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No eagle's eye the cheat can see,
The Jurors' Names. Thro' hope thus back'd by my:tery. New Lote. We have, besides, 'a thousand Mr. Positive, a Draper in Covent Garden
Mr. Squander, an Oilman in Fleet-street. For great and small, for rich and poor,
Mr. Pert, a Tobacconist, ditto. From him that can his thousands spare, Mr. Captious, a Milliner in PaternosterDown to the peony customer.
Row. Oak. The silly mob in crowds will run, Mr. Feeble, a Coffeeman near the Change. To be at easy rates undone.
Mr. Altrick, a Merchant in Gracechurchgimcrack-show draws in the sout,
street. Thousands their all by pence lay out. Mr. Haughty, a Vintner by Grays-Inn, New Lott. We, by experience, find it true,
Holborn. But we have methods wholiy new,
Mr. Jenlous, a Cutler at Charing-Cross. Strange late-invented ways to thrive, To make men pay for what they give,
Mr. Peevish, a Bookseller in št. Paul's To get the rents into our hands
Church-yard. of their hereditary lands,
Mr. Spilbook, near Fleet-bridge. And out of what does thence arise,
Mr. Noysie, a Silkman upon Ludgate-hill
. To make 'em buy annuities
Mr. Finical, a Barber in Cheapside. We've mathematic combination, To cheat folks by plaiu cenosisation,
Cl. of Ma. Squire Lottery, alias Royal Which shall be fairly man g'd loo,
Oak Lottery, you stand Indicted by the The undertaker knows not how,
Name of Squire Lottery, alias Royal-Oak Besides
Lottery, for that you the said Squire Oak. Prav, hold a little, here's enough, Lottery, not having the fear of God in To beggar Europe of this stuff.
your Heart; nor weighing the Regard Go on, and prosper, and be great,
and Duty you owe, and of right ought to I am to you a puny cheat
pay to the Interest, Safety, and Satisfac
tion of your Fellow-Subjects; have from The “ Royal-Oak Lottery,” as the rival time to time, and at several times, and in if not the parent of the various other de- several places, cottrary to the known moralizing schemes, obtained the largest Laws of this Kingdom, vnder the shadow share of public odium. The evils it had and coverture of a Royal Oak, propagated, created are popularly set forth in a re- continued, and carried on a most unequal
, markable traci, entitled “The Arraign- intricate, and insinuating Game, to the ment, Trial, and Condemnation of Squire ulter ruin and destruction of many thou, Lottery, alias Royal-Ouk Lottery, London, sand Families : And that you the said 1699," 8vo. The charges against the of. Squire Lottery, alias Royal Oak Lottery, fender are arrayed under the forms im- as a common Enemy to all young people, ported by the title-page. The following and an inveterale Hater of all good Conextracts are in some respects curious, as versation and Diversion, have, for many exemplifying the manners of the times :- years last past, and do still continue, by Die Lunæ vicesimo die Martii 1695. insidiously, falsely, and impiously, to
certain cunning Tricks and Stratagems, Anno Regni, &c.
trepan, deceive, cheat, decoy, and entice At the Time and Place appointed, came divers Ladies, 'Gentlemen, Citizens, Apon the Trial of Squire Lottery, alias Royal- prentices, and others, to play away their Oak Lottery, for abundance of intolerable Money at manifest Odds and DisadvanTricks, Cheats, and high Misdemeanours, tage. And that you the said Squire upon an Indictment lately found against Lottery, alias Royal Oak Lottery, the him, in order to a National Delivery. more secretly and effectually to carry on
About ten of the Clock, the day and and propagate your base, malicious, and year abovesaid, the Managers came into covetous Designs and Practices, did, and ihe Court, where, in the presence of a do still encourage several lewd and disorvast confluence of People of all Ranks, derly Persons, to meet, propose, treat; the Prisoner was ordered to the Bar.
consult, consent, and agree upon several Proclamation being made, and a Jury unjust and illegal Methods, how to en of good Cits which were to try the Pri- spare and entangle People into your de soner being sworn, the Indictment against lusive Game; by which means you have, Squire Lottery alias Royal Oak Lottery, for many years last past, utterly, intirely,
and irrecoverably, contrary to all manner • Malcolm's Mannen,
cf Justice, Humanity, or good Nature,
despoiled, depraved, and defrauded, an bring with him to recomniend him with
ration, usurp'd the Title of a Royal Oak, Lottery. Not Guilty. But, before I was establish'd in Friendship to the Caproceed to make my Defence, I beg I valiers, and that for disorderly Practices inay be permitted the assistance of three he had been banish'd out of several Counor four learned Sharpers to plead for me, tries ; till at last he was forc'd to fix in case any Matter of Law arise.
upon England as the fittest Asylum. But This being assented to, the Managers of pray, Sir, how came you so intimately the Prosecution made their speeches in acquainted with him at first? support of the Charge, and called Captain Pasthope. I was about to tell you. In Pasthope.
order to manage his Affairs, it was 1st Man. Sir, Do you know Squire thought requisite he should be provided Lottery, the Prisoner at the Bar ? with several Coadjutors, which were to be
Pasthope. Yes, I have known him inti- dignify'd with the Character of Patentees ; mately for near forty years ; ever since amongst which number, by the help of a ihe Restoration of King Charles.
friendly Courtier, I was admitted for 1st Man. Pray will you give the Bench one. and Jury an Account what you know of Man. Oh! then I find you was a Pahim ; how he came into England, and tentee. Pray, how long did you continue in how he has behaved himself ever since. your Patentee's Post? and what were the
Pasthope. In order to make my Evi- Reasons that urg'd you to quit it at dence more plain, I hope it will not be last ? judg'd much out of form, to premise two Pasthope. I kept my Patentee's Station or three things.
nine years, in which time I had clear'd 1st Man. Mr. Pasthope, Take your own 40001., and then, upon some Uneasiness method to explain yourself; we must not and Dislike, I sold it for 7001. abridge or direct you in any respect. Man. Pray, Captain, tell the Court
Pasthope. In the years 60 and 61, more fully what was the Reason that among a great many poor Cavaliers, prevaild with you to relinquish such a 'twas my hard fate to be driven to Court profitable place. for a Subsistence, where I continued in a Pasthope. I had two very strong Reaneglected state, pais fully waiting the sons for quitting my Post; viz. Remorse moving of the Waters 'or several months; of Conscience, and Apprehension of con. when at last a Rumour was spread, that a sequent Danger. To tell you the truth, I certain Stranger was landed in England, saw so many bad Practices encourag'd that in all probability, if we could get him and supported, and so many persons of the Sanction of a Patent, would be a both Sexes ruin'd; I saw so much Vilgood friend to us all.
lany perfected and projected, and so many Man. You seem to intimate as if he other intolerable "Mischiefs within the was a Stranger; pray, do you know what compass of every day's Proceeding, that Countryman he was?
partly through the stings of my Mind Pasthope. The report of his Country and the apprehensions I was under of the was very different; some would have hiin Mob, with a great deal of Reluctancy I a Walloon, some a Dutchman, some a quitted my Post. Venetian, and others a Frenchman in- Man. Captain, I find you're nicely deed by his Policy, cunning Design, qualify'd for an Evidence, pray, therefore, Forethought, &c. I'am very well satis- give the Court an Account
what Methods fied he could be no Englishman.
the Prisoner us'd to take to advance his Man. What kind of Credentials did he business.
Pasthope. The way in my time, and I ment he's to keep a good House : pray suppose 'tis the same still, was to send out after all, whal sort of House is it he does Sharpers and Setters into all parts of the keep? Town, and to give 'em direction to mag- Past. Why, he dines at the Tavern, nify the Advantage, Equality, and Justice where any body that has 40 or 501. to of his Game, in order to decoy Women píay away with him the Afternoon, may and Fools to come and play away their be admitted into his Company.
Man. What, does he entertain none Man. Well, but sure he had no Wo. but those that have 40 or 501, to lose? en or Fools of Quality, Rank, or Repu- Past. He never converses with any tation, that came to him ? According to Person that has no money: if they have the common Report that passes upon no money, their Company's burdensom him, there's none but the very Scoundrels and ungrateful, and the Waiters have and Rabble, the very Dregs and Refuse Directions to keep 'em out. of Fools, will think him worth their Con. Man. Does he do this to the very Per versation.
sons he has ruin'd, and won all they Pasthope. Truly, he had 'em of all sorts, have? That, methinks, is a pitch of Bar, as well Lord-fools and Lady-fools, Knight- barity beyond the common degree: I fools and Esquire-fools, or any other hardly ever read or heard of any thing so sort of Fools : and, indeed, he made no exaltedly cruel and brutish, in all the Acdifference between 'em neither; a Cobler. counts of my Life. fool had as much respect as a Lord-fool, Past. I have seen abundance of Exin proportion to the money he had in his amples of this nature, one, in particular, Pocket; and pro hac vice had as exten- which I shall never forget; a poor Lady, sive a Qualification to command, domineer, that had lost 350l. per annum to him, beand hector, as the best Fool of 'em all. side two or three thousand pounds in
Man. Did you never observe any of ready money, basely and inhumanly hal'd these Fools to get any money of him? out of doors, but for asking for a glass of I can't imagine what it could be that Sack, could influence 'em to embark with him, Mun. You were mentioning his Charity if there was nothing to be got.
to the Poor too; is there any thing of Pusthope. There was never any body reality in that ? that ever got any thing of him in the Past. For my part, I never heard of main ; now and then one by chance might one good Act he has done in the whole carry off a small matter; and so 'twas course of his Life : secret Clarity is the necessary they should, for otherwise his
most meritorious, 'tis true; and perhaps Constitution must dissolve in course. it may be that way he may communicate
Man. "Tis a great mystery to me, that his, for indeed I never heard of any he did so many People should pursue a Game in publick. where every body's a Loser at last; but Man. You were mentioning too an anpray, Captain, then, what are the odds the nual Pension to the Crown; what is it he Prisoner is reputed to have against those pays to the Crown? that play with him?
Past. Indeed I cannot be positive in Pasthope. No body can tell you their that: to the best of my remembrance 'tis Advantage ; 'tis a cunning intricate Con- four thousand pounds per annum : in coin terture, and truly I very much question pensation for which, beside the general whether the original Projector himself had liberty he has to cheat and abuse the a perfect Idea of the Odds: at a full Table World, he has the sole Privilege of Licensand deep Play, I have seen him clear ing all other Cheats and Impostors, com6001. in less than an hour.
monly known by the Name of Lotteries. Man. What are the Odds he owns him- 2d' Man You were speaking somer self?
thing, Captain Pusthope, just now, as if Pusthope. Only 32 Figures against 27, the Prisoner was intrusted with these Adwhich indeed is Odds enough to insure vantages for the benefit of some poor all the money at length. But this, it Cavaliers, which were to be the Patentees, seems, was an Advantage that was allow'd
as you call 'em. Pray tell the Jury what him, that he might be able to keep a good kind of Cavaliers these Patentees were. House, relieve the Poor, and pay an an- Past. That was all but a Blind, a pure nual Pension to the Crown or the Cour- Prick to deceive the World : the Patentiers.
tees, in the main, were either Sharpers O* Man. You say, by his original Agree broken Tradesman, or some such sort os Termin, that had cunningly twisted them- have remember'd that I told you I saw so selves into the business under the shadow much of your Faishood and Tricks, and so of Cavaliers.
many innocent People daily sacrific'd, to Man. Pray, what Opinion had the support a Society of lewd, debanch'd, imWorld of the Prisoner when he first came pertinent, and withal imperious Cannito be known in England?
bals, that I thought it my best way to quit Pasthope. The samne that it has of him your Fraternity, and pack off with that now: all wise men look'd upon him as a little I had got, and leave you to manage Cheat, and a dangerous Spark to be let your mathematical Balls, &c. by your loose in publick among our English Youth: self. and indeed I have heard a great many so- Man. I suppose, Sir, you will ask him ber men pass very sharp Censures
no more Questions, and so we'll call anothe Wisdom of the Court for intrusting ther Witness. him with a Royal Authority.
Lottery. No, Sir, I have done with Man. What kind of Censures were they him. that they past ? do you remember any of Man. Call Squire Frivolous, the Counem particularly ?
sellor : Sir, do you know Squire Lottery, Past. Yes, I remember several things the Prisoner ? that I am almost ashamed to mention. I Frivolous. I have been acquainted with have heard 'em often reflecting what an
him several years, to my great Cost and intolerable Same and Scandal it was, that Damage. The first time I had the misa whole Kingdom should be sacrificed to fortune to know him, was at an Act at the Interest of two or three Courtiers, and Oxford about twenty years ago; where three or four scurvy mercenary Patentees; among abundance of other young Fools that so many thousand Families should be that he entic'd to sell their Books for ruin'd, and no notice taken of it; that so Money to play with him, &c. I was one. many Wives should be seduc'd to rob and Man. What, I hope, he was not so bar betray their Husbands, so many Children barous as to decoy the poor young Gen and Servants their Parents and Masters, tlemen out of their Books ? and so many horrid Mischiefs transacted Frivolous. Yes, out of every thing they daily nnder the shadow of this pretended had, and out of the College to boot : For Royal Oak Lottery, and no manner of my own part I have reason to curse him, means used to suppress it.
I'm sure; He flatter'd me up with so 2d Mar But, Captain, did you never many Shams and false Pretences, and de hear of any Person that got money of the luded
so many chimerical Prisoner in the main ?
Notions and cunning Assurances, and Past. Not one. I defy him to produce urg'd me so long from one deceitful Proone single person that's a Gainer, againstject to another, till at last he had trick: a hundred ihousand he has ruin'd. I'in me out of all I had in the world, and then confident I have a Catalogue by me of turn’d me over to the scorn and laughter several thousands that have been utterly of my Friends and Acquaintance. undone by him, within the compass of my Man. Can you give the Bench any own Experience.
particular Names of Persons he has Man. What does the Town in general ruin'd ? say of him ?
Frivolous. I have a Collection or Past. The town, here-a-late, is grown Names in my Pocket, which I'm sure he so inveterate and incens'd against him, can't object against, that have lost fourthat I am very well assur'd that if he had teen or fifteen thousand Pound per Annot been call'd to account in the very num, within my own Knowledg and nick, the Mob would have speedily taken Acquaintance. him into their correction.
Man. That's a round Sum: But, pray, Man. Well, Sir, you hear what the Wit- Mr. Frivolous, for the satisfaction of the ness has said against you; will you ask Jury, mention a few of their Names. him any Questions?
Frivolous. I suppose, Squire Lottery, Lottery. Only one; and leave the rest you must remember the Kentish Squire till I come to make my general Defence. in the Blue Coat, that you won the six Sir, I desire to know whether you was not hundred Pound per Annum of, in less than one that was turn'd out upon the last five months. You remember the Lord' Renewal of the Patent?
Steward that lost an Estate of his own ar Part. No, Sir, I was not. You might three hundred Pouna per Annum, and rup four thousand Pound in Arrears to his the arraigned defended himself as folLord beside. You remember, I suppose, lows : the West-India Widow, that lost the Car. Lottery. Sir, I intend to spend as little go of two Ships, valued at fifteen hundred of your time as I can : I perceive, that, Pound, in less than a month. I know let me say what I will, you are prepard you can't forget the honest Lady at St. to over-sule it, and so I'll only say a few James's, that sold all her Goods, Plate, words, and call three or four Witnesses to and China, for about seven hundred prove my reputation, and then leave the Pound, and paid it all away to you, as good Men and true of the Jury, upon near as I remember, in three mornings. I whose Verdict I must stand or fall
, to use know you can't forget the three Merchants' me as they shall best judg the nature of Daughters that play'd away their whole my Case deserves. Fortunes, viz. fifteen hundred Pounds I know, Gentlemen, the ride of Prejuapiece in less than two months. You re- dice runs very fierce against me; so that member the Silkman from Ludgate-hill ; let me say what I will, I'm satisfy'd it the young Draper in Cornhil ; the Coun- will be all to very little purpose; an ill try Parson; the Doctor of Physick's Name to a Person in my condilion is cerDaughter; the Lady's Woman; the Mer- tain Death, which indeed makes me a chant's Apprentice; the Marine Captain; little more indifferent in making my dehe Ensign of the Guards ; the Coffee- fence. man's Neece; the old Justice's Nephew; But, Gentlemen, look upon me, I am and abundance of others, which I have in the very Image of some of you, a married my Catalogue, that you have cheated out Protestant; upon which account I'm coof large Sums, and utterly ruin'd. fident I may rely upon a little of your
Lottery. I desire that he may be ask d, Justice, if not your Favour. what it was that influenc'd him at first to The Crimes I am charged with are inmake such a Catalogue ?
deed very great, and, what's worse, there's Man. He desires to know
what some of 'em I can never expect to evince. account it was that you made this Collec- But then, Gentlemen, I hope you'l consi. tion of Names ?
der, that whatever ['did, was purely in Frivolous. I had once a design to have the prosecution of my occupation;
and him call'd to an Account, and forc'd to a you know withal whai Authority I had Restitution; in which case I thought the for it; so that if by chance, in this long Names of these Persons might be of some tract of time, every thing should not be so use to me.
nicely conformable as you expect, I hope Man. What Method did you propose you'l take care to lay the Saddle upon
the to your self to bring him to a Restitu- right Horse. tion ?
You all know that Covelousness and Frivolous. I had a Notion, that if I Cheating are the inseparable Companions drew up the Case, and got it recom- of a Gamester; divide him from them, mended to the Honourable House of Com- and he's the most insignificant
Creature in mons, they would have thought the Pris- Nature. And, Gentlemen, I appeal to oner worth their correction : But this he your selves, if a little useful lying and got intelligence of, and employ'd one of falshood be not in some cases) not only his Agents to make up the matter with tolerable, but commendable.
I dare say
you will agree with me in this, that if alı Man. What, I suppose you mean he ihe Knaves and Cheats of the Nation brib'd you with a Sum of Money to de- were call’d to the Bar and executed, there cline the Prosecution ?
would only be a few Fools left to defend Frivolous. Truly you have hit of the the Commonwealth. very thing; he knew that I was poor, and But, Gentlemen, as I told you before, I he was guilty, and so compounded with won't spend your time, and therefore I'll me for a few Guineas to let the thing fall: call my Witnesses. Call Captain Quondan. And indeed, if I am not misinform’d, his Cryer. Call Capt. Quondam, Art of Bribing, &c. has guarded him so Lottery. Sir, I desire you would give long from the Punishments which the the Court an account what you know of Laws of the Land, and common Justice, me, as to Life and Conversation. have provided for such notorious of
Quorrdam. I have known the Prisoner fenders.
for several years, and have been often in Other witness as having been called, his company upon particular occasions,