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for Idolatry to please his Prince, be supposed incapable of giving up his Country into the Bargain?

He stands at present under the Proscription of both Monarchs; but which is in jests which in earnests as Newsmongers say, we must leave Time to discover. Our Henry the Seventh used to make a Stalking Horse of Mother-Church, and excommunicated his best Friends at St. PauFs-Crossy when by his Command they offered their Service to Per kin Warbeck on purpose to betray him. It is possible, that the Earl may have precipitated his Master's Measures with a Design to bring about the Revolution; it is possible he may have on the contrary endeavoured to prevent the dangerous Steps which have been taken ; but he can never be justified in either Light. He ought to have withdrawn from the Scene of Iniquity, and not to have acted one of the most considerable Parts in it. "When Lord Chancellor Finch was commanded to put the great Seal to my Lord Danby's Pardon, he represented it as Illegal, and surrendered the Seal. This should be the Behaviour of all honest Men on the like Occasion. Nor had his Master (who was a Man of fine Understanding) the worse Opinion of his Chancellor.

Whatever Figure our Earl may happen to make hereafter; we mould remember, that a good Judge of Lise has made it a Precept of Wisdom to wonder at nothing. * And indeed, human Nature is so Fickle, Fortune so Sportive, and the World has already seen so much Variety; that if we are moderately read in History, There is nothing can happen to deserve our Admiration.

The Military Gentlemen have been under a Parliamentary Inspection. They have (as was very % Nil admiwi jwpe ret est Him. Hor.

B 4 natural natural to them) brought upon us some of the crying Evils which afflicted the worst Part of the Reign of King Charles the First; and this in spite of the Bil! of Rights.

We provide and pay for them all, but the Colonel robs the inferior Ossicer, the inferior Ossicer robs the common Soldier, and the common Soldier must of Course extort free Quarter upon the unarmed Countryman. They subtract the Soldier's Pay, and fend him to demand Subsistence-Money from his Landlord. I suppose these People have got these pretty Notions in Flanders j by conversing with our German Allies, this free Quarter with a new Name, the very Bane of the Empire, and what must in Procels of Time establish the Dominion of France over the greatest Part of Germany. Those Princes look on free Quarters as a more compendious Method of maintaining an Army than regular Payments; and instead of taking a Part of the Farmer's Wealth, they suffer him to be robbed of All.

The French, and even the Turks, tho' they waste an Enemy's Country with Fire and Sword,' yet govern their Subjects with a milder Sway. Hence it is that the People who have first experienced the German, and afterwards either of the other two Sovereigns, seldom care to return to their old Allegiance. And yet the House of Austria cannot see this. Tyranny has surely a great Mixture of Folly or Madness in its Composition.

There are some of our Colonels who rob an Ossicer under Colour of Cloathing him-; They oblige him to take his Cloaths from whom and at what Rate they please; suppose at twenty Pounds, what is worth twelve at most. As if there was any Difference between robbing a Man, and forcing

him

him to buy at your own Price. The Ossicer thus plundered, naturally seeks to reimburse himself.— Torva Leana Lupum sequitur, Lupus ipse Capellam. The King has broke one of the Colonels for it. And if one single Reason did not interpose, I could be content that a King of England were as Absolute as the Grand Signior over the Officers of his Army or Revenue. I am not afraid that he would be at a Loss for want of Colonel's or Commissioners, Captains or Collectors. They would only be more tender of transgressing with an Halter about their Necks, than they are now, when the greatest Punishment that can befal them is, to be turned out of Employment. A Punishment which some of them may find it worth their While to undergo.

The Objection against such a Regulation, is only this, that Ossicers who were to live under such Absolute Power would be apt to obey without Reserve; and that blind Obedience might become satal to the Liberties of their Country. Since then the Crown is not to be trusted with doing summary Justice, I think it would • be well if the Parliament took it into their own Hands; and had a standing Committee for that Purpose, in which no Officer should lit.

It were to be wished that every Field-Officer, and Captain too, had a better Revenue in Land than the annual Value of his Commission; and even then, I would exclude him from Parliament and Parliamentary Elections, because he should not have it in his Power to burthen the Subjects to fill his own Pockets. But we have many Soldiers of Fortune in great Posts, who take large Strides to raise Families at once. What Wonder then to fee a Country pillaged by Free-Quarter? A ReE 5 gimenr

giment cheated of its Cloathing? or fraudulent Bargains driven for Bread or Forage? when the Prosit of a single Contract, may be greater than the Value of the Post that may be lost by it.

H E Public Business has been at a Stand while

we have been opening a new Scene, tracing the secret Methods which are sometimes pursued in procuring Bills to pass in Parliament. It seems the Eaji-India Company have been placing Sums in proper Hands. The Speaker and Mr. Hungersord are expelled; the Speaker's Bribe was One Thousand Pounds, Mr. Hungerford's but poor Thirty Guineas. Surely he thought, he was taking a Fee in Westminster-Hall! It is unhappy for us that such Instances are found in our Senate. Venal'u Populus, Venalis Curia Patrum, was the State of Rome sinking into Slavery; it is a Symptom of a distempered Constitution, and threatens our Destruction, if we do not aid ourselves with brisk Remedies. It casts the severest Blemish on the Age we live in, that even a reasonable BUI shall meet with Rubs, and perhaps miscarry, if it do not purchase its Passage.

I believe it was never doubted, but the Corruption of Bribery alone, has always been sussicient to ruin any free People among whom it grew predominant; unless you will chuse to say, that it never came alone. It is attended with salse Friendship, Breach of Faith, Perjury, Neglect of the public Interest, insatiable Avarice, public' Poverty, private Wealth, boundless Luxury, endless

LETTER IX.

1694.

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Extor

Extortion, Fraud in all Ossices, Rapine, and Oppression in all the Provinces. It is no Wonder in such a Situation, that the People should wish for a Change of any Sort; for like a sick Person in grievous bodily Pain, they flatter themselves, that any Alteration must happen for the better.

And yet, to get rid of this Army of Monsters, I never can think it necessary to have Recourse to Lycurgus's Scheme, to banish Gold and Silver, and leave no better Money than Iron. This Expedient might suit a Tract of Land about the Size of one of our Counties, inhabited by ten or twenty thousand Families who lived upon their Labour and the Fruits of their own Soil; but the World is not thus divided at this Day. We could not set forth a Britijh Fleet on such a Fund, to keep what we have got abroad, or even to maintain us in Possession of our Home.

We need only go to Holland to observe that a People may love Money very well, without having an Opportunity to sell Justice, or their Country. There will always be found a sussicient Number of honest Men to-serve the State, if you reduce the Value of the great Employments Ninety per Cent, from Thousands to Hundreds per Ann. A good Man will only desire to be indemnified as to the Expences of his Attendance (Moderate Expences I mean.) Thus may the most considerable. Offices be filled with the worthiest Patriots unrivalled by the Mercenaries. But instead of reducing great Employments to the Value of a competent Subsistence ibr the Possessors; we can shew a single Post, which half a dozen People may enjoy at once, and every one of them make a Fortune by it.

B 6 LET

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