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obtained a prebend in the cathedral of retained in the church of England calen. Sarum, and other church preferment, and dar and almanacs, are related under the being a man of ready wit, was favoured day in last year's volume. by king James I., who made him one of his chaplains. In 1618, he took a journey

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. to France, of which he wrote an amusing Mean Temperature ... 44 • 40. narrative. In 1627, his majesty gave him the deanery of Christchurch ; in 1629, he

November 12. was raised to the bishopric of Oxford, and in 1632, translated to that of Norwich. ADMIRAL VERNON'S BIRTH-DAY. He died in 1635. The poems of bishop To the mention of the pageant Corbet are lively and amusing composi, Chancery-lane end,” in honour of admira! tions, such as might have been expected Vernon on this day, in the year 1740, from a man of learning and genius, pos- may be added some ingenious verses sessed of a superabundance of constitu- commemorative of Vernon's exploits. They tional hilarity. The latter quality appears were written in the same year by John to have drawn him into some excesses, Price, a land-waiter in the port of Poole, not altogether consistent with the gravity and are preserved in Mr. Raw's “ Suffolk of his profession. After he was a doctor Garland,” with the following introduce of divinity, being at a tavern in Abingdon, tion :a ballad-singer came into the house, com

ADMIRAL VERNON'S ANSWER TO ADplaining that he could not dispose of his stock; the doctor, in a frolic, took off his

MIRAL Hosier's Guost. gown, and assuming the ballad singer's In Dr. Percy's “ Reliques of Ancient leather jacket, went out into the street, Poetry,” vol. ii

. p. 376. is an admirable and drew around him a crowd of admir- ballad, intituled “ Hosier's Ghost," being ing purchasers. Perhaps he thought he an address to admiral Vernon, in Portocould divest himself of his sacerdotal cha- Bello harbour, by Mr. Glover, the author racter with his habit; for it seems he shut of Leonidas. The case of Hosier was himself up in his well-stored cellar, with briefly this :his chaplain, Dr. Lushington, and taking In April, 1726, he was sent with a strong off his gown, exclaimed : “ There goes the feet to the Spanish West Indies, to block doctor;" then throwing down bis episco- up the galleons in the ports of that counpal hood,“ there goes the bishop"—after try; but being restricted by his orders which the night was devoted to Bacchus. from obeying the dictates of his courage, Riding out one day with a Dr. Stubbins, he lay inactive on that station, until he who was extremely fat, the coach was became the jest of the Spaniards. He afoverturned, and both fell into a ditch. terwards removed to Carthagena, and conThe bishop, in giving an account of the tinued cruizing in those seas, till far the accident, observed, that Dr. Stubbins was greater part of his crews perished by the up to the elbows in mud, and he was up diseases of that unhealthy climate. This to the elbows in Stubbins. Bishop Cor. brave man, seeing his officers and men bet was not distinguished as a divine; thus daily swept away, his ships exposed his sentiments however were liberal, and to inevitable destruction, and himself he inclined to the Arminian party, which made the sport of the enemy, is said to then began to prevail in the church of have died of a broken heart. The ballad England.

concludes, In the bishop's lines “to his son on his birth-day,” there is something of the feels

“ O'er these waves, for ever mourning, ing in the wise man's supplication, “ Give

Shall we roam, deprivid of rest,

If to Britain's shores returning, me neither poverty nor riches.”

You neglect my just request :

After this proud foe subduing,
Mean Temperature 43.72.

When your patriot friends you see,

Think on vengeance for my ruin,
November 11.

And for England-sham'd in me."

In 1739, vice-admiral Vernon was apThe customs of this festival, which is pointed commander-in-chief of a squadron General Biographical Dictionary, 1826, vol. i.

• lo vol. i. col. iv.

then fitting out for destroying the settle. And I ne'cr will cease pursuing
ments of the Spaniards in the West Indies; Spain's proud sons from sea to soa,
and, weighing anchor from Spithead on With just vengeance for thy ruin,
the 23d of July, arrived in sight of Porto-

And for England sham'd in theo.
Bello, with six ships only, under his com-
mand, on the 20th of November following:
The next day he commenced the attack of

As we are to-day on a naval topic, it that town; when, after a most furious en

seems fitting to introduce a popular gagement on both sides, it was taken on

usage among sailors, in the words of the 22d, together with a considerable num

captain Edward Hall, R. N., who comber of cannon, mortars, and ammunition, municated the particulars to Dr. Forster, and also two Spanish ships of war. He

on the 30th of October, 1823. then blew up the fortifications, and eva

CROSSING THE LINE. cuated the place for want of land forces sufficient to retain it; but first distributed tom of shaving at the tub by Neptune, as

The following is an account of the custen thousand dollars, which had been sent practised on board vessels crossing the to Porto-Bello for paying the Spanish Equator, Tropics, and Europa Point. troops, among the forces for their bravery: The origin of it is supposed to be very

The two houses of parliament joined in ancient, and it is commonly followed on an address of congratulation upon this board foreign, as well as 'British ships, success of his majesty's arms; and the nation, in general, was wonderfully elated the places, it may have arisen at ihe time

Europa Point at Gibraltar being one of by an exploit, which was certainly magni- when that was considered the western fied much above its intrinsic me:it.

boundary of Terra Firma. Hosier! with indignant sorrow,

On the departure of a vessel from EngI have heard thy mournful tale

land by either of the aforesaid routes, And, if heav'n permit, to-morrow

much ingenuity is exerted by the old Hence our warlike feet shall sail.

seamen and their confederates to discover O'er those hostile waves, wide roaming, the uninitiated, and it is seldom that any We will urge our bold design,

escape detection. A few days previous to With the blood of thousands foaming, For our country's wrongs and thine.

arriving at the scene of action, much mys

tery and reserve is observed among the On that day, when each brave fellow, ship's company: they are then secretly Who now triumphs here with me,

collecting stale soapsuds, water, &c., arStorm'd and plunder'd Porto-Bello,

ranging the dramatis


and All my thoughts were full of thee.

preThy disast'rous fate alarm'd me;

paring material. At this time, also, the Fierce thy image glar'd on high,

novices, who are aware of what is going And with gen'rous arduur warm'd me,

forward, send their forfeits to the captain To revenge thy fall, or die,

of the forecastle, who acts as Neptune's

deputy; the forfeit is either a bottle of From their lofty ships descending, Thro' the food, in firm array,

rum, or a dollar: and I never knew it To the destin'd city bending,

refused, except from a cook's mate who My lov'd sailors work'd their way.

had acted negligently, and from a steStrait the foe, with horror trembling,

ward's mate who was inclined to trick the Quits in haste his batter'd walls; people when serving provisions. And in accents, undissembling,

On board of a man-of-war it is generally As be flies, for mercy calls.

performed on a grand scale. I have wii

nessed it several times, but the best exeCarthagena, tow'ring wonder ! At the daring deed dismay'd,

cuted was on board a ship of the line of Shall ere long by Britain's thunder

which I was lieutenant, bound to the Smoking in the dust be laid.

West Indies. On crossing the Tropic, a Thou, and these pale spectres sweeping,

voice, as if at a distance, and from the surRestless, o'er this wat ry round, face of the water, cried “Ho, the ship ahoy! Whose wan cheeks are stain'd with weeping, I shall come on board :" this was from a Pleas'd shall listen to the sound.

person slung over the bows, near the Still rememb'ring thy sad slory,

water, speaking through his hands. PreTo thy injur'd ghost I swear,

sently two men of large stature came over By my hopes of future glory,

the bows; they had hideous masks on: 'War shall be my constant care

one personated Neptune-he was naked :0 his middle, crowned with the head of a board across each, were ranged around the huge wet swab, the ends of which reached pumps and engine, and plenty of buckets to his loins to represent flowing locks; a filled with water. Thus prepared, they piece of tarpaulin, vandyked, encircled the divided themselves into gangs of a dozen head of the swab and his brows as a dia- each, dashed off in different directions, dem; his right hand wielded a boarding, and soon returned with their subjects. pike manufactured into a trident, and his The proceedings with each unlucky wight body was marked with red ochre to repre- were as follows:-Being seated on a sent fish scales: the other personated Am- board across a tub of water, his eyes were phitrite, having locks also formed of quickly bandaged, his face lathered with swabs, a petticoat of the same material, the delightful composition; then a couple with a girdle of red bunten; and in her of scrapes on each side of the chin, folhands a comb and looking-glass. They lowed by a question asked, or some prewere followed by about twenty fellows, tended compassionate inquiry made, to also naked to their middle, with red ochre get his mouth open, into which the barber scales as Tritons. They were received on either dashed the shaving-brush, or a pill, the forecastle with much respect by the which was the signal for slipping the old sailors, who had provided the carriage board from under the poor devil, who of an eighteen-pounder as a car, which was then left to founder his way out of their majesties ascended, and were drawn the tub, and perhaps half drowned in ataft along the gangway to the quarter-deck tempting recover his feet, by buckets by the Tritons; when Neptune, address- of water being dashed over him from all ing the captain, said he was happy to see quarters; being thus thoroughly drenched him again that way, that he believed there and initiated, I have often observed spiwere some Johnny Raws on board that rited fellows join their former persecutors had not paid their dues, and who he in- in the remainder of their work.

After an tended to initiate into the salt water hour or two spent in this rough fun, which mysteries. The captain answered, he was all seem to enjoy, Neptune disappears happy to see him, but requested he would somewhere in the hold to unrobe, the make no more confusion than was neces- decks are washed and dried, and those sary. They then descended on the main that have undergone the shaving business, deck, and were joined by all the old oil or grease their chins and whiskers to hands, and about twenty barbers, ho get rid of the tar. This custom does not submitted their razors, brushes, and accord with the usual discipline of a mansuds to inspection ; the first were made of-war ; but, as the old seamen look on it from old iron hoops jagged, the second as their privilege, and it is only about an from tar brushes, and the shaving suds hour's relaxation, I have never heard of from tar, grease, and something froin the any captain refusing them his permispigsty; they had also boxes of tropical sicn.

E H.. pills procured from the sheep pen. Large tubs full of stale suds, with a movable

# Perennial Calendar.


Scene, Bridlington Quay.
At night-fall, walking on the cliff-crowned shore,
When sea and sky were in each other lost,
Dark ships were scudding through the wild uproar,
Whose wrecks ere morn must strew the dreary coast;
I mark'd one well-moor’d vessel tempest-tost;
Sails reef'd, helm lash'd, a dreadful siege she bore,
He decks by billow after billow cross'd,
Whi e every moment she might be no more,
Yet firmly anchor'd on the nether sand,
Like a chain'd lion ramping at his foes,
Forward and rearward still she plunged and rose,
Till broke her cable ;--then she fled to land,
With all the waves in chase, throes following throex;
She 'scaped,- she struck, she struck upon the sand.


The morn was beautiful, the storm gone by;
Three days had pass'd ; I saw the peaceful main,
One molten mirror, one illumined plane,
Clear as the blue, sublime, o'er-arching sky.
On shore that lonely vessel caught mine eye;
Her bow was sea-ward, all equipt her train,
Yet to the sun she spread her wings in vain,
Like a maim'd eagle, impotent to fly,
There fix'd as if for ever to abide :
Far down the beach had rollid the low neap-tide,
Whose mingling murmur faintly lullid the ear,
“ Is this," methought, " is this the doom of pride,
Check'd in the outset of thy proud career,
Ingloriously to rot by piecemeal here !!!
Spring-tides return'd, and fortune smiled; the bay
Received the rushing ocean to its breast;
While waves on waves innumerable press,
Seem'd, with the prancing of their proud array,
Sea-horses, flash'd with foam, and sporting spray:
Their power and thunder broke that vessel's rest;
Slowly, with new-expanding life possest,
To her own element she glid away;
There, buoyant, bounding like the polar whale,
That takes his pastime, every joyful sail
Was to the freedom of the worlj unfurl'd,
While right and left the parting surges curl'd.
-Go, gallant bark, with such a tide and gale,
I'll pledge thee to a voyage round the world!



NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. allowed the privilege of going to fires, Mean Temperature

43 · 85 did more mischief by their audacity

and perverseness, than they did good by

working the Bridewell engine. These Hovember 13.

disorders occasioned them to be deprived of their distinguishing costume, and put under proper arts’-masters, with ability

to teach them useful trades, and authority THE “ BRIDEWELL Boys,” AND BAR

to controul and regulate their conduct.

The bridewell. boys at this time are never THOLOMEW AND SOUTHWARK FAIRS.

heard of in any commotion, and may now, On the 13th of November, 1755, at a therefore, be regarded as peaceable and court of the governors of Bridewell hos- industrious lads. pital, a memorable report was made from the committee, who inquired into the

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. behaviour of the boys at Bartholomew and Southwark fairs, when some of them

Mean Temperature ... 42 · 85 were severely corrected and continued, and others, after their punishment, were ordered to be stripped of the hospital

November 14. clothing and discharged.

A TRIFLING MISTAKE. The“ bridewell-boys” were, within recollection, a body of youths distinguished The “ Carbonari," a political associa by a particular dress, and turbulence of tion in the Italian states, occasioned conpanners.

They infested the streets to siderable disturbance to the continental the terror of the peaceable, and being governments, who interfered to suppress

an order of persons that kept them

in continual alarm : “ His Holiness . See vol. 1. col. 1473. · Gentleman's Magazine.

especially desired their suppression

An article from Rome, dated the 14th son brought its particular custom, which of November, 1820, says, “ Bishop Ben- was always strictly adhered to. venuti, vice-legate at Macerata, having

Wiltshire consists of beautiful and exseceived orders from the holy father to tensive downs, and rich meadow and have all the Carbonari in that city ar- pasture lands, which support some of the rested and sent to Rome, under a good finest dairies and farms that can be met escort, proceeded forthwith to execute the with in the kingdom. The natives are a order. In consequence he had all the very strong and hardy set of men, and are colliers by trade (Churbonniers de profes- particularly fond of robust sports; their sion) which he could find within his reach chief and favourite amusement is back- men, women, and children, arrested, swording, or singlestick, for which they and sent manacled to Rome, where they are as greatly celebrated as the inhabitwere closely imprisoned. The tribunal ants of the adjoining counties, Somersethaving at length proceeded to examine shire and Gloucestershire. them, and being convinced that these Car- At this game there are several rules bonari had been colliers ever since they observed. They play with a la.. sound were born, acquitted them, and sent them stick, which must be three feet long, with to their homes. Bishop Benvenuti was

a basket prefixed to one end as a guard

for the hand. The combatants throw off deprived of his employment."*

their hats and upper garments, with

the exception of the shirt, and have NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

the left hand tied to the side, so that Mean Temperature ... 43. 25.

they cannot defend themselves with that hand. They brandish the stick over

the head, guarding off the adversary's November 15. blows, and striking hiin whenever an op

portunity occurs. Great skill is often Machutus.t

used in the defence. I have seen two HUNGERFORD Revel, Wilts. men play for upwards of half an hour To the Editor of the Every Day Book.

without once hitting each other. The

blood must flow an inch from some part October 20, 1826. of the head, before either party is declared Dear Sir,-In your last week's number victor. of the Every-Day Book, your correspon- Blackford, the backsword player, was a dent P. gives a short account of butcher residing at Swindon ; he died a Blackford, the backsword-player, and also few years ago,

." is a mentions one of his descendants who blacksmith at Lyddington, named Morris signalized himself at the “ Hungerford Pope, who is considered the best player revel" about two years since. In the year of the day, and generally carries off the 1820, I visited the latter revel; perhaps prizes at the Hungerford revel, which he a description may be acceptable to you, always attends. This revel is attended and amusing to your readers.

by all the best players in Wiltshire and I think it may be generally allowed Somersetshire, between whom the contest that Wiltshire, and the western counties, lies. To commence the fray, twenty very keep up their primitive customs more excellent players are selected from each than any counties. This is greatly to the county; the contest lasts a considerable credit of the inhabitants; for these usages time, and is always severe, but the Wilttend to promote cheerful intercourse and shire men are generally conquerors. Their friendly feeling among the residents in principal characteristics are skill, strength, the different villages, who on such occa- and courage—this is generally allowed by sions assemble together In Wiltshire I all who are acquainted with them. have remarked various customs, particu- But Hungerford revel is not a scene of larly at Christmas, which I have never contention alone, it consists of all kinds seen or heard of in any other place. If of rustic sports, which afford capital fun these customs witnessed by a to the spectators. They may be laid out stranger, I am sure he must fancy the thusgood old days of yore, where every sea- 1st. Girls running for smocks," &c.,

which is a well-known amusement al country fairs.

2d. Climbing the greusy pole for a




• New Times.
+ See vol. i. col. 1.106.

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