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the parliament in redressing the grievan- yoke ? No, surely; for had they dot.e
ces of the nation; often threatening them; so, they had deserved the worst of evils;
and even counteracting their designs; and the bitter effects thereof, in all pro-
which, at last, bred so many disputes, bability, had not only been derived to us,
bat he overstepped all bounds, and had but our posterity. Happy Britons, tha:
he misprudence to attempt the seizing of such a just and noble stand was made!
ve members in the house; on which the May the memories of those great patriots
itizens came down by land and water, that were concerned in it be erer dear to
with muskets on their shoulders, to defend Englishmen; and to all true Englishmen
the parliament : soon after which so great they will!
a distrust arose between the two houses " In the same hymn it is likewise af-
and him, that all likelihood of agreement firmed that False witnesses rose up against
wholly ceased. This was the cause him, and luid to his charge things that he
whereon to make warmsending the queen knew not. Which on this occasion cannot
to Holland to buy arms, himself retiring be truly said, because as the chief fact to
from the capital, and soon after erecting be proved was the king's being in arms, it
his standard at Nottingham. Not suc cannot be supposed that out of more than
ceeding, he was made prisoner, and when 200,000 men who had engaged with him,
many expected his restoration, a violent a sufficient number of true witnesses could
opposition in the army broke forth ; il be wanting. What, therefore, Mr. Wheatly
design was formed to change the mo could think when he said that his hymn is
Barchy into a republic, and to this, and as solemn a composure, and as pertinent
nothing else, he fell a sacrifice. If the to the occasion as can be imagined or
real cause of the king's death was the contrived, I cannot tell. I am sure a
wickedness of those times, does it not broad hint is given therein, that the clergy
follow that his death was permitted by in king Charles's time were a set of wicked
God as a punishment for that wicked people, and that it was through their un-
ness; and if so, why should we fear that righteousness, as well as that of the laity,
God will still visit for it? Will the just that the king lost his life. The words are
and merciful Judge discharge bis ven- these, For the sins of the people, and
geance on two different generations of the iniquities of the priests, they shed the
men for the offences committed by one ? blood of the just in the midst of Jeru-
Such doctrine as this should be banished salem.' Let those defend this passage
from every church, especially a christian who are able, for I own myself incapable
one; for it has no foundation in reason of doing it consistently,"
or revelation." The reasons of this cler-

Mr. Watson says, “I am got by myself gyman of the established church for his in thinking that this service for the 30th of dissent from the established usage are still January needs a review; many sensible, further remarkable.

worthy men think further-that it is time Mr. Watson states other objections to to drop it; for they see that it is unsea. this service. “In the hymn used instead sonable now, and serves no other end than of Venite exultemus, it is said, They fought as a bone of contention in numberless against him without a cause : the con- parishes, preventing friendship, and good trary of which, when it is applied to king will being shown towards such of the Charles, I think has been owned by every clergy as cannot in all points approve ot historian. The parliament of England it; excepting that (as I have found by were always more wise and good, than to experience) it tends to make bad subjects. raise armies against the kings who gave a sufficient argument this, was there no them no occasion to do so; and I cannot other, why it should either be altered, or but entertain this favourable opinion of taken away; but I presume not to dictate; that which began to sit in the year 1640. and, therefore, I urge this no further: There is nothing more true than that the had I not a sincere regard for the church king wanted to govern by an arbitrary of England, I should have said less ; but power. His whole actions showed it, and notwithstanding any reports to the conbe could never be brought to depart from trary, I declare myself to be a hearty this. Either, therefore, his people must well-wisher to her prosperity. Did I na have submitted to the slavery, or they prefer her communion to that of any other

, must have vindicated their freedom I would instantly leave her, for I am not openly; there was no middle way. But so ahandoned as to play the hypocr:te should they have tamely received the that I detest, and have often detested it


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to my great loss. But I am not of that very sensible how tender a point I am opinion, that it is for the interest of the discussing. However, I cannot but ob church to conceal her defects; on the serve, that for my own part, upon the contrary, I think I do her the greatest maturest and most sober consideration, I service possible by pointing them out, so take him to be a greater friend to Christhat they may be remedied to the satisfac- tianity in general, and to this church in tion of all good men. She ought not to particular, who studies to unite as many be ashamed of the truth, and falsehood dissenters as may be to us, by a reasonwill never hurt her.”

able comprehension, than he who is

against it." It appears that Mr. Watson's conduct It is urged by Mr Watson, that the obtained much notice; for he preached church of England herself does not claim another sermon at Halifax, entitled “ Mo a perfection which is insisted upon as her deration; or a candid disposition towards distinguishing quality by some of her those that differ from us, recommended over zealous advocates. He says, “The and enforced.” This he also printed, first reformers were wise and good men, with the avowed view of “ promoting but the Common Prayer they published of that moderation towards all men which was little better than popery itself; many becometh us as Christians, is the orna- indeed have been the alterations in it ment of our profession, and which we made since then ; but as, through the should therefore labour to maintain, as unripeness of the times, it never had any we desire to walk worthy of the vocation but imperfect emendations, we may reawherewith we are called, with all lowli- sonably suppose it capable of still further ness and meekness, with long suffering, improvements.” Deeming the service ap, forbearing one another in love, endeavour. pointed for this day as inappropriate, and ing to keep the unity of the spirit in the referring to suggestions that were in his bond of peace.”

He proceeds to observe time urged upon public attention for a in this discourse, that whoever reflects review of the liturgy, he proceeds to say, upon the nature of human constitutions, “ There may be men at work that misrewill readily allow the impossibility of per- present this good design; that proclaim, fection in any of them; and whoever con as formerly, the church's danger; but let siders the mutability of human things, no arts like these deceive you; they must will grant that nothing can be so well be enemies in disguise that do it, or such devised, or so sure established, which, in who have not examined what they object continuance of time, will not be corrupted. to with sufficient accuracy. What is A change of circumstances, to which the wished for, your own great Tillotson hinbest constituted state is liable, will require self attempted : this truly valuable man, such alterations as once would have been with some others but little inferior to himneedless : and improvement of observa- self, being sensible that the want of a tion will demand such regulations as sufficient review drew many members nothing else could have discovered to have from the church, would have compromised been right. Of this the wise founders of the difference in a way detrimental to no the established church of England were one, beneficial to all; and had he not very sensible; they prudently required been opposed by some revengeful zealots, no subscription to perfection in the church, had certainly completed what all good well knowing that they but laid the foun- men have wished for." dation stone of a much greater building than they could live to see completed. The Editor of the Every-Day Book The Common Prayer, since it was first has Mr. Watson's private copies of these properly compiled, in the year 1545, has printed tracts, with manuscript additions undergone sixteen alterations, as defects and remarks on them by Mr. Watson became visible, and offence was thereby himself. It should seem from one of these given to the promoting of separations and notes, in his own hand-writing, that his divisions: noble examples these-fit for opinions were not wholly contemned. the present age to imnitate ! for, as ninety Regarding his latter discourse, be observes years have elapsed since the last review, that “ the late Dr. Sharp, arehdeacon of ihis experienced age has justly discovered Northumberland, in a pamphlet, called that the amendments, at that time made, ‘A Serious Inquiry into the Use and Imwere not sufficient. I could produce you portance of External Religion;' quotes many instances; but I forbear; for I am this sentence, Where unity and peace are

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disregarded, devotion must be so too, as it and hoped that it was not too harsh a
were by natural consequences. I have bor name to be given to the service for the
rowed these words from a sermon preached observation of that day, if he should brand
at Halifax, by John Watson, A. M., which, it with the name of impiety, particularly
if any man, who has sixpence to spare, in those parts where Charles I. is likened
will purchase, peruse, and lay to heart, he to our Saviour. On a division, there being
will lay out his time and his money very for the motion 97, and against it 123, it
well." Archdeacon Sharp was father of was lost by a majority of 27.
the late Granville Sharp, the distinguished
philanthropist and hebraist.

The Calves-head Chub.
Mr. Watson was born at Presburg, in
Cheshire, and educated at Brazen Nose col-

On the soch of January, 1735, certain lege, Oxford, where he obtained a fellow- young noblemen and

gentlemen met at a ship. He wrote a History of Halifax, in French tavern in Suffolk-street, (Charing 2 vols. 410., 1775; and a History of the Cross,) under the denomination of the Warren Family, by one of whom he was “ Calves-head Club." They had an enpresented to the rectory of Stockport, where tertainment of calves' heads, some of he died, aged 59 years He also wrote a which they showed to the mob outside, review of the large Moravian hymn book, whom they treated with strong beer. In and several miscellaneous pieces. There the evening, they caused a böntire to be is a portrait of him by Basire.

inade before the door, and threw into it

with loud huzzas a calf's-head dressed By those who believe that Charles was

up in a napkin. They also dipped their "guiltless of his country's blood,” and napkins in red wine, and waved them that the guilt " of his blood” is an entail from the windows, at the same time upon the country not yet cut off

, it may drinking toasts publicly. The mob huzbe remarked as a curious fact, that at zaed as well as “ their betters,"_but about that season, eighty years after the

at length broke the windows, and became king“ bowed his head" on the scaffold at

so mischievous that the guards were called Whitehall, it was a very sickly time.”

in to prevent further outrage.* It is recorded, that in 1733 “ people were

These proceedings occasioned some afflicted this month with a head-ach and

verses in the

" Grub-street Journal," fever which very few escaped, and many wherein are the following lines :died of; particularly between Tuesday, the twenty-third, and Tuesday, the thir- Strange times! when noble peers secure tieth of January, there died upwards of from riot fifteen hundred in London and Westmin- Cann't keep Noll's annual festival in quiet.

On the twenty-third of January, Through sashes broke, dirt, stones and 1649, the king having peremptorily de

brands thrown at em,

brand-alum. nied the jurisdiction of the court, the pre- Whick, if not scand sident, Bradshaw, " ordered his contempt

magnatum to be recorded : on the thirtieth of January Forced to run down to vaults for safer he was beheaded." During these days,

quarters, and the intervening ones, the fatal Lon And in cole-holes, their ribbons hide and

garters don head-ach prevailed in 1733.

They thought, their feast in dismal fray

thus ending, On the second of March, 1772 Mr. Themselves to shades of death and hell Montague moved in the house of com

descending : mons to have so much of the act of 12th This might have been, had stont Clare C. II. c. 30, as relates to the ordering market mobsters the thirtieth of January to be kept as a

With cleavers arm'd, outinarch'd St.James's day of fasting and humiliation, to be re

lobsters; pealed. His motive he declared to be, to

Numsculls they'd split, to furnish other abolish, as much as he could, any absur

revels, dity from church as well as state. He

And make a calves-head feast for wornis said that he saw great and solid reasons

and devils. for abolishing the observation of that day,

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British Chronologist, 177.

* Genis. Mag .and Brit. Chron.


The Calbes-head Club in Suffolk Street, 1731.

There is a print entitled “The true On a work entitled the “History of Effigies of the Members of the Calves. the Calves-head Club," little reliance is head Club, held on the 30th of January, to be placed for authenticity. It appears. 1734, in Suffolk Street, in the County of however, that their toasts were of this deMiddlesex." This date is the year before scription : “ The pious memory of Oliver that of the disturbance related, and as re- Cromwell.” “ Damn-n to the race of the gards she coinpany, the health drinking, Stuarts.” “The glorious year 1648." huzzaing, a calf's head in a napkin, a “ The man in the mask, &c." T: will be bonfire, and the mob, the scene is the remembered that the executioner of same; with this addition, that there is a Charles I. wore a mask. person in a mask with an axe in his hand. The engraving above is from this print.


Oranges und Bells.

at noon. Again, at eight o'clock on SunA literary hand at Newark is so oblig for a quarter of an hour.

day morning, all the bells are tolled round ing as to send the communication annexed, for which, in bahalf of the reader, the edi- they come within the notice of the Every

I have mentioned the above, that, ir tor offers his sincere thanks.

Day Book, you would give them inserTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

tion, and, if possible, account for their

origin. Sir, Newark, Dec. 10, 1825. Whilst on the subject of “bells,” perOn the 30th of January, the anniver- haps you can mention how “ hand bells

came into the church, and for what pursary of king Charles's martyrdom, and on Shrove Tuesday, we have a custom here, pose.” We have a set in this church.

I am, &c. which I believe to be singular, having

H. H. N. N. never heard of it elsewhere. On those days, there are several stalls placed in the market-place, (as if for a regular market,) having nothing but oranges: you may The editor will be glad to receive eluci. purchase them, but it is rarely the case; dations of either of these usages. but you “rafile" for them, at least that is Accounts of local customs are particutheir expression. You give the owner a larly solicited from readers of the Everyhalfpenny, which entitles you to one Day Book in every part of the country. share; if a penny, to two, and so on; and when there is a sufficient sum, you begin the raffle. A ball nearly round, (about the size of a hen's egg,) yet having To the notice of this day in the Pertwenty-six square sides, each having a ennial Calendar, the following stanzas number, being one to twenty-six, is given are subjoined by Dr. Forster. They are you : (some balls may not have so many, evident“ developments" of phrenological others more, but I never saw them.) You thought. throw the ball down, what I may term, the chimney, (which is so made as to keep turning the ball as it descends, and it falls on a flat board with a ledge, to

In a church-yard. keep it from falling off, and when it stops you look at the number. Suppose it was O empty vault of former glory! twelve, the owner of the stall uses this ex Whate'er thou wert in time of old, pression, "Twelve is the highest, and one Thy surface tells thy living story, gone." Then another throws; if his is a Tho' now so hollow, dead, and cold , lesser number, they say, “Twelve is the For in thy form is yet descried highest, and two gone;" if a higher num

The traces left of young desire ; ber, they call accordingly. The highest The Painter's art, the Statesman's pride.

The Muse's song, the Poet's fire;
number takes oranges to the amount of all
the money on the board.

But these, forsooth, now seem to be
When they

Mere lumps ou thy periphery.
first begin, a halfpenny is put down, then
they call “ One, and who makes two ?"
when another is put down, it is “Two, Dear Nature, constant in her laws,
and who makes three ?" and so on. At

Hath mark'd each mental operation, night the practice is kept up at their own

She ev'ry feeling's limit draws houses till late hours; and others go to the

On all the heads throughout the nation, inns and public-houses to see what they

That there might no deception be;

And he who kens her tokens well, can do there.

Hears longues which every where agree Also every day, at six in the morning, In language that no lies can telland night, at eight o'clock, we have a bell Courage- Deceit-Destruction-Theftrung for about a quarter of an hour : it is Have traces on the skullcap left. termed six o'clock and eight o'clock bell. On saint days, Saturdays, and Sundays. But through all Nature s constancy the time is altered to seven o'clock in the An awful change of forın is seen, morning, and to seven o'clock at night, Two forms are not which quite agree, with an additional ringing at one o'clock None is replaced that once hall been;


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