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in abundance, and passengers were invited were nine men in it, but in their alarm to eat by way of recording their visit. they neglected the fire and candles, which Several tradesmen, who at other times communicating with the covering, set it were deemed respectable, attended with in a flame. They succeeded in getting their wares, and sold bonks, toys, and into a lighter which had broken from its trinkets of almost every description. moorings.

In this vessel they were Towards the evening, the concourse wrecked, for it was dashed to pieces thioned; rain began to fall, and the ice to against one of the piers of Blackfriars crack, and on a sudden it floated with Bridge: seven of them got on the pier the printing presses, booths, and merry- and were taken off safely; the other two makers, to the no small dismay of pub- got into a barge while passing Puddlelicans, typographers, shopkeepers, and dock. sojourners.

On this day, the Thames towards high A short time previous to the general tide (about 3 p. m.) presented a miniature dissolution, a person near one of the idea of the Frozen Ocean ; the masses of printing presses, handed the following ice floating along, added to the great jeu d'esprit to its conductor; request- height of the water, formed a striking ing that it might be printed on the scene for contemplation. Thousands of Thames.

disappointed persons thronged the banks; To Madam Tabitha Thar.

and many a 'prentice, and servant maid, “ Dear dissolving dame,

sighed unuiterable things," at the sud

den and unlooked for destruction of « FATHER Frost and SISTER Snow

“ FROST FAJR." have Boneyed my borders, formed an idol

Monday, Feb. 7. Immense fragments of ice upon my bosom, and all the Lads of ice yet Hoated, and numerous lighters, OF LONDON come to make merry : now as broken from their moorings, drifted in you love mischief, treat the multitude different parts of the river; many of them with a few cracks by a sudden visit, and

were complete wrecks. The frozen ele-
obtain the prayers of the poor upon both ment soon attained its wonted fluidity,
banks. Given at my own press, the 5th and old Father Thames looked as cheerful
Feb. 1814.
Tuomas TUAMES."

and as busy as ever.
The thaw advanced more rapidly than
indiscretion and heedlessness retreated.

The severest English winter, however Two genteel-looking young men ven- astonishing to ourselves, presents no views tured on the ice above Westminster comparable to the winter scenery of more Bridge, notwithstanding the warnings of northern countries. A philosopher and the watermen. A large mass on which poet of our own days, who has been, also they stood, and which had been loosened

a traveller, beautifully describes a lake in by the flood tide, gave way, and they Germany:floated down the stream. As they passed under Westminster Bridge they cried Christmas out of doors at Ratzburg. piteously for help. They had not gone far before they sat down, near the edge;

By S. T. COLERIDGE, Esq this overbalanced the mass, they were

The whole lake is at this time one mass precipitated into the flood, and over- of thick transparent ice, a spotless mirror whelmed for ever.

of nine miles in extent! The lowness of A publican named Lawrence, of the the hills, which rise from the shores of the Feathers, in High Timber-street, Queen- lake, preclude the awful sublimity of Al. hithe, erected a booth on the Thames pine scenery, yet compersate for the want opposite Brook's-wharf, for the accom- of it, by beauties of which this very lowmodation of the curious. At nine at night ness is a necessary condition. Yesterday he left it in the care of two men, taking I saw the lesser lake completely hidden away all the liquors, except some gin, by mist; but the moment the sun peeped which he gave them for their own use. over the hill, the mist broke in the mid

Sunday, Feb. 6. At two o'clock this dle, and in a few seconds stood divided, mo.ning, the tide began to flow with leaving a broad road all across the lake; great rapidity at London Bridge; the and between these two walls of mist the thaw assisted the efforts of the tide, and sunlight burnt upon the ice, forming a the booth last mentioned was violently road of golden fire, intolerably bright! hurried towards Blackfriars Bridge. There and the mist walls themselves partook of


upon it




the blaze in a multitude of shining co- It was indeed for all of us, to me lours. This is our second post. About a It was a time of rapture ! clear and loud month ago, before the thaw came on, The village clock tolled six! I wheel'd about there was a storm of wind; during the Proud and exulting, like an untired horse whole night, such were the thunders and

That cared not for its home. All shod with bowlings of the breaking ice, that they We bissed along the polished ice, in games

steel have left a conviction on my mind, that there are sounds more sublime than any And woodland pleasures, the resounding

Confederate, imitative of the chase sight can be, more absolutely suspending

horn, the power of comparison, and more utterly The pack loud bellowing and the hunted absorbing the mind's self-consciousness in

hare. its total attention to the object working So through the darkness and the cold we Part of the ice, wbich the vehe.

flew, mence of the wind had shattered, And not a voice was idle ; with the din, driven shoreward, and froze anew. On Meanwhile the precipices rang aloud, the evening of the next day at sunset, the The leafless trees and every icy crag shattered ice thus frozen appeared of a

Tinkled like iron, while the distant hills deep blue, and in shape like an agitated Into the tumult sent an alien sound sea; beyond this, the water that ran up

Of melancholy-not unnoticed, while the between the great islands of ice which Eastward, were sparkling clear, and in the had preserved their masses entire and smooth, shone of a yellow green; but all The orange sky of evening died away. these scattered ice islands themselves were of an intensely bright blood colour-they

Not seldom from the uproar I retired

Into a silent bay, or sportively seemed blood and light in union! On some of the largest of these islands, the

Glanced sideway, leaving the tumultuous fishermen stood pulling out their immense To cut across the image of a star

throng nets through the holes made in the ice for That gleamed upon the ice ; and oftentimes this purpose, and the men, their net poles, Where we had given our bodies to the wind, and iheir huge nets, were a part of the And all the shadowy banks on either side glory say rather, it appeared as if the rich Came sweeping through the darkness, shuncrimson light had shaped itself into these

ning still forms, figures, and attitudes, to make a The rapid line of motion, then at once glorious vision in mockery of earthly Have I, reclining back upon my heels, things.

Stopped short; yet still the solitary cliffs The lower lake is now all alive with Wheeled by me even as if the earth had skaters and with ladies driven onward


With visible motion her diurnal round ! by them in their ice cars. Mercury surely Behind me did they stretch in solemn was the first maker of skates, and the

trajn wings at his feet are symbols of the in- Feebler and feebler, and I stood and vention. In skating, there are three pleas- watched ng circumstances the infinitely subtle Till all was tranquil as a summer sea. Particles of ice which the skaters cut up,

Wordsworth. and which creep and run before the skate like a low mist and in sunrise or sunset

Skating. become coloured; second, the shadow of the skater in the water, seen through the

The earliest notice of skating in Engtransparent ice; and third, the melan- land is obtained from the earliest descrip choly undulating sound from the skate tion of London. Its historian relates not without variety; and when very many that,“ when the great fenne or moore are skating together, the sounds and the (which watereth the walles of the citie on noises give an impulse to the icy trees,

the north side) is frozen, many young and the woods all round the lake trinkle. men play upon the yce.” 'Happily, and

probably for want of a term to call it by,

he describes so much of this pastime in In the frosty season when the sun

Moorfields, as acquaints us with their Was set, and visible for many a mile,

mode of skating : “ Some," he says, The cottage windows through the twiligbt “stryding as wide as they may, doe slide blazed,

swiftly,” this then is sliding; but he proI heeded not the summons ;-happy time ceeds to tell us, that “ some tye bones to


them. I

their feele, and under their heeles, and shoving themselves by a little picked staffe doe slide as swiftly as a birde flyeth

January 23. in the air, or an arrow out of a crossebuw." Here, although the implements

1826. Hilary Term begins. were rude, we have skaters; and it seems

LARRING. that one of their sports was for two to start a great way off opposite to each

It appears that our ingenious neighother, and when they met, to lift their bours, the French, are rivalled by the poles and strike each other, when one or

lark-catchers of Dunstaple, in the mode both fell, and were carried to a distance of attracting those birds. from each other by the celerity of their motion. Of the present wooden skates,

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. shod with iron, there is no doubt, we ob

6, Bermondsey New Roadtained a knowledge from Holland. The icelanders also used the shank

January 18, 1826. bone of a deer or sheep about a foot long, In the present volume of your Everywhich they greased, because they should Day Book, p. 93, a correspondent at Abnot be stopped by drops of water upon beville has given an account of lark

shooting in that country, in which he It is asserted in the " Encyclopædia mentions a machine called a miroir, as Britannica,” that Edinburgh produced having been used for the purpose of atmore instances of elegant skaters than tracting the birds within shot. Perhaps perhaps any other country, and that the you are not aware that in many parts of institution of a skating club there contri- England a similar instrument is employed buted to its improvement. I have for catching the lark when in flight, and at however seen, some years back," says Dunstaple. At that place, persons go Mr. Strutt, " when the Serpentine river out with what is called a larking glass, was frozen over, four gentlemen there which is, if I may so term it, a machine dance, if I may be allowed the expression, made somewhat in the shape of a cucuma double minuet in skates with as much ber. This invention is hollow, and has ease, and I think more elegance, than in holes cut round it, in which bits of looka ball room ; others again, by turning and ing-glass are fitted; it is fixed on a pole, winding with inuch adroitness, have rea- and has a sort of reel, from which a line dily in succession described upon the ice runs; this line, at a convenient distance, is the form of all the letters in the alphabet.” worked backward and forward, so as to The same may be observed there during catch the rays of the sun : the larks seeing every frost, but the elegance of skaters on themselves in the glass, as some think, that sheet of water is chiefly exhibited in but more probably blinded by the glare quadrilles, which some parties go through of it, come headlong down to it, a net is with a beauty scarcelý imaginable by drawn over them, and thus many are those who have not seen graceful skating. taken, deceived like ourselves with glitIn variety of attitude, and rapidity of tering semblances. Yes ! lords as we deem movement, the Dutch, who, of necessity, ourselves of the creation, we are as easily journey long distances on their rivers and lured by those who bait our passions or canals, are greatly our superiors. propensities, as those poor birds. This

simple truth I shall conclude with the fola NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

lowing lines, which, be they good, bad, Mean Temperature ... 36 • 35. or indifferent, are my own, and such as

they are I give them to thee ::
As in the fowler's glass the lark espies
His feath'ry form from ’midst unclouded skies;
And pleased, and dazzled with the novel sight,
Wings to the treacherous earth his rapid Right,
So, in the glass of self conceit we view
Our soul's attraction, and pursue it too,

• Fitzstephen.
+ Posbroke's Prict. of Antiquities

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in gold, or land,

cery shape wherein it may arise, And in the wary net are captive talen,


or love before our eyes,


M-an Temperature ... 36.57.

S. R. Jackson.

January 24. The scenes and weather which sometimes prevail on the Vigil of St. Paul are described in some verses inserted by Dr. Forster in his “ Perennial Ca


St. Paul's Eve.
Winter's white shrowd doth cover all the grounde,

And Caecias blows his bitter blaste of woe ;
The ponds and pooles, and streams in ice are bounde,

And famished birds are shivering in the snowe.
Still round about the house they fitting goe,

And at the windows seek for scraps of foode
Which Charity with hand profuse doth throwe,

Right weeting that in need of it they stoode,
For Charity is shown by working creatures' goode.
The sparrowe pert, the chaffinche


and cleane,
The redbreast welcome to the cotter's house,
The livelie blue tomtit, the oxeye greene,

The dingie dunnock, and the swart colemouse;
The titmouse of the marsh, the nimble wrenne,

The bullfinch and the goldspinck, with the king
Of birds the goldcrest. The thrush, now and then,

The blackbird, wont to whistle in the spring,
Like Christians seek the heavenlie foode St. Paul doth bring.


the origin of this custom, is stated by Stow Mean Temperature ...36.60.

to the following purport.

Mentioning the opinion already noticed,

which, strange to tell, has been urged January 25.

ever since his time, he says in its refuta.

tion, “But true it is I have read an Conversion of St. Paul.*

ancient deed to this effect," and the “ efThis Romish festival was first adopted fect” is, that in 1274, the dean and chapter by the church of England in the year of Șt. Paul's granted twenty-two acres of 1662, during the reign of Charles II. land, part of their manor of Westley, in St. Paul's Day.

Essex, to sir William Band, knt., for the

purpose of being enclosed by him within Buck and Doe in St. Paul's Cathedral.

his park of Curingham ; in consideration Formerly a buck's head was carried in whereof he undertook to bring to them on procession at St. Paul's Cathedral. This the feast day of the Conversion of St. Paul, by some antiquaries is presumed to have in winter, a good doe, seasonable and been the continuation of a ceremony in sweet; and upon the feast of the commemore ancient times when, according to moration of St. Paul in summer, a good certain accounts, a heathen temple existed buck, and offer the same to be spent (or on that site. It is remarkable that this divided) among the canons resident; the notion as to the usage is repeated by wri- doe to be brought by one man at the hour ters whose experience in other respects of procession, and through the procession has obtained them well-earned regard : to the high altar, and the bringer to have

nothing; the buck to be brought by all * Sep vol. i. p. 175.

his men in like manner, and they to be


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paid twelve pence only, by the chamber- appears in England, through his personal
lain of the church, and no more to be re- representatives, at this season of the year.
quired. For the performance of this
annual present of venison, he charged his

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
lands and bound his heirs; and twenty
seven years afterwards, his son, sir Walter, Sir,
confirmed the grant.

I send you an account of the ChristThe observance of this ceremony, as to mas drama of “St. George," as acted in the buck, was very curious, and in this Cornwall, subscribing also my name and

On the aforesaid feast-day of address, which you properly deem an inthe commemoration, the buck being dispensable requisite. I thereby vouch brought up to the steps of the high altar for the authenticity of what I send you. in St. Paul's church ai the hour of proces. Having many friends and relations in the sion, and the dean and chapter being ap- west, at whose houses I have had freparelled in their copes and vestments, quent opportunities of seeing the festiwith garlands of roses on their heads, they vities and mixing in the sports of their sent the body of the buck to be baked; farm, and other work-people, at the joyand having fixed the head on a pole, ous times of harvest home, finishing the caused it to be borne before the cross in barley mow, (of which more hereafter it their procession within the church,

until agreeable,) Christmas, &c. In some of they issued out of the west door. There the latter it is still customary for the masthe keeper that brought it blew “ the ter of the house and his guests to join at death of the buck," and then the horners the beginning of the evening, though this that were about the city answered him in practice, I am sorry to say, is gradually ike manner.

For this the dean and wearing out, and now confined to a few chapter gave each man fourpence in places. I have “ footed it” away in sir money and his dinner, and the keeper that Roger de Coverley, the hemp-dressers,&c. brought it was allowed during his abode (not omitting even the cushion dance, there, meat, drink and lodging, at the dean with more glee than I ever slided through and chapter's charges, and five shillings in the chaine anglaise, or demi-queue de chat, money at his going away, together with a and have formed acquaintance with the loaf of bread, with the picture of St. Paul master of the revels, or leader of the paon it. It appears also that the granters of rish choir, (generally a shrewd fellow, the venison presented to St. Paul's ca- well versed in song) in most of tho thedral two special suits of vestmeuts, to western parishes in Cornwall; and from be worn by the clergy on those two them have picked up much information days; the one being embroidered with on those points, which personal observabucks, and the other with does.

tion alone had not supplied to my satisThe translator of Dupre's work on the faction. "Conformity between modern and ancient You may be sure that “St. George" ceremonies," also misled by other autho- with his attendants were personages too rities, presumed that the “ bringing up a remarkable not to attract much of my atfat buck to the altar of St. Paul's with tention, and I have had their adventures hunters, horns blowing, &c. in the middle represented frequently; from aifferent of divine service," was of heathen deriva- versions so obtained, I am enabled to tion, whereas we see it was only a provi- state that the performances in different sion for a venison feast by the Romish parishes vary only in a slight degree from clergy, in return for some waste land of each other. one of their manors.

St. George and the other tragic per

formers are dressed out somewhat in the NATURALIST'S CALENDAR.

style of morris-dancers, in their shirtMean Temperatare . . .35 · 10.

sleeves, and white trowsers much decorated with ribands and handkerchiefs,

each carrying a drawn sword in his hand, January 26.

if they can be procured, otherwise a cud

gel. They wear high caps of pasteSt. George he was for England..

board, adorned with beads, small pieces So says a well-known old ballad, and of looking-glass, coloured paper, &c.; sewe are acquainted, by the following com. veral long strips of pith generally hang munication, that our patron saint still down froin the top, with small pieces

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