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The legend of St. Leonard relates that And having got all things in fitness, there was no water within a mile of his Supplied with money and with wiluess ; monastery, " wherfore he did do make a
And makes a noble bold defence, pyt all drye, the which he fylled with
Backed with material evidence. water by his prayers--and he shone there
The proverb is, one cause is good by so grele myracles, that who that was
Until the other's understood. in prison, and called his name in ayde,
They thunder out to little purpose,
With certiorari, habeas corpus, anone his bondes and fetters were broken, and went awaye without ony gayngayenge
Their replicandos, writs of error,
To fill the people's hearts with terror ; frely, and came presentyng to hym theyr And if the lawyer do approve it, shaynes or yrens."
To chavcery they must remove it : It is particularly related that one of And then the two that were so warm, St. Leonard's conver's “ was taken of a Must leave it to another term ; tyraunt,” which tyrant, considering by
Till they go home and work for more, whom his prisoner was protected, deter- To spend as they have done before. mined so to secure him against Leonard,
Poor Robin as to “ make hym paye for his raunsom a thousand shyllynges.' Therefore, said
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR the tyrant, “ I shall go make a ryght
Mean Temperature ... 43 • 40. grete and depe pyt vnder the erth in my loure, and I shall cast hym therin bounden
November 7. with many bondes; and I shal do make a chest of tree vpon the mouth of the pyt,
ORIGIN OF THE LONDON GAZETTI. and shall make my knyghtes to lye therin On the 7th day of November, 1665, the all armed; and how be it that yf Leon- first “Gazette” in England was published arde breke the yrons, yet shall he not at Oxford; the court being there at that entre into it vnder the erth.”. Having time, on account of the plague. On the done as he said, the prisoner called on St. removal of the court to London, the title Leonard, who at night “came and turned was changed to the “ London Gazette." the chest wherein the knyghtes laye armed, The “ Oxford Gazette" was published or, and closed them therein, lyke as deed Tuesdays, the London on Saturdays: and men ben in a tombe, and after entred these have continued to be the days of into the pyt with grete lyght,” and he publication ever since. spoke to the prisoner, from whom the The word gazette originally meant a chaias fell off, and he “toke hym in his newspaper, or printed account of the armes and bare hym out of the toure- transactions of all the countries in the and sette nym at home in his hous.” And known world, in a loose sheet or halt other great marvels are told of St. Leonard sheet; but the term is with us confined as true as this.*
to that paper of news now published by
authority. It derived its name from The miracles wrought by St. Leonard
gazetta, a kind of small coin formerly curin releasing prisoners continued after his
rent at Venice, which was the usual price death, but at this time the saint has ceased of the first newspaper printed there. from interposing in their behalf even on his festival; which, being the first day of NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Michaelmas term, and therefore the day Mean Temperature ....42 · 92 whereon writs issued since the Trinity term are made returnable, would be a convenient season for the saint's interpo.
November 8. sition.
Lord MAYOR OF LONDON. This day the long vocation o'er,
On this day the chief inagistrate elect And lawyers go to work once more ; With their materials all provided,
of the metropolis is sworn into office at
Guildhall, and to-morrow is the grand That they may have the cause decided.
festival of the corporation.
Mean Temperature ... 44• 27.
• Golden Legena.
• Buti r's Ci sonojogical Exercikt.
the city, is the subject of the following
Now countless turbots and unnumbered soles
In the subjoined humorous account company, and tables laid through the of a former civic procession and festival, centre for persons of lower rank. One there are some features which do not advantage arose from the elevation at belong to the present celebrations. the west end of the hall, for the inscrip
tion under Beckford's statue was thereby LORD Mayor's Day, 1773.
rendered perfectly legible. Tables were To describe the adventures and incidents spread in the court of king's-bench, of this important day in the city annals, it which was provided with one chandelier is very necessary to revert to the preced- of forty-eight candles. All the seats were ing evening. It is not now as it was either matted, hung with tapestry, or formerly
covered with crimson cloth, and the whole " That sober citizens get drunk by nine."
made a very noble appearance.
By eleven o'clock the windows from Had Pope lived in the auspicious Blackfriars-bridge, to the north end of reign of George III., he would have in- King street, began to exhibit such a nundulged us at least two hours, and found a ber of angelic faces, as would tempt a rhyme for eleven.
man to wish for the honour of chief maOn the evening of the 8th of Novem- gistracy, if it were only to be looked at her, the stands of several livery companies by so many fine eyes. There was scarce clogged the passage of Cheapside and the a house that could not boast a Venus for adjacent streets. The night was passed its tenant. At fifteen minutes past ten in erecting the temporary sheds, sacred the common serjeant entered Guildhall
, to city mirth, ruby gills, and round and in a few minutes the new lord-mayor, paunches. The earliest dawn of the preceded by four footmen in elegant morning witnessed the industry of the liveries of brown and gold, was brought scavengers ; and the broom-maker was, into the hall in a superb sedan chair. for once, the first patriot in the city. Next came alderman Plomer, and then
the recorder, who was so mnch afficted This service done, repair we to Guildhall.
with the gout, that it required the 'full At five in the moming the spits groaned exertion of his servant's strength to supbeneath the pooderous sirloins. These, port him. Mr. Alderman Thomas arnumerous as large, proved that the “roast rived soon after, then the two sheriffs, and beef of Old England" is still thonght an lastly Mr. Crosby. There being no other ornament to our tables. The chandeliers alderman, Mr. Peckham could not be in the hall were twelve in number, each sworn into his office.
At twenty minutes provided with forty-eight wax candles ; past eleven the lord mayor left the hall, exclusive of which there were three large being preceded by the city sword and glass lamps, two globular lamps under mace, and followed by the alderman and the giants, and wax candles in girandoles. sheriffs. The breakfast in the council Hustings were raised at each end of the chamber, at Guildhall, consisted of six hall for the accommodation of the superior sirloins of beef, twelve tureens of soup, mulled wines, pastry, &c. The late mander; and the man in armour exhibit. lord-mayor waited at the end of King- ed to the delight of the little masters and street to join the procession. As soon as misses, and the astonishment of many a his carriage moved, the mob began to gapiag rustic. The lord-mayor appeared groan and hiss, on which he burst into so to be in good health and spirits, and to immoderate a fit of laughter, evidently enjoy the applausive shouts of his fellowunforced, that the mob joined in one citizens, probably from a consciousness laughing chorus, and seemed to wonder of having deserved them. Mr. Gates, the what they had his sed at.
city marshal, was as fine as powder and The procession by water was as usual, ribbons and gold could make him; his but rather tedious, as the lide was con- horse, too, was almost as fine, and nearly trary. The ceremonies at Westminster- as stately as the rider. Mr. Wilkes came hall being gone through in the customary Through the city in a chair, carried on manner, the company returned by water men's
shoulders, just before the procession, to Blackfriars-bridge, where the lord- in order to keep it up, and be saluted inayor landed at about three o'clock, and with repeated shouts. The lord-mayor's proceeded in solemn state to Guildhall, coach was elegant, and his horses (longwhere the tables groaned beneath the tailed blacks) the finest that have been weight of solids and dainties of every kind seen for many years. There were a great in season : the dishes of pastry, &c. were number of constables rouud Mr. Alderelegantly adorned with flowers of various man Townsend's coach; and a complaint sorts interspersed with bay-leaves; and has since been made, that he was grossly many an honest freeman got a nose-gay insulted. The night concluded as usual, at the city expense. A superb piece of and many went home at morning with confectionary was placed on the lord- dirty clothes and bloody faces.* mayor's table, and the whole entertainment was splendid and magnificent. During the absence of the lord-mayor, such Some recent processions on lord-mayor's of the city companies as have not barges day are sufficiently described by theme paraded the streets in the accustomed lines :
Scarce the shrill trumpet or the echoing horn
But soon, as pleased they win their wat'ry way,
• Gentleman's Magazine,
While martial bands with nodding plumes appear,
Here too a Chief the opening ranks display,
Mr. Alderman Wood on the first day of the first man that made resistance, or his second mayoralty, in 1916, deviated offered violence.* from the usual procession by water, from Westminster-hall to London, and re
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. tumed attended by the corporation, in Mean Temperature ... 44• 72 their carriages, through Parliament-street, by the way of Charing-cross, along the Strand, Fleet-street, and so up Ludgate
November 10, aill, and through St. Paul's churchyard.
A FATHER'S WISHES. to Guildhall : whereon lord Sidmouth, as high steward of the city and liberties of
Richard Corbet, bishop of Norwicn, Westminster, officially protested against wrote the following excellent lines the lord-mayor's deviation, “ in order, To his Son, VINCENT CORBET, that the same course may not be drawn into precedent, and adopted on any
On his Birth-day, November 10, 1636 future occasion."
being then three years old.
What I shall leave thee none can tell, During Mr. Alderman Wood's first I wish thee, Vin, before all wealth
But all shall say I wish thee well mayorally he committed to the house of Both bodily and ghostly health : correction, a working sugar-baker, for Nor too much wealth, nor wit, come to thee, having left his employment in conse- So much of either may undo thee. quence of a dispute respecting wages.- I wish thee learning, not for show, The prisoner during his confinement Enough for to instruct, and know, not having received personal correction, Not such as gentlemen require, according to the statute, in consequencé To prate at table, or at fire. of no order to that effect being specified I wish thee all thy mother's graces, in the warrant of committal, he actually I wish thee friends, and one at court,
Thy father's fortunes, and his places. brought an action against the lord-mayor Not to build on, but support ; in the court of common pleas, for non
To keep thee, not in doing many conformity to the law. It was proved Oppressions, but from suffering any. that he had not been whipped, and there- i wish thee peace in all thy ways, fore the jury were obliged to give a far. Nor lazy nor contentious days; thing damages; but the point of law was And when thy soul and body part, reserved.*
As innocent as now thou art.
Co the 6th of September, 1776, the Bishop Corbet, a native of Ewell in then lord-mayor of London, was robbed Surrey, was educated at Westminster near Turnham-green in his chaise and school, and Christchurch, Oxford ; took four, in sight of all his retinue, by a single the degree of M. A. in 1605, entered into highwayman, who swore he would shoot holy orders, became doctor of divinity
• Gentleman's Magazine.
obtained a prebend in the cathedral of retained in the church of England calen. Sarum, and other church preferment, and dar and almanacs, are related under the being a man of ready wit, was favoured day in last year's volume. by king James I., who made him one of his chaplains. In 1618, he took a journey
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. to France, of which he wrote an amusing Mean Temperature ... 44. 40. narrative. In 1627, his majesty gave him the deanery of Christchurch ; in 1629, he
November 12, was raised to the bishopric of Oxford, and in 1632, translated to that of Norwich. ADMIRAL VERNON'S BIRTR-DAY. He died in 1635. The poems of bishop To the mention of the pageant Corbet are lively and amusing composi- Chancery-lane end," in honour of admira! tions, such as might have been expected Vernon on this day, in the year 1740, from a mai of learning and genius, pos- may be added some ingenious verses sessed of a superabundance of constitu
commemorative of Vernon's exploits. They tional hilarity. The latter quality appears were written in the same year by Jolin to have drawn him into some excesses, Price, a land-waiter in the port of Poole, not altogether consistent with the gravity and are preserved in Mr. Raw's “ Suffolk of his profession. After he was a doctor Garland," with the following introducof divinity, being at a tavern in Abingdon, tion :a ballad-singer came into the house, com
ADMIRAL VERNON'S ANSWER TO AD plaining that he could not dispose of his stock; the doctor, in a frolic, took off his
MIRAL HOSIER's Ghost. gown, and assuming the ballad-singer's In Dr. Percy's “ Reliques of Ancient leather jacket, went out into the street, Poetry," vol. ii. p. 376. is an admirable and drew around him a crowd of admiré ballad, intituled - Hosier's Ghost," being ing purchasers. Perhaps he thought he an address to admiral Vernon, in Portocould divest himself of his sacerdotal cha- Bello harbour, by Mr. Glover, the author racter with his habit ; for it seems he shut of Leonidas.' The case of Hosier was himself up in his well-stored cellar, with briefly this :his chaplain, Dr. Lushington, and taking In April, 1726, he was sent with a strong off his gown, exclaimed : " There goes the feet to the Spanish West Indies, to block doctor," then throwing down bis episco- up the galleons in the ports of that counpal hood," there goes the bishop”-after try; but being restricted by his orders which the night was devoted to Bacchus. from obeying the dictates of his courage, Riding out one day with a Dr. Stubbins, he lay inactive on that station, until he who was extremely fat, the coach was became the jest of the Spaniards. He afoverturned, and both fell into a ditch. terwards removed to Carthagena, and conThe bishop, in giving an account of the tinued cruizing in those seas, till far the accident, observed, that Dr. Stubbins was greater part of his crews perished by the up to the elbows in mud, and he was up diseases of that unhealthy climate. This to the elbows in Stubbins. Bishop Cor. brave man, seeing his officers and men bet was not distinguished as a divine ; thus daily swept away, his ships exposed his sentiments however were liberal, and to inevitable 'destruction, and himself he inclined to the Arminian party, which made the sport of the enemy, is said to then began to prevail in the church of have died of a broken heart. The ballad England.
concludes In the bishop's lines “ to his son on his birth-day,” there is something of the feel
“ O'er these waves, for ever mourning, ing in the wise man's supplication, “Give
Shall we roam, depriv'd of rest,
If to Britain's shores returning, me neither poverty nor riches."
You neglect my just request :
After this proud foe subduing,
When your patriot friends you see,
Think on vengeance for my ruin,
And for England-sham'd in me."
In 1739, vice-admiral Vernon was ap. The customs of this festival, which is pointed commander-in-chief of a squadron • General Biographical Dictionary, 1826, vol. i.
• In vol. i. col. 147..