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tary service and for the Department of War, on the 21st day of February, in the year of our Lord 1868, at Washington, in the District of Columbia, did unlawfully and contrary to the provisions of an act entitled "An act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices," passed March 2, 1867, and in violation of the Constitution of the United States, and without the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, and while the Senate was then and there in session, there being no vacancy in the office of Secretary for the Department of War, and with intent to violate and disregard the act aforesaid, then and there issue and deliver to one Lorenzo Thomas a letter of authority in writing, whereby said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, did then and there commit and was guilty of a high misdemeanor in office.
ARTICLE IX. That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, on the 22d day of February, in the year of our Lord 1868, at Washington, in the District of Columbia, in disregard of the Constitution and laws of the United States duly enacted, as commander-in-chief of the army of the United States, did bring before himself then and there William H. Emory, a major-general by brevet in the army of the United States, actually in command of the Department of Washington and the military forces thereof, and did then and there, as such commander-in-chief, declare to and instruct said Emory that part of a law of the United States, passed March 2, 1867, entitled "An act making appropriations for the support of the army for the year ending June 30, 1868, and for other purposes," especially the second section thereof, which provided, among other things, that," all orders and instructions relating to military operations issued by the President or Secretary of War shall be issued through the General of the army, and in case of his inability through the next in rank," was unconstitutional, and in contravention of the commission of said Emory, and which said provision of law had been theretofore duly and legally promulgated by General Order for the government and direction of the army of the United States, as the said Andrew Johnson then and there well knew, with intent thereby to induce said Emory, in his official capacity as commander of the department of Washington, to violate the provisions of said act, and to take and receive, act upon, and obey such orders as he, the said Andrew Johnson, might make and give, and which should not be issued through the General of the army of the United States, according to the provisions of said act, and with the further intent thereby to enable him, the said Andrew Johnson, to prevent the execution of the act entitled "An act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices," passed March 2, 1867, and to unlawfully prevent Edwin M. Stanton, then being Secretary for the Department of War, from holding said office and discharging the duties thereof, whereby said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, did then and there commit and was guilty of a high misdemeanor in office.
And the House of Representatives, by protestation, saving to themselves the liberty of exhibiting at any time hereafter any further articles or other accusation, or impeachment against the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United'
States, and also of replying to his answers which he shall make unto the articles herein preferred against him, and of offering proof to the same, and every part thereof, and to all and every other article, accusation, or impeachment which shall be exhibited by them, as the case shall require, DO DEMAND that the said Andrew Johnson may be put to answer the high crimes and misdemeanors to office herein charged against him, and that such proceedings, examinations, trials, and judgments may be thereupon had and given as may be agreeable to law and justice. SCHUYLER COLFAX, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Attest:
Clerk of the House of Representatives.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, U. S. March 3, 1868. The following additional articles of impeachment were agreed to, viz.:
ARTICLE X.-That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, unmindful of the high duties of his office and the dignity and proprieties thereof, and of the harmony and courtesies which ought to exist and be maintained between the executive and legislative branches of the government of the United States, designing and intending to set aside the rightful authority and powers of Congress, did attempt to bring into disgrace, ridicule, hatred, contempt and reproach the Congress of the United States, and the several branches thereof, to impair and destroy the regard and respect of all the good people of the United States for the Congress and legislative power thereof (which all officers of the government ought inviolably to preserve and maintain), and to excite the odium and resentment of all the good people of the United States against Congress and the laws by it duly and constitutionally enacted; and in pursuance of his said design and intent, openly and publicly, and before divers assemblages of the citizens of the United States convened in divers parts thereof to meet and receive said Andrew Johnson as the Chief Magistrate of the United States, did, on the 18th day of August, in the year of our Lord 1866, and on divers other days and times, as well before as afterward, make and deliver with a loud voice certain intemperate, inflammatory, and scandalous harangues, and did therein utter loud threats and bitter menaces as well against Congress as the laws of the United States duly enacted thereby, amid the cries, jeers and laughter of the multitudes then assembled and in hearing, which are set forth in the several specifications hereinafter written, in substance and effect, that is to say:
SPECIFICATION FIRST.-In this, that at Washington, in the District of Columbia, in the Executive Mansion, to a committee of citizens who called upon the President of the United States, speaking of and concerning the Congress of the United States, said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, heretofore, to wit., on the 18th day of August, in the year of our Lord 1866, did, in a loud voice, declare in substance and effect, among other things, that is to say:
"So far as the executive department of the government is concerned, the effort has been made to restore the Union, to heal the breach, to
pour oil into the wounds which were consequent upon the struggle, and (to speak in common phrase) to prepare, as the learned and wise physician would, a plaster healing in character and coextensive with the wound. We thought, and we think, that we had partially succeeded; but as the work progresses, as reconstruction seemed to be taking place, and the country was becoming reunited, we found a disturbing and marring element opposing us. In alluding to that element, I shall go no further than your convention and the distinguished gentleman who has delivered to me the report of its proceedings. I shall make no reference to it that I do not believe the time and the occasion justify.
"We have witnessed in one department of the government every endeavor to prevent the restoration of peace, harmony, and Union. We have seen hanging upon the verge of the government, as it were, a body called, or which assumes to be, the Congress of the United States, while in fact it is a Congress of only a part of the States. We have seen this Congress pretend to be for the Union, when its every step and act tended to perpetuate disunion and make a disruption of the States inevitable. * * *We have seen Congress gradually encroach step by step upon constitutional rights, and violate, day after day and month after month, fundamental principles of the government. We have seen a Congress that seemed to forget that there was a limit to the sphere and scope of legislation. We have seen a Congress in a minority assume to exercise power which, allowed to be consummated, would result in despotism or monarchy itself."
SPECIFICATION SECOND.-In this, that at Cleveland, in the State of Ohio, heretofore, to wit., on the 3d day of September, in the year of our Lord 1866, before a public assemblage of citizens and others, said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, speaking of and concerning the Congress of the United States, did, in a loud voice, declare in substance and effect, among other things, that is to say:
"I will tell you what I did do. I called upon your Congress, that is trying to break up the government. **
"In conclusion, beside that, Congress had taken much pains to poison their constituents against him. But what had Congress done? Have they done anything to restore the union of these States? No; on the contrary, they had done everything to prevent it; and because he stood now where he did when the rebellion commenced, he had been denounced as a traitor. Who had run greater risks or made greater sacrifices than himself? But Congress, factious and domineering, had undertaken to poison the minds of the American people."
SPECIFICATION THIRD.-In this, that at St. Louis in the State of Missouri, heretofore, to wit., on the 8th day of September, in the year of our Lord 1866, before a public assemblage of citizens and others, said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, speaking of and concerning the Congress of the United States, did, in a loud voice, declare, in substance and effect, among other things, that is to say:
"Go on. Perhaps if you had a word or two on the subject of New Orleans you might understand more about it than you do. And if you will go back-if you will go back and ascertain
the cause of the riot at New Orleans perhaps you will not be so prompt in calling out New Orleans.' If you will take up the riot at New Orleans, and trace it back to its source or its immediate cause, you will find out who was responsible for the blood that was shed there. If you will take up the riot at New Orleans and trace it back to the radical Congress, you will find that the riot at New Orleans was substantially planned. If you will take up the proceedings in their caucuses you will understand that they there knew that a convention was to be called which was extinct by its power having expired; that it was said that the intention was that a new government was to be organized, and on the organization of that government the intention was to enfranchise one portion of the population, called the colored population, who had just been emancipated, and at the same time disfranchise white men. When you design to talk about New Orleans, you ought to understand what you are talking about. When you read the speeches that were made, and take up the facts on the Friday and Saturday before that convention sat, you will there find that speeches were made incendiary in their character, exciting that portion of the population, the black population, to arm themselves and prepare for the shedding of blood. You will also find that that convention did assemble in violation of law, and the intention of that convention was to supersede the reorganized authorities in the State government of Louisiana, which had been recognized by the government of the United States; and every man engaged in that rebellion in that convention, with the intention of superseding and upturning the civil government which had been recognized by the government of the United States, I say that he was a traitor to the Constitution of the United States, and hence you find that another rebellion was commenced, having its origin in the radical Congress. * "So much for the New Orleans riot. And there was the cause and the origin of the blood that was shed; and every drop of blood that was shed is upon their skirts, and they are responsible for it. I could test this thing a little closer, but will not do it here to-night. But when you talk about the causes and consequences that resulted from proceedings of that kind, perhaps, as I have been introduced here, and you have provoked questions of this kind, though it does not provoke me, I will tell you a few wholesome things that have been done by this radical Congress in connection with New Orleans and the extension of the elective franchise.
"I know that I have been traduced and abused. I know it has come in advance of me here as elsewhere-that I have attempted to exercise an arbitrary power in resisting laws that were intended to be forced upon the government; that I had exercised that power; that I had abandoned the party that elected me, and that I was a traitor, because I exercised the veto power in attempting, and did arrest for a time, a bill that was called a Freedman's Bureau' bill; yes, that I was a traitor. And I have been traduced, I have been slandered, I have been maligned, I have been called Judas Iscariot, and all that. Now, my countrymen, here to-night, it is very easy to indulge in epithets; it is easy to call a man Judas and cry out traitor, but when he is
called upon to give arguments and facts, he is contrive means by which he should prevent Edvery often found wanting. Judas Iscariot-win M. Stanton from forthwith resuming the Judas. There was a Judas, and he was one of functions of the office of Secretary for the Dethe twelve apostles. Oh! yes, the twelve apos- partment of War, notwithstanding the refusal of tles had a Christ. The twelve apostles had a the Senate to concur in the suspension theretoChrist, and he never could have had a Judas un- fore made by said Andrew Johnson of said Edless he had twelve apostles. If I have played win M. Stanton from said office of Secretary for the Judas, who has been my Christ that I have the Department of War; and, also, by further played the Judas with? Was it Thad. Stevens? unlawfully devising and contriving, and attemptWas it Wendell Phillips? Was it Charles Sum- ing to devise and contrive, means, then and ner? These are the men that stop and compare there, to prevent the execution of an act entitled themselves with the Saviour; and everybody "An act making appropriations for the support that differs with them in opinion, and to try to of the army for the fiscal year ending June 30, stay and arrest their diabolical and nefarious 1868, and for other purposes," approved March policy, is to be denounced as a Judas. *** 2, 1867; and, also, to prevent the execution of "Well, let me say to you, if you will stand by an act entitled "An act to provide for the more me in this action, if you will stand by me in try-efficient government of the rebel States," passed ing to give the people a fair chance-soldiers March 2, 1867, whereby the said Andrew Johnand citizens-to participate in these offices, God son, President of the United States, did then, to being willing, I will kick them out. I will kick wit., on the 21st day of February, A. D. 1868 at them out just as fast as I can. the city of Washington, commit, and was guilty of, a high misdemeanor in office. SCHUYLER COLFAX,
"Let me say to you, in concluding, that what I have said I intended to say. I was not provoked into this, and I care not for their menaces, the taunts, and the jeers. I care not for threats. I do not intend to be bullied by my enemies nor overawed by my friends. But, God willing, with your help, I will veto their measures whenever any of them come to me."
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Which said utterances, declarations, threats, and harangues, highly censurable in any, are peculiarly indecent and unbecoming in the Chief Magistrate of the United States, by means whereof said Andrew Johnson has brought the high office of the President of the United States into contempt, ridicule, and disgrace, to the great scandal of all good citizens, whereby said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, did commit, and was then and there gutlty of a high misdemeanor in office.
ARTICLE XI.-That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, unmindful of the high duties of his office, and of his oath of office, and in disregard of the Constitution and laws of the United States, did heretofore, to wit., on the 18th day of August, A. D. 1866, at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, by public speech, declare and affirm, in substance, that the Thirty-ninth Congress of the United States was not a Congress of the United States anthorized by the Constitution to exercise legislative power under the same, but, on the contrary, was a Congress of only part of the States, thereby denying, and intending to deny, that the legislation of said Congress' was valid or obligatory upon him, the said Andrew Johnson, except in so far as he saw fit to approve the same, and also thereby denying, and intending to deny, the power of the said Thirty-ninth Congress to propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States; and. in pursuance of said declaration, the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, afterward, to wit., on the 21st day of February, A. D. 1868, at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, did, unlawfully, and in disregard of the requirement of the Constitution, that he should take care that the laws be faithfully executed, attempt to prevent the execution of an act entitled act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices," passed March 2, 1867, by unlawfully devising nd contriving, and attempting to devise and
VOTES ON THE ARTICLES IN THE HOUSE.
1868, March 2.-The first article was agreed to-yeas 127, nays 42, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnell, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Bailey, Baldwin, Banks, Beaman, Beatty, Benton, Bingham, Blaine, Blair, Boutwell, Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, Butler, Cake, Churchill, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Cornell, Covode, Cullom, Dawes, Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Eggleston, Eliot, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Ferry, Fields, Garfield, Gravely, Griswold, Halsey, Harding, Higby, Hill, Hooper, Hopkins, C. D. Hubbard, Hulburd, Hunter, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Judd, Julian, Kelley, Kelsey, Ketcham, Kitchen, Koontz, Laflin, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Lincoln, Loan, Logan, Loughridge, Lynch, Mallory, Marvin, Maynard, McCarthy, McClurg, Mercur, Miller, Moore, Morrell, Mullins, Myers, Newcomb, Nunn, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Perham, Peters, Pike, Plants, Poland, Polsley, Pomeroy, Price, Raum, Robertson, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shanks, Smith, Spalding, Starkweather, Thaddeus Stevens, Stokes, Taffe, Taylor, Thomas, Trimble, Trowbridge, Twichell, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, Van Wyck, Ward, Cadwalader C. Washburn, Elihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Welker, Thomas Williams, James F. Wilson, John T. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-127.
NAYS Messrs. Adams, Archer, Axtell, Barnum Beck, Boyer, Brooks, Burr, Cary, Chanler, Eldridge, Fox, Getz, Glossbrenner, Golladay, Grover, Haight, Holman, Hotchkiss, Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Knott, Marshall, McCormick, Morgan, Mungen, Niblack, Nicholson, Pruyn, Randall, Ross, Sitgreaves, Stewart, Stone, Taber, Trimble, Van Auken, Van Trump, Wood, Woodward-42.
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Baker, Barnes, Benjamin, Eckley, Ela, Finney, Hawkins, Asahel W. Hubbard, Richard D. Hubbard, McCullough, Moorhead, Morrissey, Phelps, Pile, Robinson,
Selye, Shellabarger, Aaron F. Stevens, Henry D. Washburn, William Williams-20.
The second article was agreed to-yeas 124, nays 41, not voting 24.
The third article was agreed to-yeas 124, nays 41, not voting 24.
The fourth article was agreed to-yeas 117, nays 40, not voting 32.
The fifth article was agreed to-yeas 127, nays 42, not voting 20.
The sixth article was agreed to-yeas 127, nays 42, not voting 20.
The serenth article was agreed to-yeas 127, nays 42, not voting 20.
The eighth article was agreed tc-yeas 127, nays 42, not voting 20.
The ninth article was agreed to-yeas 108, nays 41, not voting 40.
The tenth article was agreed to-yeas 88, nays 44, not voting 57.
The eleventh article was agreed to-yeas 109, nays 32, not voting 48.
Messrs. John A. Bingham, George S. Boutwell, James F. Wilson, Benjamin F. Butler, Thomas Williams, John A. Logan, and Thaddeus Stevens. were elected managers to conduct the impeachment.
March 4.-The articles were read to the Senate by the Managers.
March 5.-Chief Justice Chase took the chair, Associate Justice Nelson having administered the oath.
March 18.-The President's counsel entered this appearance. In the matter of the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States.
Mr. CHIEF JUSTICE: I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, having been served with a summon to appear before this honorable court, sitting as a court of impeachment, to answer certain articles of impeachment found and presented against me by the honorable the House of Representatives of the United States, do hereby enter my appearance by my counsel, Henry Stanbery, Benjamin R. Curtis, Wm. S. Groesbeck, William M. Evarts, and Thomas A. R. Nelson, who have my warrant and authority therefor, and who are instructed by me to ask of this honorable court for a reasonable time for the preparation of my answer to said articles.
After a careful examination of the articles of impeachment, and consultation with my counsel, I am satisfied that at least forty days will be necessary for the preparation of my answer, and I respectfully ask that it be allowed.
The counsel also read a "professional statement" in support of the request. The Senate retired for consultation, and, after some time, adopted, without a ision, an order that the respondent file answer on or before the 23d inst. An order was also adopted-yeas 40, nays 10that unless otherwise ordered by the Senate for cause shown, the trial shall proceed immediately after replication shall be filed.
PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S ANSWER.
Messrs. Curtis, Stanbery, and Evarts, read the President's answers to the several articles of impeachment. We cannot give room to the text; it is enough to say that Mr. Johnson made general and specific denial of each and every al
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, UNITED STATES, March 24, 1868. Replication by the House of Representatives of the United States to the answer of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, to the Articles of Impeachment exhibited against him by the House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives of the United States have considered the several answers of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, to the several articles of impeachment against him by them exhibited in the name of themselves and of all the people of the United States, and reserving to themselves all advantage of exception to the insufficiency of his answer to each and all of the several articles of impeachment exhibited against said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do deny each and every averment in said several answers, or either of them, which denies or traverses the acts, intents, crimes, or misdemeanors charged against said Andrew Johnson in the said articles of impeachment, or either of them; and for replication to said answer do say that said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, is guilty of the high crimes and misdemeanors mentioned in said articles, and that the House of Representatives are ready to prove the same. SCHUYLER COLFAX, Speaker of the House of Representatives. EDWARD MCPHERSON,
Clerk of the House of Representatives. Same day. An order was adopted, finally without a division, that the Senate will commence the trial on the 30th inst., and proceed with all convenient despatch.
March 30.-Opening argument by Mr. Butler, one of the managers, and some testimony introduced.
March 31, April 1, 2, 3, and 4, the testimony for the prosecution continued, and the case on the part of the House substantially closed. Adjourned till April 9, at the request of the President's counsel.
GUILTY-Messrs. Anthony, Cameron, Cattell, Chandler, Cole. Conkling, Conness, Corbett, Cragin, Drake, Edmunds, Ferry, Frelinghuysen, Harlan, Howard, Howe, Morgan, Morrill of Maine, Morrill of Vermont, Morton, Nye, Patterson of New Hampshire, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Sumner, Thayer, Tipton, Wade, Willey, Williams, Wilson, Yates, -35.
NOT GUILTY-Messrs. Bayard, Buckalew, Davis, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Fowler, Grimes, Henderson, Hendricks, Johnson, McCreery, Norton, Patterson of Tennessee, Ross, Saulsbury, Trumbull, Van Winkle, Vickers
May 26.-The second and third articles were voted upon, with the same result as on the eleventh: GUILTY, 35; NOT GUILTY, 19.
A motion that the court do now adjourn sine die was then carried-yeas 34, nays 16, as follow:
NATIONAL PLATFORMS OF 1868.
THE LETTERS OF ACCEPTANCE OF CANDIDATES, AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE N
3. We denounce all forms of repudiation as a national crime; and the national honor requires
Reported from the following Committee on Resolutions: Alabama-D. C. Humphreys. Arkansas-H. B. Morse. Colorado-G. M. Chilcott. Connecticut-J. M. Woodward. Delaware-C. S. Layton. Florida-R. G. Roder. Georgia-R. H. McCoy. Illinois-Herman Raster. Indiana-Richard W. Thompson. Iowa-G. M. Dodge. Kansas-B. F. Simpson. Ken ucky-Charles Eginton. Louisiana-William R. Fish. Maine-Eugene Hall. MarylandMichigan-R. R. Beecher. Minnesota-R. M. McClelland. Mississippi-A. R. Howe. Missouri-Robert T. Van Horn. Nebraska-R. W. Furniss. Nevada-C. E. De Long. New Hampshire-J. F. Briggs. New Jerse John Davidson. New York-Charles Andrews. North Carolina-L. G. Estes. Ohio-J. C. Lee. Oregon-H. R.
Massachusetts-F. W. Bird.
Kincaid. Pensylvania-Samuel E. Dimmick. Rhoe Island-R. G. Hazard. South Carolina-B. O. DuncanTennessee-W. G. Elliott. Teras-George W. Paschal. Vermont-W. H. Johnson. Virginia-L. Bill. Virginia--R. S. Brown. Wisconsin-H. Rublee.
YEAS-Messrs. Anthony. Cameron, Cattell, Chandler, Cole, Conklin, Corbett, Cragin, Drake, Edmunds, Ferry, Frelinghuysen, Harlan, Howard, Morgan, Morrill of Maine, Morrill of Vermont, Morton, Nye, Patterson of New Hampshire, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Sumner, Thayer, Tipton, Van Winkle, Wade, Williams, Wilson, Yates-34.
The thirteenth and fourteenth were added to the committee's resolutions, on motion of General Carl Schurz.
NAYS--Messrs. Bayard, Buckalew, Davis, Dixon, Doolittle, Fowler, Henderson, Hendricks, Johnson, McCreery, Norton, Patterson of Tennessee, Ross, Saulsbury, Trumbull,
NOT VOTING-Conness, Fessenden, Grimes, Howe-4.
Judgment of acquittal was then entered by the Chief Justice on the three articles voted upon, and the Senate sitting as a court for the trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, upon Articles of Impeachment exhibited by the House of Representatives, was declared adjourned without day.
8. We profoundly deplore the untimely and tragic death of Abraham Lincoln, and regret the accession to the Presidency of Andrew Johnson, who has acted treacherously to the people who elected him and the cause he was pledged to support; who has usurped high legislative and judicial functions; who has refused to execute the laws; who has used his high office to induce other officers to ignore and violate the laws; who has employed his executive powers to render insecure the property, the peace, liberty and life, of the citizen; who has abused the pardoning power; who has denounced the national legislature as unconstitutional; who has persistently and corruptly resisted, by every means in his power, every proper attempt at the reconstruction of the States lately in rebellion;