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General Sheehan held a consultation with Adjutant-General Backus, and the latter
telegraphed the condition of affairs, and the request made by the city authorities, to Governor
Perkins, who was at Elk Grove. The Governor promptly replied, authorizing and empowering
General Sheehan to call out all the troops of his command necessary to maintain the public
The Brigade Commander thereupon issued the following order:



"[Special Orders, No. 4.]

"I. In accordance with a request of the Mayor and Chief of Police of Sacramento City, and pursuant to instructions from General Headquarters, N. G. C., as the Codes provide, Colonel T. W. Sheehan, commanding First Artillery Regiment, will at the earliest possible moment, after receipt of this Order, cause to be assembled, fully armed and equipped, such portion of his command located in the City of Sacramento, as may be required by the civil authorities in suppressing violence on the part of mobs or other lawless bodies.

II. The commanding officer will cause Companies "A" and "G," to assemble at the armory of the latter Company, and place so many men of Company "B" and the Governor's Guard on dnty at the various armories (guarding the Gatling guns and other State property), as may be deemed necessary. Every man on duty must be supplied with forty rounds of ball cartridges.

"III. Colonel Sheehan will hold the troops under arms, subject to the orders of superior authority, or the demands of the Mayor or Chief of Police of Sacramento, or the Sheriff of the county, and will detach such portion of his command for special duty at points where wanted, and continue such detachments in service until the authorities no longer require them.


By command of Brigadier-General John F. Shechan.

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During the evening it was reported to the authorities that an effort would be made to break
into the City Prison and take the prisoner, about nine o'clock that night. That there must
have been some truth in this, was evidenced by the fact that large erowds of men and boys
could be seen wending their way towards the jail, a little after the hour named. This approach
Chief Karcher was informed of by telephone from Brigade Headquarters, and he immediately
nade a request that the military be at once ordered to report at the City Prison. Orders were
at once issued to the Regimental Commander to proceed forthwith with Companies "A" and
"G." This he did, and the prison was reached about nine o'clock and fifteen minutes. The
crowd that was there assembled was estimated at two thousand. That the most of the people
present were very much excited over the recent oecurrenees, cannot be gainsaid. When the
inilitary reached the prison, the crowd were inclined to jeer and deride them. On the arrival
of the troops, guards were immediately detailed to keep back the surging mass. Major Brown
and other officials spoke to them and advised them to go peacefully to their homes, and let the
law take its course as regards the prisoner. Reference was made to the fact that the military
had been called out to aid the civil authorities in preserving the public peace. The troops
remained under arms for some time, and the guards remained at their posts keeping back the
crowd. Gradually the crowd lessened, until the number had become so sparse that the Com-
panies were ordered to stack arms, and the members allowed to rest; special guards, however,
being retained on duty. The authorities fearing a raid during the night, Company "A," Cap-
lain Burke, was detailed to proceed to the Pavilion and bring Company " B's" Gatling gun
down to the jail. The gun was placed at the entrance to the prison, and a guard of twelve
men, six from each Company, was detailed to remain at the jail until further orders.
o'clock and thirty minutes A. M. on the morning of the thirteenth, the Companies reformed and
returned to their respective armories. At eleven o'clock on the morning of the thirteenth the
prisoner was removed to the County Jail, and the guard released. At the request of Sheriff
Heilbron, the Gatling was transferred to the County Jail, and also a guard of eight men was
stationed there each night for about a week, until the excitement had abated.

At one

The conduct of the troops on this occasion was highly commendable. The moral effect of their presence at the prison on the night of Mr. Lansing's death prevented, in my judgment, riotous proceedings, and possibly bloodshed.

His Excellency, Governor Perkins, officially commended the troops for their conduct on the
occasion named, and returned his sincere thanks to them for their promptness in responding to
orders issued at the request of the civil authorities.

Since the last biennial report of my predecessor, parades and drills required by law have
taken place, and in this connection I am pleased to say that the Sacramento Hussars, an inde-
pendent Cavalry Company of this city, has always, on every public occasion, turned out with
the local military. This is an excellent organization, composed of the very best citizens of
Sacramento. Several of my predecessors have recommended that the Company be mustered
into the State service. The reasons offered by my immediate predecessor, General Sheehan,
why the Company should be enlisted are worthy of the consideration of General Headquarters.
I believe that it is highly important that a Company of each arm of the service should be
located at the Capitol of the State. A Cavalry Company, particularly, is very much needed, to
perform escort duty on State occasions, such as the inauguration of a Governor, etc. I sincerely

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trust that General Headquarters will favorably consider this matter, and if at all possible order the Company named to be mustered into the State service.

In conclusion, I desire to express, through you, to his Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, mny thanks for his many kindnesses, and to yourself for courtesies extended. I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

LEWELLYN TOZER, Brigadier-General Commanding Fourth Brigade, N. G. c.



Major-General John F. Sheehan, Adjutant-General of California, Sacramento, Cal.:

GENERAL I have the honor herewith to forward to you my annual report. The Corps of University Cadets is organized as a battalion of three Companies, having a total strength of 120. The uniform is a navy blue, and of the style known as fatigue the endeavor being to have a uniform which shall at the same time be neat, inexpensive, durable, and not conspicuous.

From the beginning of the Fall term, until the rains set in, the students of the three upper classes, in two Companies, are exercised in the open air, in the School of the Company, especial attention being given to the skirmish drill and the bayonet exercise. The Fourth Classmen are drilled in the School of the Soldier and the School of the Company. During the rainy season the Fourth Classmen are instructed indoors, in the manual of arms, and recite the School of the Soldier.

The Third Classmen recite upon the School of the Soldier, the Company, and the Battalion. The rest have read to them portions of the National Guard regulations, the military laws of the United States, and chapters from works on military science. As soon as the weather permits in the Spring, battalion drill is undertaken, and continued through the year.

The equipment of the corps is very poor. We have 150 Springfield muskets that had been returned to the State Armory by Companies of the National Guard, but have no accouterments whatever. I most respectfully urge the necessity of these, and hope that means may be vided whereby they can be obtained.


The attendance at all military exercises is most excellent-averaging about ninety-seven per cent. During fair weather target practice is carried on by the Rifle Team, composed of fifteen members, who have won their places by open competition. Much interest is taken, and the shooting is fairly good. The discipline of the corps is as good as could be desired.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

GEO. C. EDWARDS, Colonel commanding Battalion University Cadets.

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From August 1, 1880, to August 1, 1882.




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