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And now, my good son, fo: a word or two “mind that !' That is, that that “that," of advice. Keep from all houses of ill is “ that." repute, and every place of public resort for bad company:
Beware of false friends, for they will turn to be your foes, ministration or taking of this oath, than
There is no other formality in the ad. and inveigle you into houses where you may lose your money and get no redress, what is already described ; and the only Keep from thieves of every denomination. Other requisite for “a stranger in HighAnd now, my good son, I wish you a safe gate” to be told, is, that now in the year journey through Highgate and this life. 1826, there are nineteen licensed houses I charge you, my good son, that if you houses the "horns” are kept, and the oath
in this village, and that at each of these know any in this company who have not taken this oath, you must cause them to administered by the landlord or his take it, or make each of them forfeit a
deputy. bottle of wine, for if you fail
to do so you their signs are here eaumerated, with the
To note the capabilities of each house, wil forfeit a bottle of wine yourself. now, my son, God bless you! Kiss the quality of horns possessed by each. horos or a pretty girl if you see one lere,
1. TE GATE-HOUSE is taken first in which you like best, and so be free of order, as being best entitled to prority, Highgate !"
because it has the most respectable acIf a female be in the room she is usually commodation in Highgate. Besides the saluted, if not, the horns must be kissed: usual conveniences of stabling and beds, the option was not allowed formerly. As it has a coffee-room, and private rooms soon as the salutation is over the swearer
for parties, and a good assembly-room. in commands “silence !” and then ad- The horns there are Stag's. dressing himself to his new-made “son,"
2. Mitre, has Stag's horns. he says, “I have now to acquaint you
3. Green Dragon, Stag's horns. with your privilege as a freeman of this
4. Red Lion and Sun, Bullock's horns. place. If at any time you are going
The late husband of Mrs. Southo, the through Highgate and want to rest your present intelligent landlady of this house,
still lives in the recollection of many self, and you see a pig lying in a ditch
you have liberty to kick her out and take her inhabitants, as having been a most face
tious swearer in. place; but if you see three lying together you must only kick out the middle one 5. Bell, Stag's horns. This house now and lie between the other two! God only known as the sign of the “ Bell,” save the king !" This important privi. was formerly called the “Bell and Horns." 'ege of the freemen of Highgate was first About fifty years ago, it was kept by one discovered by one Joyce à blacksmith, Anderson, who had his “ horns" over his who a few years ago kept the Coach and door, to denote that persons were sworn Horses, and subjoined the agreeable in; Wright, the then landlord of the “ Red
there as well as at the Gate-house. formation to those whom " he swore in." When the situation of things and per- outrivalled, and hung out a pair of buli
Lion and Sun," determined not to be sons seems to require it, the “ bottle of wine" is sometimes compounded for by a
lock's horns so enormous in size, and modus of sundry glasses of“ grog," and in the « Bell and Horns;" at last, all the
otherwise so conspicuous, as to eclipse many cases a pot of porter.
public houses in the village got " horns,"
and swore in. It is within recollection There is one circumstance essential for that every house in Highgate had “ the a freeman of Highgate to remember, and horns" at the door as a permanent sign. * that is the first word of his oath,-mind 6. Coach and Horses, Ram's horns. that!" If he fail to recollect that, he is 7. Castle,
Ram's horns. subject to be resworn from time to time, 8. Red Lion,
Ram's horns. and so often, until he remember that. He 9. Wrestler's, is therefore never to forget the injunction 10. Bull,
Stag's horns. before he swears, to take notice what is 11. Lord Nelson, said, “ for that is the first word of your 12. Duke of Wellington,
Stag's horns. oath-mind that!" Failure of memory
This house is at the bottom of Highgate is deemed want of comprehension, which Hill, towards Finchley, in the angle is no plea in the high court of Highgate formed by the intersection of the old road
over the hill, and the road through the one of the figures, which not being the archway to Holloway. It therefore com- landlord, who is the most important chamands the Highgate entrance into Lon- racter, no way affects the general fidelity don, and the landlord avails himself of of the scenes sometimes exhibited in the his “eminence" at the foot of the hill, by parlour of the Fox and Crown. proffering his “ horns" to all who desire to be free of Highgate.
It is not uncommon for females to be 13. Crown, Stag's horns. This is
sworn at Highgate.” On such occathe first public house in Highgate coming sions the word * daughter” is substituted from Holloway.
for “son," and other suitable alterations 14. Duke's Head,
are made in the formality. Anciently there 15. Cooper's Arms, Ram's horns.
was a register kept at the gate-house, 16. Rose and Crown, Stag's horns. wherein persons enrolled their names 17. Angel,
Stag?s horns. when sworn there, but the book unac18. Flask,
countably disappeared many years ago. This old house is now shut up. It is Query. Is it in Mr. Upcott's collection of at the top of Highgate Hill, close by the
autographs ? pond, which was formed there by a hermit,
There seems to be little doubt, that the who caused gravel to be excavated for the usage first obtained at the Gate-house ; making of the road from Highgate to where, as well as in other public houses, Islington, through Holloway. of this though not in all, at this time, deputies labour old Fuller speaks, he calls it a
are employed to swear in. An old inha" tovo-handed charity, providing water en bitant," who formerly kept a licensed the hill where it was wanting, and cleanli- house, says, “Ia my time nobody came ness in the valley which before, especially to Highgate in any thing of a carriage, in winter, was passed with difficulty.” without being called upon to be sworn in.
19. Fox and Crown. Ram's Horns. There was so much doing in this way at This house, commonly called the “ Fox”
one period, that I was obliged to hire a and the “ Fox under the Hill,” is nearly man as a swearer-in:' I have sworn in at the top of the road from Kentish Town from a hundred to a hundred and twenty 10 Highgate, and though not the most in a day. Bodies of tailors used to come remarked perhaps, is certainly the most remarkable house for “ swearing on the up here from town, bringing five or six
new shopmates with them to be swom; horns." Guiver, the present landlord, and I have repeatedly had parties of la(January 1826) came to the house about dies and gentlemen in private carriages Michaelmas 1824, and many called
come up purposely to be made free of upon him to be swom in; not having Highgate in the same way." practised he was unqualified to indulge Oficers of the guards and other regithe requisitionists, and very soon finding, ments repeatedly came to the Gate-house that much of the custom of his house de- and called for the horns." Dinner partics pended on the “custom of Highgate," and
were formed there for the purpose of iniimagining that he had lost something by tiating strangers, and as pre-requisite for his indifference to the usage, he boldly admission to sundry convivial societies, determined to obtain " indemnity for the
now no more, the freedom of Highgate past, and security for the future. There
was indispensable. upon he procured babiliments, and an assistant, and he is now an office-bearer as regards the aforesaid “manner" of High. Concerning the origin of this custom, gate, and exercises his faculties so as to there are two or three sories. One is, dignify the custom. Robed in a domino that it was devised by a landlord, who had with a wig and mask, and a hook wherein lost his licence, as a means of covering is written the oath, he recites it in this the sale of his liquors ; to this there seems costume as he reads it through a pair of no ground of credit. spectacles. The staff with “ the horns" is Another, and a probable account, is, to held by an old villager who acts as clerk, this effect - That Highgate being the place
every full stop, calls aloud, nearest to London where cattle rested on ** Amen !" This performance furnishes their way from the north for sale in Smiththe representation of the present engrav- field, certain graziers were accustomed to ing from a sketch by Mr. George Cruik. put up at the Gate-house for the night, shank. He has waggishly misrepresented but as they could not wholly exclude
strangers, who like themselves were tra- from his stores an illustration of the velling on their business, they brought an curious fact it relates to. “ It may be ox to the door, and those who did not mentioned,” The Times says,
as a sinchoose to kiss its horns, after going gular species of infatuation, that many through the ceiemony described, were not Portuguese residing in Brazil as well as deemed fit members of their society. Portugal, still believe in the coming of
Sebastian, the romantic king, who was It is imagined by some, because it is so killed in Africa about the year 1578, in a stated in a modern book or two as likely, pitched battle with the emperor Muley that the horns were adopted to swear Moluc. Some of these old visionaries this whimsical oath upon, because it was will go out, wrapped in their large cloaks, tendered at the parish of Horns-ey, where on a windy night, to watch the move. in Highgate is situated.
ments of the heavens, and frequently, if The reader may choose either of these an exhalation is seen flitting in the air, origins; he has before him all that can be resembling a falling star, they will cry known upon the subject.
out, “ there he comes !” Sales of horses
aud other things are sometimes effected, An anecdote related by Mrs. Southo of it was this fact that induced Junot, when
payable at the coming of king Sebastian the Red Lion and Sun, may, or may not, asked what he would be able to do with be illustrative of this custom. She is a
the Portuguese, to answer, what can I do native of Hoddesdon in Hertfordshire, with a people who are still waiting for where her father kept the Griffin, and she the coming of the Messiah and king Sesays, that when any fresh waggoner came bastian ?" to that house with his team, a drinking
This superstitious belief is mentioned horn, holding about a pint, fixed on a
in a MS. Journal of a Residence at Lis. stand made of four rams' horns, was
bon in 1814, written by an individual brought out of the house, and elevated personally known to the editor, who exabove his head, and he was compelled to tracts from the narrative as follows :pay a gallon of beer, and to drink out of the horn. She never heard how the usage the master of the family to cater for the
It is the daily practice at Lisbon for originated ; it had been observed, and the stand of rams' horns had been in the ancient usage, he must either employ and
wants of his table himself. According to nouse, from time immemorial.
pay a porter to carry home his purchases
at market, or send a servant for them. A NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
certain doctor, well known to be a lover
of fish, and an enthusiastic expectant of Mean Temperature . . . 35. 52.
Don Sebastian, was watched several days in the fish market by some knavish youths,
who contrived a trick upon him. One January 18.
morning, they observed him very intent
upon a fine large fish, yet disagreeing St. Priscian.
with the fishmonger as to its price. One In the church of England calendar. of these knaves managed to inform the
man, if he would let the doctor have the OLD TWELFTH DAY.
fish at his own price he would pay the This is still observed in some parts of difference, and the fishmonger soon conEngland
cluded the bargain with the doctor. As Don Sebastian.
soon as he was gone, one of the party,
without the fishmonger's knowledge, inIn default of holiday making by the sinuated down the fish's throat a scroll of editor, who during the Christmas season parchment ouriously packed, and shortly has been employed in finishing the afterwards, the doctor's servant arrived indexes, which will be in the readers' hands for his master's purchase. On opening in few days to enable them to complete the fish, in order to its being cooked, the thenret volume of this work, he has now parchment deposit was found, and the and then turned to his collections to re- credulous man, to his astonishment and lieve ene wearisomeness of his occupation, delight, read as follows:und finding the following anecdote in “Worthy and well-beloved Signor The Times” of Dec. 1825, he subjoins
respected by the saints and dox
revered by men. From our long obsery.
Feast of Lanthorns.
This is a festival with the Chinese on explained hereafter. Know, that by the the fifteenth day of the first month of their element of water, by which we make this year. It is so called from the great numknown, we shall return. Not far from ber of lanthorns hung out of the houses, Fort St. Juliana is a spot thou knowest and in the streets; insomuch that it rawell, a smooth declivity towards the sea;
ther appears a season of madness, than of it is there we first shail touch the shore feasting. On this day are exposed lantof our loved Portugal to-morrow's night horns of all prices, whereof some are said at twelve. Be thou there alone, and
to cost two thousand crowds. Some of softly gliding on the water's surface a their grandees retrench somewhat every small boat shall appear. Be silent and re
dry out of their table, their dress, their main quiet on our appearance, for until we equipage, &c. to appear the more magnican join our prayers with thine thou must
ficent in lanthorns. They are adorned with not speak ; load not thyself with coin, for gilding, sculpture, painting, japanning, soon as dawn appears a troop of goodly &c. and as to their size, it is extravagant ; horse from Cintra's Road will rise upon
some are from twenty-five to thirty feet thy view. But be not destitute of where- diameter; they represent halls and chamwith to bear thine expense. All thy future bers. Two or three such machines togelife shall be thy prince's care.
ther would make handsome houses. In
lanthorns of these dimensions the Chinese “ SEBASTIAN."
are able to eat, lodge, receive visits, have
balls, and act plays. The great multiThe trick succeeded ; for the next day tude of smaller lanthorns usually consist the doctor left Lisbon as privately as pos- of six faces or lights, each about four feet sible, while his trepanners who had watch- high, and one and a half broad, framed ed him quickly followed, two in a boat in wood finely gilt and adorned; over hired for the purpose, and two on shore, these are stretched a fine transparent silk, to make a signal. The boat arrived at curiously painted with flowers, trees, and the appointed hour, and the doctor ex
sometimes human figures. The colours pected nothing less than the landing of are extremely bright; and when the the long expected and well-beloved Sebas- torches are lighted, they appear highly tian. It reached the shore, and by those beautiful and surprising. who stepped out and their confederates concealed on the beach, the doctor was eased of some doubloons he had with
French Lark Shooting. him, received a cool dip in the water, and was left on the beach to bewail his folly. To the gentleman whose letter from The story soon got wind, and now (in Abbeville, descriptive of “ Wild fow. 1814) there are wags who, when they shooting in France," is on p. 1575 of observe the doctor coming, affect to see vol. I., the editor is indebted for another something in the sky; this hint con on “ Lark shooting,” which is successfully cerning Don Sebastian's appearance is practised there by a singular device unusually intimated beyond the reach of the known to sportsmen in this country. doctor's cane.
• To his former letter J. J.H. are printed as his inftials by mistake, instead of J. H. H.
As far-off islanders,
Abbeville. Partridge and quail shooting cease in
this delightful part of the world about the If I do not send you your wished for middle of October, for by that time the wood cuts I at least keep my promise of partridges are so very wild and wary that letting you hear from me. I told you in there is no getting near them. The reamy last you should have soinething about son of this is, that our felds here are all our lark-shooting, and so you shall, and open without either bedge or ditch, and at this time too; though I assure you when the corn and hemp are off, the stubwriting flying as I almost do, is by no ble is pulled up so close by the poor peomeans so agreeable to me as shooting fly- ple for fuel, that there is no cover for paring, which is the finest sport imaginable. iridges ; as to the quails, they are all When I come home I will tell you all either “ killed off," or take their deparabout it, for the present I can only ac- ture for a wilder climate; and then there quaint you with enough to let you into is nothing left for the French gentry to the secret of the enjoyment that I should amuse themselves with but lark-shooting. always find in France, if I had no other These birds are attracted to any given attraction to the country. I must "level" spot in great numbers by a singular conat once, for I have no time to spare, and trivance, called a miroir. This is a small 50 “ here goes," as the boy says.
machine, made of a piece of mahogany,