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Still aiming at honor, yet fearing to roam, The coachman was tipsy, the chariot drove home; Would you ask for his merits? alas! he had none; Our Cumberland's sweet-bread its place shall What was good was spontaneous, his faults were his obtain ;
Our Will* shall be wild fowl, of excellent flavor;
And Douglas is pudding, substantial and plain :
Here lies honest Richard, whose fate I must
Alas! that such frolic should now be so quiet:
Here Cumberland lies, having acted his parts,
And thought of convincing, while they thought of Come, all ye quack bards, and ye quacking divines,
clines: When satire and censure encircled his throne; I fear'd for your safety, I fear'd for my own: But now he is gone, and we want a detector, Our Doddst shall be pious, our Kenricks shall lecture;
If he had any faults, he has left us in doubt,
Here lies our good Edmund, whose genius was
We scarcely can praise it, or blame it too much;
To persuade Tommy Townshend‡‡ to lend him a
Who, too deep for his hearers, still went on refining,
Though equal to all things, for all things unfit;
To eat mutton cold, and cut blocks with a razor.
While the owner ne'er knew half the good that was
The pupil of impulse, it forc'd him along,
† Mr. Richard Burke, Collector of Grenada.
↑ Mr. Richard Cumberland, author of the West-Indian, Fashionable Lover, The Brothers, and other dramatic pieces.
§ Dr. Douglas, Bishop of Salisbury, who no less distinguished himself as a citizen of the world, than a sound critic, in detecting several literary mistakes (or rather forgeries) of his countrymen; particularly Lauder on Milton, and Bower's History of the Popes.
David Garrick, Esq.
Counsellor John Ridge, a gentleman belonging to the Irish bar.
** Sir Joshua Reynolds.
†† An eminent attorney.
Mr. T. Townshend, Member for Whitchurch.
Macpherson write bombast, and call it a style;
Here lies David Garrick, describe him who can,
*Mr. William Burke, Secretary to General Conway, An abridgment of all that was pleasant in man:
and Member for Bedwin.
As an actor, confest without rival to shine;
No countryman living their tricks to discover;
*Mr. Richard Burke. This gentleman having slightly fractured one of his arms and legs, at different times, the Doctor has rallied him on those accidents, as a kind of retributive justice for breaking his jests upon other people.
†The Rev. Dr. Dodd.
Dr. Kenrick, who read lectures at the Devil Tavern, under the title of The School of Shakspeare.
§ James Macpherson, Esq. who, from the mere force of his style, wrote down the first poet of all antiquity.
Like an ill-judging beauty, his colors he spread,
Of praise a mere glutton, he swallow'd what came,
What a commerce was yours, while you got and
While he was be-Roscius'd, and you were beprais'd!
Those poets who owe their best fame to his skill
Here Hickey reclines, a most blunt pleasant
And slander itself must allow him good-nature :
* Mr. Hugh Kelly, author of False Delicacy, A Word to the Wise, Clementina, School for Wives, &c. &c.
† Mr. W. Woodfall, printer of the Morning Chronicle.
Then what was his failing? come, tell it, and burn ye,
He was, could he help it? a special attorney.
Here Reynolds is laid, and, to tell you my mind,
His pencil our faces, his manners our heart:
When they talk'd of their Raphaels, Correggios, and stuff,
He shifted his trumpet,‡ and only took snuff.
STANZAS ON WOMAN.
FROM THE VICAR OF WAKEFIELD.
WHEN lovely woman stoops to folly,
And finds too late that men betray, What charm can soothe her melancholy, What art can wash her guilt away?
The only art her guilt to cover,
To hide her shame from ev'ry eye, To give repentance to her lover,
And wring his bosom-is, to die.
O MEMORY! thou fond deceiver,
To former joys recurring ever,
And turning all the past to pain;
Thou, like the world, th' opprest oppressing,
Thy smiles increase the wretch's woe! And he who wants each other blessing, In thee must ever find a foe.
Sir Joshua Reynolds was so remarkably deaf as to be under the necessity of using an ear-trumpet in company
SAMUEL JOHNSON, a writer of great eminence, thirteen nights, but has never since appeared on was born in 1709 at Litchfield, in which city his the theatre: Johnson, in fact, found that he was not father was a petty bookseller. After a desultory formed to excel on the stage, and made no further course of school-education, it was proposed to him, trials. by Mr. Corbet, a neighboring gentleman, that he His periodical paper, entitled "The Rambler," should accompany his own son to Oxford as his appeared in March 1750, and was continued till companion; accordingly, in his nineteenth year, he March 1752. The solemnity of this paper prewas elected a commoner of Pembroke College. vented it at first from attaining an extensive cirFrom young Corbet's departure, he was left to culation; but after it was collected into volumes, it struggle with penury till he had completed a resi- continually rose in the public esteem, and the author dence of three years, when he quitted Oxford had the satisfaction of seeing a tenth edition. The without taking a degree. His father died, in very" Adventurer," conducted by Dr. Hawkesworth, narrow circumstances, soon after his return from the succeeded the Rambler, and Johnson contributed university; and for some time he attempted to gain several papers of his own writing. In 1755, the a maintenance by some literary projects. At length, first edition of his "Dictionary" made its appearin 1735, he thought proper to marry a widow twice ance. It was received by the public with general his own age, and far from attractive, either in her applause, and its author was ranked among the person or manners. By the aid of her fortune he greatest benefactors of his native tongue. Modern was enabled to set up a school for instruction in Latin accuracy, however, has given an insight into its and Greek, but the plan did not succeed; and after defects; and though it still stands as the capital a year's experiment, he resolved to try his fortune work of the kind in the language, its authority as a in the great metropolis. Garrick, afterwards the standard is somewhat depreciated. Upon the last celebrated actor, had been one of his pupils, accom- illness of his aged mother, in 1759, for the purpose panied by whom he arrived in London; Johnson of paying her a visit, and defraying the expense of having in his pocket his unfinished tragedy of Irene. her funeral, he wrote his romance of Rasselas,
The first notice which he drew from the judges Prince of Abyssinia," one of his most splendid perof literary merit, was by the publication of " London, formances, elegant in language, rich in imagery, a Poem," in imitation of Juvenal's third satire. and weighty in sentiment. Its views of human life The manly vigor, and strong painting, of this per- are, indeed, deeply tinged with the gloom that overformance, placed it high among works of its kind, shadowed the author's mind; nor can it be praised though it must be allowed, that its censure is coarse for moral effect. and exaggerated, and that it ranks rather as a party,| Soon after the accession of George III., a than as a moral poem. It was published in 1738. grant of a pension of 300l. per annum was made For some years Johnson is chiefly to be traced in him by His Majesty during the ministry of Lord the pages of the Gentleman's Magazine, then con- Bute. A short struggle of repugnance to accept a ducted by Cave; and it was for this work that he favor from the House of Hanover was overcome gratified the public with some extraordinary pieces by a sense of the honor and substantial benefit conof eloquence which he composed under the disguise ferred by it, and he became that character, a penof debates in the senate of Liliput, meaning the sioner, on which he had bestowed a sarcastic defiBritish parliament. He likewise wrote various nition in his Dictionary. Much obloquy attended biographical articles for the same miscellany, of this circumstance of his life, which was enhanced which the principal and most admired was "The when he published, in several of his productions, Life of Savage." arguments which seemed directly to oppose the rising spirit of liberty.
The plan of his English Dictionary was laid before the public in a letter addressed to Lord Ches- A long-promised edition of Shakspeare appeared terfield in 1747. In the same year he furnished in 1765; but though ushered in by a preface writGarrick with a prologue on the opening of Drury- ten with all the powers of his masterly pen, the lane theatre, which in sense and poetry has not a edition itself disappointed those who expected much competitor among compositions of this class, except- from his ability to elucidate the obscurities of the ing Pope's prologue to Cato. Another imitation great dramatist. A tour to the Western Islands of of Juvenal, entitled "The Vanity of Human Scotland in 1773, in which he was attended by his Wishes," was printed in 1749, and may be said to enthusiastic admirer and obsequious friend, James reach the sublime of ethical poetry, and to stand at Boswell, Esq. was a remarkable incident of his life, the head of classical imitations. The same year. considering that a strong antipathy to the natives of under the auspices of Garrick, brought on the stage that country had long been conspicuous in his conof Drury-lane his tragedy of "Irene." It ran versation. But when, two years afterwards, he
published the account of his tour, under the title of symptoms, followed; and such was the tenacity with A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland," which he clung to life, that he expressed a great more candor and impartiality were found in it, desire to seek for amendment in the climate of than had been expected. In 1775, he was gratified, Italy. Still unable to reconcile himself to the through the interest of Lord North, with the degree thought of dying, he said to the surgeon who was of Doctor of Laws, from the University of Oxford. making slight scarifications in his swollen legs, He had some years before received the same honor" Deeper! deeper! I want length of life, and you from Dublin, but did not then choose to assume the are afraid of giving me pain, which I do not title. His last literary undertaking was the con-value." The closing scene took place on Decem sequence of a request from the London booksellers, ber 13, 1785, in the 76th year of his age. His re who had engaged in an edition of the principal mains, attended by a respectable concourse of English poets, and wished to prefix to each a bio-friends, were interred in Westminster Abbey; and a graphical and critical preface from his hand. This monumental statue has since been placed to his he undertook; and though he will generally be memory in St. Paul's cathedral. His works were thought to have labored under strong prejudices published collectively in eleven volumes, 8vo., with in composing the work, its style will be found, in a copious life of the author, by Sir John Hawkins. great measure, free from the stiffness and turgidity A new edition, in twelve volumes, with a life, was which marked his earlier compositions. given by Arthur Murphy. Of the conversations. The concluding portion of Dr. Johnson's life and oral dictates of Johnson, a most copious col. was saddened by a progressive decline of health, lection has been published in the very entertaining and by the prospect of approaching death, which volumes of Mr. Boswell. Upon the whole, it may neither his religion nor his philosophy had taught him be said, that at the time of his death, he was unto bear with even decent composure. A paralytic doubtedly the most conspicuous literary character stroke first gave the alarm; asthma, and dropsical of his country.
Behold her cross triumphant on the main,
A transient calm the happy scenes bestow,
IN IMITATION OF THE THIRD SATIRE OF JUVENAL. And for a moment lull the sense of woe.
THOUGH grief and fondness in my breast rebel,
For who would leave, unbrib'd, Hibernia's land,
Or change the rocks of Scotland for the Strand?
While Thales waits the wherry that contains
* Queen Elizabeth, born at Greenwich.
At length awaking, with contemptuous frown,
Since worth, he cries, in these degenerate days
Some pleasing bank where verdant osiers play,
Let such raise palaces, and manors buy,
Heroes, proceed! what bounds your pride shall hold'