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pointed place claims the prize, which is hear of your welfare ; and if it please generally a smock-frock, a waistcoat, a you to hear of our welfare, we were in hat, &c. &c.
good health at the making of this letter, 9th. Duck Hunting. This sport ge- entreating you heartily, that ye will connerally concludes the whole: it is a very sider our message, which our chaplain laughable, but certainly a very cruel Master Robert Hopton shall inform you amusement. They tie a poor unfortunate of; for we have great business daily and owl in an upright position, to the back of have had here before this time, wherefore a still more unfortunate duck, and then we entreat you to consider the purchase, turn them loose. The owl presuming that we have made with one John Swyffthat his inconvenient captivity is the ham (Southcote) an esquire of Lincoln. work of the duck, very unceremoniously shire, of 881. by the year, whereupon we commences an attack on the head of the must pay the last payment, the Monday latter, who naturally takes to its own next after St. Martin's day, which sum is means of defence, the water: the duck 4581. Wherefore we entreat you with all dives with the owl on his back; as soon our heart, that ye will lend us ten, or as he rises, the astonished owl opens wide twenty pounds, or what the said Master his eyes, turns about his head in a very Robert wants of his payment, as we may solemn manner, and suddenly recom- do for you in time for to come, and we mences his attack on the oppressed duck, will send it you again afore new year's who dives as before. The poor animals day, as we are a true knight. For there generally destroy each other, unless some is none in your country, that we might humane person rescues them.
write to for trust, so well as unto you, Like all other Wiltshire amusements, for as we be informed, ye be our well the Hungerford revel always closes with willer, and so we entreat you, that ye good humour and conviviality; the ale consider our intent of this money, as je Howing plentifully, and the song echoing will that we do for you in time to come.. loud and gaily from the rustic revellers. Written at London, on All Soul's Day, Although the revel is meant to last only within our lodging in the Grey Friars, one day, the very numerous attendanis within Newgate. keep up the minor sports sometimes to
“ Ric. ERLE WARWYKE." the fourth day, when all depart, and Hun
This letter is not dated, as to the year, gerford is once more a scene of tran- but is known from circumstances to have quility.
been written before 1455. Sir Thomas The revel takes place about this time Toddingham was a wealthy knight of of the year, but I really cannot call to my Norfolk, who had an unfortunate marriage recollection the precise day. Hoping, how- with one of the Wodehouses. The epistle ever, that this is of no material conse- shows ihe importance of ten, or twenty quence, I beg to remain, Dear Sir, &c.
pounds, when rents were chiefly received
in kind, and the difference between one C. T
degree of wealth and another, was ex
emplified by the number of a baron's EARL OF WARWICK, THE KING MAKER.
retainers. « Now," says Burke, "we have
a ton of ancient pomp in a vial of modern This nobleman, who at one time is said luxury."* to have entertained thirty thousand people at the boards of his different manors and estates in England, and who, when be travelled or lodged in ary town, was
“ Death OF THE LOTTERY." accompanied by four or five hundred retainers, wrote on All Souls' day the fol. Lotteries, two engravings are inserted,
Introductory to particulars respecting lowing remarkable letter for the loan of representing exhibitions that appeared in a small sum. It is divested of its ancient the streets of the metropolis, with the spelling.
intent to excite adventure in the last “ To our right_trusty and well-beloved state lottery that will ever be drawn in
Friend, Sir THOMAS TODDENHAM. England.” “ Right trusty and well beloved friend, we greet you well, heartily desiring to
• Morring Herald, Sepl. 3, 1817.
The last Stage of the last State Lottery.
A BALLAD, 1826.
He work'd his woe,
To share their last ills,
With puffs and bills,
What's the odds ?--while I am floundering here the gold fish will be gone; and as I always was a dab at hooking the right Numbers, I must cast for a Share of the SIX £30,000 on the 18th July, for it is but “ giving a Sprat to catch a Herring” as a body may say, and it is the last chance we shall have in England.
The above engraving is copied from this may be looked on with interest, as a one of the same size to a lottery bill of specimen of the means to which the love 1826: its inscription is verbatim the same tery schemers were reduced, in order to as that below the original. In after days, attract attention to “ the last."
COLLECTIONS RESPECTING LOTTERIES 1569.—THE FIRST LOTTERY. Queenes most excellent Majestres order,
to the entent that such Commodities as Dr. Rawlinson, a distinguished anti- may chance to arise thereof, after the quary, produced to the Antiquarian so- charges borne, may be converted towards ciety, in 1748, “ A Proposal for a very the reparations of the Havens and Strength rich Lottery, general without any Blankes, of the realme, and towards such other contayning a great No of good prices, as public good workes. The N° of lotts well of redy money as of Plate and certain shall be foure hundred thousand, and no sorts of Merchandizes, having been valued more; and every lott shall be the summo and prised by the Commandment of the of tenne shillings sterling only, and og
more. To be filled by the feast of St. of charitable gifts to the corporation of Bartholomew. The shew of Prises ar 10 Reading, that a lottery was held in that be seen in Cheapside, at the sign of the town. “Whereas at a Lottery held within Queenes armes, the house of Mr. Dericke, the Borough of Reading, in the Year u* Goldsmith, Servant to the Queen. Some our Ld. God 1619, Gabriel Barber Gent. other Orders about it in 1567-8. Printed Agent in the sd. Lottery for the Councell sy Hep, Bynneman.”
& Company of Virginia of his own good This is the earliest lottery of which we Will & Charity towarde poor
Tradesmen, save any account. According to Stow, ffreemen & Inhabitants of the sd. Borough t was begun to be drawn at the west of Reading, & for the better enabling aoor of St. Paul's cathedral, on the 11th such poor Tradesmen to support & bear of January, 1569, (11th of Elizabeth,) and their Charges in their several Places & continued incessantly drawing, day and Callings in the sd. Corporation from time right, till the 6th of May following. * It to time for ever freely gave & delivered was at first intended to have been drawn to the Mayor & Burgesses of this Corpo. “ at the house of Mr. Dericke," who was ration the Sum of forty Pounds of lawfull the queen's jeweller.f “Whether," says Money of England Upon Special Trust & Maitland,“ this lottery was on account Confidence, that the sd. Mayor & Burof the public, or the selfish views of pri- gesses & their Successors shall from time vate persons, my author I does not men- to time for ever dispose & lend these 401 tion; but 'tis evident, by the time it took
to & amongst Six poor Tradesmen after up in drawing, it must have been of great the rate of 06l. 138. 4d. to each Man for concern. This I have remarked as being the Term of five Years gratis And after the first of the kind I read in England." those five Years ended to dispose & lend Maitland does not seem to have been the sd. 401. by Such Soms to Six other acquainted with Dr. Rawlinson's com- poor Tradesmen for other five Years & su munication of the printed Proposal” from five years to five years Successively for it to the society of Antiquaries, which, upon good Security for ever Neverthelesse as it states that the "commodities," or provided & upon Condition that none of profits, arising therefrom were to be ap- those to whom the sd. Summs of mony propriated to the reparations of the shall be lent during that Term of five havens and strength of the realme," obvi- years shall keep either Inn or Tavern or ales all doubt as to its being “ on account dwell forth of the sd. Borough, but there of the public."
during that time and terme, shall as other Inhabitants of the sd. Borough reside &
dwell. In 1586, 28th of the reign of Elizabeth, “ A Lotterie, for marvellous rich and
“ Memorand, that the sd. Sum of 401. beautifull armor, was begunne to be
came not into the hands & charge of the drawn at London, in S. Paules church- Mayor & Burgesses until April 1626.".
This extract was communicated to the yard, at the great west gate, (an house of
“ Gentleman's Magazine" in 1778, by a timber and boord being there erected for that purpose,) on St. Peter's day in the correspondent, who, referring to this gift morning, which lotterie continued in of Gabriel Barber, gent., agent in the drawing day and night for the space of said lottery,” says, " If it be asked whal two or three daies.". Of this lottery it is become of it now? gone, it is supposed, is said, in lord Burghley's Diary, at the
where the chickens went before during the end of Murden's State papers, June,
pious protestorship of Cromwell." 1586, the lottery of armour under the charge of John Calthorp determined.”Il
In 1630, 6th Charles I., there was a This is the second English lottery of
project " for the conveying of certain which mention has been made.
springs of water into London and West
minster, from within a mile and a half of In 1619, 16th of James I., it
appears, Hodsdon, in Hertfordshire, by the underfrom the following entry in the register takers, Sir Edward Stradling and John
Lyde." The author of this project was
one Michael Parker. “ For defraying the | Gentleman's Magazine, 1778.
expences whereof, king Charles grants
them a special license to erect and pubi Gentleman's Magazine, 1798.
lish a lottery or lotteries ; according " says
• Maitland's London.
Stow, in his Annals.