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Browne Willis, Esq. LL. D.
A Doctor in Antiquity was he,
And Tyson lined his head, as now you see.
Kind, good “collector !" why “ collect” that storm!
No rude attempt is made to mar his form ;
No alteration 's aim'd at here for, though
The artist's touch has help'd to make it show,
The meagre contour only is supplied
Is it improved ?-compare, and then decide.
Had Tyson, “from the life,” Browne Willis sketch'd,
And left him, like old Jacob Butler, * etch'd,
This essay had not been, to better trace

The only likeness of an honour'd face.
The present engraving, however un- picture painted by Dahl.

There is no winning its aspect as to drawing, is, in other portrait of “the great original" pube Other respects, an improvement of the lished. ate Mr. Michael Tyson's etching from a

See "Every-Day Book," vol. I. p. 1308.

VOL. II.

97

н

On the 5th of February, 1760, Dr.

The Season and Smoking. Browne Willis died at whaddon hall, in the county of Bucks, aged 78; he was

At this time, Dr. Forster says that born at St. Mary Blandford, in the county people should guard against colds, and, of Dorset, on the 14th of September, and other fevers, which are apt to prevail

above all, against the contagion of typhus 1682. He was unexcelled in eagerness in the early spring. of inquiry concerning our national an

“ Smoking tobacco," tiquities, and his life was devoled to their he observes, “is a very salutary practice study and arrangement. Some interest in general, as well as being a preventive ing particulars concerning the published against infection in particular. "The Gerlabours and domestic habits of this dis- man pipes are the best, and get better as tinguished individual, will he given in a they are used, particularly those made of subsequent sheet, with one of his letters, merschaum, called Ecume de Mer. Next not before printed, accompanied by a fac- to these, the Turkey pipes, with long simile of his handwriting.

tubes, are to be recommended; but these

are fitter for summer smoking, under the NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

shade of trees, than for the fireside. The

best tobacco is the Turkey, the Persian, Mean Temperature ... 39 • 20. and what is called Dutch canaster,

Smoking is a custom which should be re

commended in the close cottages of the February 6.

poor, and in great popalous towns liable COLLOP Monday. See vol. i. p. 241.

to contagion.

The Rule of Health.

Rise early, and, take exercise in plenty,
But always take it with your stomach empty.
After your meals sit still and rest awhile,
And with your pipe a careless hour beguile.
To rise at light or five, breakfast at nine,
Lounge till eleven, and at five to dine,
To drink and smoke till seven, the time of tea,
And then to dance or walk two hours away
Till ten o'clock,-good hour to go to nest,
Till the next cock shall wake you from your rest.

On the virtues of tobacco its users enhance with mighty eloquence, and puff it oravely.

In praise of Tobacco. Much food doth gluttony procure

10 feed men fat like swine, But he's a frugal man indeed

who on a leaf can dine.

February 7.
1826.-SHROVE TUESDAY.
Several of the customs and sports of
this day are related in vol i. p. 242-261.
It is the last meat day permitted by the
papacy before Lent, which commences
to-morrow, and therefore in former times,
full advantage was taken of the expiring
opportunity to feast and make merry.
Selden observes, “that what the church
debars us one day, she gives us leave
to eat another-first, there is a carnfo
val, and then a Lent." This period is
alsó recorded in the homely rhymes of
Barnaby Googe.

Shrove-tide.
Now when at length the pleasant time

of Shrove-tide comes in place,
And cruell fasting dayes at hand

approach with solemne grace.

He needs no napkin for his hands,

his finger ends to wipe, Who has his kitchen in a box,

his roast-meat in a pipe.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
Mean Temperature ... 39 • 47.

Then olde and yong are both as mad, throw them on the heads of the monks, as ghestes of Bacchus' feast,

saying, « Remember that you are but And foure dayes long they tipple square, dust, and to dust must return." Then and feede and never reast.

" the procession” was to follow.* Downe goes the hogges in every place,

In former times, on the evening of Ash aad puddings every

whéare Do swarme: the dice are shakte and tost,

Wednesday, boys used to run about with

firebrands and torches.t and cardes apace they teare : In every house are showtes and cryes, aud mirth, and revell route,

Lent Assizes and Sessions. And daintie tables spred, and all

These follow, in due course, after Hilary be set with ghestes aboute : With sundrie playes and Christmasse games,

Term, which is within a week of its exand feare and shame away,

piration. The importance of assize and The tongue is set at libertie,

sessions business is frequently interrupted and hath no kinde of stay.

by cases not more serious than
Naogeorgus.

The Trial
The Great Seal in Danger.

Of Farmer Carter's Dog
February 7, 1677, about one in the

PORTER inorning, the lord chancellor Finch's mace was stolen out of his house in

for Murder. Queen-street; the seal laid under his Edward Long, esq., late judge of the pillow, so the thief missed it. The admiralty court of Jamaica, wrote and famous thief that did it was Thomas published this “Trial," I which is now Sadler, he was soon after taken, and scarce, and here somewhat abridged from hanged for it at Tyburn on the 16th of the original without other alteration. March.

He commences his report thus :-
County of SEX-

GOTHAM, ss. S
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

At a High Court of Oyer and Terminer
Mean Temperatur..

37. 37.

and Gaol-Delivery, holden this day
of 1771, at Gotham-Hall.

Present :
February 8.

The Worshipful
1826.--Ass WEDNESDAY,

A. Noodle,
The First Day of Lent.

Mat o' the Mill,

Esqs., Just-asses and

Associates. To the particulars concerning this day,

Osmyn Ponser, and the ashes, (in vol. i. p. 261,) is to be

GAME-ACT Plaintiff added, that the ashes, made of the branches of brushwood, properly cleansed, sifted,

PORTER Defendant. and consecrated, were worn four times a

The Court being met, the indictment year, as at the beginning of Lent; and was read, which we omit, for sake of that on this day the people were excluded brevity. from church, husbands and wives parted

Court. Prisoner, hold up your paw at bed, and the penitents wore sackcloth the bar. and ashes.t

First Counsel. He is sullen, and reAccording to the Benedictine rule, on

fuses. Ash Wednesday, after sext, the monks were

Court. Is he so? Why then let the to return to the cloister to converse; constable hold it up, nolens volens. but, at the ringing of a bell, be instantly [Which was done, according to order silent. They were to unshoe themselves, Court. What is the prisoner's name: wash their hands, and go to church, and Constable. P-P-Po-rt-er, an't please make one common prayer. Then was to your worship: follow a religious service ; after which the Court. What does the fellow say? priest, having consecrated the ashes, and

Constable. Porter! an't please you ; sprinkled holy water on them, was to

Porter !

Fosbroke's British Monachism. Ibid. • Life of Ant. a Wood. • Fosbroke's British Monachism,

* Printed for T. Lowndes, 1771, 8vo.

J. Bottle, Esq.} President.

versus

Mut. Ile says Porter. It's the name Court. Very likely. ot a liquor the London kennel* much de- Counsel for Pros. And thereby saves light in,

the court a great deal of trouble; and Ponser. Ay, 'tis so; and I remember the nation, the expense of a halter. another namesake of his.

I was hand

Court. Well, then, since the land in glove with him, I'll tell you a droll stands thus-constable, twist a cord about story about him

the culprit's Court. Hush, brother. Culprit, how

Counsel for Pros. Fore-paws. will you be tried ?

Constable. Four paws? Why he has
Counsel for the Prosecution. Please but two.
your worship, he won't say a word. Court. Fore-paws, or fore-feet, block-
Stat mutus-as mute as a fish.

head! and strain it as tight as you can,
'till you make him open his mouth.
[The constable attempted to enforce the

order, but in drawing a little too

hard, received a severe bite.] Constable. 'Sblood and suet! He has snapped off a piece of my nose.

Court. Mr. Constable, you are within the statute of swearing, and owe the court one shilling.

Constable. Zounds and death! your worships! I could not help it for the blood o' me.

Court. Now you owe us two shillings.

Constable. That's a d- -d bad plaster, your worships, for a sore nose!

Court. That being but half an oath, the whole fine amounts to two shillings and sixpence, or a half-crown bowl. So, without going further, if you are afraid of his teeth, apply this pair of nut-crackers

to his tail. Court. How? — what? - won't the

Constable. I shall, your worships. dog speak? Won't he do what the court (He had better success with the tail, as bids him? What's to be done? Is the

will now appear.] dignity of this court to be trifled with in

Prisoner. Bow, wow, wow, ow, such a manner ?

wow ! Counsei for Pros. Please your wor- Court. Hold !

Enough. That will ships--it is provided by the statute in do. these cases, that when a culprit is stub

It was now beld that though the priborn, and refuses to plead, he is to be soner expressed himself in a strange lanmade to plead whether he will or no. Court. Ay? How's that, pray ?

guage, yet, as he could speak no other,

and as the law can not only make dogs Counsel for Pros. Why, the statute lo speak, but explain their meaning too, says that he must first of all be thumb- so the law understood and inferred that screwed

the prisoner pleaded not guilty, and put Court. Very good.

himself upon his trial. Issue therefore Counsel for Pros. If that will not do, being joined, the Counsel for the Prosehe must be laid flat on his back, and cution proceeded to address the Court ; squeezed, like a cheese in a press, with but was stopped by the other side. heavy weights.

Prisoner' ;' Counsel. I take leave to Court. Very well. And what then? Counsel for Prus. What then? Why, he is to have a trial per pares, you must

demur to the jurisdiction of the court. If when all the breath is squeezed out of his either suppose their worships to be his body, if he should still continue dumb, equals, that is to say, not his betters, which sometimes has been the case, he which would be a great indignity, or else generally dies for want of breath.

you must have a venire for a jury of

twelve dogs. I think you are fairly caught • His worsbip meant canaille.

in this dilemma.

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Counsel for Pros. By no means. It assault did make; and further, not hav. is easily cured. We'll send the constable ing the fear of your worships before his with a Mandamus to his Grace's kennel. eyes, but being moved and seduced by

Pris. Counsel.' They are fox hounds. the instigation of a devilish pt of hunger, Not the same species; therefore not his he the said prisoner did him the said equals. I do not object to the harriers, deceased, in the peace of our lord of the dor to a tales de circumstantibus.

manor then and there being, feloniously, Counsel for Pros. That's artful, wickedly, wanton!y, and of malice aforebrother, but it won't take. I smoke your thought, tear, wound, pull, haul, touzle, intention of garbling a jury. You know masticate, macerate, lacerate, and dislothe harriers will be partial, and acquit cate, and otherwise evilly intreat; of your client at any rate. Neither will we all and singular which tearings, woundhave any thing to do with your tales. ings, pullings, haulings, touzleings, masti

Mat. No-no-you say right. I hate cations, and so forth, maliciously inflicted your tales and tale-bearers. They are a in manner and form aforesaid, the said rascally pack altogether.

Hare did languish, and languishing did Counsel for Pros. Besides, the statute die, in Mr. Just-ass Ponser's horsepond, gives your worships ample jurisdiction in to wit, and that is to say, contrary to the this case; and if it did not give it, your statute in that case made and provided, worships know how to take it, because and against the peace of our said lord, his the law says, boni est jndicis ampliare manor and dignity. jurisdictionem.

This, please your worships, is the pur. Pris. Counsel. Then - I demur for port of the indictment; to this indictmen irregularity. The prisoner is a dog, and the prisoner has pleaded not guilty, and cannot be triable as a man-ergo, not now stands upon his trial before this within the intent of the statute.

honourable bench. Counsel for Pros. That's a poor sub- Your worships will therefore allow me terfuge. If the statute respects a man, before I come to call our evidence, to ex (a fortiori) it will affect a dog.

patiate a little upon the heinous sin Ponser. You are certainly right. For wherewith the prisoner at the bar is when I was in the Turkish dominions, I charged. Hem-To murder,-Ehemsaw an Hebrew Jew put to death for To_murder, may it please your worships killing a dog, although dog was the in Latin, is-is-Murderare ;-or in the aggressor.

true and original sense of the word, Mur. Connsel for Pros. A case in point, der-ha-re. H-, as your worships well please your worship. And a very know, being not as yet raised to ihe dig. curious and learned one it is. And the nity of a letter by any act of parliament, it plain induction from it is this, that the follows that it plainly is no other than Jew (who I take for granted was a man) Murder--re, according to modern refined being put to death for killing dog, it pronunciation. The very root and etyfollows that said dog was as respectable mology of the word does therefore coma person, and of equal rank in society prehend in itself a thousand volumes in with the said Jew ; and therefore-ergo-- folio, to show the nefarious and abominaand moreover_That, said dog, so slain, ble guilt of the prisoner, in the comwas, to all and every purpose of legal mission and perpetration of this horrid inference and intendment, neither more

fact. And it must appear as clear as nor less than a man.

sunshine to your worships, that the word Court. We are all clearly of that Murderare, which denotes the prisoner's opinion.

crime, was expressly and originally apCounsel for Pros. Please your wor- plied to that crime, and to that only, as ships of the honourable bench. On being the most superlative of all possible Saturday the day of February crimes in the world. I do not deny that, inst. on or about the hour of five in the since it first came out of the mint, it has, afternoon, the deceased Mr. 'Hare was through corruption, been affixed travelling quietly about his business, in a offences of a less criminal nature, such as certain highway or road leading towards killing a man, a woman, or a child. But Muckingham ; and then, and there, the the sense of the earliest ages having prisoner at the bar being in the same stamped hare-murder, or murder-ha-re, road, in and upon the body of the de- (as the old books have it,) with such ex.. ceased, with force and arms, a violent traordinary atrociousness, I am sure that

to

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