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ere mori, with a Witness. Nay it is worse, it is giving Boot, where the Exchange at even hand would be a bad Bargain; it is paying our Blood and Treasure to (et Charles on the Spo.nijh Throne, when we can leave Philip there without farther Expence; and when, of the two, It is rather our Interest thatsPhilip should fill it; and the best of the Jest is, that not one of them pretends to shew how Great-Britain is to be reimbursed a tingle Stiver, whatever her Expence has been, or may be hereafter. This is a well chosen Game to play at, where we may lose and cannot win. We are told indeed, that by carrying on the War, we shall .keep out the Pretender. I fancy, at this Time of Day, France will readily agree to make us more secure against him by a Peace.

It is to be hoped that the Outcry in CoffeeHouses of Red-Coats, who have the Fear of Breaking before their Eyes, may be flighted; that those who have made a Trade of War, either Abroad or at Home, may have no Influence upon our Councils; that our Ministers will fit down to treat in Temper, and not in Spite; that they will rather imitate Martin's Behaviour in the Tale of a Tub, than his Brother sack's. We must not pique ourselves on pulling down every thing which . our domestick Enemies have built.

I can only wijh, that the Wings of France may be effectually clipped, even to the dismembring some of its Provinces, if possible, in Favour of Savoy, Lorrain, Bavaria, any body; and that if we are to have the least Retribution for all our Labours, Costs and Losses, it may be alloted to us in Islands above all Places; and above all Islands, in those of America, which produce Sugars and Cotton. A small Portion in these would answer

our

our Purposes, better than twenty capital Fortresses on the Continent of Europe. They would be a Mine, and not an Issue of Treasure. As for any Fortress, as Dunkirk, Gibraltar., or any other that may annoy our Trassick, it would be convenient to reduce them to the Condition of Tangier;, but not to think of holding them.

I am strangely fond of those American Islands, and think I can justify my Notion by a short Observation upon a well known Piece of History. I frequently recollect, that Jamaica was taken by mere Accident: Oliver had formed a much greater Design, which miscarried; and when only Jamaica was the Prize, his Commanders were called to a severe Account. He was also Master of Dunkirk, and King Charles II. of Tangier, in Dowry with his Queen. These were monstrously expensive, so as not to be tenable. The People grumbled that the Crown did not keep them; but as long as they were kept, they grumbled also at the great Expence of maintaining them. These are gone for ever from England, while the poor despicable Island of Jamaica has grown a flourishing Colony, is become an inexhaustible Fund of Wealth to us, and occasions the constant Employment of a considerable Fleet of Britijh Merchants.

The Dominion of the Seas is what we are able to maintain, it maintains itself: The more we have of it, the less Danger we are in of being invaded in it by the envying World confederated against us. It is one of the clearest Demonstrations, it is vulgar Arithmetick; that if we carry a Million of Tuns of Goods each Year a Thousand Leagues, and our Neighbour carries but the tenth Part of that Quantity the like Voyage, we shall

maintain

maintain ten-fold his Shipping, ten-fold his Seamen, and in Consequence be able to meet ten such Neighbours as Enemies, at once, upon the Watry Plain.

If our Island-Colonies were very considerable in Number and Value, we should find this great Convenience, that they will require no Garisons, because no Armament could appear upon the Seas, sussicient to disturb them: Nor ought we to oppress them, nor susfer them to be oppressed by rapicious Governors. But while our Neighbours are stronger in those Parts than we are, both We are, and the Colonies must be burthened with the Expence of an armed Force both by Sea and Land for their Security. Were they ever so populous, had they as many People among them as their Mother Country contains; there would be no Danger of their Defection, while we gave them no Cause to mourn the Want of Liberty. Their Trade would all pass thro' our Hands, protected by our Fleets, while they lived at Ease, and in as perfect Obedience as the several Parishes of Middlesex.

LETTER XIX.'

May 6, 1723. "117" E are under terrible Apprehensions here, *' about no less than Church and State. This has been the Devil of a Plot, and it is proved by Means that must not be discovered; for if a Plotter knows how a Decypherer found him out, it seems he may grow so cunning in perplexing his Cypher, that the Artist will not be able to folD low low him any longer. Silly Traitors! is it then possible to invent inextricable Cyphers, and you remain so indolent as to put your Lives and Fortunes on a Key as simple as Julius Cæsar's, which the School-Boys have learned from Suetonius for these Sixteen Hundred Years past.

Treason is a paw Thing! a noisy Crime os State, as Dry den says. I'll have none on't. There's Perkins's Head on Temple-Bar, like Cymon in Dryden's Fables*

Whistles for want of Thought.

From all Men of common Sense, Heaven avert the Omen.

There is an English Bishop, a Spanish Cardinal, an Irish General, a Britijh Peer, or twain, a Brace of very small Nonjuring Priests (but one of them has drowned himself, I wish you were to see the Wall he got over, you would judge how ingenious, and nimble too, he must have been) all these, and more, are Personages in the Drama, which has lately entertained the Town. I say nothing of Proofs; some People are very believing, and others were mere Infidels. The Doctrine of Transubstantiation has had sull Credit with our Ancestors, in Spite of their Senses: And yet Zeno, in another Age, would not believe there was such a Thing as Motion.

For my own Part, I design, as long as I live, to be courtly in my political Creed: It is an :.npertinent and pragmatical Folly to endure the Frowns of the Great, for want of acknowledging, that a Cloud is like a Whale, or very like a Weazel. Since Plots, true or false, are necessary Tilings, why should we doubt of the Reality of

this: this: But for irrefragable Proofs of it, peruse the Arguments of the Sollicitor-General, ttfc. Mr* Wynne, a young Lawyer, is much applauded for

the Desence. The D— of W has shone in

his House on the Occasion; he has taken abundance of Pains to observe upon the Evidence, which makes his Speech much the longer; it delighted many of the Hearers: But the Master-piece of Eloquence on this Occasion, in my poor Opinion, is Mr. K—'s which you receive a Copy of; it is indeed the most finished Performance of the greatest Orator our Island ever boasted. There is nothing omitted that was necessary to be remembred; there is not a superfluous Sentence, not an ill-turned Period, not an ill-chosen Expression in the whole. There is that Strength of reasoning in answering the Arguments of the Adversary, and that Clearness of Diction to convey to us his own Sentiments, that, it is like a polished Diamond, of the first Water and most excellent Workmanship. It is impossible to say whether its Firmness or its Lustre be most predominant; or for which of those Merits in the highest Degree of Persection, all other Gems must yield it the Preserence.

LETTER XX.

May 18, iyis.

V70UR Complaint is very just, that by the Ti* ties of Impeachments in Parliament, a Man at a Distance off cannot guess what the Accusation is. This against the Earl of M** consisted chiefly of two Branches; one that he sold the O^ces of the D 2 Masters

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