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In conclusion, the Editor would avail himself of this means of expressing his acknowledgments for the kind assistance rendered to him by the Very Rev. the Dean of Bristol, Master of C. C. C. Cambridge; the Rev. B. Bandinel, D. D. Librarian of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, the Rev. W. H. Cox, B. D. Vice-Principal of St. Mary Hall, Oxford, the Rev. A. Hackman, M. A. of Christ Church, Oxford, and Mr. Sibley, of the Pitt Press, Cambridge. His best thanks are also due to the Rev. J. J. Smith, A. M. fellow and tutor of Caius Coll. Cambridge, for the loan of a volume of original MS. letters, from the suggestions of which Strype arranged and prepared the greater portion of his works.
Ecclesiastical History Society's Office,
Dec. 31, 1847.
MOST REVEREND FATHER IN GOD,
BY THE DIVINE PROVIDENCE,
LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY,
PRIMATE or ALL ENGLAND, AND METRoPolitAN ;
oNE of THEIR MAJESTIEs’ Most HoNourt ABLE PRIvy council.
MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GRACE,
To pardon the presumption of the obscure person that dedicates this book to your grace, for the sake of the renowned man it treats of, viz., one of your illustrious predecessors, an archbishop of Canterbury, that hath deserved so eminently of that see, nay, and of the whole British Church; I may say, that deserved best of any archbishop before him that wore that mitre. To whose solid learning, deliberation, and indefatigable pains, both the kings and people of this realm owe their deliverance from the long and cruel bondage of Rome. For it is true what the Romanists say in obloquy of this archbishop, and we Protestants say it to his eternal fame, that he was the first of all the archbishops of Canterbury that made a defection from the papal chair; thereby vindicating this crown from a base dependence upon a foreign jurisdiction. But whereas Parsons saith, that “this was the first change of religion in any archbishop of Canterbury from the beginning unto his days b;” this is not so true; for sundry of archbishop Cranmer's predecessors, (to look no further than two or three hundred years backward), were of different judgments from the Church of Rome in some points. His immediate predecessor, Warham, approved of the king's title of supreme head of the church under Christ, in his own kingdom, against the doctrine of the pope's universal authority". And a century of years before him, archbishop Chichely, though he were made the pope's legate, refused to exercise his power legantine”, further than he should be authorized
a [“John Tillotson, S.T.P., was nominated by the king in council (3 Will. and Mar.) April 23, 1691; a congé d'élire granted May 1, elected the 16th, confirmed in the church of S. Mary-le-Bow in Cheapside, London, the 28th, and
consecrated there the 31st of the same month. He died Nov. 22, 1694, and was buried in the church of S. Lawrence, Jewry, London. Reg. Cant.” Le Neve's Fasti, p. 9. ed. Lond.
In his Three Conversions.
b [Parsons' Three Conversions of England, part I. chap. xi. num. 27. p. 227. ed. 1603.]
c [See Examination of abp. Cranmer before Brooks. Foxe's Acts and Monuments, p. 1875. ed. Lond. 1583. Archbishop Parker gives the following account of the first
admission of the king's supremacy by the clergy:—“Clerus Anglicanus, qui Cardinali [Wolseio] ut Romani pontificis legato obtemperabant, ob admissam receptamque papae potestatem actione de praemunire teneri putabatur. Cujus vi proscribi, et cum bonis atque mem
bris adjudicari regi debuit, nisi rex misertus esset. Itaque in superiori synodo, — consilium iniit clerus de tam dira poena redimenda—At rex, qui solus regnare, nec divisum et dispertitum de clero ac populo suo gubernando cum papa officium amplius gerere voluit, non alia conditione hac oblata pecunia redimere clerum voluit, quam si se solum suum totiusque populi proxime ac secundum Christum protectorem supremumque caput in ea synodo agnoscerent. Hujus consilii Cranmerus et Cromwellus clam authores fuisse existimabant[ur]. Clerus animo toto jam obstupuit, nondum enim quid sibi hic novus vellet titulus, aut quorsum tenderet, prospexit. Sed nasuti quidem olfecerunt rei exitum, inter quos fuisse Warhamum archiepiscopum, ex his quæ mox dicemus, verisimile est. Magnæ res, deliberatum diu, procrastinationes et prorogationes crebræ ; disputatum sæpius,—Tandem archiepiscopus, cum exquisivisset præsulum de ea re sententias, ac plerique siluissent : * Qui tacet,' inquit, ' consentire videtur:' re
sponsumque illico fuit. * Ergo tacemus omnes.' Verum postea, cum neque tutum, neque e gravitate synodi fore cernerent sic illudere regi, frequentes ierunt in sententiam his verbis conceptam. ' Ecclesiæ et cleri Anglicani singularem protectorem, supremum dominum, et, quantum per Christi leges licet, etiam supremum caput, regiam majestatem agnoscimus.'” (See Parker, Ant. Eccles. Brit. Warham, pp. 379, 8o. ed. 1 572; Wilkins' Concilia, vol. iii. p. 725; Burnet, Hist. of Reformat. vol. i. p. 227. ed. Oxon. 1829.) This resolution was voted on the I 1 th Feb. 1 53 I. But the title of Supreme Head was not given to the king by act of parliament till 1 534; (Stat. 26 Hen. VIII. cap. i.) Nor does it appear to have been acknowledged by the Universities before that year. Wilkins, ibid. pp. 77 1, 775; Burnet, Hist. of Reformat. vol. iii. App. B. ii. No. 27, p. 72 ; State Papers, vol. i. p. 425.] d [See Collier's Ecclesiastical History, vol. iii. p. 339 et sqq. ed. London,