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the record, “ to the course of other lot- through any of his parks, chases, lands, teries heretofore used

or practised." &c., and to dig up the same gratis."* This is the first mention of lotteries either in the Foedera or Statute-book. It 1653, during the commonwealth, " And, for the sole privilege of bringing there was a lottery at Grocers' Hall, which the said waters in aqueducts to London, appears to have escaped the observation they were to pay four thousand pounds of the inquirers concerning this species per annum into the king's exchequer: of adventure. It is noticed in an old and, the better to enable them to make weekly newspaper, called “ Perfect Acthe said large annual payment, the king count of the Daily Intelligence 16-23 grants them leave to bring their aqueducts November 1653,” by the following

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At the Committee for Claims for Lands in Ireland,

Ordered, That a Lottery be at Grocers-Hall London, on Thursday 15 Decem. 1653, both for Provinces and Counties, to begin at 8 of the clock in the forenoon of the same day; and all persons concerned therein are to take notice thereof.

W. Tibbs.

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Under Charles II., the crown, with a indigent officers.”+ In those times, the
view to reward its adherents who re- crown exceeded its prerogative by issuing
sided within the bills of mortality, and these patents, and the law was not put in
had served it with fidelity during the in motion to question them.
terregnum, granted “Plate Lotteries;" by
which is to be understood a gift of plate
from the crown, to be disposed of in that

Book Lotteries.
manner as prizes, with permission to sell During the reign of Charles II. lotteries
tickets. According to the Gazette, in

were drawn at the theatres. At VereApril 1669, Charles II , the duke of York, street theatre, which stood in Bear-yard, (afterwards James II.,) and many of the

to which there is an entrance through a nobility were present “ at the grand passage at the south-west corner of Linplate lottery, which, by his majesty's colns'-inn-fields, another from Vere-street, command, was then opened at the sign of and a third from Clare-market, Killithe Mermaid over against the mews." grew's company performed during the This was the origin of endless schemes, seasons of 1661 and 1662, and part of under the titles of “ Royal Oak, 1663, when they removed to the new

Twelve-penny Lotteries,” &c., which built theatre in Drury-lane; and the Verewill be adverted to presently. They may street theatre was probably unoccupied be further understood by an intimation, until Mr. Ogilby, the author of the now published soon after the drawing sanc- useless, though then useful “ Itinerarium tioned by the royal visitors, in these Angliæ, or Book of Roads," adopted it, words, “'This is to give notice, that any as standing in a popular neighbourhood, persons who are desirous to farm any of for the temporary purpose of drawing a the counties within the kingdom of Eng- lottery of books, which took place in land or dominion of Wales, in order to

1668. the setting up of a plate lottery, or any

Books were often the species of proother lottery whatsoever, may repair to perty held out as a lure to adventurers, by the lottery office, at Mr. Philips's house, way of lottery, for the benefit of the sofa in Mermaid-court over against the mews; fering loyalists. Among these, Blome's where they may contract with the trustees Recreations, and Gwillim's Heraldry, fi ar commissioned by his majesty's letters edition, may be mentioned. In the Gapatent for the management of the said patent, on the behalf of the truly loyal,

• Anderson's History of Commerce.

+ Malcolm's Mannen.

zetle of May 18, 1668, is the following but others that are new, of equal value advertisement; “ Mr. Ogilby's lottery of and like estimation by their embellish books opens on Monday the 25th instant, ments, and never yet published; with at the old Theatre between Lincoln's. soine remains of the first impressions, reinn-fields and Vere-street; where all lics preserved in several hauds from the persons concerned may repair on Monday, fire; to sel up a second standing lottery, May 18, and see the volumes, and put in where such the discrimination of fortune their money.” On May 25th is announced, shall be, that few or nove shall return “ Mr. Ogilby's lottery of books (advena with a dissatisfying chance.

The whole turers coming in so fast that they cannot draught being of greater advantage by in so short time be methodically registered) much (to the adventurers) than the formopens uot till Tuesday the 2d of June; er. And accordingly, after publication, then not failing to draw; at the old The- the author opened his office, where they alre between Lincoln's-inn-fields and might put in their first encouragements, Vere-street.”

(viz.) iwenty shillings, and ewenty more A correspondent, ouder the signature at the reception of their fortune, and also of “ A Bibliographer,” communicates to see those several magnificent volumes, the “ Gentleman's Magazine," from which their varied fortune (none being whence the notice respecting these book bad) should present them. lotteries is extracted, one of Ogilby's Pro- * But, the author now finding more posals as a curiosity, in which light it is difficulty than he expected, since many of certainly to be regarded, and therefore it his promisers (who also received great has a place here, as follows :

store of tickets to dispose of, towards pro

motion of his business) though seeming A SECOND Proposal, by the author, for well resolved and very willing, yet straining

the better and more speedy vendition of courtesy not to go foremost in paying their several volumes, (his own works,) by monies, linger out, driving it off

' till near the way of a standing Lottery, licensed the time appointed for drawing; which by his royal highness the duke of York, dilatoriness : (since despatch is the soul and assistants of the corporation of the and life to his proposal, his only advanroyal fishing.

tage a speedy vendition :) and also observa Whereas John Ogilby, esq., erected ing how that a money dearth, a silver a standing lottery of books, and complete- famine, slackens and cools the courage of ly furnished the same with very large, adventurers; through which hazy humours fair, and special volumes, all of his own magnifying mediuin shillings loome like designment and composure, at vast ex- crowns, and each forty shillings a ten pense, labour, and study of twenty years; pound heap. Therefore, according to the the like impressions never before exhibited present humour now reigning, he intends in the English tongue. Which, accord- io adequate his design; and this seeming ing to the appointed time, on the 10th of too large-roomed, standing lottery, new May, 1665, opened; and to the general modelled into many less and more likely satisfaction of the adventurers, with no to be taken tenements, which shall not less hopes of a clear despatch and fair open only a larger prospect of pleasing advantage to the author, was several days hopes, but more real advantage to the adin drawing: when its proceedings were venturer. Which are now to be disposed stopt by the then growing sickness, and of thus : the whole mass of books or lay discontinued under the arrest of that volumes, being the same without addition common calamity, till the next year's more or diminution, amounting according to violent and sudden visitation, the late their known value (being the prices they dreadful and surprising conflagration, have been usually disposed al) to thirteen swallowed the remainder, being two parts of three, to the value of three thousand

• " Whereas some give out that they could never pounds and upward, in that unimaginable receive their books after they were drawn in the firi deluge.

Therefore, to repair in some lottery, the author declares, and it will be attested manner his so much commiserated

that of seven hundred prizes that were drawn, there

were not six remaining P losses, by the advice of many his in the fire ; for the drawing being on the 10th of May. patrons, friends, and especially by the in- 1665, the office did then continee open for the deliver citations of his former adventurers, he the latter end of July following; and opened agaima resolves, and hath already prepared, not to attend the delivery, 11 April 1666, whither per Only to reprint all his own former editions, open until the fire."

sons repaired daily for their prizos, and continued

that soffered with his



thousand seven hundred pounds; so that

I Lot, Num. 4. the adventurers will have the above said One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. volumes (if all are drawn) for less than two Æsop's Fables the first and second vol. val. 61. thirds of what they would yield in process

la all 31 Pound. of time, book by book. He now resolves

I Lot, Num. 3. to attemper, or mingle each prize with One imperial Bible with all the sculps,val, 251.

... 51. four allaying blanks ; so bringing down, Virgil translated, with sculps, val...

In all 30 Pound. by this ineans, the market from double

l-Lot, Num. 6. pounds to single crowns. Tue ProPOSITIONS.—First, whosoever And a Description of China, val. .

One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. will be pleased to put in five shillings

In all 29 Pound. shall draw a lot, his fortune to receive the

i Lot, Num. 7. greatest or meanest prize,or throw away his One imperial Bible with all the sculps, and a intended spending money on a blank. new Æsop, val....

281. Secondly, whoever will adventure deeper,

I Lot, Num. 8. putting in twenty-five shillings, shall re- One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. ceive, if such his bad fortune be that he

1 Lot, Num. 9.

101 draws all blanks, a prize presented to him A royal Bible with all the sculps, val.

11. by the author of 'more value than his A Description of China, val....

And a Homer complete, val...

91. roney (if offered to be sold) though prof

In all 23 Pound fered ware, &c. Thirdly, who thinks fit

I Lot, Num. 10. to put in for eight lots forty shillings shall A royal Bible with all the sculps, val. ...101 receive nine, and the advantage of their A Virgil complete, val...

51. free choice (if all blanks) of either of the Æsop's Fables the first and second rols. works complete, viz. Homer's Iliads and

61. Odysses, or Æsop the first and second

In all 21 Pound. volumes, the China book, or Virgil. Of

1 Lot, Num. 11. which,

One royal Bible with all the sculps, val.. . 101. The first and greatest Prize contains

And a Homer's Works complete, val..... 91. 1 Lot, Number 1,

In all 19 Pound. An imperial Bible with Chorographical and an

1 Lot, Num, 12. hundred historical sculps, valued at.... 251

One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. Virgil translated, with sculps and annotations,

And botls the Æsops, val.

62 val.

In all 16 Pound. Homer's Iliads, adorned with sculps, val. ..51.

i Lot, Num. 13. Homer's Odysses, adorned with sculps, vai. 41. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val., . 101. Æsop's Fables paraphrased and sculped, in A Virgil complete in English, val. 51, folio, val....


In all 15 Pound. A second Collection of Æsopick Fables, adorned

I Lot, Num. 14. with sculps, never

Cne royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. [Imperfect.] A Description of China, val.....

41. His Majestie's Entertainment passing through

In all 14 Pound. the city of London, and Coronation.

[Imperfect.] These are one of each, of all the books con

i Lot, Num. 16. tained in the Lottery, the whole value...511

. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. The Second Prize contains The second volume of Æsop, val..

31. 1 Lot, Num. 2.

In all 13 Pound. One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251.

1 Lot, Num. 17. Homer complete, in English, val.

91. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101 Virgil, val..

And an Entertainment, val.....

21 Æsop complete, val...


In all 12 Pound The Description of China, val..


I Lot, Num. 18.
In all 49 Pound. One royal Bible with all the sculps. val. .. 101.
The Third Prize contains

1 Lot, Num. 19.
i Lot, Num. 3.

One royal Bible with Chorograpwel sculps, One royal Bible with all the sculps 102.

val. Homer's Works in English, val. 91. One Virgil complete, val....

52 Virgil translated, with sculps and annotations,

In all 10 Pound. val.

1 Lot, Num. 20. The first and second vol. of Æsop, val. ... 61. One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, The Description of China, val..

. 51.

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52. Entertainment, val.


And a Homer's Iliads, ral
In all 36 Pound.

In all 10 Pound


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I Lot, Num. 21.

church, Fleet-street. The adventurers One rüyal Bible with Chorographical sculp, may also repair, for their better conveval.

51. nience, to pay in their monies, to Mr. And a Homer's Odyssez, val.

Peter Cleyton, over against the Dutch In all 9 Pound. church, in Austin-friars, and to Mr. Baker, I Lot, Num. 22. One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps; of the Exchange, and to Mr. Roycroft, in

near Broad-street, entering the South-door val. And a Description of China, val...



In all 9 Pound. The certain day of drawing, the author I Lot, Num. 23.

promiseth (though but half full) to be the One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, twenty-third of May next. Therefore all val.

51. persons that are willing to adventure, are And Æsop complete, val..

61. desired to bring or send in their monies In all 11 Pound. with their names, or what other inscripI Lot, Num. 24. A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, their own, by the ninth of May next, it

tion or motto they will, by which to know val.

51. And Æsop the first volume, val.

being Whitson-eve, that the author may

31. In all 8 Pound.

have time to put up the lots and inscrip1 Lot, Nuin. 25.

tions into their respective boxes. A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps,


D.H., one of Mr. Urban's contributors, And Æsop the second volume, val.. 31.

mentions that he had seen an undated In all 8 Pound. I Lot, Num. 26.

“Address to the Learned : or, an advani royal Bible, ruled, with Chorographical tageous lottery for Books in quires ; sculps, val. .'


wherein each adventurer of a guinea is I Lot, Num. 27.

sure of a prize of two pound value; and A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, it is but four to one that he has a prize of ruled, val....

61. three, six, eight, twelve, or fifty pounds, I Lot, Num. 28.

as appears by the following proposals :" One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, one thousand five hundred lots, at 11. Is. val.

51. each, to be drawn with the lots out of two 10 Lot, Num. 29. Each a Homer complete, val.

glasses, superintended by John Lilly and

91. Edward Darrel, esqrs., Mr.DeputyCollins, 10 Lot, Num. 30. Each a double Æsop complete, val.......61.

and Mr. William Proctor, stationer, two 520 Lot, Num. 31.

lots of 501., ten of 121., twenty of 8l., Each a Homer's Iliads, val..

51. sixty-eight of 61., two hundred of 31., one 520 Lot, Num. 32.

thousand two hundred of 31. The underEach a Homer's Odysses, val.

41. takers were : Thomas Leigh, and D. Mid570 Lot, Num. 33.

winter, at the Rose' and Crown, in St. Each a Virgil complete, val...

51. Paul's Church-yard; Mr. Aylmer, at 570 Lot, Num. 34.

the Three Pigeons, and Mr. Richard Each a China Book, val..

41. Parker, under the Piazza of the Royal 570 Lot, Num. 35. Each ihe first volume of Æsop, val....... 31. Britain ; Mr. Took, at the Middle Temple

Exchange; Mr. Nicholson, in Little 570 Lot, Num. 36. Each the second volume of Æsop, val. .. 31. gate, Fleet-street; Mr. Brown, at the

Black Swan, without Temple-bar; Mr. The whole number of the lots three Sare, at Gray's-inn gate; Mr. Lownds, thousand, three hundred, and sixty-eight. at the Savoy gate; Mr. Castle, near The number of the blanks as above or- Scotland-yard gate ; and Mr. Gillyflower, dered; so that the total received is but in Westminster-hall, booksellers. tour thousand, one hundred, and ten pounds.

Letters patent in behalf of the loyalists The office where their monies are to be were from time to time renewed, and, paid in, and they receive their tickets, and from the Gazette of October 11, 1675, it where the several volumes or prizes may appears by those dated June 19, and be daily seen, (by which visual speculation December 17, 1674, there were granted understanding their real worth better then for thirteen years to come," all lotteries by the ear or a printed paper,) is kept at whatsoever, invented or to be invented, the Black Boy, over against St. Dunstan's to several truly loyal and indigent officers,


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in consideration of their many faithful Whimsey-board, and the Wyreboard .ot-
services and sufferings, with prohibition
to all others to use or set up the said lot-
teries," unless deputations were obtained
from those officers.

These patents of the Restoratiod seem

to have occasioned considerable strife beA Penny LOTTERY.

tween the parties who worked under
The most po alar of all the schemes them. The following verses from “ The
was that dra' n at the Dorset-garden Post Boy, January 3, 1698," afford sume
theatre, nea

Salisbury-square, Fleet- insight to their estimation among sensible
street, with the capital prize of a thousand people
pound for a penny. The drawing began A Vialogue betwixt the New LOTTE-
October 19, 1698; and, in the Protestant

Mercury of the following day, “its fair-
ness (was said) to give universal content New Lott. To you, the mother of our
to all that were concerned." In the next

paper is found an inconsistent and fri- Where knaves by licence manage fools,
volous story, as to the possessor of the To pick the pockets of the nation ;

Finding fit juncture and occasion,
prize : “ Some time since, a boy near

We come to know how we must treat'em,
Branford, going to school one morning, And to their heart's content may cheat'ema.
met an old woman, who asked his cha-

Ouk. It cheers my aged heart to see
rity; the boy replied, he had nothing to So numerous a progeny;
give her but a piece of bread and butter, I find by you, that 'tis heaven's will
which she accepted. Some time after, That knavery should flourish still.
she met the boy again, and told him she You have docility and wit,
had good luck after his bread and butter, And fools were never wanting yet.
and therefore would give him a penny,

Observe the crafty auctioneer,
which, after some years' keeping, would His art to sell waste paper dear;
produce many pounds: he accordingly That cormorant of offal books,

When he for salmon baits his hooks, kept it a great while; and at last, with Wbo bites, as sure as maggots breed, some friend's advice, put it into the penny Or carrion crows on horse-fesh feed; lottery, and we are informed that on

Fair specious titles him deceive, Tuesday last the said lot came up with To sweep what I and Tn leave. 1000l. prize.” However absurd this rela- If greedy gulls you wou'd eosnare, tion appears, it must be recollected those Make 'em proposals wondrous fair ; to whom it was principally addressed Tell him strange golden show'rs shall fa}], had given proof of having sufficient cre- And promise mountains to 'em all. dulity for such a tale, in believing that New Lott. That craft we've already two hundred and forty thousand shares taught, could be disposed of and appropriated to

And by that trick have millions caught; a single nuinber, independent of other Books, bawbles, toys, all sorts of stuff, prizes. The scheme of the “ Penny Luts Nay, music, too, invades our art


off this way well enough,
tery” was assailed in a tract, intituled

And to some tune wou'd play her part.
“ The Wheel of Fortune, or Nothing for I'll show you now what we are doing,
a Penny; being remarks on the drawing ror we have divers wheels agoing.
of the Penny Lottery at the Theatre Royal

, We now have found out richer lands
in Dorset-Garden," 1698, 410. After Than Asia's hills, or Afric's sands,
wards at this theatre there was a short And to vast treasures nust give birth,
exhibition of prize-fighters; and the Deep hid in bowels of the earth ;
building was totally deserted in 1703. In fertile Wales, and God knows where,

In 1698-9, schemes were started, called Rich mines of gold and silver are,
"The Lucky Adventure; or, Fortunate From whence we drain prodigious slove

Of silver coin'd, tho' none in ore,
Chance, being 2000l. for a groat, or
30001. for a shilling :” and “ Fortunatus, in hopes to make us vomit more.

Which down our throats rich concombs pout, or another adventure of 1000l. for a

Oak. This project surely must be good, penny :" but purchasers were more wary, Because not eas'iy understood : and the money returned in both cases. - Besides, it gives a mighty scope The patentees also advertised against the To the fool's argument-vain hope. "Marb'e-board, alias the Woollich-board lotteries; the Figure-board, alias the

• Gentleman's Magazinc.

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