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Their seruice thus in ordering,

forest, and the reception of the monks of and payde for masse and all,

St. Augustine. Many vestiges remain of They to the tauerne streightways go, the splendour of this abbey, which is now or to the parsons hall,

a large farın, and stone coffins have been Where all the day they drinke and play, found here. A carpenter in this neighand pots about do walk, &c.

bourhood recently digging a hole for the

post to a gate, struck his spade against a OLD HOB.

substance which proved to be gold, and

weighed two ounces : it was the image of a T. A. communicates that there is a monk in the posture of prayer, with a custom very common in Cheshire called

a book open before him. A subterraOld Hob: it consists of a man carrying a neous passage once led from this place to dead horse's head, covered with a sheet, Malmsbury-abbey, a distance of seven to frighten people. This frolic is usual miles. Ai this ruin, when a boy, I was between All Soul's day and Christmas. shown the stone upon which the blood is

said to have been spilt by a school-mas

ter, who, in a passion, killed his pupil NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

with a penknife. Mean Temperature . . . 4737. Clack spring and fall Fairs were well

attended formerly. They were held for

horses, pigs, cows, oxen, sheep, and November 3.

shows; but especially for the “ hiring

servants.” Hamlet's words,—“Oh, what THE BECKFORD FAMILY.

a falling off is here !” inay not inapproOn the 3d of November, 1735, Peter priately be applied. Old MichaelmasBeckford, Esq. died in Jamaica, worth day is the time the fall fair is kept, but, three hundred thousand pounds.* His really, every thing which constitutes a direct male ancestor, served in a humble fair, seemed this year to be absent. A capacity in the armament under Penn few farmers strolled up and down the and Venables, which captured that im- main street in their boots, and took refuge portant island. Mr. Peter Beckford was in the hospitable houses ; a few rustics father of the celebrated alderman Beck- waited about the “ Mop” or “ Statue" ford, whose fortune enabled him to pur- in their clean frocks twisted round chase the landed estate of the Meroyns in their waists with their best clothes on; Wiltshire, which, till lately, formed a dis- a few sellers of cattle looked round for tinguished part of the possessions of the customers, with the pike tickets in their present Mr. Beckford.

hats; and a few maid servants placed themselves in a corner to be hired : here,

there was no want of Clack, for many A correspondent communicates a plea- were raised in stature by their pattens sant account of a wake in Wiltshire, dur- and rather towering bonnets; and a few ing the present month.

agriculturists' daughters and dames, in CLACK FALL FAIR.

whom neither scarcity of money nor ap

parel were visible, came prancing into " See, neighbours, what Joe Ody's doing." the courts of their friends and alighting at The township of Clack stands on an

the uppingstocks, and dashed in among the eminence which gives a view of twenty company with true spirit and bon hommie. miles round a part of the most beautiful

Clack fair was worth gazing at a few county of Wilts.t Clack is attached to years ago. When Joe Ody,* the stultum Bradenstock-abbey, remarkable for its ingenium, obtained leave to show forth

in the Blindhouse by conjuring rings off

women's fingers, and finding them in + Gentleman's Magazine. + There is a very old stanza known here, which

men's pockets, eating fire and drawing though it gives no favourable mention of Clack, yards of ribands out of his mouth, giving couples many surrounding places well known• White Cliff- Pepper Cliff-Cliff and Cliff Ancey,

shuffling tricks with cards, to ascertain Lyneham and lo- Clack,

a

how much money was in the ploughman's C-se Malfordt and Dauncey."

yellow purse, cutting off cock's heads, * Christian Malford, no doubt, was a bad ford for

• A native of this part, and at the top of Marry rounding abbeys.

the monks that came down the Avon to the sur.

Andreriem.

pricking in the garter for love tokens,

November 4. giving a chance at the “ black cock or the white cock," and lastly, raising the King WILLIAM LANDED. devil, who carries off the cheating parish On the day appointed for the commebaker upon his back. These, indeed, moration of the landing of king Williain were fine opportunities for old women to. III. (who in fact landed on the 5th*) it talk about, when leaning over the hatch may be worth notice, that its centenary of the front door, to gossip with their in 1788 is thus mentioned in the “ Public ready neighbours in the same position Advertiser" of that year—"This day is apopposite, while their good men of the pointed to commemorate an event, which, house, sat in the porch chuckling with if deserving commemoration, ought never “ pipe in one hand and jug in the other.” to be forgotten, and yet it is probable it Then the “ learned dog” told person's will produce as much good moral or names by letters ; and here I discovered political effect as the events which disthe secret of this canine sapiency, the tinguish Christmas, Good Friday, or Earmaster twitched his thumb and finger for ter, from other days of the year. Howthe letter at which the dog stopped. I ever, we are not disposed to quarrel with posed, master and dog, however, by the scheme, the events of a day are few, giving my christian name “ Jehoiada."

the remembrance cannot be long. In the À word no fair scholar could readily spell; City, in Westminster, and in many of the this shook the faith of inany gaping dis- principal towns in England, societies ciples. The “ poney” too was greatly ad- have been formed, cards of invitation mired for telling which lassie loved her sent, sold and bought, and grand dinners morning bed, which would be first mar

are prepared, and have this day been ried, and which youth excelled in kissing devoured with keen revolution appetites. a girl in a sly corner. The being “ground Not to exclude the females, in some places young again,” no less enlivened the spirits balls are given; and that the religious of maiden aunts, and the seven tall single may not wholly be disappointed, revosisters ; then the pelican put its beak on lution sermons were this morning preached the child's head for a night cap, and the in several chapels and meeting-houses. monkeys and bears looked, grimaced and Scotland is not behind hand in zeal upon danced, to the three dogs in red jackets, this occasion, although a little so in point with short pipes in their mouths; and the of time. To-morrow is their day of com. “climbing cal" ascended the “ maypole," memoration. Over all the kingdom a day and returned into its master's box at a of thanksgiving is appointed." word. This year's attractions chiefly were three booths for gingerbread and hard ware-a raree show! a blind fidler-the

KING WILLIAM's PEERS. E. O. table—the birds, rats, and kittens

For the Every-Duy Book. in one cage —and a song sung here and there, called the “ Bulleyed Farmers," The essential services of king William attributed to Bowles of Brinkworth, but II. tu the cause of civil and religious who disclaimed like Coleridge, thé au- liberty, his perseverance and prowess as thorship of a satiric production.

a warrior, his shrewdness and dexterity as Thus, fairs, amusements and the works a statesman, adapting the most conciliaof mortals, pass away-one age dies, tory means to the most patriotic ends, another comes in its stead—but who will have been repeatedly dilated on, and secure the sports of ancestry inviolate? who generally acknowledged. Here, is merely search into the workings of the illiterate, purposed to be traced how he exercised and hand them down to posterity, without one of the most exclusive, important, and the uncertain communication of oral durable prerogatives of an English mu tradition, which often obscures the light narch, by a brief recapitulation of such of intended to be conveyed for information.- his additions and promotions in the hereThanks be to the art of printing, to the ditory branch of our legislature as still cultivation of reading, and the desire are in existence. which accompanies both.

The ancestor of the duke of Portland was count Bentinck, a Dutchman, of a been page of honour to king William, Long before they were advanced by when he was only prince of Orange. He William III. to dukedoms, the houses of made him groom of the stole, privy purse, Russell and Cavendish had been noted as a lieutenant-general in the British army, two of the most historical families in the colonel of a regiment of Dutch horse in English peerage.

family still of note in Holland; he bad NATURALISTS' CALENDAR Mean Temperature

44 · 40

• bee voi. i. col. 1428

Their earldoms were the British pay, one of the privy-council, respective creations of Edward VI. and master of the horse, baron of Cirencester, James 1. The individual of each house viscount Woodstock, and earl of Port- first ennobled, died possessed of the bulk land, and afterwards ambassador extra- of the extensive landed possessions, and ordinary to the court of France. His strong parliamentary influence with which son was made duke of Portland, and go- his representative is at the present moment vernor of Jamaica, by George I.

invested. William Heury Nassau, commonly The character and military achievecalled seigneur, or lord of Zuletstein in ments of John Churchill stand so preHolland, was another follower of the eminent in the history of Europe, that it fortunes of king William; he was related need here only be remarked that from a to his majesty, his father having been a baron, king William conferred on him the natural son of the king's grandfather. He earldom of Marlborough, again advanced was in the year 1695 created baron of by queer Anre to a dukedom, carried on Enfield, viscount Tunbridge, and earl of by act of parliament, after his victory of Rochfort.

Blenheim, to the issue male of his daughArnold Joost Van Keppel, another of ters, and now vested in the noble family Williams's followers, was the second son of Spencer, earl of Sunderland. of Bernard Van Pallant, lord of the manor Lord Lumley, advanced to the earldom of Keppel in Holland, a particular fa- of Scarborough, was one of the memorvourite of his majesty, who, soon after his able seven who signed the original lette accession to the throne, created him baron of invitation to the prince of Orange. of Ashford, viscount Bury, and earl of Lord Coventry, descended from a lord Albemarle.

keeper of the great seal to Charles I., was Earl Cowper is indebted for his barony promoted by William III. to an earldom. of Wingham to queen Anne, and for his Sir Edward Villiers, a courtier, of the further titles of viscount Fordwich, and same family as the celebrated duke of earl Cowper, to · George I.; but he Buckingham, received the earldom of derives no inconsiderable portion of his Jersey. wealth from his ancestress in the female The families of Cholmondeley, Fermor, line, lady Henrietta, daughter and heiress and Ashburnham, were each raised by of the earl of Grantham, descended from William III. to the dignity of English monsieur d'Auverquerque, who was by barons. They were each of considerable that prince raised to the dignity of an antiquity and extensive possessions. English earl, by the title of Grantham, Each was, moreover, peculiarly disbeing representative of an illegitimate tinguished for devoted attachment to the son of the celebrated shadthalder, prince cause of Charles I., even when it stood in Maurice.

the extremest jeopardy. The heroic marshal Schomberg, who

These baronies are now vested respecfell in the memorable battle of the Boyne tively in the marquis of Cholmondeley, when upwards of eighty years of age, had and the earls of Pomfret and Ashburn. previously been created by king William, ham. a duke both in England and Ireland. His The possessions, the influence, the titles are extinct, but his heir general is connections of the male representative of the present duke of Leeds, who is at the the able, the restless, the unfortunate same time heir male to the celebrated earl sir Harry Vane, were still of weightier of Danby, who cuts so conspicuous a calibre. He received from king William figure in the annals of Charles II., and the barony of Barnard, now vested in the was by William III. advanced to a duke- earl of Darlington. dom.

P. The dukedom of Bolton was conferred by William on the marquis of Winchester,

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. wnose ancestors had for a century stood enrolled as premier marquisses of Eng

Mean Temperature. • 43 • 27. land

66

November 5.

Then hollo boys! hollo boys! shout and nuzz

Hollo boys: hollo buys ! keep up the day,
Powder Plot.

Hollo boys! hollo boys! let the bells ring,
Down with the pope, and God save the king

Huzza ! Huzza ! Huzza ! To keep alive the remembrance of this conspiracy, and in contemplation of its anniversary in 1826, a printed quarter sheet was published,“ price one penny There was a publication in 1825, of coloured, and one halfpenny plain.” It similar character to the preceding: “Guy" consists of a rude wood-cut of“ a Guy," was the subject of the cut, and the topic carried about by boys, and the subjoined of the verses was a prayer for title with the accompanying verses.

a halfpenny to buy a faggot, And another to buy a match,

And another to buy some touch paper, Quick's New SPEECH FOR THE FIFTH OF That the powder soon may catch." NOVEMBER,

li contained the general averment

“ We know no reason, On the Downfall of Guy Fuwkes.

Why gunpowder treas on

Should ever be forgot."
Good gentlefolks, pray,

Remember this day,
To which your kind notice we bring

Though it is not requisite to relate more
Here's the figure of sly

particulars of the “gunpowder treason" Old villainous Guy,

ihan have been already mencioned,* yet Who wanted to murder the king :

a friendly finger points to a passage With powder a store,

in an old writer, concerning one of the He bitterly swore,

conspirators, which is at least amusing : As he skulk'd in the vault to prepare,

-“ Some days before the fatal stroke How the parliament too,

should be given, Master Keys, being By him and his crew,

at Tichmersh, in Northamptonshire, at Should all be blown up in the air

the house of Mr. Gilbert Pickering, his So please to remember the fifth of November, brother-in-law, (but of a different religion,

Gunpowder treason and plot ;
We know no reason why gunpowder treason

as a true protestant,) suddenly whipped Should ever be forgot.

out his sword, and in merriment made

many offers therewith at the heads, necks, But James all so wise,

and sides of many gentlemen and gentieDid the papists surprise,

women then in his company. This, then, Who plotted the cruelty great;

was taken as a mere fiolic, and for the He guessed their intent,

present passed accordingly; but afterAnd Suffolk was sent,

wards, when the treason was discovered, Who sav'd both the kingdom and state. such as remembered his gestures, thought With a lantern was found,

thereby he did act what he intended to Guy Fawkes under ground,

do, (if the plot had took effect,) hack and And quick was the traitor bound fast :

hew, kill and slay, all eminent persons of They said he should die,

a different religion to themselves.”+
So hung him up high,
And burnt him to ashes at last.
So please to remember, &c.

A niodern writer observes :-" It is

not, perhaps, generally known, that So we once a year,

we have a form of prayer for prisoners, Go round without fear,

which is prioted in the Irish ComTo keep in remembrance the day: With assistance from you,

mon Prayer-book,' though not in ours. To bring to your view,

Mrs. Berkeley, in whose Preface of Guy Fawkes again blazing away:

Prefaces to her son's poems I first saw While with crackers and fire,

this mentioned, regrets the omission, uhn fullest Jesire,

serving, that the very fine prayer for those In nis chair he thus merrily burns,

under sentence of death might, being So jolly we'll be,

read by the children of the poor, at least And shout-may you see, Of this day many happy returns

• In vol. i. col. 148. Su please to remember, &c

+ Fuller's Church History.

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keep them from the gallows. The re- was burnt amidst the loud acclamations mark is just. If there be not room in our of the young rogues generally. prayer-book, we have some services there All the wood, &c. which has been prewhich might better be dispensed with. It viously collected, is brought into the midwas not very decent in the late abolition dle of the close where the effgy of poor of holydays, to let the two Charleses hold Guy is burnt. A figure is made (similar their place, when the Virgin Mary and to one of those carried about London the saints were deprived of the red letter streets,) intending to represent the conprivileges. If we are to have any state spirator, and placed at the top of a high service, it ought to be for the expulsion of pole, with the fuel all around! Previous the Stuarts. There is no other part of to lighting it, poor Guy is shot at by their history which England ought to re- all who have the happiness to possess guns member with sorrow and shame. Guy for the purpose, and pelted with squibs, Faux also might now be dismissed, crackers, &c. This fun continues abont though the Eye of Providence would be a an hour, and then the pile is lighted, the real loss. The Roman catholics know the place echoes with huzzas, guns keep up effect of such prints as these, and there perpetual reports, fireworks are flying in can be no good reason for not imitating all directions, and the village bells merrily them in this instance. I would have no ring. The fire is kept up a considerable prayer-book published without that eye time, and it is a usual custom for a large of Providence in it."*

piece of “ real Wiltshire bacon” to be dressed by it, which is taken to the public

house, together with potatoes roasted in PURTCN BONFIRE.

the ashes of the bonfire, and a jovial reTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

past is made. As the fire decreases, suc

cessive quantities of potatoes are dressed Dear Sir,—At almost every village in in the embers by the rustics, who seem to England, the fifth of November is re- regard them as the great delicacies of the garded in a very especial manner.

Some night. pay greater attention to it than others, but There is no restraint put on the loyal believe it is invariably noticed by all. zeal of these good folks, and the fire is

I have been present at Old Purton maintained to a late hour. I remember, bonfire, and perhaps the following short on one occasion, hearing the guns firing notice of it may not be uninteresting. as I lay in bed between two and three

I before stated (col. 1207) that the o'clock in the morning. The public-house green, or close, at Purton, is the spot allot- is kept open nearly all night. Ale flows ted for amusements in general. This is plentifully, and it is not spared by the also the place for the ceremonies on this revellers. They have a noisy chorus, highly important day, which I am about to which is intended as a toast to his majesty describe.

it runs thus :Several weeks before, the boys of the My brave lads remember village go to every house begging faggots; The fifth of November, and if they are refused they all answer Gunpowder treason and plot, tugether

We will drink, smoke, and sing, boys,

And our bells they shall ring, boys,
If you don't give us one
We'll take two,

And here's health to our king, boys,
The better for us, sir,

For he shall not be forgot.
And worse for you.

Their merriment continues till morning,

when they generally retire to rest very They were once refused by a farmer, much inebriated, or, as they term in (who was very much disliked by the poor

merry," or “ top heavy." for his severity and unkindness,) and I hope to have the pleasure of reading accordingly they determined to make him other communications in your interesting repent. He kept a sharp look out over work on this good old English custom; his faggot pile, but forgot that something and beg to remain, else might be stolen. The boys got into

Dear Sir, &c. his backyard and extracted a new pump,

C. T. which had not been properly fixed, and October 20, 1826. hore it off in triumph to the green, where it • Dr. Aikin's Athenæum.

If the collections formerly published a

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