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sailed for Juan Fernandez, and thence to Callao, where they arrived on the 24th of June. Our artists once more returned to Quito where they finished their measurements, and then proceeded to Lima, in order to obtain a passage for Spain. At Callao, however, they fell in with the Deliverance and Lys, preparing to sail for Europe. This was an opportunity not to be omitted; and accordingly Don George Juan embarked in the latter, and Don Antonio de Ulloa in the latter. They left Callao on the 22d of November, and were soon joined by the Louis Erasme and the Marquis d'Antin; but the Lys springing a leak was obliged to return. The rest of the squadron, however, had the good fortune to double cape Horn without meeting with the violent storms so frequently fatal to mariners in those latitudes. Having taken in supplies and repaired their shattered ships in the road of Fernando de Narona, on the coast of Brazil, on the 10th of June, 1744, they again set sail, and flattered themselves that the danger of the voyage was now at an end. But on the 21st of July, they discovered two sail within three leagues of them, and soon approaching within cannon-shot, the strangers hoisted English colours and formed their line, while the French, though little in a condition for fighting, likewise prepared for action. The enemy, who afterwards proved to be privateers, were considerably superior in force. They were named the Prince Frederic, captain Talbot; and the Duke, captain Morecock. After a short contest, the Marquis d'Antin struck, after losing her captain, and receiving several shots between wind and water. The captain of the Deliverance, the headmost ship, seeing one of his consorts taken, prudently crowded sail and endeavoured to escape, while the Louis Erasme did the same. However the latter was soon obliged to yield; and while the privateers were occupied with each a prize, the Deliverance had the good fortune to escape. The captain of the Deliverance began to felicitate himself on his fortune; and consulting with his officers what course was most adviseable to steer, one of them, acquainted with Louisbourg, recommended that port, which being the shortest navigation, the captain yielded to his suggestions, after the plan had been approved of both by the officers and the passengers. On the 13th of August, they saw a brigantine plying in for Louisbourg, on which the Deliverance hoisted French colours, which was answered by the other firing two or three of her guns. This, however, occasioned no uneasiness; and in a short time, two men of war coming out of the harbour, still they supposed these might belong to a squadron of their country's ships, guarding that important place; and that the brigantine might be some privateer, with a design on the fishery. And here the reader's imagination will picture the complacency and joy which filled every heart, when they fancied themselves approaching the end of all their disasters; and the keen disappointment they felt, when their visionary schemes of delight ended in the real miseries of captivity—for the place was then in the hands of the English; and they found it impossible to fight or fly. The brigantine, which carried 50 guns, took possession of the Deliverance, and carried a very rich prize into port, while the two men of war, which were the Sunderland and the Chester, were ready to have yielded any requisite assistance, Our author informs us, that all his secret papers were formed into a packet, and that he had given orders, that in case he should suddenly fall in any action, to have them thrown into the sea. When therefore it was found impracticable to escape, he threw the packet, loaded with bullets, into the sea himself; but all the papers relative to the mensuration of the degrees of the meridian, together with the physical and astronomical observations, he saved; knowing that their contents were of universal concern, and that no national injury could be sustained from their inspection. But fearing lest they should be abused or confounded with others of less importance, he thought proper to acquaint the English captains on what service he had been employed, and recommended

his manuscripts to their care.

Don Ulloa being sent to England, was confined at Fareham, a pleasant village at the bottom of Portsmouth harbour. “And here, says he, “I must not omit the courtesy and gemerosity of captain Brett of the Sunderland, to all the prisoners of any rank, whom he not only admitted to his own table, but prevailed on the other officers to follow his good example; and who seemed to vie in civility towards us, and humanity towards the common men, sparing for nothing to alleviate our misfortunes.” Our author was committed to the care of Mr. Brookes, commissary for French prisoners, and paints his gratitude to him and to Mr. Rickman who acted in the same capacity for the Spaniards, in the most glowing colours. By the assistance of these gentlemen he was enabled to present a petition to the duke of Bedford, then first lord of the admiralty, to obtain his papers; and the answer returned was honourable to Englishmen—they gave Ulloa to understand, that they were not at war with the arts and sciences, or their professors; that the British cultivated them, and that it was the glory of its ministers and great men to encourage and protect them. Soon after our author obtained permission to repair to London, that he might renew his solicitations with greater ease and effect. Here he met with the most distinguished attention from the great and the learned; and acknowledges his sense of the kindnesses he received in a manner that shews he deserved them. His papers having been examined by Mr. Folkes, president of the Royal Society, who made a very favourable report, they were immediately delivered up to him; and as a more illustrious testimony of esteem, he was admitted into the Royal Society, as a reward for what he had done in the service of mankind, by contributing to the improvement of 5Clence. Don Ulloa, in summing up the favours received, gives this brilliant testimony to the national credit: ‘Actions like these,” says he, ‘convinced me of the sincerity of the English, their benevolence, and disinterested complaisance. I observed the tempers, customs, government, and police of this praise-wor

thy nation, which, in its oeconomical conduct, and social virtues, may serve as a pattern to the rest of the world.”

Being next presented with his liberty, which had been granted him on his first solicitation, our author embarked at Falmouth in the packet boat, and reached Madrid on the 26th of July, 1746.

Soon after his arrival, his sovereign ordered his papers to be published under his own patronage: and, from the authentic memoirs with which he favoured the world, the preceding

ges have been compiled. We wish it always fell to our lot to record labours so meritorious, and to select from materials so interesting and correct.

[graphic]

THE

VOYAGES AND ADVENTURES

OF
SIR FRANCIS DRAKE.

THIS celebrated English navigator, and brave naval officer, was the son of Edmund Drake, a clergyman, and was born at a village near Tavistock in Devonshire, in the year 1545. He was the eldest son of twelve brethren, and the father being distressed by so large a family, captain Hawkins, his mother's relation (afterwards the famous admiral Sir John Hawkins) kindly took him under his patronage, and gave him an education suitable to the sea service. Through the interest of his patron, at the age of eighteen, he was made purser of a ship trading to the bay of Biscay. At twenty, he made a voyage to Guinea; at the age of twenty-two, he was appointed captain of the Judith ; and, in that capacity, he was in the harbour of St. Juan de Ulloa, in the gulf of Mexico; where he behaved very gallantly in the glorious action under Sir John Hawkins; and returned to England with a rising reputation, but totally destitute, having lost the little property he had acquired in his former station, by this unfortunate expedition, in consequence of the treachery of the Spaniards. Soon after this, he conceived a design of making reprisals on the king of Spain; which, according to some, was put into his head by the chaplain of the ship; and, indeed, the case was clear in sea-divinity, says Dr. Campbell, “that the subjects of the king of Spain had undone Mr. Drake, and therefore he was at liberty to take the best satisfaction he could on them in return. This doctrine, however roughly preached, Vol. I.-(9) 2 B

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