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standard bearer of “ No more State Lot- the difference by the powerful nse of his teries." A black mask bears the “ Liberty pole; the affray being complacently of the Press." A well-fed man with viewed by a half-shod, and half-kilted bands beneath his chin, rears a high pole, maintainer of “ Scotch Charity." A inscribed “ No fat Livings," and "The demure looking girl is charged with cause of Greece" follows. A jovial un- “Newgatory Instruction.” At her elbow, dertaker in his best grave-clothes, raises 2 a female of the order of disorder, so mute's staff, and “No Life in London :" depicted that Hogarth might claim her for this character looks as if he would bury his own, upholds" Fry for ever," and is his wife comfortably in a country church in high converse with a sable friend who yard, get into the return-hearse with his keeps Freedom for the Blacks Hopecompanions, and crack nuts and drink less idioey, crawling on its knees by the wine all the way to town. A little per- aid of crutches, presents the “March of sonage, booted and buttoned up, carries a Mind.” An excellent slippered fruiterer staff in his pocket, surmounted by a crown, with a tray of apples and pears, beguiles and a switch to his chin, the tip whereof the eyes of a young Gobbleton, who disa alone is visible, his entire face and head plays “Missionary penny subscriptions,” being wholly concealed by the hat; this and is suffering his hand to abstract is “ The great Unknown"-he has close wherewithal for the satisfaction of his behind him “Gall and Spurs-him.” “ No longings. Here too are ludicrous repre. Treadmill” is exhibited by a merry rogue, sentations of the supporters of “Whitehalf disarmed, with a wooden leg. At a field and Wesley,” “Reform," &c. and a public house, “ The Angel and Funch Jewish dealer in old clothes, covered in duBowl,—T. Moore,” the United Sons of plicate, with the pawnbroker's sign upside Harmony” hold wassail; their flag is hung down,finds wind for “The Equitable Loan." at one of the windows, from whence many A wall round Seneca-house is “contrived a panes are absent, and themselves are double debt to pay"-proffering seemfighting at the door, and heartily cheered ing security to the sightless eyeballs" of by the standard bearer of “ No Pugilism." over-fond and over-fearful parents, and A ferocious looking fellow, riding on a being of real use to the artist for the exblind horse, elevates “ Martin for Ever," pression of ideas, which the crowding of and makes cruel cuts with his whip on the his scene does not leave room to picture. back of a youth who is trying to get up This wall is duly chalked and covered by behind him with the banner of “ No bills in antithesis, A line of the chalkings. climbing Boys." We are now at a corner by an elision easily supplied, reads, “Ask messuage, denominated “ Prospect House for War.” One of the best exhibitions in the Establishment for Young Ladies, by the print is a youth of the "Tract Society,"with Misses Grace and Prudence Gregory." a pamphlet entitled "Eternity," so rolled The corner opposite is “Seneca House as to look like a pistol,which he tenders to a Academy for Young Gentlemen, by Dr. besotted brute wearing candidates' favours Alex. Sanderson." Prospect House has in his hat, and a scroll “Purity of Elecan." Assurance" policy, and from one tion.". The villainous countenance of the of its windows one of the “young ladies" intoxicated wretch is admirable-a cudgel drops a work by.“ H. More”-in eager under his arm, his tattered condition, and regard of one of the “young gentlemen" of a purse hanging from his pocket, tell that Seneca-house, who addresses her from his he has been in fight, and received the

with a reward of merit round his wages of his warfare; in the last stage of neck. This Romeoing is rendered more drunkenness he drops upon a post inscribscenical by a tree, whereon hangs a lost ed “under Government." Among books kite, papered with a Prospectus” of strewed on the ground are “Fletcher's ApSeneca-house, from whence it appears peal,” “Family Shakspeare," “ Hohenthat pupils hringing a “ knife and fork," lohe," &c.; at the top is a large volume and paying “Twenty Guineas per ann., lettered “ Kant," which, in such a situaare entitled to “ Universal Erudition," tion, Mr. Wirgman, and other disciples and the utmost attention to their “Morals of the German philosopher, will only quai. and Principles." Near this place, the rel or smile at, in common with all who representative of « United Schools” fells conceive their opinions or intentions mis. to the earth the flag-bearer of “ Peace to represented. In truth it is only because the World ;" while the able supporter of the print is already well known among "Irish Conciliation,” endeavours to settle the few lynx-eyed observers of manners

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that this notive is drawn up. Its satire,

If that the thunder chaunce to rore however well directed in many ways, is

and stormie tempest shake, too sweeping to be just every way, and

A woonder is it for to see is in several instances wholly undeserved.

the wretches howe they quake, The designer gives evidence however of

Howe that no fayth at all they have, great capability, and shouid he execute

nor trust in any thing,

The clarke doth all the belles forth with another it will inevitably be better than

at once in steeple ring : this, which is, after all, an extraordi

With wondrous sound and deeper farre rary production.-In witness whereof,

than he was woont before, and therefrom, is extracted and prefixed Till in the loftie heavens darke, the “ Beadle" hereinbefore mentioned.

the thunder bray no more. For in these christned belles they thinke,

doth lie such powre and might

As able is the tempest great,
Mean Temperature ... 36 • 37.

and storme to vanquish quight.
I saw myself at Numburg once,

a towne in Toring coast,

A bell that with this title bolde
January 29.

hirself did prowdly boast:

By name I Mary called am, 1826. Sexagesima Sunday.

with sound I put to fight

The thunder crackes, and hurtfull stormes, Accession of George IV.

and every wicked spright.

Such things when as these belles can do, 1820. King George III. died. A con

no wonder certainlie lemporary kalendarian, in recording this It is, if that the papistes to memorable fact, observes, that “the slow

their tolling always fie, and solemn sound of St. Paul's bell an- When haile, or any raging storme, nounced the event a short time after, and

or tempest comes in sight, was heard to a great distance around the Or thunder boites, or lightning fierce, country.” He adds, that he was remind

that every place doth smight. ed, by this “mournful proclamation of

Naogeorgus departed royalty,” of the following lines in Heywood's “ Rape of Lucrece," We find from Brand, that “ an

old written to go to a funeral peal from eight bell at Canterbury required twenty-four hells :

men, and another thirty-two men, ad so

nandum. The noblest peal of ten bells, Come list and hark, the bell doth toll

without exception, in England, whether For some but now departing soul,

tone or tune be considered, is said to be Whom even now those ominous fowle, The bat, the nightjar, or screech owl,

in St. Margaret's church, Leicester. Lament'; hark? I hear the wilde' wolfe When a full peal was rung, the ringers howle

were said 'pulsare classicum.'" In this black night that seems to scowle, Bells were a great object of supersti. All these my black book shall enscrole. tion among our ancestors. Each of them For hark! still still the bell doth toll was represented to have its peculiar name For some but now departing soul.

and virtues, and many are said to have

retained great affection for the churches This opportunity the same agreeable to which they belonged, and where they writer improves to discourse on, thus :

were consecrated. When a bell was reBells

moved from its original and favourite si

tuation, it was sometimes supposed to The passing bell owes its origin to an take a nightly trip to its old place of re idea of sanctity attached to bells by the sidence, unless exercised in the evening early Catholics, who believed that the and secured with a chain or rope. Mr sound of these holy instruments of per- Warner, in his “Hampshire,” enume cussion actually drove the devil away rates the virtues of a bell, by translating from the soul of the departing Christian. two lines from the “ Helpe to Discourse." Bells were moreover regarded formerly as dispelling storms, and appeasing the ima

Men's deaths I tell by doleful knell. gined wrath of heaveu, as the following Lightning and thunder I break asunder. liens from Barnaby Googe will show :-- On sabbath all to churrb I call.


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The sleepy head I raise from bed.
The winds so fierce I doe disperse.

priests themselves used to toll the hell, Men's cruel rage I do asswage.

Especially in cathedrals and


churches, and these were distinguished by There is an old Wiltshire legend of the appellation of campanarii. The & tenor bell having been conjured into Roman Catholics christen their bells, and the river; with lines by the ringer, who godfathers assist at the solemnity ; thus lost it through his pertinacious garrulity, consecrating

them to religious use. Ac. and which say:

cording to Helgaudus, bells had certain In spite of all the devils in hell

names given them like men ; and Ingul. Here comes our old Bell.*

phus says,

" he ordered two great clocks (bells) to be made, which were called

Bartholomes and Bettelinus, and two Baron Holberg says he was in a com

lesser, Pega and Bega.” The time is pany of men of letters, where several con- perhaps uncertain when the hours first jectures were offered concerning the origin began to be distinguished by the striking of the word campanu ; a klocke, (s. e. bell

) said to have been introduced by a priest

a bell. In the empire this custom is in the northern tongues. On his return home, he consulted several writers. Some, of Ripen, named Elias, who lived in the he says, think the word klocke to be of twelfth century; and this the Chronicon the northern etymology; these words, Ut Anonymi Ripense says of him, hic dies et cloca habeatur in ecclesia, occurring in the horas cumpanarum pulsatione distinxit. most ancient histories of the north. It ap from their original design to other solem

The use of them soon became extended pears from hence, that in the infancy of Christianity, the word cloca was used in nities, and especially burials : which inthe north instead of campana. Certain

cessant tolling has long been complained french writers derive the word cloca from of as a public nuisance, and to this the

french cloche, and this again from clocher, i. e.


poet to limp; for, say they, as a person who Pour honorer les morts, ils font mourir les

vivaos. limps, falls from one side to the other, so do klocks (bells) when rung. Some have Besides the common way of tolling recourse to the latin word clangor, others bells, there is also ringing, which is a kind recur to the greek nanew, I call; some of chimes used on various occasions in even deduce it from the word cochlea, a

token of joy. This ringing prevails in no snail, from the resemblance of its shell to

country so much as in England, where i a bell. As to the latin word campana, it is a kind of diversion, and, for a piece o was first used in Italy, at Nola in Cam- money, any one may have a peal. On pania; and it appears that the greater this account it is, that England is called bells only were called campana, and the the ringing island. Chimes are some. lesser nola. The invention of them is thing very different, and much more mugenerally attributed to bishop Paulinus; sical; there is not a town in all the Netherbut this certainly must be understood lands without them, being an invention of only of the religious use of them; it being that country. The chimes at Copenhagen, plain, from Roman writers, that they had are one of the finest sets in all Europe; the like machines called tintinnabula. but the inhabitants, from a pertinacious

The use of bells continued long un- fondness for old things, or the badness of known in the east, the people being called their ear, do not like them so well as the lo public worship by strokes of wooden old ones, which were destroyed by a conhammers; and to this day the Turks pro- flagration. claim the beginning of their service, by vociferations from the steeple. Anciently The Rev. W.L. Bowles has an effusivu

agreeably illustrative of feelings on hear• Dr. Forster's Ferennial Calendar.

ing the bells ring.

Written at Ostend, July 22, 1787.
How sweet the tuneful bells responsive peal!

As when at opening morn, the fragrant breeze

Breathes on the trembling sense of wan disease 30 piercing to my heart their force 1 feel!

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And hark! with lessening cadence now they fall,

And now, along the white and level tide,

They tling their melancholy music wide;
Bidding me many a tender thought recall
Of summer days, and those delightful years

When by my native streams, 'n life's fair prime,

The mournful magic of their mingling chime
First wak'd my wondering childhool. into tears !
But seeming now, when all thos' days are o'er,
The sounds of joy once heard, and heard no more.

“ The Times"* has a literary cortes- a parish bell," it has occurred to me that pondent, who communicates information the following description of the practice that it may be useful to record.

of baptizing bells, used by the Roman CONSECRATION OF BELLS.

Catholics, may not be unacceptable to

your readers. This account is a true To the Editor of the Times.

translation from a book entitled “ PontiMR. EDITOR,—Having read in your ficale Romanum, Autoritate Pontificia, paper of to-day, that the king of France impressum Venetiis, 1698. Lib. ii. Cap. « has been pleased to grant to the parish de Benedictione Signi vel Campana." I of Notre-Dame, at Nismes, two unser. have run parallel with their method or viceable pieces of cannon from the arsenal baptizing children and bells, in twelve of Montpellier, for the purpose of forming particulars, as follows :

Of the Baptism of a Child.

Of the Baptism of a Bell.

I. The child must be first baptized, before The bell must be first baptized, before it can be accounted one of the church.

it may be hung in the steeple.

II. The child must be baptized by a priest The bell must be baptized by a bishop or a minister.

or his deputy.

JII. In baptizing a child there is used holy In the baptism of a bell, there is used water, cream, salt, oil, spittle, &c. &c. holy water, oil, salt, cream, tapers for

lights, &c.

In baptism, the child receiveth a name. And so it is in the baptism of bells.

The child must have godfathers, &c., The bell must have godfathers, and they

must be persons of great rank.

The child must be washed in water. The bell must be washed in water by

the hands of the bishop and priests.

The child must be crossed in baptism. The bell is solemnly crossed by the


VIII. The child must be anointed.

The bell is anointed by the bishop.

IX. The child must be baptized in the name The bell is washed and anointed, in of the Holy Trinity.

the name of the Trinity, by the bishop.

At baptism caey pray for the child. At the baptism of the bell they pray

literally for the bell.

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Sept. 17, 1816.

me that

At the child's baptism the scriptures
are read

There are more psalms read at the bap tism of a bell than at the baptism of a

child; and a gospel also.

XII. At child-baptism there are public At the baptism of a bell there are more prayers made.

prayers used, and (excepting salvation)

greater things are prayed for, and more blessings on the bell, than on the child. But for the better proof of this point, I shall here give part of one of the very curious prayers put up for the bell at its bap:ism :

Lord grant that wheresoever this holy beil, thus washed (or baptized) and blessed, shall sound, all deceits of Satan, ant danger of whirlwind, thunders, lightnings, and tempests, may be driven away, and that devotion may increase in Christian men when they hear it. O Lord, sanctify it by thy Holy Spirit ; that when it sounds in thy people's ears they may adore Thee ! May their faith and devotion increase, the devil be afraid, and tremble and fly at the sound of it. O Lord, pour upon it thy heavenly blessing ! that the fiery darts of the devil may be made to fly backwards at the sound thereof; that it may deliver from danger of wind and thunder, &c., &c. And grant, Lord, that all that come to the church at the sound of it, may be free from all temptations of the devil. O Lord, infuse into it the heavenly dew of thy Holy Ghost, that the devil may always fly away before the sound of it, &c., &c.

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Sept. 11.

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The doctrine of the church of Rome Partridge staked 1001., and won them of
concerning bells is, first, that they have Henry VIII. at a cast of dice.
mert, and pray God for the living and I conclude with remarking, that the
the dead; secondly, that they produce Abbé Cancellieri, of Rome, lately pub-
devotion in the hearts of believers; thirdly, lished a work relative to bells, wherein he
that they drive away storms and tempests; has inserted a long letter, written by
and, fourthly, that they drive away devils. Father Ponyard to M. de Saint Vincens,

The dislike of evil spirits to the sound on the history of bells and steeples. The
of bells, is extremely well expressed by Abbé wrote this dissertation on the occa-
Wynkin de Worde, in the Golden Legend : sion of two bells having been christened,
" It is said, the evil spirytes that ben in which were to be placed within the tower
the region of th' ayre, doubie moche when of the capitol.
they here the belles rongen : and this is

I am, sir,
the cause why the belles ringen whan it

Your obedient servant, thondreth, and whan grete tempeste and

R. H. E. to rages of wether happen, to the ende that the feinds and wycked spirytes should R. H. E. “wise and good” as he was, ken abashed and flee, and cease of the and he was both he is now no moremovynge of tempeste.'

would not willingly have misrepresented As to the names given to bells, I beg the doctrines of the Romish church, leave to add, that the bells of Little though he abhorred that hierarchy. It Dunmow Priory, in Essex, new cast A. D. seems, however, that he may be mistaken 1501, were baptized by the following in affirming, that the Romish church

maintains of bells that “they have merit, Prima in honore Sancti Michaelis and pray God for the living and the Archangeli.

dead." 'His affirmation on this point may Secunda in honore S. Johannis Evan- be taken in too extensive a sense: It is gelisti

no doubt a Romish tenet that there is Tertia in honore S. Johannis Baptisti. much virtue in bells,” but the precise Quarta in honore Assumptionis beatæ degree allowed to them at this period, it Mariæ.

would be difficult to determine without Quinta in honore Sancti Trinitatis, et the aid of a council. omnium Sanctorum.

In the clochier near St. Paul's stood the our greatest bells in England, called At Hatherleigh, a small town in Devon, Jesus'š bells ; against these sir Miles exist two remarkable customs :-one, that

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