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1. Initial letter A 1

2. Do. I 3

3. Sickness of Charles the Well-Beloved . i

4. Henry IV. of England . . . . 17

5. Charge of Tamerlane's War Elephants . 29

6. Horse Litter 31

7. Calais, during the Sixteenth Century . . 36

8. Embassy from the King of England, to

ask in Marriage the Lady Isabella of

France 43

9. Chateau Thierry 45

10. Walls and Gates of the French tide of St

Omer 47

11. Proclamation of a Peace . . . . 52

12. Duchess of Orleans, with her youngest

son, before the King . . . .57

13. Amiens during the Sixteenth Century . 59

14. TheAlhambra 87

15. Pillory of Pope Delia Luna's Mes-

sengers 88

16. John the Intrepid, Duko of Burgundy . 116

17. Duke of Burgundy armed, and bearing

the great Ducal Sword . . .118

18. Liege:—Court of the Bishop's Palace . 123

19. Great Seal of the Duke of Burgundy . 127

Z0. Charles VI. and his Queen Isabella of

Bavaria 130

21. Charles Duke of Orleans . . .131

22. Pisa 137

23. Lille 145

24. Charles Duke of Aquitaine, fourth

Dauphin of France, and second son of
Charles VI 151

25. John Duke of Berry . . . .152

26. Tiara and official Badges of the Popedom 157

27. Public Inauguration of the Pope . . 158

28. Ham, as it appeared in 1742 . • .189

29. Excommunication by Bell, Book, and

. . 196

30. Charles Lord D'Albreth, Constable of

France 208

31. Vervins, as it appeared in the Sixteenth

Century 216

32. Bourges, as it appeared in the Sixteenth

Century 219

33. Charles VI. in Council . . . . 230

34. Coronation of Henry V. of England . 240

35. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Paris . . 244

36. Pontoise, as it appeared in the Sixteenth

Century 252

37. St. Germain l'Auxerrois, Paris . . . 258

38. John Duke of Brittany . . . .264

39. Antwerp, from the Scheldt . . . 278

40. St. Denis 284

41. Prison of the Ch A tele t, Paris . . . 303

42. Arrival of the King at the Nunnery of

St. Bapaume 306

43. Arras . . .... 308

44. Provost of Arras presenting the Keys of

the City to the King . . . .311

45. Procession of the King to Notre-Dame,

to perform the funeral obsequies of the
Duke of Orleans 320

46. Henry V. of England, with Military

Attendants under their appropriate ban-
ners 328

47. Remains of the Walls of Harfleur, with

the Church of St. Martin in the distance 333

48. Plan of the Battle of Agincourt . . . 341

49. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Rouen . . 367

50. Caen 389

51. Bastile of St. Anthony . . . . 396

52. Rouen 403

53. Castle and Fortifications erected by

Henry V. in Rouen . . . . 411

54. Chateau-Gaillard 421

55. Bridge of Montereau, with the Murder of

the Duke of Burgundy . . . . 424

56. Queen Katharine 439

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64. Insignia of the Order of the Golden


65. Henry VI. in his youth

66. Place de la Pucelle, Rouen . . .

67. Insurrection of Ghent .

68. Rejoicings at Ghent on the birth of the

son of the Duke of Burgundy

69. Insurrection of Tournay .

70. Ruins of the Castle of Chinon, the

Residence of Charles VII.

71. Common People of Normandy .

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89. Count Charolois taking leave of his Father,

Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy .

90. Dinant.—Hanging the Countde Charolois

in effigy

91. Ceremony of fixing a Papal Bull to the

door of a Church . . . .

92. Scene in the Streets of Paris

93. Punishment of the Norman Rioters . .

94.■ Skirmish between the Burgundians and Liegeois

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Duke of Burgundy and Troops battering the walls of Beauvals . . .

The Great Bombard of Tours

The Holy Ampulla brought to Louis XI. at Rheims

Pope Alexander VI. in the presence of Charles VIII. pronouncing a benediction

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6J. Maid of Orleans introduced to Chaa. VII. at Chinon

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72. Initial Letter I 1

73. Duke of Burgundy making oath to the

Peace between himself and Charles VII. IT

74. Flemish Troops . . . .36

75. Entry of Charles VII. into Paris . . 56

76. Bruges Gate of Ghent. Burgesses

receiving their liege Lord . . 66

77. Harfleur during the Siege . . . 71

78. Conspiracy of the Dauphin and Nobles to

dethrone the King . . .91

79. Captivity of the Duke of Orleans in the

Tower of London . . . . 99

80. Dieppe.—Relief of the Town . . 128

81. Genoese Ambassadors on their voyage to

Marseilles 143

82. Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, planting his

banner on the walls of Rouen . . 166

83. Tomb of Agnes Sorel in the Chapel of

the Virgin, Abbey of Jamieges . .176

84. Castle of Caen.—The Keep . . .183

85. Defeat of the Ghent men in their attempt

to destroy a Sea-Dyke . . . 205

86. Vow of the Peacock . . . . 252

87. Entry of Philip the Good, Duke of Bur

gundy, into Ghent . . . 256

88. The Dauphin receiving intelligence of the

death of his Father, Charles VII. . 276


Charles VIII. causing the statues of St.
Denis, St. Rusticus and St. Eleutherus,
to be replaced in their respective niches
in the Cathedral of St. Denis . . 482

100. Funeral Procession of the Duke of

Nemours to Milan Cathedral . . 506

101. Francis I. and attendant Nobles . . 515

102. Battle of Marignauo . . . . 51(1




Materials for the biography of Monstrelet aro still more scanty than for that of Froissart. The most satisfactory account both of his life and of the continuators of his history is contained in the " Memoires de 1'Academic de Belles-Lettres," vol. xliii. p. 535, by M. Dacier:—

"We are ignorant of the birthplace of Enguerrand de Monstrelet, and of the period when he was born, as well as of the names of his parents. All we know is, that he sprang from a noble family, which he takes care to tell us himself, in his introduction to the first volume of the Chronicles; and his testimony is confirmed by a variety of original deeds, in which his name is always accompanied with the distinction of ' noble man,' or ' esquire *.'

"According to the historian of the Cambresis, Monstrelet was descended from a noble family settled in Ponthieu from the beginning of the twelfth century, where one of his ancestors, named Enguerrand, possessed the estate of Monstrelet in the year 1125,—but Carpentier does not name his authority for this. A contemporary historian (Matthieu de Couci, of whom I shall have occasion to speak in the course of this essay), who lived at Peronne, and who seems to have been personally acquainted with Monstrelet, positively aoerts that this historian was a native of the county of the Boulonnois, without precisely mentioning the place of his birth. This authority ought to weigh much: besides, Ponthieu and the Boulonnois are so near to each other that a mistako on this point might easily havo happened. It results from what these two writers say, that we may fix. his birthplace in Picardy.

"M. l'abbe Carlier, however, in his ' History of the Duchy of Valois,' claims this honour fur his province, wherein he has discovered an ancient family of the same name,—a branch of which, he pretends, settled in the Cambresis, and he believes that from this branch sprung Enguerrand de Monstrelet. This opinion is advanced without proof, and the work of Monstrelet itself is sufficient to destroy it. He shows so great an affection for Picardy, in

* These deeds, and the greater part of othera quoted M. Muttc, dean of Cambray, to M. de Funccmogne, who in theve memoirs, arc preserved in tho Chartulary of lent them to M. Dacier. Cunbray. Kx tracts from them were communicated by


divers parts of his Chronicle, that we cannot douht of his being strongly attached to it: he is better acquainted with it than with any other parts of the realm: he enters into the fullest details concerning it: he frequently gives the names of such Picard gentlemen, whether knights or esquires, as had been engaged in any battle, which he omits to do in reward to the nobility of other countries,—in the latter case naming only the chief commanders. It is almost always from the bailiff of Amiens that he reports the royal edicts, letters missive, and ordinances, &c, which abound in the two first volumes. In shnrt, he speaks of the Picards with so much interest, and relates their gallant actions with such pleasure, that it clearly appears that he treats them like countrymen.

"Monstrelet was a nobleman then, and a nobleman of Picardy; but we have good reason to suspect that his birth was not spotless. John le Robert, abbot of St. Aubert in Cambray from the year 1432 to that of 1469, and author of an exact journal of everything that passed during his time in the town of Cambray and its environs, under the title of ' Memoriaux*,' says plainly, ' qu'ilfut nS de la*,'—which term, according to the glossary of Du Cange, and in the opinion of learned genealogists, constantly means a natural son; for at this period bastards were acknowledged according to the rank of their fathers. Monstrelet, therefore, was not the less noble; and the same John le Robert qualifies him, two lines higher, with the titles of ' noble man' and ' esquire/ to which he adds a eulogium, which I shall hereafter mention;—because, at the same time that it does honour to Monstrelet, it confirms the opinion I had formed of his character when attentively reading his work.

"My researches to discover the precise year of his birth have been fruitless. I believe, however, it may bo safely placed prior to the close of the fourteenth century; for, besides speaking of events at the beginning of the fifteenth as having happened in his time, he states positively, in his Introduction, that he had been told of the early events in his book (namely, from the year 1400), by persons worthy of credit, who had been eye-witnesses of them. To this proof, or to this deduction, I shall add, that under the year 1415, he says, that he heard (at the time) of the anger of the count de Charolois, afterwards Philippe le bon, duke of Burgundy, because his governors would not permit him to take part in the battle of Azincourt. I shall also add, that under the year 1420, he speaks of the homage which John duke of Burgundy paid the king of the Romans for the counties of Burgundy and of Alost. It cannot be supposed that he would have inquired into such particulars, or that any one would have taken the trouble to inform him of them if he had not been of a certain age, such as twenty or twenty-five years old, which would fix the date of his birth about 1390 or 1395.

"No particulars of his early years are known, except that he evinced, when young, a love for application, and a dislike to indolence. The quotations from Sallust, Livy, Vegetins, and other ancient authors, that occur in his Chronicles, show that he must have made some progress in Latin literature. Whether his love for study was superior to his desire of military glory, or whether a weakly constitution, or some other reason, prevented him from following the profession of arms, I do not find that he yielded to the reigning passion of his age, when the names of gentleman and of soldier were almost synonymous.

"The wish to avoid indolence by collecting the events of his time, which he testifies in the introduction to his Chronicles, proves, I think, that he was but a tranquil spectator of them. Had he been an Armagnac or a Burgundian, he would not have had occasion to seek for solitary occupations; but what proves more strongly that Monstrelet was not of either faction is the care he takes to inform his readers of the rank, quality, and often of the names of the persons from whose report he writes, without ever boasting of his own testimony. In his whole work he speaks but once from his own knowledge, when he relates the manlier in which the Pucelle d'Orleans was made prisoner before Compiegne; but he does not say, that he was present at the skirmish when this unfortunate heroine was taken: he gives us to understand the contrary, and that he was only present at the conversation of the prisoner with the duke of Burgundy,—for he had accompanied Philip on this expedition, perhaps in quality of historian. And why may not we presume that he may have done so on other occasions, to be nearer at hand to collect the real state of facts which he intended to relate?

* They are preserved In MS. by the regular canont of St. Aubert in Cambray.

"However this may be, it is certain that he was resident in Cambray when he composed his history, and passed there the remainder of his life. He was indeed fixed there, as I shall hereafter state, by different important employments, each of which required the residence of him who enjoyed them. From his living in Cambray, La Croix du Maine has concluded, without further examination, that he was born there; and this mistake has been copied by other writers.

"Monstrelet was married to Jeanne de Valbuon, or Valhuon, and had several children by her, although only two of them were known,—a daughter called Bona, married to Martin de Beulaincourt, a gentleman of that country, surnamed the Bold, and a son of the name of Pierre. It is probable that Bona was married, or of age, prior to the year 1438; for in the register of the officiality of Cambray, towards the end of that year, is an entry, that Enguerrand de Monstrelet was appointed guardian to his young son Pierre, without any mention of his daughter Bona. It follows, therefore, that Monstrelet was a widower at that period.

"In the year 1436', Monstrelet was nominated to the office of Lieutenant du Gavenier of t'ie Cambresis, conjointly with Le Bon de Saveuses, master of the horse to the duke of Burgundy, as appears from the letters patent to this effect, addressed by the duke to his nephew the count d'Estampes, of the date of the 13th May in this year, and which are preserved in the chartulary of the church of Cambray.

"It is even supposed that Monstrelet had for some time enjoyed this office; for it is therein declared, that ho shall continue in the receipt of the Gavene, as he has heretofore done, until this present time. 'Gave/ or ' Gavene' (I speak from the papers I have just quoted), signifies in Flemish, a gift or a present. It was an annual due payable to the duke of Burgundy, by the subjects of the churches in the Cambresis, for his protection of them as earl of Flanders. From the name of the tribute was formed that of Gavenier, which was often given to the duke of Burgundy, and the nobleman he appointed his deputy was styled Lieutenant du Gavenier. I have said 'the nobleman whom he appointed,' because in the list of those lieutenants, which the historian of Cambray has published, there is not one who has not shown sufficient proofs of nobility. Such was, therefore, the employment with which Monstrelet was invested; and shortly after, another office was added to it, that of bailiff to the chapter of Cambray, for which ho took the oaths on the 20th of June, 1436, and entered that day on its duties. Ho kept this place until the beginning of January, in the year 1440, when another was appointed.

"I have mentioned Pierre de Monstrelet, his son; and it is probable that he is the person who was a made a knight of St. John of Jerusalem in the month of July, in 1444, although the acts of the chapter of Cambray do not confirm this opinion, nor specify the Christian

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