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And after this the story telleth us,
That she him yaf' the faire baye stede,
The which she ones wan of Troilus;
And eek 2 a broche (and that was litel nede)
That Troilus was, she yaf' this Diomede.
And eek, the bet 3 from sorwe him to releve,
She made him were * a pencel 5 of hir sleve.

1043 I finde eek in the stories elles-where, Whan through the body hurt was Diomede Of 6 Troilus, tho weep ? she many a tere, Whan that she saugh his wyde woundes blede:

1047 And that she took to kepen him good hede; And for to hele him of his sorwes smerte, Men seyn, I not, that she yaf him hir herte. But irewely, the story telleth us,

1051 Ther made never womman more wo Than she, whan that she falsed Troilus. She seyde, “Allas ! for now is clene a-go! My name of trouthe in love, for ever-mo! For I have falsed oon the gentileste 1056 That ever was, and oon the worthieste !

And gan to caste and rolen up and doun
With-inne hir thought his excellent prowesse,
And his estat, and also his renoun, 661
His wit, his shap, and eek his gentillesse;
But most hir favour was for ' his distresse
Was al for hir, and thoughte it was a rout he 8
To sleen 'swich oon, if that he mente trouthe.

Now mighte some envyous jangle thus, 666 “This was a sodeyn love, how mighte it be That she so lightly lovede Troilus Right for the firste sighte; ye, pardee?" Now who-so seyeth so, mote 10 he never thee ! 11

670 For everything, a ginning 12 hath it nede Er al be wrought, with-outen any

drede.

“Allas, of me, un-to the worldes ende,
Shal neither been y-writen nor y-songe
No good word, for thise bokes wol me shende. 10
O, rolled shal I been on many a tonge; 1061
Through-out the world my belle shal be ronge;
And wommen most wol hate me of alle.
Allas, that swich a cas me sholde falle !

For I sey nought that she so sodeynly
Yaf? him her love, but that she gan enclyne
To lyk him first, and I have told yow why;
And after that, his manhood and his pyne 676
Made love with-inne hir herte for to myne,
For which, by proces and by good servyse,
He gat hir love, and in no sodeyn wyse.

“They wol seyn, in as muche as in me is
I have hem 11 don dishonour, weylawey! 1006
Al be I not the firste that dide amis,
What helpeth that to do 12 my blame awey?
But sin 13 I see there is no bettre way,
And that to late is now for me to rewe,14 1070
To Diomede algate 15 I wol be trewe.

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“But, Troilus, sin 13 I no better may, And sin 13 that thus departen ye and I, Yet preye I God, so yeve 16 yow right good

day As for the gentileste, trewely,

1075 That ever I say, 17 to serven feithfully, And best can ay his lady 18 honour kepe:” And with that word she brast 19

to wepe. gave 2 also 3 better 4

pencil, small flag 7 then wept know not

10 shame put

since repent at any rate 6o give lady's 19 burst 20

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“And certes, yow ne haten shal I never, And freendes love, that shal ye han of me, And my good word, al "mighte I liven ever. And trewely, I wolde sory be

1082 For to seen yow in adversitee. And giltelees, I woot ? wel, I yow leve; 3 But al shal passe; and thus take I my leve."

1085 But trewely, how longe it was bitwene, That she for-sook him for this Diomede, Ther is non auctor telleth it, I wene.4 Take every man now to his bokes hede; He shal no terme finden, out of drede. 1090 For though that he bigan to wowe hir sone, Er he hir wan, yet was ther more to done..

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In felaweshipe, and pilgrimes were they alle,
That toward Caunterbury wolden ryde.
The chambres and the stables weren wyde,
And wel we weren esed atte bestel
And, shortly, whan the sonne was to reste, 30
So hadde I spoken with hem everychon,
That I was of hir felaweshipe anon,
And made forward ? erly for to ryse,
To take oure wey, ther-as I yow devyse. 3

But nathelees, whil I have tyme and space,
Er that I ferther in this tale pace,
Me thynketh it accordaunt to resoun
To telle yow al the condicioun *
Of ech of hem, so as it semed me,
And whiche 5 they weren and of what degree,
And eek in what array that they were inne;
And at a knyght than wol I first bigynne. 42

A Knyght ther was and that a worthy man, That fro the tyme that he first bigan To riden out, he lovede chivalrie,

45 Trouthe and honour, fredom and curteisie. Ful worthy was he in his lordes werre, And thereto 6 hadde he riden, no man ferre, As wel in Cristendom as in hethenesse, And ever honoured for his worthynesse.

50 At Alisaundre he was whan it was wonne; Ful ofte tyme he hadde the bord bigonne Aboven alle nacions in Pruce.9 In Lettow 10 hadde he reysed 11 and in Ruce, 12 No Cristen man so ofte of his degree.13 55 In Gernade 14 at the seege eek hadde he be Of Algezir, and riden in Belmarye.15 At Lyeys was he, and at Satalye, Whan they were wonne; and in the Grete At many a noble armee 18 hadde he be. 60

At mortal batailles hadde he been fiftene, And foughten for oure feith at Tramyssene In lystes thries, and ay slayn his foo. This ilke 19 worthy knyght hadde been also Somtyme with the lord of Palatye 16

65 Agayn 20 another het hen in Turkye; And evermoore he hadde a sovereyn prys. 21 And though that he were worthy, he was wys, And of his port as meeke as is a mayde. He never yet no vileynye ne sayde

1 made comfortable 2 agreement 3 describe 4 character 5 what sort 6 besides i farther 8 begun the board (sat at the head of the table) 'Prussia 10 Lithuania 11 made expeditions

12 Russia

rank 14 Granada 15 A district in Africa. 16 Places in Asia Minor. 17 Mediterranean 18 armed expedition

against 21 high esteem 22 bearing 23 discourtesy

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II

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THE CANTERBURY TALES

FROM THE PROLOGUE
Whan that Aprille with hise shoures soote
The droghte of Marche hath perced to the

roote
And bathed every veyne 8 in swich' licour
Of which vertu engendred is the flour;
Whan Zephirus eek with his swete breeth

5
Inspired hath in every holt 10 and heeth
The tendre croppes," and the yonge sonne
Hath in the Ram his halfe cours y-ronne,
And smale foweles 13 maken melodye
That slepen al the nyght with open eye,
So priketh hem Nature in hir corages,
Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages,
And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes, 15
To ferne halwes, 16 kowthe 17 in sondry londes;
And specially, from every shires ende 15
Of Engelond, to Caunterbury they wende,
The hooly blisful martir for to seke,
That hem hath holpen whan that they were

seeke. Bifil 18 that in that seson on a day, In Southwerk at the Tabard as I lay, Redy to wenden on my pilgrymage To Caunterbury with ful devout corage,19 At nyght was come into that hostelrye Wel 20 nyne-and-twenty in a compaignye, Of sondry folk, by aventure 21 y-falle 25

1 although a know 3 abandon 4 think 5 without doubt 6 do 7 showers sweet 8 vein such 10 forest 11 twigs 12 In A pril the sun's course lies partly in the zodiacal sign of the Ram and partly in that of the Bull. 13 birds 14 in their hearts 15 foreign strands 16 distant shrines 17 known 18 it happened 19 heart 20 full a chance

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In al his lyf unto no maner wight.
He was a verray, parfit, gentil knyght.

But for to tellen yow of his array,
His hors were goode, but he was nat gay;
Of fustian 1 he wered a gypon 2

75
Al bismotered 3 with his habergeon ; 4
For he was late y-come from his viage, 5
And wente for to doon his pilgrymage.

With hym ther was his sone, a yong Squier, A lovyere and a lusty bacheler,

80 With lokkes crulle, as? they were leyd in

presse.
Of twenty yeer

of
age he was,

I

gesse. Of his stature he was of evene lengthe, 8 And wonderly delyvere and greet of

strengthe; And he hadde been somtyme in chyvachye,lo In Flaundres, in Artoys and Pycardye, 86 And born hym weel, as of so litel space, In hope to stonden in his lady 11 grace. Embrouded was he, as it were a meede 12 Al ful of fresshe floures whyte and reede; 90 Syngynge he was or floytynge 13 al the day; He was as fressh as is the monthe of May. Short was his gowne, with sleves longe and

wyde; Wel coude he sitte on hors, and faire ryde; He coude songes make and wel endite, 95 Juste and eek daunce and weel purtreye and

write. So hoote he lovede that by nyghtertale 15 He sleep namoore than dooth a nyghtyngale. Curteis he was, lowely and servysable, And carf 16 biforn his fader at the table.

A Yeman 17 hadde he,18 and servants namo At that tyme, for hym liste ride soo; And he was clad in cote and hood of grene; A sheef 20 of pocok 21 arwes bright and kene Under his belt he bar ful thriftily

105 Wel coude he dresse 22 his takel 23 yemanly; His arwes drouped noght with fetheres

lowe 24 And in his hand he bar a myghty bowe. A not-heed 25 hadde he with a broun visage. Of woodecraft wel koude he al the usage. 110 Upon his arm he bar a gay bracer, And by his syde a swerd and a bokeler,26 coarse cloth 2 shirt 3 soiled

coat of mail voyage (curly ?as if & medium height 9 active 10 cavalry expeditions 11 lady's 12 meadow 13 whis

compose 15 night-time 16 carved 17 yeoman 18 the knight

bundle of twenty-four peacock 22 take care of 23 equipment

worn and clipped short closely cut hair 26 small shield

14

And on that oother syde a gay daggere
Harneised wel and sharpe as point of spere;
A Cristofrel on his brest of silver sheene;
An horn he bar, the bawdryk 2 was of grene.
A forster was he soothly, as I gesse. 117

Ther was also a Nonne, a Prioresse,
That of hir smylyng was ful symple and

coy ; 3 Hire gretteste ooth was but by Seïnt Loy, 4 And she was cleped 5 madame Eglentyne. 121 Ful weel she songe the service dyvyne, Entuned in hir nose ful semely; And Frenssh she spak ful faire and fetisly After the scole of Stratford-atte-Bowe,? I 25 For Frenssh of Parys was to hire unknowe. At mete wel y-taught was she with-alle, She leet no morsel from hir lippes falle, Ne wette hir fyngres in hir sauce depe; Wel coude she carie a morsel and wel kepe That no drope ne fille upon hire breste. 131 In curteisie was set ful muchel hir leste. 8 Hire over-lippe wyped she so clene, That in hir coppe ther was no ferthyng sene Of grece, whan she dronken hadde hir

draughte. Ful semely after hir mete she raughte, 136 And sikerly 10 she was of greet desport,11 And ful plesaunt and amyable of port,12 And peyned hire 13 to countrefete 14 cheere 15 Of court, and been estatlich 16 of manere, 140 And to ben holden digne 17 of reverence. But, for to speken of hire conscience, She was so charitable and so pitous She wolde wepe if that she saugh Caught in a trappe, if it were deed or bledde. Of smale houndes 19 hadde she, that she fedde With rosted flessh, or milk and wastel-breed ; 20 But sore wepte she, if oon of hem were deed,21 Or if men 22 smoot it with a yerde 23 And al was conscience and tendre herte. 150 Ful semyly 25 hir wympul 26 pynched 27 was; Hire nose tretys,28 hir eyen greye as glas, Hir mouth ful smal and ther-to softe and reed; But sikerly she hadde a fair forheed; It was almoost a spanne brood I trowe,

155 For, hardily,2, she was nat undergrowe.

1 an image of his patron saint 2 cord 3 quiet 4 By St. Eligius, a

very mild oath

named 6 skilfully ? A convent near London. pleasure 9 reached

certainly good humour bearing 13 exerted herself 14 imitate 15 fashions 16 dignified

worthy little dogs 20 cake bread 21 died any one stick 24 sharply

face-cloth pinched, plaited well-formed certainly

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Ful fetys' was hir cloke, as I was war; 2 Hise eyen stepe 1 and rollynge in his heed, Of smal coral aboute hire arm she bar

That stemed 2 as a forneys of a leed ; 3 A peire 3 of bedes gauded * al with grene, His bootes souple, his hors in greet estaat. And ther-on heng a brooch of gold ful sheene," Now certeinly he was a fair prelaat. On which ther was first write a crowned A, He was nat pale, as a forpyned 4 goost; 205 And after Amor vincit omnia.

162 A fat swan loved he best of any roost. Another Nonne with hire hadde she,

His palfrey was as broun as is a berye. That was hire chapeleyne; and Preestes thre. A Frere ther was, a wantown and a merye,

A Monk ther was, a fair for the maistrie, A lymytour, a ful solempne 6 man. An outridere that lovede venerie,

166 In alle the ordres foure ? is noon that can 8 A manly man, to been an abbot able.

So muchel of daliaunce and fair langage; 211 Ful many a deyntee 8 hors hadde he in stable, He hadde maad ful many a mariage And whan he rood, men myghte his brydel Of yonge wommen at his owene cost. heere

Unto his ordre he was a noble post; Gynglen in a whistlynge wynd as cleere

170

Ful wel biloved and famulier was he 215
And eek as loude as dooth the chapel-belle With frankeleyns 'over-al in his contree;
Ther-as this lord was kepere of the celle.' And eek with worthy wommen of the toun,
The reule of Seint Maure or of Seint Beneit, For he hadde power of confessioun,
By-cause that it was old and som-del streit 10 -- As seyde hym-self, moore than a curat,
This ilke monk leet olde thynges pace 175

For of his ordre he was licenciat.
And heeld after the newe world the space. Ful swetely herde he confessioun,
He yaf nat of that text a pulled hen And plesaunt was his absolucioun.
That seith that hunters beth nat hooly men, He was an esy man to yeve penaunce
Ne that a monk when he is recchelees 12

Ther-as 10 he wiste 11 to have a good pitIs likned til a fissh that is waterlees; 180

aunce; This is to seyn, a monk out of his cloystre. For unto a povre ordre for to yive 225 But thilke text heeld he nat worth an oystre; Is signe that a man is wel y-shryve. And I seyde his opinioun was good;

For, if he 13 yaf, he 14 dorste make avaunt What sholde he studie and make hym-selven He wiste that a man was repentaunt ; wood,13

For many a man so harde is of his herte Upon a book in cloystre alwey to poure, 185 He may nat wepe al-thogh hym soore smerte. Or swynken li with his handes and laboure Therfore instede of wepynge and preyeres As Austyn bit ? 15 How shal the world be Men moote yeve silver to the povre freres. served ?

His typet was ay farsed 15 full of knyves 233 Lat Austyn have his swynk 14 to him reserved. And pynnes, for to yeven faire wyves. Therfore he was a pricasour 16 aright;

And certeinly he hadde a murye

235 Grehoundes he hadde, as swift as fowel in flight: Wel coude he synge and pleyen on a rote; Of prikyng 7 and of huntyng for the hare 191 Of yeddynges 18 he bar out rely the pris. Was al his lust,18 for no cost wolde he spare. His nekke whit was as the flour-de-lys; I seigh 19 his sleves purfiled 20 at the hond Ther-to he strong was as a champioun. With grys,21 and that the fyneste of a lond; He knew the tavernes well in every toun 240 And for to festne his hood under his chyn 195 And everich hostiler and tappestere He hadde of gold y-wroght a curious pyn; Bet 20 than a lazar 21 or a beggestere; 22 A love-knotte in the gretter ende ther was. For unto swich a worthy man as he His heed was balled, that shoon as any glas, Acorded nat, as by his facultee, And eek his face as it hadde been enoynt.

To have with sike lazars aqueyntaunce; 245 He was a lord ful fat and in good poynt; It is nat honeste,23 it may nat avaunce

1 well-made 2 as I perceived set Every 1 large 2 gleamed 3 cauldron 4 tortured to death eleventh bead was a large green one.

5 beautiful 5 licensed to beg in a certain district imposing 6 an extremely · fine one hunting fine 9A i Dominican, Franciscan, Carmelite and Austin cell is a branch monastery. strict plucked friars. 8 knows 9 rich farmers where

11 knew 12 vagabond

14 work 15 bids

16 hunter
crazy
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5 stuffed 17 tracking 18 pleasure

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19 bar-maid 22 en bon point, fleshy

20 better beggar female beggar becoming

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For to deelen with no swiche poraille,
But al with riche and selleres of vitaille,
And over-al,” ther-as : profit sholde arise
Curteis he was and lowely of servyse. 250
Ther nas no man nowher so vertuous; 4
He was the beste beggere in his hous,
For thogh a wydwe hadde noght a sho,5
So plesaunt was his In principio,
Yet wolde he have a ferthyng ? er he wente:
His purchase was wel bettre than his rente.'
And rage he koude, as it were right a whelpe. 10
In love-dayes il ther coude he muchel helpe,
For there he was nat lyk a cloysterer
With a thredbare cope, as is a povre scoler,
But he was lyk a maister, or a pope; 261
Of double worstede was his semi-cope, 12
That rounded as a belle, out of the presse.13
Somwhat he lipsed for his wantownesse, 14
To make his Englissh swete upon his tonge ;
And in his harpyng, whan that he hadde
songe,

266
Hise eyen twynkled in his heed aryght
As doon the sterres in the frosty nyght.
This worthy lymytour was cleped Huberd.

A Marchant was ther with a forked berd, In mottelee,15 and hye on horse he sat; 271 Upon his heed a Flaundrish bever hat, His botes clasped faire and fetisly.16 His resons spak he ful solempnely, 18 Souning 19 alway thencrees 20 of his winning. He wolde the see were kept for anything 21 Betwixe Middelburgh and Orewelle. Wel coude he in eschaunge 22 sheeldes 23 selle. This worthy man ful well his wit bisette ; 24 Ther wiste 25 no wight that he was in dette, So estatly was he of his governaunce With his bargaynes and with his chevisaunce.26 For sothe he was a worthy man withalie, But sooth to seyn,27 I noot 23 how men him

calle. A Clerk ther was of Oxenford also 285 That unto logyk hadde longe y-go. As leene was his hors as is a rake, And he nas nat right fat, I undertake,

1 poor folk ? everywhere 3 where 4 full of good qualities - shoe 6 St. John i, 1, used as a greeting. ? bit & gettings 'what he paid for his begging privileges or his regular income 10

puppy arbitration days 12 short

cape the press in which the semi-cope was kept. 14 jollity 15 a sober grey neatly marks, declarations

18 pompously sounding, proclaiming 20 the increase

at any cost change 23 French coins, écus employed knew 26 borrowing 27 say 28 don't know

But looked holwe 1 and ther-to ? sobrely.
Ful thredbare was his overeste courtepy,' 290
For he hadde geten hym yet no benefice,
Ne was so worldly for to have office;
For hym was levere + have at his beddes heed
Twenty bookes clad in blak or reed
Of Aristotle and his philosophie

295
Than robes riche, or fithele," or gay sautrie.“
But al be that he was a philosophre,
Yet hadde he but litel gold in cofre;
But al that he myghte of his freendes hente
On bookes and his lernynge he it spente, 300
And bisily gan for the soules preye
Of hem that gaf hym wher-with to scoleve. 6
Of studie took he moost cure 7 and moost

heede; Noght o word spak he moore than was neede, And that was seyd in forme and reverence, And short and quyk and ful of hy sentence. Sownynge in moral vertu was his speche, And gladly wolde he lerne and gladly teche.

A Sergeant of the Lawe, war 10 and wys, That often hadde been at the parvys, 11 310 Ther was also, ful riche of excellence. Discreet he was, and of greet reverence He semed swich, his wordes weren so wyse. Justice he was ful often in assyse, 12 By patente, and by pleyn 13 commissioun ; 315 For his science, and for his heigh renoun, Of fees and robes hadde he many oon. So greet a purchasour 14 was nowher noon; Al was fee simple to him in effect, His purchasing mighte nat been infect.15

320 Nowher so bisy a man as he ther nas, And yet he semed bisier than he was. In termes hadde he caas 17 and domes 18 alle That from the tyme of king William were

falle. Therto he coude endyte and make a thing, 19 Ther coude no wight pinche at 20 his wryting; And every statut coude he pleyn 21 by rote.22 He rood but hoomly in a medlee 23 cote Girt with a ceint 24 of silk, with barres smale; Of his array telle I no lenger tale.

330 A Frankeleyn was in his compaignye; Whit was his berd as is the dayesye;

1 hollow 2 besides 3 outer short coat he had rather 5 musical instrument go to school ? care

meaning 'tending to 10 cautious 11 the porch of St. Paul's, where lawyers met clients 12 court of assize 13 full 14 conveyancer 15 invalidated 16 was not

cases 18 decisions 19 compose and draw up a document find a defect in 21 fully 22 by heart 23 sober grey 24 girdle 25 rich landowner

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