigality brought low, Thus, while the people mourn, the public woe
Will fill the land with beggars, well we trow. Will fill the land with beggars, well we trow.

Ah feeble woe whose impotent commands
Thy very vassals boldly dare despise :
Ah helpless monarch whose enervate hands
And wavering counsels dare no high emprize :
Thy hapless reign will cause our tears to flow,
And fill the land with beggars, well we trow”.”

I shall here add the names of such principal persons as escaped death or imprisonment in consequence of this battle.

First, the count de Dampmartin, lord de la Riviere, sir Clugnet de Brabant, styling himself admiral of France, sir Louis Bourdon, sir Galiot de Gaules, sir John d'Engennes.

* I am obliged to my friend, the Rev. W. Shepherd, for the translation of these verses.


ON the 6th day of November, when king Henry had refreshed his army in Calais, and when those prisoners who at Harfleur had promised to meet him there were arrived, he embarked for Dover. The sea on his passage was very rough, so that two vessels full of sir John de Cornewall's men were in great danger; and some of the fleet were driven to different parts in Zealand, but none of them were lost. The king of England, on his return home from such a victory, and his conquest of Harfleur, was most joyfully received by the nobles, clergy, and all ranks of men: he proceeded to London, accompanied by the French princes his prisoners. A little before this unfortunate battle, sir James de Bourbon, count de la Marche, had gone to Italy, magnificently attended, and had married queen Johanna of Naples, and thus acquired the kingdoms of Sicily and Naples: indeed, he for some time held quiet possession of them. He appointed sir Lourdin de Salligny his constable; and one of his captains was sir Here de Bruneul, lord de Thiembronne.


WHEN news was brought to Rouen of the unfortunate loss of the battle of Azincourt, and the deaths of so many noble persons, the king of France and the princes with him were in the utmost consternation and grief. Nevertheless, within a very few days, at a council held in the presence of the king, the dukes of Aquitaine, Berry, and Brittany, the count de Ponthieu his youngest son, and some of his ministers, the count d'Armagnac was nominated constable of France, and orders were despatched to him in Languedoc, for him instantly to come to the king.

Duke John of Burgundy was in that duchy when he heard of the defeat and loss of the French. He, like the others, was much grieved thereat, particularly for the death of his two brothers, the duke of Brabant and the count de Nevers. Notwithstanding his sorrow, he made preparation to march a large force of men-at-arms to Paris without delay; but as the report of his intentions had reached the king at Rouen, he, with the princes, hastened to return thither before the duke should arrive, and came there on the eve of St. Catherine's day. In company with the duke of Burgundy were the duke of Lorrain and ten thousand men.

The Parisians, suspecting the object of the duke in this expedition, sent a solemn embassy to the queen of France at Melun, where she lay dangerously ill; but, in consequence of the information she received, she caused herself to be carried in a litter to Paris, where she was lodged in the hôtel d'Orleans with the duchess of Aquitaine, daughter to the duke of Burgundy. True it is, that the Parisians, and some of the king's ministers who had been favourable to the Orleans faction, against that of Burgundy, were very much alarmed, because the duke had in his company many who had been banished France, such as sir Helion de Jacqueville, sir Robinet de Mailly, master Eustace de Lactre, master John de Troyes, Caboche, Denisot de Chaumont, Garnot de Sanction and several more. They therefore prevailed on the king and the duke of Aquitaine to order sir Clugnet de Brabant, the lord de Barbasan" and the lord de Bocquiaux, to hasten to Paris with a sufficient body of men-at-arms for its defence, and for the security of the duke of Aquitaine. The count

* Arnaud-Guilhem, baron of Barbazan in Bigorre, to take the fleurs-de-lys for his arms. He was seven first, chamberlain to Charles VII., afterwards governor of years prisoner at Chasteau Gaillard, till delivered in 1430 Champagne and the Laonnois, &c. The king gave him by La Hire. He was killed at Belleville, near Nancy, in the title of “Chevalier sans reproche," and permitted him 1432, and buried with the highest honours.

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