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Omission was by Mistake, but it is really of little or no Consequence. Since Scots are capable of being made Peers of Great-Britain, it matters not from what Castles, Towns or Villages, they take their Titles, nor whether North or South of Tweed: It will"only sound a little absurd to Posterity, that the same Person^ who may be called to Parliament as Lord of Hammersmith, shall be resused Admittance as Duke of Edinburgh. For the rest, the Locality of Titles happens not to be material; for if this Kingdom preserves its Constitution, Posterity shall always find mostof its largest Fortunes and greatest Men, in the House of Peers of GreatBritain: But if, for our Sins or theirs, our Posterity stvall bow the Knee before a Tyrant, after the Manner of the Nations round about us, and the Houses of Parliament in a Venal Generation concur to murder the Constitution, it is a Matter of no Sort of Importance, who {hall be the Parricides. . "1

We might be content that the Numbers, both of their Lords and Commons to sit in the United Parliament were to be double or treble those agreed on. Thus we should have more of their Wealth drawn hither, and our Constitution would be safer from the Attempts of the Crown, as it would be harder to manage or gratify so great a Number. This is what we ought to attend to on all Occasions. I design to make my Grandsons learn it along with their Prayers and their Creed, That the Liberties of England can only be dejlrof d by a Standing Army of her own Sons; and that Parliamentary Bribery is the mojl proper Method to obtain such an Army.

And yet it is strange, that Men can fell themselves and Posterities for an Estate at Will! You

shall

shall find in some foreign Countries a Man of Two Thousand Pounds a Year of Inheritance, who for so small a Bribe as an Ossice or Pension of Five Hundred Pounds a Year, during Pleasure, shall give his Vote for a Law, which in its Consequence renders his Inheritance as precarious as the Pension. Is this being wise in our Generation? Is this to be justified even by the Wisdom of the Children of this World?

What Age, what Kingdom can shew an immediate Succeflion of three good absolute Monarchs? Or, in what Country have Liberty, Corruption, and a Standing Army, gone Hand in Hand for forty Years together? It is an idle Imagination to suppose, that when a King designs to rule by his Will, he must do as the Danes did, discard his States, and rely upon his Troops. That is indeed the shortest Way, but not the safest. When Augustus had established himself against all Opposers, he did not covet a great Army, he chose to keep a packed Senate in Pay ; he gulled the People with an Appearance of Liberty, and the Administration of his Government was gentle: But Rome was ruined, it lost its Liberty, and was as effectually enslaved under him, as under Nero or Domitian.

Mollia vincla pati justit, at vincula pajfa eft;
Purpureum cultu infolito venerata Tyrannum.

Thus while with Clemency Augustus reign'd,
The Monarch was ador'd, the City chain'd.

But tho' this be the sasest Method for a Prince to take, who desires to be absolute, yet it is the most burthensome to the People. Their Pension- Senate is a more extravagant Charge upon them,

than

than a great Army would be. If I were to Jive in an Age and Country where the Representatives of the People had fold them to the Prince for Places and Pensions, and given him a military Force to ensure the Purchase; I would concur in and promote a Petition, that the Prince might assume the Legislative Authority, exclusive of such prostitute Representatives; and I think it is evident, that in such a Case, whether a Prince were good or bad, a wise Man or a Fool, the People could more easily pay for the Wants or the Wantonness of the Monarch alone, than for those and the Wages of several Hundreds of Parricides into the Bargain.

Nor is a People the safer from such Attempts, for having a Ruler of their own chusing. The ambitious Man, when he has climbed all the Rounds of the Ladder of Authority, turns his Back to it, and scorns the base Degrees by which he rose. In all mixed Governments, each constituent Part must be eternally on its Guard. The Prince can easily take Care of his Prerogative, because, being but one, he can always be true to, and consistent with himself. His Individuality gives him those Advantages, and the frie-cxiftent Temptation of Ambition, that Spur to make Use of them, that he ought never to be trusted with more than his own Rights, if the Subjects would hold theirs. I transcribe for you the Picture of a vigorous Prince, riding a Nation after he had defeated its Enemies.

Cervus, equum, pugnA melior commumbus herbis
Pellebat, donee minor in certamine longo
Imploravit opes bominis; frenumque reeepit:
Sed postquam <vi£ior violens difieffit ab hofte,
Non equitem dor jo, mmfrenum depulit ore.

Since I am grown a little pedantick upon the Subject of Slavery, I will put you in Mind of the ridiculous, the miserable Figure which a MockSenate makes: You have two beautisul Sketches of such Assembles in Juvenal., proper to excite your Laughter and Indignation. In one you have the Prime Minister destroy'd at once, on his Master's Letter: the World agrees in an Opinion, Sejanus was guilty, but Justice would expect some Proof of it: Tiberius had too loyal a Senate to wait for any Evidence: Their Tyrant signified his Pleasure; and that served for Demonstration to that very Senate which had voted Statues to that very Prime Minister. The other Scene is the merry one, where they take into Consideration the over-grown Turbet: Nothing can be more fanta— stick than the blind Haranguer making a florid Speech in Praise of it, and unfortunately turning his face from it to the contrary Side of the Room, in order to point out and descant upon its Beauties. Such are the Ardua Negotia Imperii proper to be laid before a Parliament of Slaves. Such are the Arcana fit for them to debate on.

LETTER XVI.

Mar, 20, 1710-ir. T F Victory has not made us or our Allies too in* solent, it is impossible that the great Folks at Gertruydenburgh should fail to settle the Reposeof Europe. But if we over-value. ourselves, and under-rate our Grand Enemy, we shall find that heis an absolute Prince, and a proud one too, and rather ther than stoop too low, he will give us an Opportunity to buy more Laurels at too dear a Rate; to purchase more costly Hangings for WestminjierHall. But we have fought enough for Glory, and for Profit too; for we may make good Bargains now, if we think fit (after our surprizing Successes) to make Peace Sword in Hand.

The D of M has been rewarded, for

his glorious Victories in this War, in a most extraprdinary Manner, as indeed he deserved; but Envy will not let him enjoy his Honours in Peace, it is the usual Fate of superlative Merit,

Comperit invidiam supremo fine domari.

To be raised by the Smiles of their Prince above their Equals, happens to several Favourites in every Court, in every Generation: But for a Britijh Subject,, a Protestant, to have a Fief, a Principality of the Empire conserred on him, by a RomanCatbolick Emperor of Germany, and not only to be promoted to the highest Honours by his Sove^reign that are in her Power to bestow, but also to have his transcendent Merit proclaimed by the united Voice of the Legislature, and transcendently rewarded by an ample Recital of his samous Exploits, and by the Gift of a Princely Revenue, and Royal Manor to him, with an unusual Limitation of those, and of his Honours, in Favour of his Posterity; these I say, are Circumstances of human Grandeur which sew Subjects in many Ages will be seen to attain to: A Pinacle above which a Man of rational Sense would not endeavour to soar.

All the little Sallies of Satire against him will be buried in Oblivion, when the Statute that re

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