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Star of the mild and placid seas,

Whom rainbow rays of mercy crown, Whose name thy faithful Portuguese

O'er all that to the depths go down,

With hymus of grateful transport own, When gathering clouds obscure their light,

And heaven assumes an awful frown
The star of Ocean glitters bright,

Ave Maris Stella !
Star of the deep! when angel lyres

To hymn thy holy name essay,
In vain a mortal harp aspires

To mingle in the mighty lay!

Mother of God! one living ray Of hope our grateful bosoms fires

When storms and tempests pass away To join the bright immortal quires.

Ave Maris Stella !

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
Mean Temperature . . .39.70.

February 2.
Purification, or Candlemus. 1826.-Holi-

day at the Public Offices. This day, the festival of “ the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary,” is sometimes called Christ's Presentation, the Holiday of St Simeon, and The Wives Feast. An account of its origin and celebration is in vol. i. p. 199. A beautiful composition in honour of the Virgin is added as a grace to these columns.

Portuguese Hymn.
TO THE VIRGIN MARY.

By John Leyden.
Star of the wide and pathless sea,

Who lov'st op mariners to shine,
These votive garments wet to thee,

We hang within thy holy shrine.

When o'er us flushed the surging brine,
Amid the warring waters tost,

We called no other name but thine,
And hoped, when other hope was lost,

Ave Maris Stella !
Star of the vast and howling main,

When dark and lone is all the sky,
And mountain-waves o'er ocean's plain

Erect their stormy heads on high;

When virgins for their true loves sigh,
And raise their weeping eyes to thee,

The star of Ocean heeds their cry,
And saves the foundering bark at sea.

Ave Maris Stella!
Star of the dark and stormy sea,

When wrecking tempests round us rave,
Thy gentle virgin form we see

Bright rising o'er the hoary wave.
The howling storms that seem to crave
Their victims, sink in music sweet,

The surging seas recede to pave
The path beneath thy glistening feet,

Ave Maris Stella!
Star of ine desert waters wild,

Wbo pitying hears the seaman's cry,
The God of mercy, as a child,

On that cbaste bosom loves to lie;

While soft the chorus of the sky
Their hymns of tender mercy sing,

And angel voices name on high
The mother of the heavenly king,

Ave Maris Stella!
Star of the deep! at that blest name
The waves sleep silent round the keel,
The tempests wild their fury tame

That made the deep's foundations reel :

The soft celestial accents steal
So soothing through the realms of woe,

On Candlemas-day, 1734, there was a grand entertainment for the judges, ser. geants, &c. in the Temple-hall

. The lord chancellor, the earl of Macclesfield, the bishop of Bangor, together with other distinguished persons, were present, and the prince of Wales attended incog. At night the comedy of “Love for Love" was acted by the company of his Majesty's revels from the Haymarket theatre, who received a present of 501. from the societies of the Temple. The judges, ac cording to an ancient custom, danced “ round the coal fire,” singing an old French song.*

THE COAL AND THE DIAMOND

A Fable for Cold Weather. A coal was hid beneath the grate, ( "Tis often modest merit's fate,)

'Twas small, and so, perbaps, forgotten; Whilst in the room, and near in size,

Ir a fine casket lined with cotton, In pomp and state, a diamond lies.

«So, little gentleman in black," The brilliant spark in anger cried,

“ I hear, in philosophic clack, Our families are close allied ;

But know, the splendour of my hue, Excell’a by nothing in existence,

Should teach such little folks as you
To keep a more respectful distance."
At these reflections on his name,
The coal soon redden'd to a flame;
Of bis own real use aware,
He only answer'd with a sneer-
“ I scorn your taunts, good bishop Blase,

And envy not your charms divine ;
For know, I boast a double praise,
As I can warm as well as shine.

+ Gentleman's Magazine.

Ave Maris Stella )

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For she was all froze in with frost,

Eight days and nights, poor soui !
But when they gave her up for lost,
They found her down the hole.

Ah, well-a-day' MS. Ballada On Saturday, the 2d of February, 1799, Chesterton bell rang at eight o'clock, she Elizabeth Woodcock, aged forty-two years, was completely hemmed in by it. The went on horseback from Impington to depth of the spow in which she was enCambridge; on her return, between six veloped was about six feet in a perpenand seven o'clock in the evening, being dicular direction, and over her head' beabout half a mile from her own home, tween two and three. She was incapable her horse started at a sudden light, pro- of any effectual attempt to extricate herbably from a meteor, which, at this season self, and, in addition to her fatigue and of the year, frequently happens. She cold, her clothes were stiffened by the exclaimed, “Good God! what can this frost; and therefore, resigning herself to be?" It was a very inclement, stormy the necessity of her situation, she sat night; a bleak wind blew boisterously awaiting the dawn of the following day. from the N. E.; the ground was covered To the best of her recollection, she slept by great quantities of snow that had fallen very little during the night. In the during the day. Many of the deepest morning, observing before her a circular ditches were filled up, whilst in the open hole in the snow, about two feet in length, fields there was but a thin covering; but and half a foot in diameter, running in roads and lanes, and in narrow and obliquely upwards, she broke off a branch enclosed parts, it had so accumulated as of a bush which was close to her, and to retard the traveller. The horse ran with it thrust her handkerchief through backwards to the brink of a ditch, and the hole, and hung it, as a signal of disfearing lest the animal should plunge tress, upon one of the uppermost twigs into it, she dismounted, intending to lead that remained uncovered. She bethought the animal home; but he started again, berself that the change of the moon was and broke from her. She attempted to near, and having an almanac in her regain the bridle; but the horse turned pocket, took it out, though with great suddenly out of the road, over a common difficulty, and found that there would be field, and she followed him. Having lost a new moon the next day, February the one of her shoes in the snow, and wearied 4th. Her difficulty in getting the almaby the exertion she had made, and by a nac from her pocket arose, in a great heavy basket on her arm, her pursuit of measure, from the stiffness of her frozen the horse was greatly impeded; she how. clothes; the trouble, however, was comeper persisted, and having overtaken him pensated by the consolation which the about a quarter of a mile from whence prospect of so near a change in her favour she alighted, she gained the bridle, and afforded. Here, however, she remained made another attempt to lead him home. day after day, and night after night, perBut on retracing her steps to a thicketfectly distinguishing the alterations of day contiguous to the road, she became so and night, hearing the bells of her own much fatigued, and her left foot, which and the neighbouring villages, particularly was without a shoe, was so much be. that of Chesterton, which was about two numbed, that she was unable to proceed miles distant from the spot, and rung in farther. Sitting down upon the ground winter time at eight in the evening and in this state, and letting go the bridle, four in the morning, Sundays excepted;

Tinker," she said, calling the horse by she was sensible to the sound of carriages his

name, “ I am too much tired to go upon the road, the bleating of sheep and any farther; you must go home without lambs, and the barking of dogs. 'One me:" and exclaimed, “ Lord have mercy day she overheard a conversation between upon me! what will become of me?" two gipsies, relative to an ass they had The ground on which she sat was upon a

lost. She recollected having pulled out evel with the common field, close under her snuff-box, and taken two pinches of the thicket on the south-west. She well snuff, but felt so little gratification from knew its situation, and its distance from it, that she never repeated it. Possibly, her own house. There was then only a the cold might have so far blunted her small quantity of snow drifted near her; powers of sensation, that the snuff no but it accumulated so rapidly, that when longer retained its stimulus. Finding her

ever

left hand beginning to swell, in conse not speak to her, but, seeing another quence of her reclining on that arm, she young farmer and a shepherd at a little took two rings, the tokens of her nuptial distance, communicated to them the dis vows twice pledged, from her finger, and covery he had made; upon which, though put them, together with a little money they scarcely credited his report, they from her pocket, into a small box, judging went to the spot. The shepherd called that, should she not be found alive, the out, “ Are you there, Elizabeth Woodrings and money, being thus deposited, cock ?” She replied, in a faint and feeble were less likely to be overlooked by the accent, “ Dear John Slittle, I know your discoverers of her breathless corpse. She voice ; for God's sake, help me out of frequently shouted, in hopes that her vo- this place!" Stittle immediately made his ciferations might reach any that chanced way ihrough the snow till he was able to to pass, but the snow prevented the trans- reach her; she eagerly grasped his hand, mission of her voice.' The gipsies, who and implored him not to leave her. “I approached her nearer than any other have been here a long time,” she observed. persons, were not sensible of any sound, “ Yes,” answered the man, since though she particularly endeavoured to Saturday." “ Ay, Saturday week," attract their attention. A thaw took place she replied; “I have heard the bells on the Friday after the commencement of go two Sundays for church.". Her husher misfortunes; she felt uncommonly band was immediately acquainted with faint and languid; her clothes were the discovery, and proper means were wetted quite through by the melted snow; taken for conveying her home. Her husthe aperture before mentioned became band and some neighbours brought a considerably enlarged, and she attempted horse and chaise-cart, with blankets to to make an effort to release herself; but wrap her in. The snow being somewhat her strength was too much impaired; her cleared away, she asked for a piece of bisfeet and legs were no longer obedient to cuit and a small quantity of brandy, from her will, and her clothes were become taking which she found herself greatly remuch heavier by the water which cruited. As a person took her up to put they had imbibed. She now, for the first her into the chaise, the stocking of the left time, began to despair of being discovered leg, adhering to the ground, came off, and alive; and declared, that, all things con- she fainted. Nature was greatly exhaustsidered, she could not have survived ed, and the motion, added to the sight of twenty-four hours longer. This was her husband and neighbours, was too much the morning of her emancipation. The for her strength and spirits. When she apartment or cave of snow formed around recovered, she was laid gently in the carher was sufficiently large to afford her riage, covered well over with the blankets, space to move herself about three or four and conveyed without delay to her own inches in any direction, but not to stand house. upright, it being only about three feet It appears that when the horse came and a half in height, and about two in home, her husband and another person the broadest part. Her sufferings had set out on the road with a lantern, and now increased; she sat with one of her went quite to Cambridge, where they only hands spread over her face, and fetched learnt that she left the inn at six that very deep sighs ; her breath was short evening. They explored the road afresh and difficult, and symptoms of approach- that night, and for four succeeding days, ing dissolution became hourly more appa- and searched the huts of the gipsies, whom rent. On that day, Sunday, the 10th of they suspected might have robbed and February, Joseph Muncey, a young murdered her, till she was unexpectedly farmer, in his way home from Cambridge, discovered in the manner already menabout half-past twelve o'clock, passed tioned. very near the spot where the woman was. Mr. Okes, a surgeon, first saw her in Her handkerchief, hanging upon the twigs, the cart, as she was removing home. She where she had suspended it, caught his spoke to him with a voice tolerably eye; he walked up to the place, and saw strong, but rather hoarse; her hands and the opening in the snow, and heard a arms were sodden, but not very cold sound issue from it similar to that of though her legs and feet were. She was a person breathing hard and with diffi- put to bed, and weak broth given her occulty. He looked in, and saw the woman casionally. From the time of her being who had been so long missing. He did lost she had eaten only snow, and believed

« As sure

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he had not slept till Friday the 8th. effect of witchcraft. « She is under an
The hurry of spirits, occasioned by too evil tongue,” said the youth.
many visitors, rendered her feverish; and as you are alive, sir," continued a stander.
her feet were found to be completely by, “ she is bewitched, and so are two
mortified. The cold had extended its vio- other young girls that live near her."
lent effects from the end of the toes to the The boor related, tha: at the town he
middle of the instep, including more than came from in Bedfordshire, a man had
an inch above the heels, and all the bot- been exactly in the same way; but, by a
tom of the feet, insomuch, that she lost all charm, he discovered the witch to be an
her loes with the integuments from the old woman in the same parish, and that
bottom of one foot. Her life was saved, her reign would soon be over; which
but the mutilated state in which she was happened accordingly, for she died in
left, without even a chance of ever being a few days, and the man recovered.
able to attend to the duties of her family, “ Thomas Brown tried this charm last
was almost worse than death itself. She night for his daughter, but it did not suc-
lingered until the 13th of July, 1799, ceed according to our wishes; so they
when she expired, after a lapse of five have not at present found out who it is
months from the period of her discovery. that does all the mischief."

Mr. Nicholson was greatly shocked
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

at the general opinion of the peo. Mean Temperature ... 40•37. ple that Alice Brown, Far Amey,

and Mary Fox were certainly bewitched February 3.

by some person who had bought a fami

liar or an evil spirit of the devil at the St. Blaise. St. Agatha.

expense of the buyer's soul, and that These two Romish festivals are still various charms had been tried to discover retained in the church of England ca

who the buyer was. It was utterly out lendar.

of his power to remove or diminish the Of St. Blaise's festival there is an ac

impressions of his parishioners as to the count in vol. i. p. 207.

enchantment; and on the following Sunday, a few minutes before he went to

church, Ann Izzard, a poor woman about WITCHCRAFT.

sixty years old, little, but not ill-looking, The necessity for instruction is power- the mother of eight children, five of whon fully exemplified by the following narra were living, requested leave to speak to tive. Some who reflect upon it, and dis- him. In tears and greatly agitated, she cover that there are other and worse told him her neighbours pretended, that, consequences to be apprehended from ig- by means of certain charms, they had disnorance than those related below, will covered that she was the witch. She said consult their own safety, by providing they abused her children, and by their cducation for the children of labouring violent threats frightened her sú much people, and influencing their attendance that she frequently dropped down to the where they may gain the means of dis- ground in fainting-fits. She concluded tinguishing right from wrong.

by asserting her innocence in these words: In February, 1808, at Great Paxton, in “I am not a witch, and am willing to Huntingdonshire, Alice Brown, crossing prove it by being weighed against the the ice on the river Ouse, fell into the church bible.” After the sermon, he adwater, and narrowly escaped drowning, dressed his flock on the folly of their opiin the sight of her friend, Fanny Amey, a nions, and fatal consequences of brooding poor epileptic girl, who, in great terror, over them. It appears, however, that his witnessed the accident. Alice arrived at arguments, explanations, and her father's house shivering with cold, strances were in vain. On Thursday, the and, probably from sympathetic affection, 5th of May, Ann Izzard was at St. Neot's was herself seized with epilepsy. The fits market, and her son, about sixteen years returning frequently, she became emacie old, was sent there by his master for a ated, and incapable of labour. In April load of com: his mother and another following, the rev. Isaac Nicholson, curate woman, a shopkeeper in the parish, acof the parish, inquiring after her health, companied him home; but, contrary to was astonished by her brother informing the mother's advice, the woman put a him that her fils and debility were the basket of grocery on the sacks of corn

30

remon

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