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by Inheritance, and in right of the House of Lancaster. They all know, that the Kingdome of England was hereditary and successive, and therefore they all had, or pretended to, that Title, and not to any parliamentary or popular Election.

I beg your pardon for this tedious, and (I fear) impertinent scrible. My love and Service (with my Thanks for your Civility and . undeserved Kindnes to me) once more remembered, you shall (at this Time) have no farther trouble from

Your much obliged friend and servant

Thomas Lincolne. Buckden, March 19. 1681.

P. S. Pray present my respects and service to my worthy friend and coffin Mr. William Pttyt of the Temple.

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LETTERS

O F

Bisliop FLEETWO07),

Containing

His Sentiments of the Proceedings of the New Ministry during the Last Four Years Reign of Queen A NNE.

3^@& HEN that unhappy Change was made .in the Queen's Measures, 1710, which blalied all the Glories and Triumphs of the Eight preceding Years, this good Bishop, who was a steady Friend to the Old Ministry, because he saw they had served their Country well and saithsully, could not be drawn to give any Countenance to the Measures of the New One, tho' Endeavours had been used, and Intimations given by the Queen herself, who had a great Value for him, how pleasing his frequent coming to Court would be to her. But his Sentiments will best appear from his own Words, in a Letter to a Friend, viz.

> . When When my Duty to the Queen, and the

Good of my Country will permit it, my Gratitude will never let me vote again/1 my Friends; when I have saved my Conscience, I give myself up to what I call my Honour; and therefore under all the Discouragements I can be, I Jhall always be on thrSide of the late Ministry, because I know they served the Queen and Nation so well, that I am morally assured they never will be served better; and whenever they are, I jhall certainly be on their Side who do that Service: I think I may be allowed to ail as clear and difinterested a Part as any Man of our Order; for sure if I could jhift my Side, I might be well accepted, considering what Relation I have had to One,* who governs all, and who is very civil to me upon all Occasions; but the Measures tve are in are by no Means pleasing to me, as what will never do the Nation's Business; and I foresee that all our Millions and our Bloodspent for theft twenty Tears past, will end in a despicable Peace, which yet we must pitifully sue for too.

About two Years after, when he was again asked his Opinion of the Situation of our Publick Afsairs, his Answer was as follows; I have been, and am still, in so ill Humour with relation to them, that I hardly can endure to- think of them. We were in the greatest Honour abroad of any Nation in tot Earth; we are now the Scorn of all People: Our Friends hate us, and our Enemies laugh at us. We jhall neither have a good Peace, nor- a good War; France will not give us the firsts and we ourselves have cut off the Means of the last. The Disgrace of the Duke of Marlborough was worth a Million at least, and yet I do not hear we got a Farthing

* The Eurl o!Recte/w. .

by by it; which I impute not to our Honesty and Virtue, but to our Folly, Malice, Infatuation, and the great Hajle we are in to be undone. The Parliament has passed such a Censure upon the Duke, that I dare aver no equal Number of Men in all the World, of what Nation or Religion soever, would have done. But the laying him aside is so si'range a thing, that People are put to all their Shifts to account for it; and to make it go down with the World, must invent, exaggerate, and say and do any thing, to make him appear worthy of such Usage; but I expect it will turn to his Enemies Mischief, as it certainly does to his Honour, that after Jo keen and malicious an Inquisition into his Conduct, their great Master jhouU be able to accuse him os nothing, but os doing what all Generals have done before him, and what King William always did.

In May 1712, he published Four Sermons, en extraordinary Occasions*, with a Preface, which was ordered to be burnt by a Vote of the Majority of the House of Commons. Upon this most unjust Asfront, his Lordship wrote the following Letter to the Bishop of Salisbury.

• 1. On the Death »f Queen Mary. t. On the Death of the D. of Gloucester. 3. On the Death of King William. 4. Oa the Accession of Q: Anne

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TO

The Bishop of Salisbury.

June 17. 1712. My Lord,

/Received the Favour of your Lord/hip's Letter, and took it, as I know it was intended, very kindly. The Manner of my receiving the Indignity .put upon my Preface, was neither like a Chriflian. nor Philosopher, but like a very worldly Man. I knexv the whole Process, and knew it to be a Piece of Revenge * taken by a wicked Party, that found themselves sorely flung; and it affetled me accordingly, i. e. very little. I am not one that love to be the Talk of the Town, and in this Part I confess I was uneasy, although 1 think the Talk was very much in my Favour. The Complaint was made by Hungerford,f and seconded by .Manley, \ (People that jhould indeed have been ordered to have. burnt it) and thirded by what we call the Court, and carried by Numbers, without a wise Word said againjl it. Sir Peter King, Sir Joseph Jekyll, Mr. Lechmere, and others of the Robe, were very

* For Printing, a few Months before, his excellent Sermon against Those that Delight in War. Wherein he hid sit the ungenerous Treatment lhewn the Duke of Metlborougb, in such a Light, as will reflect everlasting Infamy upon his Persecutors, the Professed Enemies of their Country.

t A sneering, trifling, Wrangler, and much more noted, at the Bar,_ for Noise and Clamour, than a Knowledge of the Laws of his Country.

J A. Tool of Hungerford'f, ]>at NMi Fratrurs.

Jlrenuous

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