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seek the seneschal and his companions, whom, for three days, he entertained at his palace, and paid them as much honour as if they had been his own brothers. When he had reconciled them with their opponents, he made them fresh presents; and they departed thence on their return to France, and the seneschal to Hainault.
About this time the admiral of Brittany, the lord du Chastel, and many other knights and esquires of Brittany and Normandy, to the amount of twelve hundred or more, embarked on board several vessels at St. Malo, and put to sea, intending to land at Dartmouth. Notwithstanding the admiral and some others were adverse to going ashore there, the lord du Chastel and some others made their landing good, thinking they would be followed by the rest, which was not the case. They attacked the English, who were assembled in a large body; but, though the combat lasted some time, the Bretons and Normans were defeated, and the lord du Chastel slain,—with him two brothers, sir John Martiel, a Norman knight, and many more. About one hundred prisoners were made,—among whom was the lord de Bacqueville, who afterward ransomed himself by dint of money. The admiral and those that had remained with him, or were wounded, returned to their country, afflicted and disconsolate at their loss *.
CHAPTER XV.—TIIE MARSHAL OF FRANCE AND THE MASTER OP THE CROSS-BOWS. BY ORDERS FROM THE KING OF FRANCE, GO TO ENGLAND, TO THE ASSISTANCE OF THE PRINCE OF WALES.
Nearly at this time, the marshal of France and the master of the cross-bowsf, by orders from the king of France, and at his expense, collected twelve hundred fighting men. They marched to Brest, in Brittany, to embark them, for the assistance of the Welsh against the English, on board of six score vessels with sails, which were lying there. As the wind was contrary, they there remained fifteen days; but when it became favourable, they steered for the port of Haverfordwest,—which place they took, slaying all the inhabitants but such as had fled. They wasted the country round, and then advanced to the castle of Haverford, wherein was the earl of Arundel, with many other men at arms and soldiers. Having burnt the town and suburbs under the castle, they marched away, destroying the whole country with fire and sword. They came to a town called Tenby, situated eighteen miles off, where they found the prince of Wales*, with ten thousand combatants, waiting for them, and thence marched together to Carmarthen, twelve miles from Tenby.
Thence they marched into the country of Linorquie§, went to the Round Table ||, which is a noble abbey, and then took the road to Worcester, where they burnt the suburbs and adjoining country. Three leagues beyond Worcester, they met the king of England, who was marching a large army against them. Each party drew up in order of battle on two eminences, having a valley between them, and each waiting for the attack of its opponent. This contest, who should commence the battle, lasted for eight days; and they were regularly every morning drawn up in battle array, and remained in this state until evening,— during which time there were many skirmishes between the two parties, when upwards of two hundred of either side were slain, and more wounded. On the side of France, three knights were slain, namely, sir Patroullars de Tries, brother to the marshal of Francef, the lord de Martelonne, and the lord de la Valle. The French and Welsh were also much oppressed by famine and other inconveniences ; for with great difficulty could they gain any provision, as the English had strongly guarded all the passes.
At length, on the eighth day that these two armies had been looking at each other, the
king of England, seeing the enemy were not afraid of him, retreated in the evening to
Worcester, but was pursued by some French and Welsh, who seized on eighteen carts laden
• Of this invasion, Stowc gives thc following brief || Round Table. Q. Caerleon near Newport, in Mon
account: ''Tbe lord of Cassels, in Brytainc, arrived at mouthshire, one of Arthur's seats?
Blackepoole, twomiles out of Dartmouth, with agreat navy, f Regnault de Trie, lord of Fontenay, was admiral of
where, of the rustical people, whom he ever despised, he was France on the death of the lord de Vienne, killed at Nico
ilaine.M polis. He resigned, in 1405, in favour of Peter de Breban^
+ John de Hangest, lord de Huqueville. lord of Landrcville, surnamed Clugnet, and hereafter roen
X Owen Glendwer. § Linorquie. Q. Glamorgan? tioned, but incorreetly, by the mme of Clugnet de Brabani. ■with provision and other baggage ; upon which the French and Welsh then marched back to "Wales. While these things were passing, the French fleet was at sea, having on board some men at arms to defend it, aud made for a port which had been pointed out to them, where they were found by their countrymen on their retreat from England. The marshal de Tries and the master of the cross-bows, having embarked with their men on board this fleet, put to sea, and made sail for the coast of France, and arrived at St. Pol de Leon without any accident.
However, when they were disembarked, and had visited their men, they found they had lost upwards of sixty men, of whom the three knights before mentioned were the principal. They thence departed, each man to his home, excepting the two commanders, who went to wait on the king and the princes of the blood at Paris, by whom they were received with much joy.
CHAPTER XVf. A POWERFUL INFIDEL, CALLED TAMERLANE, INVADES THE KINGDOM OF
THE KING BAJAZET, WHO MARCHES AGAINST AND FIGHTS WITH HIM.
In this year, a great and powerful prince of the region of Tartary, called Tamerlane, invaded Turkey, belonging to king Bajazet, with two hundred thousand combatants and
twenty-six elephants. Bajazet was very powerful, and had been one of the principal chiefs who bad conquered and made prisoner the count de Nevers in Hungary, as is fully described m the chronicles of master John Froissart.
When Bajazet heard that Tamerlane had thus invaded his territory, and was wasting it with fire and sword, he issued a special summons throughout his country, so that within fifteen days he had assembled an army of three hundred thousand fighting men, but had only ten elephants. These elephants of each party had small castles on their backs, in which
ere many men at arms, who grievously annoyed the enemy. Bajazet marched this force against Tamerlane, and found him encamped on a high mountam to the westward, called Appady, having already destroyed or burnt very many good towns, and the greater part of the country. When the two chiefs were in sight of each other, they drew up their armies in battle array*. The combat soon began, and lasted full six hours; but at last Bajazet and his army wero defeated, and he himself made prisoner. Forty thousand Turks were slain, and ten thousand of their enemies. After this success, Tamerlane sent larger detachments of his army to the principal towns in Turkey,—all of which, or the greater part, surrendered to him,—so that Tamerlane, in one campaign, conquered nearly the whole of Turkey.
CHAPTER XVII. CHARLES KINO OF NAVARRE NEGOTIATES WITH THE KING OP FRANCE,
AND OBTAINS THE DUCHY OF NEMOURS.—DUKE PHILIP OF BURGUNDY MAKES A JOURNEY TO BAR-LE-DUC AND TO BRUSSELS.
At this same season, Charles f king of Navarre came to Paris to wait on the king. He negotiated so successfully with the king and his privy council, that he obtained a gift of the castle of Nemours, with some of its dependent castlewicks, which territory was made a duchy. He instantly did homage for it, and at the same time surrendered to the king the castle of Cherbourg, the county of Evreux J, and all other lordships he possessed within the kingdom of France, renouncing all claim or profit in them to the king and his successors, on consideration, that with this duchy of Nemours the king of France engaged to pay him two hundred thousand gold crowns of the coin of the king our lord. When this was done, duke Philip of Burgundy left Paris to go to Bar-le-Duc, to attend the funeral of his sister the duchess of Bar§, who had died there. After this ceremony, he went to his town of Arras, where the duchess was, and there celebrated the feast of Easter. He then went to Brussels in Brabant, to the duchess's, grandmother || to his wife, who had sent for him, to resign into his hands the government of the country; but he was there seized with an alarming illness, and caused himself to be carried to Halle, as will be more fully shown hereafter.
CHAPTER XVIII.—THE DUKE OF BURGUNDY DIES IN THE TOWN OF HALLE, IN HAINAULT. HIS BODY IS CARRIED TO THE CARTHUSIAN CONVENT AT DIJON, IN BURGUNDY.
[A. D. 1404.]
At the beginning of this year, the good duke of Burgundy, Philip, son to king John, and brother to Charles the Rich, caused himself to be carried in a litter from the town of Brussels, in Brabant, to Halle, in Hainault. That the horses which carried him might travel more safely, and he be less shaken, labourers advanced before the litter, with spades and pick-axes, to repair and smooth the roads.
When at Halle, he fixed his lodgings near to the church of our Lady, at an hotel bearing the sign of the Stag; and, finding his disorder increase, he sent for his three sons, namely, John count de Nevers, Anthony and Philip. On their arrival, he entreated and commanded them to be loyal and obedient, during their lives, to king Charles of France and to his successors, and made them promise obedience on their love to him. This engagement the three
* This famous battle was fought at Angora, in Galatia. || Rather aunt. John III. duke of Brabant, dving in
t Charles III. succeeded his father, Charles the Bad, in the year 1335, without male issue, left his dominions to
1380. his eldest daughter Joan, who married Wenceslaus duke of
J This county descended to him from his great-grand- Luxembourg, and survived her husband many years, dying, father Louis, count of Evreux, sou to Philip the Bold, at a very advanced age, in the year 1406. She is the prinking of France. Philip, son of Louis, became king of cess here mentioned. Margaret, youngest daughter of John Navarre, in right of his wife Jane, daughter of Louis Hulin. III., married Louis de Male, earl of Flandere; and her only He was father of Charles the Bad. daughter Margaret (consequently niece of Joan, duchess of
S Mary of France, daughter of king John, married Ro- Brabant) brought the inheritance of Flanders to rhilip,
bert duke of Bar, by whom she had issue, Edward duke of duke of Burgundy.
princes readily granted to their lord and father, who then assigned to each such lordships and estates as they were to hold after his decease, and specified the manner in which he intended they should enjoy them. All these, and various other arrangements, were wisely ordered by the duke in a manner becoming such a prince, who had a good memory in his
IfoRsr. Litter.—Composed from contemporary illuminations.
last moments. When he had finished these matters, he died in this hotel. His body was then opened, and his bowels interred in the church of our Lady at Halle; but his body being well embalmed, was placed in a leaden coffin, and carried to the towns of Douay and Arras, magnificently attended, and in a manner suitable to his rank. At Arras the corpse was placed in his chapel, where a solemn service was performed. The duchess Margaret* there renounced her claim to his moveables, from fear of the debts being too great, by placing her girdle with her purse and keys on the coffin, as is the usual custom in such cases,—and demanded that this act should be put into writing by a public notary there present. The body was afterward conveyed to Burgundy, and interred in the church of the Carthusians near Dijon, which church he had founded and ornamented at his own expense. His heart was carried to the church of Saint Denis, and placed near to his royal ancestors, from whom he was descended.
The duke, in addition to the three before-mentioned sons, had three daughters, namely, the archduchess of Austriat, the countess of Holland f, wife to William count of Hainault, and the duchess of Savoy §. There were great lamentations at his death, not only by his children, but generally by the greater part of the lords of France and of his own countries; for he had prudently and ably governed the affairs of France, in conjunction with his elder brother the duke of Berry, by whom he was much regretted.
After his decease, John count of Nevers, his eldest son, took possession of the county and duchy of Burgundy: his second son, Anthony, was declared heir to the duchy of Brabant, after the death of his great aunt the duchess, who immediately resigned to him the duchy of Limbourg*. Philip, his third son, inherited the county of Nevers and barony of Draxi, but not to enjoy them during the life of his mother. The three brothers began to govern their territories with a high hand, and held many councils together, and with their most confidential advisers, on the manner in which they should conduct themselves towards the king their sovereign lord.
* Margaret, married to AVilliam of Bavaria, (VI. of the name), count of Holland and Hainault.
§ Mary, married to Amadeus VIII. firet duke of Savo*. afterwards pope by the name of Felix V.
* The heireM of Flanders, mentioned in the preceding Page
t Catherine, married to I«opold the Proud, duke of Austria.
CHAPTER XIX. WALERAN COUNT DE ST. POL LANDS A LARGE PORCE ON TITE ISLE OP
WIGHT, TO MAKE WAR AGAINST ENGLAND, BUT RETURNS WITHOUT HAVINO PERPORMED ANY GREAT DEEDS.
In this year, Waleran count de St. Pol assembled at Abbeville, in Ponthieu, about sixteen hundred fighting men,—among whom were numbers of the nubility, who had made great provision of salted meats, biscuit, wines, brandy, butter, flour, and other things necessary on board of ships. From Abbeville the count led them to the port of Harfleur, where they found vessels of all descriptions to receive them. When they had remained there some few days to arrange their matters, and to recommend themselves to the protection of St. Nicholas, they embarked on board these vessels, and sailed for the Isle of Wight, which lies opposite to the harbour of Southampton. They landed on the island, making a bold countenance to face their enemies, of whom indeed they had seen but little on their landing,—for all, or at least the greater part of the islanders, had retreated to the woods and fortresses.
Several new knights were created by the count, namely, Philippe de Harcourt, Jean de Fosseux, the lord de Guiency, and others, who went to burn some miserable villages, and set fire to a few other places. During this a sensible priest of the island came to the count to treat for the ransom and security of the island, for which he gave the count to understand a very large sum of money would be paid to him and his captains. He too readily listened to this proposal; for it was a deception on the part of the priest to delay their operations, and amuse them with words, until the English should arrive to fight with them. Count Waleran was at length informed of this plan, and, in consequence, re embarked with his men on board the vessels; and they returned to the place whence they had come, without doing anything more. Many of the nobles were much displeased at this conduct, because they had expended large sums in laying in their purveyances. The countries through which his men at arms returned were greatly harassed by them,—and this caused much murmuring against the count, but no redress could be obtained.
CHAPTER XX.—LOUIS DUKE OP ORLEANS IS SENT BY THE KING TO THE POPE AT MARSEILLES.—THE DUKE OP BOURBON IS ORDERED INTO LANGUEDOC, AND THE CONSTABLE INTO AQUITAINE.
The kmg of France, with the advice of his great council, sent Louis duke of Orleans, accompanied by about six hundred knights, to pope Gregory, to remonstrate with him on the necessity of establishing a union in the church. He travelled through Champagne and Burgundy to Lyon, and thence to Marseilles, where the pope and his court then were. He received the duke most honourably and magnificently, and, after he had heard the object of his mission, gave him his apostolical letters, containing certain conditions, preparatory to the attempt of a union. The duke, on receiving them, took leave of the pope, and returned to Paris to the king, who had near his person the dukes of Berry, Burgundy, Brittany, and Bourbon, and many other great lords, secular and ecclesiastical. In their presence, he delivered the apostolical letters, which contained, among other things, an offer from the pope to procure the union of the whole church; and, should it be necessary, to obtain so desirable an object, his holiness was willing to resign the papacy, and to act in whatever way touching this matter his council should judge expedient, and conformable to reason and justice. The king,
* LAmbourg, on the death of its last duke, Henry, about succession; and his pretensions gave rise to the blood y 1300, was purchased, by John duke of Brabant, of Adolphe war detailed by Froissart, which ended with the battle of count of Mom. Reginald, duke of Gueldres, claimed the Wareng.