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would, and so said to his intimate friends, who vainly tried to induce him to suppress the article "till after the election." In 1869, in a forlorn hope, after two or three Republican candidates who had been nominated had declined to run for State Controller, he accepted the position, and though defeated in the contest, as every one expected he would be, he ran ahead of the entire Republican State ticket, seven candidates in all, with the single exception of Gen. Franz Sigel, who received a considerable German vote which was not cast for the other Republican nominees.

In 1870 he ran for Congress in the 6th District, against the Hon. S. S. Cox, and though too ill to make a single speech in the district, he reduced the Democratic majority there from about 2,700, two years before, to about 1,000, and ran 300 ahead of Gen. Woodford, the Republican candidate for Governor in 1870.

The political year of 1872 found the United States in a yet unsatisfactory and disunited condition. The States lately in rebellion were yet abandoned almost entirely to anarchy, with the laws inefficiently enforced, with a great portion of the population uneasy and discontented, with the public treasuries depleted by systematic robbery, and a considerable portion of the inhabitants groaning under what they regarded as no better than despotism. This was of itself, to many honest and patriotic minds, a sufficient reason for opposing the re-election of Gen. Grant; yet there were others almost equally weighty. The Civil Service, by general admission, was not what it should be. There were grave charges of Executive corruption, which were not then and have not yet been satisfactorily explained. There was at least an unpleasant suspicion of nepotism in the distribution of the public patronage, which demanded but did not receive investigation. There was a general desire for an honest Government. It was under these pressing circumstances that the Liberal Convention met at Cincinnati on May 1st. It was attended by a vast delegation from all parts of the Union. Mr. Carl Schurz, who presided, very ably and forcibly stated the reason and aim of the Convention. He alluded to the "jobbery and corruption stimulated to unusual audacity, by the opportunities of a protracted civil war invading the public service the Government,

cing with reckless levity in transgressions,
threatening the very life of our free institu-
tions." He thought the opportunity "grand
and full of promise." Judge Matthews, of Ohio,
subsequently spoke of the necessity of "emanci-
pating the politics and business of the country
from the domination of rings.' The platform
adopted by the Convention, with the accom-
panying resolutions, was conceived in a similar
spirit. It arraigned the Administration for act-
ing "as if the laws had binding force only for
those who are governed, and not for those who
govern." It charged the President with ". open-
ly using the powers and opportunities of his
high office for the promotion of his personal
ends," with "keeping notoriously unworthy
and corrupt men in places of responsibility, to
the detriment of the public interest,"-with
"using the public service of the Government
as a machinery for partisan and personal influ-
ence, and interfering with tyrannical arrogance
in the political affairs of States and municipal-
ities," with "receiving valuable presents, and
appointing to lucrative office those who gave
them,"-with resorting to arbitrary measures,
and failing to appeal "to the better instincts
and latent patriotism of the Southern people, by
restoring to them those rights, the enjoyment of
which is indispensable for a successful adminis-
tration of their local affairs." The platform
was in accordance with these views, calling for
local self-government, for a reform of the Civil
Service, for a speedy return to specie payments,
for a removal of all disabilities imposed on ac-
count of the rebellion, and pledging the Liberal
party to maintain the Union, emancipation, and
enfranchisement, and to oppose reopening of the
questions settled by the XIIIth, XIVth, and
XVth Amendments. Upon the sixth ballot,
after various changes, Mr. Greeley received a
clear majority of all the votes cast, and was
declared the nominee of the Convention for the
Presidency, and B. Gratz Brown was also nomi-
nated for the Vice-Presidency.
After many
demonstrations of the warmest enthusiasm the
Convention adjourned.

Mr. Greeley, in accepting the nomination of the Convention, took the ground that "all the political rights and franchises which have been acquired through our late bloody convulsion, must and shall be guaranteed, maintained, en



as almost all movements of the social body"-joyed, respected evermore," and that "all the to "a public opinion most deplorably lenient in its judgment of public and private dishonesty,' -to a Government indulging in wanton disregard of the laws of the land, and resorting to daring assumptions of unconstitutional power," -to "the people, apparently at least, acquies

political rights and franchises which have been lost through that convulsion should and must be promptly restored and re-established, so that there shall be henceforth no proscribed class, and no disfranchised caste within the limits of the Union, whose long-estranged people shall

reunite and fraternize upon the broad basis of Universal Amnesty with Impartial Suffrage." Mr. Greeley alɛo wrote strongly in favor of the maintenance of the equal rights of all citizens, and of the policy of local self-government, as contradistinguished from centralization. Upon other points, Mr. Greeley advocated Civil Service Reform, a reservation of the public lands for actual settlers, the maintenance of the public faith and national credit, a due care for the soldiers and sailors of the Republic; and he concluded by promising, if elected, to be the President "not of a party, but of the whole people." In July following, Mr. Greeley also received the nomination of the Democratic Convention at Baltimore, and he was now fairly before the country as the Presidential candidate of two great parties.

The canvass which followed developed a faculty in Mr. Greeley for which he had hardly received credit, even from his admirers. He spoke constantly, and in all parts of the country; and the test to which he thus voluntarily subjected himself was admitted by almost universal consent, to have been nobly maintained. He discussed all the great questions before the country boldly, and without hesitation or concealment. He was attended and eagerly listened to on such occasions by immense throngs of the people; and he bore the immense strain upon both his physical and intellectual powers without flinching. He had, as a matter of course, upon his nomination, retired from the editorial charge of THE TRIBUNE, but he was still affectionately welcomed by his old readers, with the same cordiality, when he came to speak to them with the living voice.

The result of the canvass is detailed in another part of this publication. Our system of Presidential elections is such that a candidate may receive, as Mr. Greeley did, a large popular vote, and, at the same time, a very small one in the Electoral Colleges. Mr. Grecley did not carry many States, but the results of the Liberal movement were at once felt in fresh promises from the incoming Administration, and in an assurance, at least semi-official, that the errors and mistakes of which the complaint had been so loud, would not be repeated. Mr. Greeley came back cheerfully and philosophically to his old TRIBUNE chair, and girt himself

for the old work, which alas! he was not to continue.


The strong physical and mental constitution of the man was already broken by many cares, by enormous labors, and by the loss of a wife to whom he was devotedly attached, and who had been for so many years his helper and his cheerer. For THE TRIBUNE he wrote bardly at all, and at last he was obliged to give up visiting the office regularly. His sleeplessness was followed by inflammation of the brain, and under this he rapidly sank, dying on Friday, Nov. 29. The earthly life which had been so busy, so laborious, and so fruitful, was over.

The obsequies of Mr. Greeley were of a kind rarely accorded to any save great public characters. In the pulpits of New York and of other cities, upon the subsequent Sunday, allusions were made to the event. The remains were taken to the City Hall, where they were visited by an immense concourse of the population. Upon the day of the funeral the streets were thronged by a crowd of respectful spectators, anxious to show their respect for the departed. Among those who attended the funeral were the President and Chief Justice of the United States, several heads of departments, many Representatives and Senators, and State and city officials. The services were conducted by Rev. Dr. Chapin, pastor of the deceased, and by the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. After these the procession moved to Greenwood, where the remains of Mr. Greeley were deposited.

Such was the life and such the death of Horace Greeley. Our limits have compelled us to epitomize that which might have been, and indeed has already been, extended to volumes. But most of the readers of THE TRIBUNE ALMANAC are already familiar with the career of one whose course they were accustomed to watch with interest, affection and respect. No man was ever more generally respected-no man ever died more generally regretted. He has passed from the busy scenes of earth, in which he was one of the most useful and busy ; but as the self-cultivated man of letters, the philanthropist, the reformer, and the unsurpassed journalist, he will be honorably remembered so long as the history of the Republic shall survive.

Statement of December 31, 1872.
Debt Bearing Interest in Coin.

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Consols of 1865.

Consols of 1867.

Consols of 1868..
Funded Loan of 1881
Funded Loan of 1886.
Funded Loan of 1901....


of Interest

Five-twenties of 1862..

per ct.

5 per ct.

Loan of 1863, ('81's).....
Ten-forties of 1864
Five-twenties of March,
Five-twenties of June, 1864 6 per ct.

6 per ct.

Old Debt......

5 per ct.


per ct.

6 per ct.

Five-twenties of 1865...... 6 per ct. 6 per ct.

6 per ct.


6 per ct.


per ct.


When Redeemable or Payable. Amt. Outstand'g

Red'able aft. Jan. 1, 1874

Payable Dec. 31, 1880...
Payable July 1, 1881..

Red'le aft. June 30, 1881.
Red'able aft. May 1,1867,
and pay'le May 1, 1882.
Red'le aft. June 30, 1881.
Red'le aft. March 1, '74;
pay'le March 1, 1904..
Red'le aft. Nov. 1, 1869;|
pay'le Nov. 1, 1884....
Red'le aft. Nov. 1, 1869;

pay'le Nov. 1, 1884....
Red'le aft. Nov. 1, 1870;|
pay'le Nov. 1, 1885....
Red'le aft. July 1, 1870;

pay'le July 1, 1885.. Red'le aft. July 1, 1872; pay'le July 1, 1887.... Red'le aft. July 1, 1873; pay'le July 1, 1838 .... Red'le aft. May 1, 1881. Red'le aft. May 1, 1886.. Red'le aft. May 1, 1901..

Accrued Interest to Dale.

$20,000,000 $500,000 00


552,450 00 28,350 00 189,321,350 5,679,640 50

per ct.

5 per ct.

4 pr. ct.
4 per ct.

Aggregate of Debt bearing Interest in Coin...


Title of Loan.
Three per cent.
Certificates..3 per ct.
Navy Pension

Debt Bearing Interest in Lawful Money.
When Red'le or Pay'le Interest Payable. Amt. Outstand'g Int. due
& unp'd;
Payable on de- On redempt'n
of certificat. $2,780,000 00!
Int. only appl. to January and
pay't of pens's.. July
Payable Sept. 1, March & Sep-
of 1870....
4 per ct.
Aggregate of Debt bearing Interest in lawful money..


3 per ct.

Cert. of Indebt.

Debt on which Interest has Ceased

Title of Loan.



4 to 6 per ct.. At var. dat. p. to Jan. 1,37
Mexican Indemnity Stock 5 per cent.... At var. dates in 51 & 52.
Loan of 1847.
6 per cent... Dec. 31, 1867
Bounty Land Scrip. 6 per cent.... July 1, 1849..
Texan Indemnity Stock..5 per cent.... Dec. 31, 1864.
Loan of 1860.
5 per cent.... Jan. 1, 1871.
Five-twenties, '62 (called) 6 per cent.... Dec. 1,'71, & Mar, 7, 20, 72
Treas'y Notes prior to '46 1-10 to 6 pr.ct. At var. dat. from '38 to '44
Treasury Notes of 1846.. 1-10 to 6 pr.ct. At var. dat. in 47 and '48.
Treasury Notes of 1847..6 per cent.... At var. dat. in 48 and '49.
Treasury Notes of 1857.. 3 to 6 per ct.. At var. dat. in '58 and '59.
Treasury Notes of 1861..6 per cent.... March 1, 1863..
Seven-thirties of 1861.... 7 3-10 per ct. Aug. 19 and Oct. 1, 1864.
One-year Notes of 1863 5 per cent.... At various dates in 1865..
Two-year Notes of 1863..5 per cent.... At various dates in 1866.
Compound-inter'st. Notes per cent.... June 10, '67, May 15, '68.
Seven-thirties of '64 & '65 7 3-10 per ct.. Aug. 19, '67, June 15, July 15, '68
Certif. of Indebtedness.. 6 per cent.... At various dates in 1866..
Temporary Loan..
4 to 6 per ct.. October 15, 1866.............
Threepr.ct cert'f's(called) 3 per cent.... Monthly since Dec. 31,'70

5,000 00
78,560 00
1,365,000 00

Aggregate of Debt on which Interest has ceased since maturity.. $4,084,220 26


2,672,894 00 2,250,000 00



3,242,788 33


22,980 00


689,746 50

156,186,150 1,561,861 50

209,142,200 6,274,266 00

315,874,000 9,476,220 00

1,159,152 00

38,638,400 200,000,000 1,666,666 67

$1,756,651,450 35,777,015 50

14,000,000 00!

678,000 00 60 co1 17,458,000 00 60 00

Accrued Int.

$45,172 92

210,000 00

9,040 00 264,212 92

since Maturity.

Amt. Outstand.
$57,665 00
1,104 91
1,650 00
3,900 00
174,000 00

10,000 00

1,280,250 00
82,575 35
6,000 00

950 00

2,000 00

3,150 00 19,450 00 93.795 00 62,350 00 532,920 00

303,900 00

Accrued Int. $64,174 81

85 74 172 00

238 97 11,300 00 625 00 108,248 57 2,670 76 206 00

57 00 108 00

378 00 1,481 01 4,701 85

4,474 IO 105,922 47 27,338 71

313 48

7,343 80 6,150 47

345,990 74

Title of Loan.
Old Demand

Authorizing Acts.
July 17, 1861.
Feb. 12, 1862.
Feb. 25, 1862.
Legal Tender
July 11, 1862.
March 3, 1863.
Certifi.Deposit. June 8, 1872....
July 17,
March 3, 1863.
June 30, 1864.)

Fractional Cur-

Coin Certifi'tes March 3, 1863..
Unclaimed Int.

Aggregate of Debt bearing no Interest

Character of Issue.

Debt Bearing no Interest.


Cash in the Treasury-Coin..

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Name of Kailway. Central Pacific Kansas Pacific Union Pacific..

Central Branch, U.Pac.

Western Pacific

Sioux City and Pacific.

Issue prior to '69, $101,013,103 00
Series of '69......257,544,804 00

First Issue..
Second Issue....
Third Issue
Fourth Issue....

Name of Railway.

Central Pacific..
Kansas Pacific.
Union Pacific


Central Branch, U.Pac.
Western Pacific

Sioux City and Pacific.


4,377,254 40 3,180,685 44 3,669,335 09 34,494,786 69

678,000 00 14,000,000 00

2,780,000 00

[ocr errors]

358,642,294 50

25,370,000 00
45,722,061 62
23,263,000 00

[blocks in formation]


Amt. Outstanding.
1,342,084,150 00
414,567,300 00 $1,756,651,450 00

16,604 84

452,997,356 12 16,604 84


.......74-359,279 74.
9.876,573 67

Spec'l deposit held for redemp. of cert's dep. as prov. by law.25,370,000 00

Debt, less cash in the Treasury, January 1, 1873

Debt, less cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1872...
Increase of Debt (Interest account) during the past month
Decrease of Debt since March 1, 1872..

Decrease of Debt from March 1, 1869, to December 31, 1872

17,458,000 00
4,084,220 26

452,997,356 12

2,231,191,026 38


$40,040,292 65

Authorizing Acts.

Bonds Issued to the Pacific Railway Companies, Interest
Payable in Lawful Money.
Rate of Int.. When Payable. Interest Payable.
July 1,'62 & July 2,'64 6 per cent 30 yrs. fm. date. January & July
July 1,62 & July 2, 646 per cent 30 yrs. fm. date January & July
July 1,'62 & July 646 per cent 30 yrs. fm. date. January & July
July 1,'62 & July 2, 64 6 per cent 30 yrs. fm. date. January & July
July 1,'62 & July 2,) 64 6 per cent 30 yrs. fm. date. January & July
July 1,'62 & July 2,'646 per cent 30 yrs. fm. date. January & July


264,272 92 345,990 74

16,604 84 40,667,161 15 $2,271,858,187 53

Principal Inter't accrued
Outstanding. & not yet paid.
$25,885,120 00 $776,553 60
6,303,000 00 189,090 00
27.236,512 00 817,095 36
1,600,000 00 48,000 00
1,970,560 oc
59,116 80
1,628,320 00 48,849 60

Interest paid by Int. repaid by Bal. of Int. paid
United States. trans. mails &c. by U. States.
$6,368,376 07 $614,057 06 $5,754,319 oi
1,969,353 09
6,981,752 49
493,808 26
367,679 34
389,606 29

1,067,179 03
2,296,875 90
17,714 42
9.350 25
825 69

902, 174 06 4,684,876 59 476,093 84 358,329 09 388,780 60

$64,623,512 00 $1,938,705 36 $16,570,575 54 $4,006,002 35 12,564,573 19 The foregoing is a correct statement of the Public Debt, as appears from the books and Treasurer's Returns in the Department at the close of business, December 31, 1872.


109,605,849 41

2,162,252,338 12 2,160,568,030 32

1,684,307 80 63,561,159 86 $363,210,921 89

Secretary of the Treasury.

THE EXECUTIVE. ULYSSES S. GRANT, of Illinois, President of the United States. SCHUYLER COLFAX, of Indiana, Vice-President of the United States.


HAMILTON FISH, of New York, Secretary of State...

GEORGE S. BOUTWELL, of Massachusetts, Secretary of the Treasury..
WILLIAM W. BELKNAP of Iowa, Secretary of War..
GEORGE M. ROBESON, of New Jersey, Secretary of the Navy.
COLUMBUS DELANO, of Ohio, Secretary of the Interior..
GEORGE H. WILLIAMS, of Oregon, Attorney-General....
JOHN A. J. CRES WELL, of Maryland, Postmaster-General..





December 25, 1872.


Great Britain.











SALMON P. CHASE, of Ohio, Chief Justice..
NATHAN CLIFFORD, of Maine, Associate Justice.
NOAH H. SWAYNE, of Ohio, .
SAMUEL F. MILLER, of lowa,
DAVID DAVIS, of Illinois,
Salary of Associate Justices, $8,000. Court meets first Monday in December, at Washington.


Salary $8,500
STEPHEN J. FIELD, of Cal., Associate Justice.
WARD HUNT, of N. Y.,











Rio Janeiro.






..St. Petersburg....James L. Orr, S. C....


John Jay, N. Y...

James R. Partridge, Md.
..Joseph P. Root, Kansas.
Frederick F. Lów, Cal.
Ellihu B. Washburne, Ill.
.Robert C. Schenck, Ohio.
George P. Marsh, Vt..
.Thomas H. Nelson, Ind.
.Francis Thomas, Md..
.George Bancroft, Mass..


Argentine Republic.....Buenos Ayres.....Julius White, Ill..

.J. R. Jones, Ill..........

Costa Rica..



Hawaiian Islands.



San Salvador.

Sweden and Norway.


Uruguay & Paraguay ..Montevideo.
U. S. of Colombia.. .Bogota..

.San Jose.




San Salvador.

.Daniel E. Sickles, N. Y....

.Jacob B. Blair, W. Va..
M. J. Cramer, Ky.
.E. Rumsey Wing, Ky..
.John M. Francis, N. Y.
.Silas A. Hudson, Iowa.
.Henry A. Peirce, Mass..
Henry Baxter, Mich...
.C. E. Delong, Nevada...
.Chas. T. Gorham, Mich..
.Charles N. Riotte, Texas.
[See Uruguay]
Chas. H. Lewis, Va...
..Thomas Biddle, Penn..
C. C. Andrews, Minn..
Horace Rublee, Wis..

..Constantinople...George H. Boker, Penn.

John L. Stevens, Me..

.........Caracas.......... William A. Pile, Mo...

.Salary $25,000



.Port-au-Prince ...E. D. Bassett, Pa...
.Monrovia.........J. Milton Turner, Mo..

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