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shaped like a chapeau bras, and highly way and that way, and all ways together," polished; or else it is made of common as if nothing had happened. wood, inlaid with small bits of looking Larks in France fetch from three to four glass, so as to reflect the suns rays up sous a piece. In winter, however, when wards. It is fixed on the top of a thin they are plentiful, they are seldom caten, iron rod, or upright spindle, dropped because here they are always dressed with through an iron loop or ring attached to the trail, like snipes and woodcocks; but a piece of wood, to drive into the ground for this mode of cooking they are not fitas hete represented.

ted when the snow is on the ground, because they are then driven to eat turnip. tops, and other watery herbs, which communicate an unpleasant flavour to the trail. Were you here at the season, to eat larks in their perfection, and dressed as we dress them, I think your praise of the cooking would give me the laugh against you, if you ever afterwards ventured to declaim against the use of the gun, which, next to my pencil, is my greatest hobby. I send you a sketch of the sport, with the boy at the twirler

do what you like with it. I rather think I did not tell you in my last, that the decoy ducks, used in wildfowl shooting, are made of wood-any stump near at hand is hacked out any how for the body, while a small limb of any tree is thrust into the stump for the

duck's neck, and one of the side branches By pulling a string fastened to the left short makes his head. These ducks spindle, the miroir twirls, and the reflect answer the purpose with their living proed light unaccountably attracts the larks, totypes, who fly by moonlight, and have who hover over it, and become a mark for not a perfect view, and don't stay for dişthe sportsman, In this way I have had tinctions, like philosophers. capital sport. A friend of mine actually It will not be long before I'm off for shot six dozen before breakfast. While he England, and then, &c. sat on the ground he pulled the twirler

&c. himself, and his dogs fetched the birds as

J. H. H. they dropped. However, I go on in the common way, and employ a boy to work

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. the twirler. Ladies often partake in the Mean Temperature ...37.02. amusement on a cold dry morning, pot by shooting but by watching the sport. So many as ten or a dozen parties are some

January 20. times out together, firing at a distance of about five hundred yards apart, and in

Fabian, this

way the larks are constantly kept on In the church of England calendar. the wing. The most favourable mornings are when there is a gentle light frost, with little or no wind, and a clear sky-- for

The dedication of each day in the year, when there are clouds the larks will not by the Romish church, in honour of a approach. One would think the birds saint, which converts every day into a festhemselves enjoyed their destruction, for tival, is a fact pretty well known to the :he fascination of the twirler is so strong, readers of the Every-Day Book. It is as to rob them of the usual “ fruits of ex also generally known, that in certain alperience.” After being fired at several manacs every part of the human body is times they return to the twirler, and form distributed among the days throughout again into groupes above it. Some of the year, as subjects of diurnal influence ; them even Hy down and settle on the but it is not perhaps so well known, that ground, within a yard or two of the assonishing instrument, looking at it “this

. See rol. i. p. 185.

Į am,



every joint of each finger on each hand machine called a warming-pan. Your was appropriated to some saint. The bed will be warmed by your owo beat, proof of this is supplied by two very old and if you have not eaten a meat supper, orints, from engravings on wood, at the or drank spirits, you will sleep well and British Museum. They are among a col- warm all night. Calico sheets are adapted section of ancient wood cuts pasted in a to this season-blankets perhaps are betfolio volume. It would occupy too much ter; but as they absorb perspiration they room to give copies of these representa- should be washed before they come into tions in fac-simile: the curiously inclined, use with sheets in summer time. who have access to the Museum printroom, may consult the originals; general

Extraordinary sleeper, readers may be salisfied with the follow. Samuel Clinton, of Timbury, Dear Bath, ing description :

a labouring man, about twenty-five years Right Hund.

of age, had frequently slept, without inter

mission, for several weeks. On the 13th The top joint of the thumb is dedicated of May, 1694, he fell into a profound to God; the second joint to the Virgin; sleep, out of which he could by no means the top joint of the fore finger to Barna. be roused by those about hita'; but after bas, the second joint to John, the third

a month's time, he rose of himself, put on 10 Paul; the top joint of the second fin- his clothes, and went about his business Simeon Cleophas, the second

as usual. From that time to the 9th of joint to Tathideo, the third to Joseph; April following he remained free from the top joint of the third finger to Zac

any extraordinary drowsiness, but then cheus, the second to Stephen, the third 10

fell into another protracted sleep: His Luke; the top joint of the little finger friends were prevailed on to try what reto Leatus, the second to Mark, the third medies might effect, and accordingly he joint to Nicodemus.

was bled, blistered, cupped, and scarified, Left Hand.

but to no purpose.

In this manner be The top joint of the thumb is dedicated lay till the 7th of August, when he awakin Christ, the second joint to the Virgin; ed, and went into the fields, where he the top joint of the fore finger to St. found people busy in getting in the harJames, the second to St. John the evange- vest, and remembered that when he fell list, the third to St. Peter; the first joint asleep they were sowing their oats and of the second finger to St. Simon, the se- barley. From that time he remained weil cond joint to St. Matthew, the third to St. till the 17th of August, 1697, when he James the great; the top joint of the complained of a shivering, and, after some third finger to St. Jude, the second joint disorder of the stomach, the same day fell to St. Bartholomew, the third to St. An- fast asleep again. Dr. Oliver went to see drew; the top joint of the little finger to him; he was then in an agreeable warmth, St. Matthias, the second joint to St. Tho- but without the least sign of his being mas, the third joint to St. Philip.

sensible; the doctor then held a phial of

sal-ammoniac under his nose, and inNATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

jected about half an ounce up one of his Mean Temperature...36.92. nostrils, but it only made his nose run

and his eyelids shiver a little. The doc

tor then filled his nostrils with powder of January 21.

white hellebore, but the man did not dis St. Agnes.

cover the least uneasiness. About ten In the church of England calendar.

days after, the apothecary took fourteen

ounces of blood from his arm without his How to sleep well in cold weather. making the least motion during the opeObtain a free circulation of the blood ration. The latter end of September Dr. by walking, or other wholesome exercise, Oliver again visited him, and a gentleso as to procure a gentle glow over the man present ran a large pin into his arm entire surface of the body. Hasten to to the bone, but he gave not the least sign your chamber, undress yourself quickly, 19th of November, when his mother hear

of feeling. In this manner he lay ill the and jump into bed without suffering its temperature to be heightened by the ing him make a noise ran immediately to

him, and asked him how he did, and what he would have to eat? to which he re

• See vol. i.



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A hard frost is a season of holidays in round the fires, and unfolded it as then London. The scenes exhibited are too customers came in and required it. The agreeable and ludicrous for the pen to market gardeners also felt the severity of describe. They are for the pencil; and the weather-it stopped their labours, and Mr. Cruikshank's is the only one equal some of the men, attended by their wives, to the series. In a work like this there went about in parties, and with frosted is no room for their display, yet he has greens fixed at the tops of rakes and hoes, hastily essayed the preceding sketch in a uttered the ancient cry of “ Pray reshort hour. It is proper say, that how- member the gardeners ! Remember the ever gratifying the representation may be poor frozen out gardeners !** to the reader, the friendship that extorted it is not ignorant that scarcely a tithe of either the time or space requisite has

The Apparition. been afforded Mr. Cruikshank for the sub- 'Twas silence all, the rising moon ject. It conveys some notion however of

With clouds had veil'd her light, part of the doings on “the Serpentine in The clock struck twelve, when, lo ! I saw Hyde-park” when the therinometer is

A very chilling sight. below « freezing,” and every drop of water depending from trees and eaves be- Pale as a snow-ball was its face, comes solid, and hangs

Like icicles its hair ; “like a diamond in the sky."

For mantle, it appeared to me The ice-bound Serpentine is the resort of

A sheet of ice lo wear. every one who knows how or is learning Tho' seldom given to alarm, to skate, and on a Sunday its broad sur l'faith, I'll not dissemble, face is covered with gazers who have “as My teeth all chatter'd in my head, much right” to be on it as skaters, and

And every joint did tremble. therefore “stand” upon the right to interrupt the recreation they came to see.

At last, I cried, “Pray who are you,
This is especially the case on a Sunday.

And wbither do you go?"
The entire of this canal from the wall of Methought the phantom thus replied,
Kensington-gardens to the extremity at

“ My name is Sally Snow;
the Knightsbridge end was, on Sunday My father is the Northern Wind,
the 15th of January, 1826, literally My mother's name was Water;
a mob of skaters and gazers. At one Old parson Winter married them,
period it was calculated that there were And I'm their hopeful Daughter.
not less than a hundred thousand persons
upon this single sheet of ice.

“ I have a lover-Jackey Frost,

My dad the match condemns ; The coachmen on the several roads, par. I've run from home to-vight to meet ticularly on the western and northern My love upon the Thames." Foads, never remembered a severer frost

stopp'd Miss Snow in ber discourse, than they experienced on the Sunday

This answer just to cast in, night just mentioned. Those who recol

I hope, if John and you unite, lected that of 1814, when the Thames Your union wo'n't be lasting !

frozen over, and booths raised on the ice, declared that they did not “ Besides, if you should marry him, feel it so severely, as it did not come But ill you'd do, that I know ; on so suddenly. The houses and trees in For surely Jackey Frost must be the country had a singular appearance on

A very slippery fellow." the Monday, owing to the combination of She sat her down before the fire, frost and fog; the trees, and fronts of

My wonder now increases; houses, and even the glass was covered For she I took to be a maid. with thick white frost, and was no more Then tumbled into pieces ! transparent than ground-glass.

Butchers, in the suburbs, where the frost For air, thin air, did Hamlet's ghost, was felt more keenly than in the metro- But what I saw, and now describe,

His foremost cock-crow barter ; polis, were obliged to keep their shops

Resolv'd itself to water. shut in order to keep out the frost; many of them carried the meat into their parlours, and kept it folded up in cloths

Morning Herald, 16th January, 1826.


Great FROST, 1814.

pace. There were frequent meetings of The severest and most remarkable carriages, and great mischief ensued. frost in England of late years, commenced Foot passengers, alarmed at the idea of in December, 1813, and generally being run down, exclaimed, “Who is called “the Great Frost in 1814," was coming ?”—“Mind !” — " Take care !" preceded by a great fog, which came on &c. Females who ventured abroad were with the evening of the 27th of Decem- in great peril; and innumerable people ber, 1813. It is described as a darkness lost their way. that might be felt. Cabinet business of After the fogs, there were heavier great importance had been transacted, falls of snow than had been within the and lord Castlereagh left London about memory of man. With only short intertwo hours before, to embark for the con vals, it snowed incessantly for forty-tight tinent. The prince regent, (since George hours, and this after the ground was IV.) proceeding towards Hatheld on a covered with ice, the result of nearly four visit to the marquis of Salisbury, was

weeks continued frost. During this long obliged to return to Carlton-house, after period, the wind blew almost continually being absent several hours, during which from the north and north-east, and the period the carriages had not reached be- cold was intense. A short thaw of about yond Kentish-town, and one of the out one day, rendered the streets almost imriders fell into a ditch. Mr. Croker, se- passable. The mass of snow and water cretary of the admiralty, on a visit north was so thick, that hackney-coaches with ward, wandered likewise several hours in an additional horse, and other vehicles, making a progress not more than three or could scarcely plough their way through. four miles, and was likewise compelled to Trade and calling of all kinds in the put back. It was “darkness that might be streets were nearly stopped, and consifelt.”

derably increased the distresses of the On most of the roads, excepting the industrious. Few carriages, even stages, high North-road, travelling was performed could travel the roads, and those in the with the utmost danger, and the mails neighbourhood of London seemed dewere greatly impeded.

serted. From many buildings, icicles, a On the 28th, the Maidenhead coach yard and a half long, were seen suspended. coming to London, missed the road near The water-pipes to the houses were all Hartford bridge and was overturned. frozen, and it became necessary to have Lord Hawarden was among the passen. plugs in the streets for the supply of all gers, and severely injured.

ranks of inhabitants. The Thames, from On the 29th, the Birmingham mail London Bridge to Blackfriars, was comwas nearly seven hours in going from the pletely blocked up at ebb-tide for nearly Post-office to a mile or two below Ux a fortnight Every pond and river near bridge, a distance of twenty miles only: the metropolis was completely frozen. and on this, and other evenings, the short Skating was pursued with great avidity stages in the neighbourhood of London on the Canal in St. James's, and the Serhad two persons with links, running by pentine in Hyde-park. On Monday the the horses' heads. Pedestrians carried 10th of January, the Canal and the Basin links or lanterns, and many, who were in the Green-park were conspicuous for not so provided, lost themselves in the the number of skaters, who administered most frequented, and at other times wello to the pleasure of the throngs on the known streets. Hackney-coachmen mis- banks; some by the agility and grace of took the pathway for the road, and the their evolutions, and others by tumbles greatest confusion prevailed.

and whimsical accidents from clumsy atOn the 31st, the increased fog in the tempts. A motley collection of all orders metropolis was, at night, truly alarming. seemed eager candidates for applause. It required great attention and thorough The sweep, the dustman, the drummer, kouwledge of the public streets to pro- the beau, gave evidence of his own good ceed any distance, and persons who had opinion, and claimed that of the belies who material business to transact were un

viewed his movements. In Hyde-park, a avoidably compelled to carry torches. distinguished order of visitors The lamps appeared through the haze like crowded the banks of the Serpentine. small candles. Careful hackney-coach- Ladies, in robes of the richest fur, bid demen got off the box and led their horses, fiance to the wintry winds, and ventured while others drove only at a walking on the frail surface. Skaters, in great


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