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Pass where to Ceuta Calpe's thunder roars,
And answering echoes shake the kindred shores ;
Pass where with palmy plumes Canary smiles,
And in her silver girdle binds her isles ;
Onward, where Niger's dusky Naiad laves
A thousand kingdoms with prolific waves,
Or leads o'er golden sands her threefold train
In steamy channels to the fervid main,
While swarthy nations crowd the sultry coast,
Drink the fresh breeze, and hail the floating frost;
Nymphs ! veil'd in mist, the melting treasures steer,
And cool with artic snows the tropic year.
So from the burning line, by monsoons drivin,
Clouds sail in squadrons o'er the darken'd heav'n,
Wide wastes of sand the gelid gales pervade,
And ocean cools beneath the moving shade.

Darwin.

HOGMANY.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. this kind which have hitherto appeared in Mean Temperature ... 35. 03. the work, however signed by initials or

otherwise, have been so authenticated to the editor's private satisfaction, and he

is thus enabled to vouch for the genuineJanuarp 16.

ness of such contributions.

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Mr. Reddock's paper on this subject,

Sir, at page 13. 'nas elicited the following

In your last number appeared a very etter from a literary gentleman, concerrı; amusing article touching some usages and ng a dramatic representation in England customs in Scotland, and communicated similar to that which Mr. Reddock in- from Falkirk. In the description of the stances at Falkirk, and other parts of boys' play, ingeniously, suggested as North Britain. Such communications are

typical of the Roman invasion under particularly acceptable; because they show Agricola, we, however, sead but a varied io what extent usages prevail, and wherein edition of what is enacted in other parts they differ in different parts of the coun besides Scotland, and more particularly try. It will be gratifying to every one in the western counties, by those troops who peruses this work, and highly so to of old Father Christmas boys, which the editor, if he is obliged by letters from

are indeed brief chronicles of the times, readers acquainted with customs in their I mean, those paper-decorated, brickown vicinity, similar to those that dust-daubed urchins, 'yclept Mummers. they are informed or in other counties,

To be sure they do not begin, and particularly if they will take the trouble to describe them in every particu

“ Here comes in the king of Macedon;" lar. By this means, the Every-Day Book but we have instead, will become what it is designed to be

“ Here comes old Father Christmas, made,-a storehouse of past and present Christmas or Christmas not, manners and customs. Any customs of i hope old Father Christmas never will be any place or season that have not already

forgot." appeared in the work, are earnestly solicited from those who have the means of fur. And then for the Scottish leader Galgacus, nishing the information The only con

we find,

Here comes in St. George, St. George dition stipulated for, as absolutely indis

That man of mighty name, pensable to the insertion of a letter respecting facts of this nature, is, that the With sword and buckler by my side

I hope to win the game." name and address of the writer be communicated to the editor, who will subjoin These " western kernes" have it, you see, such signature as the writer may choose Mr. Editor, “ down along," to use their his letter should bear to the eye of the own dialect, with those of the thistle. public. The various valuable articles of Then, too, we have a fight. Oh! bow

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neautiful to my boyish eyes were their with a description of a “ metrica, play," wooden swords and their bullying gait! which seems to be the same with which athen we have a fight, for lo

is the subject of the preceding letter. " Here's come I, the Turkish knight, Come from the Soldan's land to fight,

Being on the popular drama, and as And be the foe's blood hot and bold

the topic arose in Mr. Reddock's commuWith my sword I'll make it cold."

nication from Scotland, a whimsical dra.

matic anecdote, with another of like kin A vile Saracenic pun in the very minute from that part the kingdom, is here subof deadly strife. But they fight-the joined from a Scottish journal of this cross is victorious, the crescent o'erthrown, 'month in the year 1823. and, as a matter of course, even in our picces of mock valour, duels we have

New Readings of Burns. therein--the doctor is sent for; and he is

We were lately favoured with the peruaddressed, paralleling again our players of sal of a Perth play-bill, in which Tam “Scotia's wild domain," with

O'Shanter, dramatized, is announced for " Doctor, doctor, can yon tell

performance as the afterpiece. A ludiWhat will make a sick man well ?"

crous mistake has occurred, however, in

the classification of the Dramatis Perand thereupon he enumerates cures which would have puzzled Galen, and put Hip: appear, in reading the lines

sone. The sapient playwright, it would pocrates to a “non-plus;" and he finally

“ Tam had got planted unco richt, agrees, as in the more classical drama of

Past by an ingle bleezin' finely, your correspondent, to cure our unbeliever

Wi' reaman' swats that drank dirinely," for a certain sum.

The “ last scene of all that ends this very naturally conceiving ream an' swats, strange eventful history' consists in the from the delectable style of their carous. entrance of the most diminutive of these ing, to be a brace of Tam's pot compaThespians, bearing, as did Æneas of old, nions, actually introduced them as such, his parent upon his shoulders, and reciting as we find in the bill that the characters this bit of good truth and joculation (per- of “Ream" and “ Swats" are to be per. mitting the word) by way of epilogue : sonated by two of the performers ! “ Here comes I, little Jobnny Jack,

This reminds us of an anecdote, conWith my wife and family at my back, nected with the same subject, which had Yet, though my body is but small,

its origin nearer home. Some time ago I'm the greatest rogue amongst ye all; we chanced to be in the shop of an elderly This is my scrip—so for Christmas cheer bookseller, when the conversation turned If you've any thing to give throw it in here." upon the identity of the characters introThis may be but an uninteresting tail. duced by Burns in his Tam O'Shanter. piece to your correspondent's clever com The bibliopole, who had spent the early munication, but still it is one, and makes part of his life in this neighbourhood, asthe picture he so well began of certain sured us that, "exceptin Kerr, he kent usages more full of point.

every body to leuk at that was mentionI doat upon old customs, and I love ed, frae Tam himsel doun to his mare hearty commemorations, and hence those Maggie." This being the first time we mimics of whom I have written--I mean

had ever heard Mr. Kerr's cognomen althe mummers---are my delight, and in the luded to, in connection with Tam O'Shanlaughter and merriment they create I for- ter, we expressed considerable surprise. get to be a critic, and cannot choose but and stated that he undoubtedly must have laugh in the fashion of a Democritus, be sae, but its a point easily sattled,” said

made a mistake in the name. rather than

weep

worlds away of a Diogenes.

he, racing down a copy of Burns from I am, &c. &c

the shelf. With “spectacles on nose,

he turned up the poem in question. "Ay, Little Chelsea,

ay,” said he, in an exulting tone, “I Jan, 4, 1826.

thocht I was na that far wrangIn the preface to Mr. Davies Gilbert's

“ Care mad to see a man sae happy, work on "Ancient Christmas Carols,"

E'n drowned himself amang the happy." there is an account of Cornish sports, Now, I kent twa or three o' the Kerr's

6 It may

in the style

J. S. jun.

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that leev't in the town-head, but I never faction, from an acre of snow : the effects could fin' out whilk o' them Burns had in of the load thus given to the air were soon his e'e when he wrote the poem.""

perceptible. On the 17th, a small brilliant meteor descended on the S. E. horizon about 6 p. m.

On the 18th, To Thespian ingenuity we are under an obligation for an invention of great the horns of the crescent were obtuse.

though the moon was still conspicuous, simplicity, which may be useful on many On the 19th appeared the Cirrus cloud, occasions, particularly to literary persons followed by the Cirrostratus. In the who are too far removed from the press afternoon a freezing shower from the eastto avail themselves of its advantages in ward glazed the windows, encrusted the printing short articles for limited distribu- walls, and encased the trees, the garments tion.

of passengers, and the very plumage of A Dramatic Printing Apparatus.

the birds with ice. Birds thus disabled

were seen lying on the ground in great Itinerant companies of co edians fre- numbers in different parts of the country. quently print their play-bills by the fol. Nineteen rooks were taken up alive by lowing contrivance : The form of letter is

one person at Castle Eaton Meadow, placed on a flat support, having ledges at Wilts. The composition of this frozen each side, that rise within about a thir- shower, examined on a sheet of paper, teenth of an inch of the inked surface of

was no less curious than these effects. It the letter. The damped paper is laid consisted of hollow spherules of ice, filled upon the letter so disposed, and previously with water; of transparent globules of inked, and a roller, covered with woollen hail; and of drops of water at the point cloth, is passed along the ledges over its of freezing, which became solid on touchsurface; the use of the ledges is to pre. ing the bodies they fell on. The thervent the roller from rising in too obtuse

mometer exposed from the window indi an angle against the first letters, or going cated 30,5°. This was at Plaistow. The off too abruptly from the last, which would shower was followed by a moderate fall cause the paper to be cut, and the im- of snow, From this time to the 24th, pression to be injured at the beginning there were variable winds and frequent and end of the sheet. The roller must falls of snow, which came down on the be passed across the page, for if it moves 22d in flakes as large as dollars, with in the order of the lines, the paper will sleet at intervals. On the 24th a steady bag a little between each, and the impres. rain from W. decided for a thaw. This sion will be less neat.

and the following night proved stormy:

the melted snow and rain, making about NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

two inches depth of water on the level, Mean Temperature .

35. 65.

descended suddenly by the rivers, and the

country was inundated to a greater extent January 17.

than in the year 1795. The River Lea

continued rising the whole of the 26th, Snow, &c.

remained stationary during the 27th, and

returned into its bed in the course of the On the 16th and 17th of January, 1809, two following days. The various chan Mr. Howard observed, that the snow ex- nels by which it intersects this part of the hibited the beautiful blue and pink shades country were united in one current, above at sunset which are sometimes obsery a mile in width, which flowed with great able, and that there was a strong evapora- impetuosity, and did much damage. From tion from its surface. A circular area, of breaches in the banks and mounds, the five inches diameter, lost 150 grains troy, different levels, as they are termed, of from sunset on the 15th to sunrise next cmbanked pasture land, were filled to the morning, and about 50 grains more by the depth of eight or nine feet. The cattle, following sunset; the gauge being exposed by great exertions, were preserved, being to a smart breeze on the house top. The mostly in the stall; and the inhabitants, curious reader may hence compute for driven to their upper sooms, were relieved himself, the enormous quantity raised in by boats plying under the windows. The those 24 hours, without any visible lique- Thames was so full during this time, that

no tide was perceptible; happily, how• Ayr Conrier.

ever, its bank suffered no injury; and the

Dr. Aikip's Athenstum.

recession of the water from the levels pro- closed with squally weather ; which, wito ceeded with little interruption till the 25d the frequent appearance of the rainbow, of February, when it nearly all subsided. indicated the approach of a drier atmoNo lives were lost in these parts; but sphere, a change on few occasions within several circumstar.ces concurred to render Mr. Howard's recollection more desirable. this inundation less mischievous than it Numerous inundations, consequent on might have been, from the great depth o. the thaw of the 24th, appear to have prebuow on the country. It was the time of vailed in low and level districts all along neap tide; the wind blew strongly from the east side of the island: but in no the westward, urging the water down the part with more serious destruction of proThames; while moonlight nights, and a perty, public works, and the hopes of the temperate atmosphere, were favourable to husbandman, than in the fens of Camthe poor, whose habitations were filled bridgeshire : where, by some accounts, with water. On the 28th appeared a 60,000, by others above 150,000 acres of lunar halo of the largest diameter. On land, were laid under deep water, through the 29th, after a fine morning, the wind an extent of 15 miles. Ii is a fact worth began to blow hard from the south, and preserving, that about 500 sacks filled during the whole night of the 30th it raged with earth, and laid on the banks of the with exculsive violence from the west, Old Bedford river, at various places, doing considerable damage. The baro- where the waters were then flowing over, meter rose, during this hurricane, one. proved effectual in saving that part of the tenth of an inch per hour. The remainder country from a general deluge. of the noon was stormy and wet, and it

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It's a custom at Highgate, that all who go through,
Must be sworn on the horns, sir !—and so, sir, must you !
Bring the horns ! shut the door!-now, sir, take off your hall-
When you come !.. re again, don't forget to mind that!

Hare you been sworn at Highgate ?" a little artifice easily detected who had is a question frequently asked in every not taken the oath, some perhaps expresspart of the kingdom; for, that such a cus ed a wish to submit to the ceremony. It tom exists in this village is known far and often happened however, that before these near, though many who inquire, and are facts could be ascertained “the horns" asked, remain ignorant of the ceremony. were brought in by the landlord, and ag As the practice

declining, diligence has soon as they appeared, enough were usually been exercised to procure information on present to enforce compliance. “The the spot, and from every probable source, horns," fixed on a pole of about five feet concerning this remarkable usage. in height, were erected, by placing the

The village of Highgate take its name pole upright on the ground, near the from the gate across the public road into person to be sworn, who was required London, opposite the chapel, which is to take off his hat, and all present having sometimes erroneously called the church, done the same, the landlord then, in a loud for it is, in fact, only a chapel of ease to voice, swore in the “party proponent." Hornsey church. This road runs through What is called the oath is traditional, and land belonging to the bishopric of Lon. varies verbally in a small degree. It has don, and was made, by permission of the been taken down in writing from the lips bishop in former times, probably when the of different persons who administer it, and whole of this spot, and the circumjacent after a careful collation of the different country, was covered with wood, and part versions the following may be depended on of the great forest of Middlesex, which, as correct.--The landlord, or the person according to Matthew Paris, was infested appointed by him to "swear in," proby wolves, stags, boars, and other wild claims aloud beasts, besides robbers. This gate, from “Upstanding and uncovered! Sibeing on the great northern eininence to lence !” Then he addresses himself to wards London, was called the high-gate; the person he swears in, thus : as the land became cleared wood, houses “TAKE NOTICE what I now say unto arose near the spot, and hence the village you, for that is the first word of your now called Highgate. It seems probable, path-mind that! You must acknowthat the first dwelling erected here was ledge me to be your adopted Father, I the gate-house. The occupier of the inn must acknowledge you to be my adopted of that name holds it under a lease from son (or daughter.) If you do not call me the bishop, under which lease he also father you forfeit a bottle of wine, if I do farms the bishop's toll. In the year 1769 not call you son, I forfeit the same. And the old gate-house, which extended over now, my good son, if you are travelling the road, was taken down, and the present through this village of Highgate, and you common turnpike-gate put up. So much, have no money in your pocket, go call for then, concerning Highgate, as introduc a bottle of wine at any house you think tory to the custom about to be related. proper to go into, and book it to your fa"Swearing on the horns," which now

ther's score.

If you have any friends with is “a custom more honour'd in the breach you, you may treat them as well, but if than in the observance," prevailed at you have money of your own, you must Highgate as a continual popular amuse pay for it yourself. For you must not ment and private annoyance. An old and say you have no money when you have, respectable inhabitant of the village says, neither must you convey the money out that sixty years ago upwards of eighty of your own pocket into your friends' stages stopped every day at the Red Lion, pockets, for I shall search you as well as and that out of every five passengers three them, and if it is found that you or they were sworn. It is a jocular usage of the have money, you forfeit a bottle of wine place, from beyond the memory of man, for trying to cozen and cheat your poor especially encouraged by certain of the old ancient father. You must not eat pillagers, to the private advantage of pub- brown bread while you can get white, exlic landlords. 'On the drawing up of cept you like the brown the best ; you coaches at the inn-doors, particular invi must not drink small beer while you can tations were given to the company to get strong, except you like the small the alight, and after as many as could be col- best. You must not kiss the maid while you lecter were got into a room for purposes of can kiss the mistress, except you like the refreshment, the subject of being

maid the best, but sooner than lose a at Highyate" was introduced, and while good chance you may kiss them both.

Sworn

1

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