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I am, &c.




diameter, and as large as will go into the a plentiful dinner in the servants' hall; mouth of an ordinary oven. The bailiff and after dinner they also receive prizes of the manor measures them with a rule, for their good conduct as teachers, and and takes the diameter; and if they are their diligence as scholars. not of a sufficient capacity, he threatens to return them, and fine the town. If

J. S. they are large enough, he divides them with a rule and compasses into four equal parts; of which the steward claims one, the warrener another, and the remainder is divided amongst the shepherds. In A Gentleman of Literary Habits and Means. respect to the furmety, the top of the dish in which it is put is placed level with the For the Every-day Book. surface of the ground; all persons present All hail to the birth of the year, are invited to eat of it, and those who do See golden haired Phæbus afar; not, are not deemed loyal to the lord. Prepares to renew his career, Every shepherd is obliged to eat of it, and And is mounting his dew spangled car. for that purpose is to take a spoon in his pocket to the court; for if any of them Stern Winter congeals every brook, neglect to carry a spoon with him, he is That murmured so lately with glee; to lay him down upon his belly, and sup On the head of each bald pated tree.

And places a snowy peruke, the furmety with his face to the pot or dish, at which time it is usual, by way of Now wild duck and widgeon abound, sport, for some of the bystanders to dip Snipes sit by the half frozen rills. his face into the furmety; and sometimes Where woodcocks are frequently found, a shepherd, for the sake of diversion, will That sport such amazing long bills. purposely leave his spoon at home.*

The winds blow out shrilly and hoarse,
And the rivers are choking with ice;

And it comes as a matter of course,
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. That Wallsends are rising in price.

Alas! for the poor ! as unwilling A practice which well deserves to be ! gaze on each famishing group; known and imitated is established at I never miss giving a shilling, Maresfield-park, Sussex, the seat of sir To the parish subscription for soup. John Shelley, bart. M. P. Rewards are annually given on New-year's day to such The wood pigeon, sacred to love, of the industrious poor in the neighbour. How charming he looks in the grove

Is wheeling in circles on high ; hood as have not received parish relief, How charming he looks in the pie' and have most distinguished themselves by their good behaviour and industry, the Now gone is St. Thomas's day, neatness of their cottages and gardens, The shortest, alas ! in the year. and their constant attendance at church, And Christmas is hasting away, &c. The distribution is made by lady With its holly and berries and beer, Shelley, assisted by other ladies; and it is gratifying to observe the happy effects and the old year for erer is gone, upon the character and disposition of the With the tabor, the pipe, and the dance, poor people with which this benevolent And gone is the mermaid to France.

And gone is our collar of brawn, practice has been attended during the few years it has been established. Though The scythe and the hour glass of time, the highest reward does not exceed two Those fatal mementos of woe, guineas, yet it has excited a wonderful Seem to utter in accents sublime, spirit of emulation, and many a strenuous

“ We are all of us going to go !" effort to avoid receiving money from the parisă. Immediately as the rewards are given, all the children belonging to th We are truly and agreeably informed Sunday-school and national-school lately by the “Mirror of the Months,” that established in the parish, are set down to

“Now periodical works put on their best

attire; the old ones expressing their deter* Blount's Plug. Antiq. by Beckwith.

mination to become new, and the uew

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ones to become old; and each makes a It is, further, proposed to notice certain point of putting forth the first of some astronomical and meteorological phenopleasant series (such as this, for example!), mena ; the migration and singing of which cannot fail to fix the most fugitive birds; the appearance of insects; the of readers, and make him her own for leafing and flowering of plants; and other another twelve months at least."

particulars peculiar to animal, vegetable, and celestial existences. These observa

tions will only be given from sources NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

thoroughly authentic, and the authorities

will be subjoined. Communications for Under this head it is proposed to place this department will be gladly received. the “ Mean temperature of every day in the Year for London and its environs, on an average of Twenty Years," as deduced by Mr. Howard, from observations com

January 2.
mencing with the year 1797, and ending

St. Concord.
with 1816.
For the first three years, Mr. Howard's

Is said, by his English biographer Butler,
observations were conducted at Plaistow, to have been a sub-deacon in a desert,
a village about three miles and a half martyred at Spoletto, about the year 178;
N. N. Ě. of the Royal Observatory at whereto the same biographer adds, “ In
Greenwich, four miles E. of the edge of the Roman Martyrology his name occurs
London, with the Thames a mile and a on the first, in some others on the second
half to the S., and an open level country, of January.” The infallible Roman church,
for the most part well-drained land, to end the discord, rejects the authority
around it. The thermometer was attached of the “ Roman Martyrology," and keeps
to a post set in the ground, under a Por- the festival of Concord on the second of
tugal laurel, and from the lowness of this January.
tree, the whole instrument was within
three feet of the turf; it had the house

and offices, buildings of ordinary height, to
the S. and S. E. distant about twenty yards,

Mean Temperature ... 35.92.
but was in other respects freely exposed.

For the next three years, the observations were made partly at Plaistow and

January 3
partly at Mr. Howard's laboratory at

Stratford, a mile and a half to the N.W.,

By Cleobulus.
on ground nearly of the same elevation.
The thermometer had an open N. W.

There is a father with twice six sons; exposure, at six feet from the ground,

these sons have thirty daughters a-piece, close to the river Lea.

party-coloured, having one cheek white The latter observations were made at other's face, nor live above twenty-four

and the other black, who never see each Tottenham-green, four miles N.of London,

which situation, as the country to the N.W.
especially is somewhat hilly and more
wooded, Mr, Howard considers more

Cleobulus, to whom this riddle is attri-
sheltered than the former site; the elevation buted, was one of the seven wise men of
of the ground is a trifle greater, and the Greece, who lived about 570 years before
thermometer was about ten feet from the the birth of Christ,
general level of the garden before it, with

Riddles are of the highest antiquity; a very, good exposure N., but not quite the oldest on record is in the book of enough detached from the house, having Judges xiv. 14-18. We are told by been affixed to the outer door-case, in à Plutarch, that the girls of his times worked frame which gave it a little projection, jt netting or sewing, and the most ingeand admitted the air behind it.

nious“ made riddles."
On this day, then, the average of these
twenty years' observations gives

Mean Temperature ... 36 • 57.

Mean Temperature ... 35. 60.

January 4.

Now, however, not to conclude mc arn

fully, let us remember that the office-3rs Prepare for Twelfthday.

and some of the principal inhabitants of The “Mirror of the Months," a reflector their beadle in the full majesty of a full

most parishes in London, preceded by of “ The Months” by Mr. Leigh Hunt, great coat and gold laced hai, with his enlarged to include other objects, adopts, walking staff of state higher than him. “ Above all other proverbs, that which self, and headed by a goodly, polished says, 'There's nothing like the time pre- silver globe, go forth from the vestry sent,'-partly because the time present' room, and call on every chief parishioner is but a periphrasis for Now!The se- for a voluntary contribution towards a ries of delightful things which Mr. Hunt provision for cheering the abode of the links together by the word Now in his needy at this cheerful season :-and now “ Indicator,” is well remembered, and his the unfeeling and mercenary urge

« false pleasant disciple tells us, “Now, then, pretences" upon “public grounds," with the cloudy canopy of sea-coal smoke that the vain hope of concealing their private hangs over London, and crowns her queen reasons for refusing “public charity :"of capitals, floats thick and threefold; for and now, the upright and kind-hearted fires and feastings are rife, and every body welcome the annual call, and dispense is either 'out' or at home' every night. bountifully. Their prosperity is a blessing. Now, if a frosty day or two does happen Each scattereth and yet increaseth ; their to pay us a flying visit, on its way to the pillows are pillows of peace; and at the North Pole, how the little boys make appointed time, they lie down with their slides on the pathways, for lack of ponds, fathers, and sleep the sleep of just men and, it may be, trip up an occasional made perfect, in everlasting rest. housekeeper just as he steps out of his owo door; who forthwith vows vengeance,

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. in the shape of ashes, on all the slides in his neighbourhood, not, doubtless, out of Mean Temperature ... 36. 42. vexation at his own mishap, and revenge against the petty perpetrators of it, but

January 5. purely to avert the like from others ! Now the bloom-buds of the fruit-trees, which the late leaves of autumn had cou

Agricultural Custom cealed from the view, stand confessed, upon the otherwise bare branches, and, the borders of the county of Gloucester


In the parish of Pauntley, a viilage on dressed in their patent wind-and-water

next Worcestershire, and in the neighproof coats, brave the utmost severity of bourhood, " a custom, intended to prethe season,-their hard, unpromising out- vent the smut in wheat, in some respect sides, con pared with the forms of beauty resembling the Scotch Beltein, prevails.” which they contain, reminding us of their friends the butterflies, when in the chry- vants of every farmer assemble together

“ On the eve of Twelfth-day all the sersalis state. Now the labour of the hus- in one of the fields that has been sown bandman is, for once in the year, at a with wheat. At the end of twelve lands, stand ; and he haunts the alehouse fire, they make twelve fires in a row with or lolls listlessly over the half-door of the straw; around one of which, made larger village smithy, and watches the progress than the rest, they driok a cheerful glass of the labour which he unconsciously en- of cyder to their master's bealth, and sucvies; tasting for once in his life (without knowing it) the bitterness of that ennui home, they feast on cakes made of cara

cess to the future harvest; then, returning which he begrudges to his betters.-Now, melancholy-looking men wander.. by claim as a reward for their past labours in


&c. soaked in cyder, which they iwos and threes' through market-towns, sowing the grain." with their faces as blue as the aprons that are twisted round their waists; their in. effectual rakes resting on their shoulders,

Credulity and Incredulity. and a withered cabbage loisted upon a In the beginning of the year 1825, the pole; and sing out their doleful petition Aimsiest bubbles of the most bungling of Pray remember the poor gardeners, who can get no work !'”

• Radge's Gloucester.


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projectors obtained the public confidence; treasure, which the war and our losses at
at the close of the year that confidence sea had drawn out of the nation."
was refused to firms and establishments

I am, &c.
of unquestionable security. Just before

J. G.
Christmas, from sudden demands greatly
beyond the amounts which were ready
for ordinary supply, bankers in London

of known respectability stopped pay-
ment; the panic became general through-

A Family Sketch.
out the kingdom, and numerous country
banks failed, the funds fell, Exchequer Bring me a garland of bolly,
bills were at a heavy discount, and public Rosemary, ivy, and bays;
securities of every description suffered Gravity's nothing but folly,
material depression. This exigencyren-

Till after the Christmas day
dered prudence still more circumspect, Fill out a glass of Bucellas;
and materially retarded the operations

Here !boys put the crown on my of legitimate business, to the injury of all

head : persons engaged in trade. In several

Now, boys !--shake handsbe good fel. manufacturing districts, transactions of

lows, every kind were suspended, and manu- And all be--good men-when I'm dead. factories wholly ceased from work.

Come, girls, come! now for your kisses,

Hearty ones-louder-lond-louder!

How I'm surrounded with blisses !
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Proud men may here see a prouder.

Now, you rogues, go kiss your mother :As just at this time it may be interest. Ah! ah!-she won't let you ?--pho' ing to many of your readers, to know the

pho! origin of Exchequer bills, I send you the Gently--there, there now !--don't smo. following account

In the years 1696 and 1697, the silver Old lady! come, now I'll kiss you. currency of the kingdom being, by clip

Here take the garland, and wear it; ping, washing, grinding, filing, &c. re

• Nay, vay!' but you must, and you duced to about half its nominal value,

shall; acts of parliament were passed for its For, here's such a kiss.--come, don't fear it; being called in, and re-coined ; but If you do-tura round to the wall. whilst the re-coinage was going on exchequer bills were first issued, to supply

A kiss too for Number Eleven, the demands of trade. The quantity of

The Newcome-the young Christmas silver re-coined, according to D'Avenant,

My Alice !-who makes my girls seven, from the old hammered money, amount- And makes merry Christmas more ed to 5,725,9331. It is worthy of remark,

that through the difficulties experienced
by the Bank of England (which had been Another good glass of Bucellas,
established only three years,) during the

While I've the crown on my head; re-coinage, they having taken the clipped

Laugh on my good girls, and good fel. silver at its nominal value, and guineas


Till it's off-then off to bed.
at an advanced price, bank notes were in
1697 at a discount of from 15 to 20 per Hey!-now, for the Christmas holly,

" During the re-coinage,” says Rosemary, ivy, and bays;
D'Avenant, “all great dealings were Gravity's nothing but folly,
transacted by tallies, bank-bills, and gold- 'Till after the Christmas days.
smiths' notes. Paper credit did not only
supply the place of running cash, but December 30, 1825.
greatly multiplied the kingdom's stock;
for tallies and bank-bills did to many
uses serve as well, and to some better than

gold and silver ; and this artificial wealth

Mean Temperature. . . 37 · 47.
which necessity had introduced, did
make us less feel the want of that real

ther :



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They cry

“ The King drinks!'
The bean found out, and monarch crown d,
He dubs a fool, and sends bim round,
To raise the frolic when it's low-
Himself commands the wine to flow.
Each watches for the king to quaff,
When, all at once, up springs the laugh;

“ The king drinks!" and away
They shout a long and loud huzza !
And when it's ended comes the dance,

And thus is Twelfth-night spent in France.
January 6.

“ L'HIVER. Epiphany-Old Christmas-day.

Les Divertissements du Roi-boit.
Holiday at the Public-offices.

Loin dicy mille soins facheux,

Que porte avec soy la coronne ;
It is only in certain rural parts of Celle quá table Bacchus donne
france that the merriments represented Ne fit jamais de malheureux."
above still prevail. The engraving is
from an old print, “ J. Marriette ex." This print may be regarded a faithful
Iscribed as in the next column.

picture of the almost obsolen usage.

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