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every morning and evening, soon after Saturday the 27th, he spent the next day the church clock has struck five and nine, in devout exercises. He refused to see a bell from the same steeple announces his friends, and ordered them to be told, by distant strokes the number of the day that his time was precious, and the best of the month-originally intended, per- thing they could do was to pray for him. naps, for the information of the unlearned On Monday the 29th, his children were Fillagers : the other is, that after a funeral brought to take their leave of him, viz. the church bells ring a lively peal, as in the lady Elizabeth and the duke of Glouother places after a wedding; and to this cester. He first gave his blessing to the custom the parishioners are perfectly re- lady Elizabeth, bidding her that when conciled by the consideration that the she should see her brother James, she deceased is removed from a scene of should tell him that it was his father's trouble to a state of rest and peace.
last desire that he should no more look upon his brother Charles as his eldest
brother only, but be obedient to him as When Mr. Colman read his Opera of his sovereign; and that they should love « Inkle and Yarico" to the late Dr.
one another, and forgive their father's Mosely, the Doctor made no reply during enemies. The king added, “Sweetheart, the progress of the piece. Ai the con
you will forget this.” “No,” said she, clusion, Colman asked what he thought “ I shall never forget it as long as I live. of it. “ It won't do,” said the Doctor. He bid her not grieve and torment herself “ Stuff-nonsense." Everybody else for him ; for it would be a glorious death having been delighted with it, this de- he should die, it being for the laws and cided disapprobation puzzled the circle ;
e; liberties of this land, and for maintaining he was asked why? “I'll tell you why," the true Protestant religion. He recomanswered the Critic; "you say in the mended to her the reading of “ Bishop finale
Andrews's Sermons," " Hooker's EcclesiNow let us dance and sing,
astical Polity," and " Archbishop Laud's While all Barbadoe's bells do ring.' Book against Fisher.” He further told It won't do there is but one bell in all her, that he had forgiven all his enemies, the island !"
and hoped God would likewise forgive
them. He bade her tell her mother, that With a citation from the poet of Erin, his thoughts had never strayed from the present notice will “ring out" de her, and that his love should be the same lightfully.
to the last. After this he took the duke Evening Bells.
of Gloucester, being then a child of about Those erening bells, those evening bells,
seven years of age, upon his knees, saying
to him, “Sweetheari, now they will cut How many a tale their music tells, Of youth and home, and that sweet time
off thy father's head :" upon which the Since last 1 heard their soothing chime.
child looked with great earnestness upon
him. The king proceeding, said, “ Mark, Those joyous hours are passed away, child, what I say, they will cut off my And many a friend that then was gay, Within the tomb now darkly dwells,
head, and perhaps make thee a king: but
mark what I say, you must not be a king And hears no more those evening bells.
so long as your brothers Charles and James And so 'twill be when I am gone,
do live; for they will cut off your brothers' That tuneful peal will still ring on,
heads when they can catch them, and cut While other bards shall walk these dells,
off thy head too at last : and therefore I And sing thy praise, sweet evening bells !
charge you do not be made a king by
them." At which the child fetched a NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
deep sigh, and said, “ I will be torn in Mean Temperature. . . 36 • 64.
pieces hisi.” Which expression falling from a child so young, occasioned no
little joy to the king. This day the warJanuary 30.
rant for execution was passed, signed by
fifty-nine of the judges, for the king to King Charles's Martyrdom, 1644 - Holi- die the next day, beiween the hours of
day at the Public Offices, 1826. ten in the morning and five in the afterIt is recorded that, after King Charles noon. the First received sentence of death, on On the 30th, “The king having arrived
at the place of execution, made a long to be heard but shrieks, and groans, and address to colonel Tomlinson; and after- sobs, the unmerciful soldiers beating wards turning to the officers, he said, down poor people for this little tender of "Sirs, excuse me for this same : I have a their affection to their prince Thus died good cause and a gracious God: I will the worthiest gentleman, the best masier, say no more.'
Then turning to colonel the best friend, the best husband, the Hacker, he said, "Take care that you do best father, and the best Christian, that not put me to pain; and said, “This the age in which he lived produced.” and please you A gentleman coming near the axe, he said, "Take heed of the
Then axe-pray take heed of the axe.'
Sir Philip Warwick, an adherent to speaking to the executioner (who was
this unfortunate king, says, “His demasked) he said, 'I shall say but very short prayers, and when I thrust out my would not let fall his dignity, no not to
portment was very majestic; for he bands' Then he asked the bishop the greatest foreigners that came to visit for his cap, which, when he had put on, him and his court for though he was far he said to the executioner, •Does my hair trouble you? who desiring it might and would be approached with respect
from pride, yet he was careful of majesty, be all put under his cap, it was put up and reverence.
His conversation was by the bishop and executioner. Turuing free ; and the subject matter of it, on his to the bishop, he said, I have a good
own side of the court, was most commonly cause, and a gracious God on my side.'
With To which the bishop answered, "There rational; or if facetious, not light. is but one stage more, which, though any artist or good mechanic, traveller, or turbulent and troublesome, yet it is a
scholar, he would discourse freely; and very short one; it will soon carry you a
as he was commonly improved by them, very great way. It will carry you from
so he often gave light to them in their earth to heaven; and there you will find, few gentlemen in the world that knew
own art or knowledge: for there were to your great joy, the prize you hasten 10,-a crown of glory. The king added, this prince did; and yet his proportion
more of useful or necessary learning than 'I go from a corruptible to an incorruptie of books was but small, having, like ble crown, where no disturbance is, no disturbance in the world.' The bishop
Francis the First of France, learnt more replied, “You are exchanged from a
by the ear than by study. His way of len.poral to an eternal crown, a good ex
arguing was very civil and patient, for change.' Then the king asked the exe
he never contradicted another by his au. cutioner if his hair was well. After
thority, but by bis reason; nor did he by which, putting off his cloak, doublet, and petulant dislike quash another's argubis George, he gave the latter to the ments; and he offered his exception by bishop, saying,
this civil introduction, •By your favour, Remember.' After this he put on his cloak again over his Sir, I think otherwise, on this or that waistcoal
, inquiring of the executioner if ground; yet he would discountenance the block was fast, who answered it was.
any bold or forward address unto him. He then said, 'I wish it might have been And in suits, or discourses of business, he a little higher.'
But it was answered would give way to none abruptly to him, it could not be otherwise now. The
euter into them, but looked that the king said, When I put out my hands greatest persons should in affairs of this this way, then
nature address to him by his proper mi. He prayed a few words standing, with his hands and eyes ing to him in their own persons. His
nisters, or by some solemn desire of speaklift up towards heaven, and then down, laid his neck on the block. Soon exercises
were manly, for he rid the great after which the executioner putting some
horse very well; and on the little saddle of his hair under his cap, the king thought he was not only adroit, but a laborious he had been going to strike, bade him hunter," or field-man. He had a great stay for the sign. After a little time the plainness in his own nature, and yet he was king stretched forth his hand, and the thought, even by his friends, to love too executioner took off his head at one
much a versatile man; but his experience stroke. When his head was held up,
had thoroughly eaned him from this at and the people at a distance knew the fatal stroke was over, there was cothing
rast. He kept up the dignity of his court, ing them, that if he heard they kept good limiting persons to places suitable to their company abroad, he should reasonably qualities, unless he particularly called for expect they would return qualified 10 them. Besides the women who attended serve their king and country well at on his beloved queen and consort, the home; and he was careful to keep the lady Henrietta Maria, sister of the French youth in his time uncorrupted. The king, he scarcely admitted any great offi- king's deportment at his trial, which becer to have his wife in the family. His gan on Saturday the 20th of January, exercises of religion were most exem 1648, was very majestic and steady; and plary; for every morning early, and though usually his tongue hesitated, yet evening, not very late, singly and alone, at this time it was free for he was never in his own bed-chamber, or closet, he discomposed in mind; and yet, as he spent some time in private meditation, confessed himself to bishop Juxon, who (for he dared reflect and be alone,) and attended him, one action shocked him through the whole week, even when he very much; for whilst he was leaning in weat to hunt, he never failed, before he the court upon his staff, which had a head sat down to dinner, to have part of the of gold, the head broke off on a sudden : liturgy read to him and his menial ser- he took it up, but seemed unconcerned; vants, came he ever so hungry or late in: yet told the bishop, it really made a great and on Sundays and Tuesdays he came, impression on him; and to this hour commonly at the beginning of service, well (says he) I know not possibly how it attended by his court lords and chief at- should come. It was an accident I mytendants, and most usually waited on by self have often thought on, and cannot many of the nobility in town, who found imagine how it came about; unless Hugh those observances acceptably entertained Peters, who was truly and really his by him. His greatest enemies can deny gaoler, (for at St. James's nobody went none of this; and a man of this modera- to him but by Peters's leave,) had artifition of mind could have no hungry appe- cially tampered upon his staff. But such tite to prey upon his subjects, though he conjectures are of no use." had a greatness of mind not to live precariously by them. But when he fell into In the Lansdowne collection of MSS. the sharpness of his afflictions, (than a singular circumstance before the battle which few men underwent sharper,) I of Newbury is thus related :dare
say I know it, (I am sure conscien “The king being at Oxford went one tiously I say it, though God dealt with day to see the public library, where he him, as he did with St. Paul, not remove was shown, among other books, a Virgil, the thorn, yet he made his grace sufficient nobly printed and exquisitely bound. to take away the pungency of it; for he The lord Falkland, to divert the king, made as sanctified an use of his afilic- would have bis majesty make a trial of tions as most men ever did. As an evi- his fortune by the sortes Virgilianæ,which dence of his natural probity, whenever any every body knows was not an unusual kind young nobleman or gentleman of quality of augury some ages past. Whereupon who was going to travel, came to kiss his the king opening the book, the period hand, he cheerfully would give them which happened to come up was part of some good counsel leading to moral vir- Dido's imprecation against tue, especially a good conversation ; tell- which Mr. Dryden translates thus :
Yet let a race untamed, and haughty foes,
Eneid, b. iv. I. 88.
" It is said, king Charles seemed con- upon him But the place that Falkland cerned at this accident, and that the lord stumbled upon was yet more suited to Falkland observing it, would likewise try his destiny* than the other had been to his own fortune in the same manner, the king's; being the following expreshoping he might fall upon some passage sions of Evander upon the untimely that could have no relation to his case, death of his son Pallas, as they are trans. and thereby divert the king's thoughts lated by the same hand :from any impression the other might have
O Pallas ! thou hast failed thy plighted word
Prelude of bloody fields and fights to come. Æneid, b. xi. 1. 230.
obliged myself to use the form prescribed On the 30th of January, 1755, the rev. in the Book of Common Prayer. The John Watson, curate of Ripponden, in office for the 30th of January is no part of Yorkshire, preached a sermon there the Liturgy of the church of England. which he afterwards published. The By the liturgy of the church I mean the title-page states it as "proving that king contents of The Book of Common Prayer Charles I. did not govern like a good and Administration of the Sacraments, king of England" ile also printed “An and other Rites and Ceremonies of the A pology for his Conduct yearly on the Church, &c., established by the act of 30th of January.” In these tracts he uniformity, in the year 1662; and whatsays, “ For some years last past I have ever has been added since, I suppose no preached on the 30th of January, and my clergyman ever bound himself by sublabours were employed in obviating the scription to use ; the reason is because mistakes which I knew some of my con- the law requires no more. gregation entertained with regard to the Mr. Watson then says, on the authocharacter of king Charles I.; and in rity of Wheatly, in his " Illustration of proving that if it was judged rebellion in the Common Prayer,” Johnson in his those who took up arms against that un “ Clergyman's Vade Mecum," and the fortunate prince, who had made so many author of “ The Complete Incumbent," breaches in the constitution, it must be that the services for the 30th of January an aggravation of that crime, to oppose and the 29th of May are not confirmed the just and wise measures of the present by act of parliament, and that penalties father of his country, king George. The do not attach for the non-celebration 01 chief reason for publishing the sermon is the service on those days. “I cannot in to confute a commonly received opinion conscience read those prayers,” says Watthat I applauded therein the act of cut son, “wherein the king is called a Martyr. ting off the king's head, which any one I believe the assertio to be false, and may quickly see to be without foundation. therefore why should I tell a lie before For when I say that the resistance he met the God of Truth! What is a martyr ? with was owing to his own mal-adminis. He is a witness, for so the word in the tration, nothing else can be ineant than original imparts. Robert Stephens tells the opposition he received from a wise, us, that they are martyrs who have died brave, and good parliament :-not that giving a testimony of divinity to Christ, shown him by those furious men who de- but if this be true king Charles can be no stroyed both the parliament and him, and martyr, for he was put to death by those whose conduct I never undertook to vin- who believed in the divinity of Christ as dicate. It has been observed that I al well as he. What were the grounds then ways provide a clergyman to read prayers for giving him this glorious title? his for me on the 30th of January; but not dying rather than give up episcopacy? I to read that service is deemed criminal, think lord Clarendon hath proved the because in subscribing the 36th canon I contrary : he consented to suspend epis
• Lord Falkland engaged in a thoughtless skirmish and perished in it.
copacy for three years, and that money cre, wherein above three hundred thoushould be raised upon the sale of the sand protestants were murdered in cold thurch lands, and only the old rent should blood, or expelled out of their habitations. De reserved to the just owners and their (Vide' Temple's Irish Rebellion,' page 6 ) buccessors. My charity leads me so far, I say, we, at this period of time, should that I hope king Charles meant well when not have thought such a one worthy to be he told the princess Elizabeth that he deemed a martyr for the cause of protestshould die a martyr, and when he repeat- antism; but that it has been a custom in ed it on the scaffold. But this might be the church for near a century to call him nothing else but a pleasing deception of so. However, it is time seriously to conthe mind; and if saying that he died a sider whether it is not proper to correct martyr made him such, then the duke of this error; at least, it should be shown to Monmouth also was the same, for he died be no error if we must keep it, for, at with the same words in his mouth, which present, many of the well-meaning memhis grandfather, king Charles, had used bers of the church are offended at it.” before. King Charles II. seems to have The writer cited, goes on to observe, had no such opinion of the matter; for “My second objection against reading when a certain lord reminded his majesty this service is, that I judge it to be conof his swearing in common discourse, the trary both to reason and the contents of king replied, 'Your martyr swore more the Bible, to say that the blood of king than ever I did,' which many have deem- Charles can be required of us or our posed a jest upon the title which his father terity. There is not, I suppose, one man had got. In fact, we, of this generation, alive who consented to the king's death. should never have judged, that he who We know nothing of it but from history, swore to preserve the religion, laws, and therefore none of us were concerned in liberties of his country inviolate, and yet the fact; with what reason then can it be broke through every one of these re- averred that we ought to be responsible straints-that he, who put an English for it, when it neither was nor is in our Aeet into the hands of the French to crush power to prevent it. But what if we disthe protestants there, who were struggling claim the sins of our forefathers, or are the to maintain their religion and liberties, posterity of those who fought for the king, that be, who contrary to the most solemn are we still to be in danger of suffering! promises, did sacrifice the protestant in- Such seems to be the doctrine of this serterest in France that he, who concurred vice, where all, without exception, are with Laud in bringing the church of Eng. called upon to pray that they may be land to a kind of rivalship, for ornaments, freed from the vengeance of his righteous &c., with the church of Rome-that he, blood.' I could prove, from undoubted who could consent, when he married the records, that the family I came from were French king's daughter, that their chil- royalists; but I think it sufficient to say, dren were to be educated by their mother that I never did nor ever will consent, until thirteen years of age--that he, who that a king shall be beheaded, or othergave great church preferments to men wise put to death; therefore let others say who publicly preached up popish doc. what they will, I look upon myself to be rines; and ihat protected known papists innocent, and why should I plead with from the penalties of the law, by taking God as if I thought myself guilty? But several very extraordinary steps in their we are told that they were the crying behalf-that he, who permitted an agent, sins of this nation which brought down or a kind of nuncio from Rome, to visit this heavy judgment upon us. I think it the court publicly, and bestowed such is more clear, that a series of ill-judged offices as those of lord high treasurer, se- and ill-timed acts, on the part of the king, cretary of state, chancellor of the exche- brought him into the power of his opposquer, &c., on papists that he, who byers, and that, afterwards, the ambition of proclamation could command the Lord's a few men led him to the scaffold. Let Jay to be profaned (for I can call it no it only be remembered, that at the beoss) by revels, plays, and many sorts of ginning of his reign he entered into a war ill-timed recreations, punishing great for the recovery of the Palatinate against numbers of pious clergymen for refusing the consent of his parliament; and when to publish what their consciences forbad he could not get them to vote him money them to read : and to name no more- enough for his purpose he extorted it illethat he, who could abet the Irish massa- gally from his subjects; refusing to join