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be God, are verie well left, and ech one clown, and differs only in the stuff of his in manner (except here and there some clothes, not the stuff of himself; for he yoonge hungrie stomach that cannot fast bare the king's sword before he bad arms till dinner time) contenteth himselfe with to wield it; yet, being once laid o'er the dinner and supper onelie. The nobilitie, shoulder with a knighthood, he finds the gentlemen, and merchantmen, especiallie herald his friend. His father was a man at great meetings, doo sit commonlie till of good stock, though but a tanner or two or three of the clocke at afternoone, usurer: he purchased the land, and his so that with manie it is an hard matter to son the title. He has doffed off the name rise from the table to go to evening praier, of a country fellow, but the look not so and returne from thence to come time easy; and his face still bears relish of enough to supper.".

churne-milk. He is guarded with more The supper, which, on days of festivity, gold lace than all the gentlemen of the was often protracted to a late hour, and country, yet his body makes his clothes often, too, as substantial as the dinner, still out of fashion. His house-keeping was succeeded, especially at Christmas, is seen much in the distinct families of by gambols of various sorts; and some- dogs, and serving-men attendant on their times the squire and his family, would kennels, and the deepness of their throats mingle in the amusements, or, retiring to is the depth of his discourse. A bawk he the tapestried parlour, would leave the esteems the true burden of nobility, and hall to the more boisterous mirth of their is exceeding ambitious to seem delighted bousehold ; then would the blind harper, in the sport, and have his fist gloved with who sold his fit of mirth for a groat, be his jesses. A justice of peace he is to introduced, either to provoke the dance, domineer in his parish, and do his neighor to rouse their wonder by his minstselsy; bour wrong with more right. He will be his “ matter being, for the most part, drunk with his hunters for company, and stories of old time,-as the tale of sir stain his gentility with droppings of ale. Topas, the reportes of Bevis of South- He is fearful of being sheriff of the shire ampton, Guy of Warwicke, Adam Bell, by instinct, and dreads the assize week as and Clymme of the Clough, and such much as the prisoner. In sum, he's but other old romances or historical rimes, a clod of his own earth, or his land is the made purposely for recreation of the com- dunghill, and he the cock that crows over mon people, at Christmas dinners and it; and commonly his race is quickly brideales,"

run, and his children's children, though The posset, at bed-time, closed the they scape hanging, return to the place joyous day-a custom to which Shak- from whence they came." speare has occasionally alluded : thus Lady Macbeth says of the “ surfeited

NATURALists' CALENDAR. grooms," “ I have drugg'd their possets ;" Mean Temperature ...38.40. Mr. Quickly tells Rugby, “ Go; and we'll have a posset for't soon at night, in

December 20. faith, at the latter end

of a sea-coal fire ;* and Page, cheering Falstaffe, exclaims, Thou shalt eat a posset to-night at my house." Thomas Heywood, a contempo

AN OLD ENGLISH SQUIRE. rary of Shakspeare, has particularly no Mr. Hastings, an old gentleman of an, ticed this refection as occurring just before cient times in Dorsetshire, was low of bed-time: “ Thou shalt be welcome to stature, but strong and active, of a ruddy beef and bacon, and perhaps a bag-pud- complexion, with faxen hair. His clothes ding; and my daughter Nell shall pop a were always of green cloth, his house was posset upon thee when thou goest to bed."* of the old fashion ; in the midst of a large

park, well stocked with deer, rabbits, and NATURALISTS CALENDAR.

fish-ponds. He had a long, narrow bowlMean Temperature 39. 35. ing-green in it; and used to play with

round sand bowls. Here, too, he had a December 19.

banqueting-room built, like a stand, in a AN UPSTART.

large tree. He kept all sorts of hounds

that ran buck, fox, hare, otter, and badger; Bishop Earle says, “ he is a holiday and had hawks of all kinds, both long

and short winged. His great ball was

Einber Week. See vol. i.

Dr. Drake.

commonly strewed with marrow bones; cles. He got on horseback without heip; and full of hawk-perches, hounds, and rode to the death of the stag, till be spaniels, and terriers. The upper end of was past four-score.* it was húng with fox-skins, of this and Anciently it was the custom with many the last year's killing. Here and there a country gentlemen to spend their Christ. pole-cat was intermixed; and hunters' mas in London. poles in great abundance.

The parlour was a large room, completely furnished in

NATURALISTS' CALENDAX. the same style. On a broad hearth, paved with brick, lay some of the choicest ter

Mean Temperature. 38 · 17. riers, hounds, and spaniels. One or two of the great chairs had litters of cats in them, which were not to be disturbed.

December 21. of these, three or four always attended

St. Thomas's Day. him at dinner; and a little white wand lay by his trencher, to defend it if they were Now is a busy day in London, for ward. too troublesome In the windows, which motes are held in the city by the aldermen were very large, lay his arrows, cross of every ward, " for the election of officers bows, and other accoutrements. The for the year ensuing;" and hence, in the corners of the room were filled with his social public rooms of the citizens, there best hunting and hawking poles. His is great debate this evening, on the merits oyster table stood at the lower end of the of the common-council-men returned room, which was in constant use twice a without opposition, or on the qualificaday all the year round; for he never

tions of candidates who contest the poll failed to eat oysters both at dinner and for two days longer. The “ Lumbersupper, with which the neighbouring town Troop" muster strong at their head-quarof Pool supplied him. At the upper end cers near Gough-square; the “ codgers of the room stood a small table with a enlighten each other and their pipes double desk; one side of which held a in Bride-lane; the “ Counsellors under church bible, the other the book of the Cauliflower" hold divided council, martyrs. On different tables in the room they know where; and the “ free and lay hawks' hoods, bells, old hats, with easy Johns” are to night more free than their crowns thrust in, full of pheasant easy.

These societies are under currents eggs; tables, dice, cards, and store of that set in strong, and often turn the tide tobacco pipes. At one end of this room

of an election in favour of some good was a dour, which opened into a closet, fellow," who is good no where but in where stood bottles of strong beer and

" sot's-hole." wine; which never came out but in single And now the “gentlemen of the inglasses, which was the rule of the house; quest,” chosen " at the church” in the for he never exceeded himself, nor per- morning, dine together as the first impormitted others to exceed. Answering to

tant duty of their office; and the rethis closet was a door into an old chapel, elected ward-beadles are busy with the which had been long disused for devo- fresh chosen constables; and the watchtion; but in the pulpit, as the safest are particularly civil

every place, was always to be found a cold w drunken gentleman” who happens to chine of beef, a venison pasty, a gammon look like one of the new authorities. And of bacon, or a great apple-pie, with thick now the bellman, who revives the history crust well baked. His table cost him not and poetry of his predecessors, will vomuch, though it was good to eat a:.

His ciferatesports supplied all but beef and mutton;

On St. Thomas's Day. except on Fridays, when he had the best of fish. He never wanted a London pud My masters all, this is St. Thomas' Day, ding, and he always sang it in with « My And Christmas now can't be far off, you'll sayo part lies therein-a." He drank a glass or

But when you to the Ward-motes do repair, iwo of wine at meals; put sirup of gilly- As constables for the ensuing year

I hope such good men will be chosen there, flowers into his sack; and had always a As will not grutch the watchmen good strong tun glass of small beer standing by him, beer.t which he often stirred about with rosemary. He lived to be a hundred; and

• Dr. Drake; from Hutchins's Dortetshire. never lost bis eye-sight, norused specie ^ Bellman's Treasury, 1707.




In a

and strew sawdust on the pavement, and

custom, I have no doubt but it will be Upon the Constables first going out.

very acceptable to your readers, and to The world by sin is so degenerate grown,

none more than to Scarce can we strictly call our own, our own;

Your obliged friend, But by the patronage your walch affords,

W. W The thief in vain shall 'tempt the tradesman's hoards:

Their nightly ease enjoys each happy pair,

Mean Temperature ..37.17.
Secure as those who first in Eden were :
When wiliing quires of angels, as they slept,
O'er their soft slumbers watchful centry kept.**

December 22,


As on this prevalent custom of the sea

son there have been remarks, an anecdote To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. from the Worcester Journal of 1760, be

Maidstone, 20th Dec. 1825. fore servants’ vails were abolished, and Sir, There is a custom prevalent in

soon after the battle of Minden, may be

added. this neighbourhood, and without doubt at other places, to which I beg to call your

At a young lady's rout there appeared a attention. The subject to which I allude card hung to each of the candlesticks, is the annual solicitation for charity with these words, “ No card money, but on St. Thomas's day. It has taken place you may speak to the drummer." here from time immemorial; consequently corner of a room stood the figure of a my object in writing is to request you

drummer on a box, with a hole in the top will favour us in your instructive miscel- to receive money, and the figure held á lany, with the origin of the custom, if paper in its hand containing a dialogue possible. I shall relate a few instances

between John and Dick, two of the lady's of its prevalency which come within my

servants, wherein they mutually agreed, own knowledge.

“Their wages being fully sufficient to At Loose, near Maidstone, Mr. T. defray all their reasonable demands, 10 Charlton gives the poor of the parish dispose of the card money as a token of certain quantities of wheat, apportioned

their regard to the Minden heroes ; to their families, in addition to which, lisand, with their good young lady's condaughters give the widows a new flannel sent, appointed the drummer to be their petticoat each ; who, at the same time, go

receiver, to the other respectable inhabitants of the

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. place to solicit the usual donation, and it is not an uncommon thing for a family

Mean Temperature ... 38.37. to get in this way six or seven shillings. This custom is also prevalent at Linton,

December 23. an adjoining parish; and I am informed

THE CHRISTMAS Days, that lord Cornwallis, who resides there, intends giving to the resident poor some For the Enery-Day Book. thing very considerable. At Barming, C. Whittaker, esq. is provided with 100 Christmas and its festivities are approach

Symptoms of the returning season of loaves to distribute to the resident poor ing; for the rustics are standing at the on this day, which to my own knowledge Street-corners with boughs of clustering is annual on his part; they likewise go berry-holly with pointed leaves, glossy elso give their alms in the way they think cheesemonger perks”a dandy to the other respectable inhabitants, who laurel, and the pink-eyed lauristina :- the best. It may not be amiss to say, that the tub, and hangs the griskins and chines at

evergreen in the centre of his half butter custom here is known by the name of his doorposts: the show of over-fed beasts • Doleing," and the day is called “ Dole- is advertised, and graziers and come up ing-day." Ifanyofyour correspondents, or yourself

, prize-caitle and prizes adjudged to the

to-town farmers, loiter here to see the can throw any light on this very ancient best feeders: butchers begin to clear all

obstructions, and whiten their shambles, • Beliman's Treasury, 1707.

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in the avenues, to the scales and little nent attraction : watchmen now veer fort'n countinghouse box in which sits the fe- early at noon, with lanterns at their male accountant, “ brisk as a bee" and breasts, though it would be difficult to full of the “ Ready-reckoner:" fish- read the secrets deposited within : poultermongers are no less active in showing the ers are early at market, and their shops are large eels and dainty fish, that are “ fresh piled with poultry in a state of nudity and as a daisy" and cold as death : sprats death : the undertaker is busy, like the arrive in abundance, and are cried up and tailor, with his work, and the charms of down alleys and streets with wondrous Christmas give temporary bustle to most competition : pew-openers now have leave classes of tradesinen: the green-grocer is of their church wardens to buy quantum decorating his half-glazed windows with sufficit of yew, laurel, holly, and other his best fruits and most attractive edibles, evergreens to tie in bunches to the sconces which are served as luxuries rather than and interior parts of churches : idle shop- generous enjoyments; and his sly daughkeepers cannot be persuaded yet to clear ter takes care a certain branch of the the filth from their doors, thinking, per- business shall not be forgotten-1 aliude haps, a temporary obstruction is a perma- to

The Mistletoe.
Sweet emblem of returning peace,
The heart's full gush, and love's release;
Spirits in human fondness flow
And greet the pearly Mistletoe.
Many a maiden's cheek is red
By lips and laughter thither led;
And Autt'ring bosoms come and go
Under the druid Mistletoe.
Dear is the memory of a theft
When love and youth and joy are left;-
The passion's blush, the roses glow,
Accept the Cupid Mistletoe.
Oh ! happy, tricksome time of mirth
Giv'n to the stars of sky and earth!
May all the best of feeling know,
The custom of the Mistletoe !
Spread out the laurel and the bay,
For chimney-piece and window gay:
Scour the brass gear—a shining row,
And Holly place with Mistletoe.
Married and single, proud and free,
Yield to the season, trim with glee :
Time will not stay,—he cheats us, sa
A kiss ?--'tis gone !—the Mistletoe

L'ec. 1826.

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Late one evening in the spring of 1817, and tastefully put on in an oriental fashion. the

rustic inhabitants of Alinondsbury, in Her eyes and hair were black, her foreGloucestershire, were surprised by the en- head was low, her nose short, her mouth trance of a young female in strange attire. wide, her teeth white, her lips large and She wore leather shoes and black worsted full," her under lip projected a little, ber stockings, a black stuff gown with a muslin chin was small and round, her hands were fril! at the neck, and a red and black shawl clean and seemed unused 10 labour. She round her shoulders, and a black cotton appeared about twenty-five years of ages shawl on her head. Her height was

was fatigued, walked with difficulty

, about five feet two inches, and she carried spoke a language no a small bundle on her arm containing a prehend, and signified by signs her desire few necessaries. Her clothes were loosely to sleep in the village

The cottagers

one could com

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