« ZurückWeiter »
as we now do that of Bohemia an hundred Years ago, and of better Countries on the Continent which formerly paid Obedience to our Kings, and which were but ill defended at the severe Expence of Deluges of Englijk Blood and Treasure.
These remote Speculations will probably be Realities with our Grand-Children, they will be in earnest about them, and to their Care I leave them: For perhaps it is a general Happiness that many of us cannot have our Turns in the Disposal of the World. Tho' I might mean very well, and might fancy myself a Judge of Affairs, yet to the Cost of my Fellow-Creatures I might in the
Event be found as miserable a Bungler as or
the Farmer in the Fable, who obtained of Jupiter Leave to regulate the Weather within his own Grounds, but had not Knowledge enough of the secret Springs of Action in the vegetable World to balance the Powers committed to his Care: Heat aud Cold, Moist and Dry, were too many for him. The politick World, like the natural, is composed of Discordia semina rerum; and it requires great Penetration, successsully to observe their Operations.
T AST Sunday the great Soul of our Sovereign .*—' quitted its decayed Tenement. Had it been lodged in a Mansion firm as itself, the World would have quickly seen new Instances of its Vigour. ' He continued his usual Hunting till within
four or five Days besore his Death: His Enemies give out that he died of an Hurt received by a Fall from his Horse; the Horse is of a Sorrel Colour, and the Jacobites drink his Health devoutly, under that Denomination. *
It is true, the King had a Fall, and broke his Collar-Bone: But this was not the Cause of his Death. His Exit about this Time was unavoidable, had he not sallen at all; his Lungs were emaciated and inflamed, and nothing but Medea's Kettle could have been of Service to him.
He has left us under the Conduct of a Woman, at the Beginning of a War, probably the most raging and extensive that Europe has felt within these hundred Years: And under the Protection of a Woman, about a Century ago, we happily sustained the most dangerous Shock that has been attempted to our Prejudice within these six hundred Years.
I wish the Dutch and Germans would make good their Frontiers, with the Assistance of the other Allies on the Continent, and that we might
* The following Sa'.ire is.handed about:
surnish our whole Quota in Value upon the Seas, where our most natural Strength lies, and where we shall, I doubt not, be more than an Overmatch for France, if our Friends behave as they ought to do upon Terra Firma. These would in Consequence leave us in sull Possession of the Maritime Empire; for we being at the Pains of destroying the French Naval Force, would at the fame time have the Satissaction to see the Dutch Ships of War neglected, and go to Ruin.
But it is too probable we shall partake in the Glory or Shame of what is to be executed by Land; the military Men, and the young Nobility and Gentry, who desire to be so, will all make their strongest Interest to have a great Army, and to carry on this War upon the Plan of the last; and if we prove victorious, we (I mean the Nation in general) shall get Glory and Poverty by it, while a sew great Ossicers, and Persons concerned in Cloathing, &c. make their Fortunes.
There is no need of the Spirit of Prophecy, to foretel that the Nation must in this Case be beggared, in Favour of Holland, and of those very Parts of Flanders, France, or Germany, which may become the Seat of War. This was our Case in the last Irish War; which, however, was unavoidable. We poured in more Money upon them than ever that Nation saw before, which is now comeing back by the Sale of the Forseitures. It was not indeed of very long Continuance, therefore we did not greatly seel it, till we added a Flemijh Account to it; and then, with the Assistance also of Dutch Clippers of our Coin, we found ourselves almost in a Condition to shut up Shop. The King has left a motley Ministry; a Change is expected in Favour of the Tories. But you shall never find any in the Sincerity with which
I am, &c.
London, March loth, 1701.
Feb. is, 170j.'
I A M persuaded you have great Satisfaction in the News of the.Queen's Gift of the first Fruits and Tenths to the poor Clergy, as it is a strong Proof of her Zeal for our established Religion. The Roman Emperors who persecuted Christianity before the Days of Julian the Apostate, occiderunt Presbyteros; but he, in Appearance more moderate, tho' in Truth wilier and more malicious than his Predecessors, occidit Presbyterium. He spoiled the Churchmen of their Means of Living, and by this Method had well nigh destroyed the Priesthood. Starving is doubtless as effectual a Form for Death to assume, as any other, and perhaps one of the most terrible Forms it can assume.
The Queens Piety on this Occasion is the Contrast of Julian's Malice; there is nothing wanting to compleat the Merit of the Design, but to substitute the Word Restitution, instead of Bounty or Donation: However, it must be acknowledged, that there was mveh to be said to justify the Right of the Crown to this Branch of Church-Revenues, which King Henry VIII. laid his Hands on; for this Revenue had been for Ages enjoyed by the Pope, as Head of the Church, therefore the vesting it in the Crown, was but a natural Consequence of one throwing off the usurped Supremacy of Rome.
What sarther enhances the Merit of this Gift, is the present Exigency of publick Affairs: It is done at a Juncture when the Crown is not in a giving...Condition... It is to be hoped that late Posterity who shall enjoy the Benefit of it, will revere the Memory of the pious Donor; and that our succeeding Monarchs may be excited by this laudable Example, to raise up the drooping Head of the Englijh Church, plundered and covered with Rags by an unbelieving Prince, and his sacrilegious Creatures, under the Veil of Reformation. A Prince more dangerous to the Christian Religion,, than jsulian or Attila, because he communed with it in the House of God, as a Friend. His Title of Desender of the Faith gave him an Opportunity to destroy his Charge, that Church, which is always in the Condition of a Minor..
I am here induced to lament the Avarice of Exclesiasticks, who, when they had an ample Dominion over the Minds of Men, grasped at too great a Share of the good Things of this World; they were not content with a competent Income; they thought their Power, their Revenues, their Number, could never be sussiciently augmented. These Maxims, joined to their Vows of Celibacy, which took in both Sexes, and their Care to conceal their Shame when they broke these Vows, rendered them Enemies to Society, to human Nature. And as Reformations are too apt to run into an Extream, opposite to the Evil designed to be remedied, the Church of England has dearly paid for the Avarice of that of Rome: Men knowing that the Church had obtained too much, 3 easily