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in spite of her utmost endeavors to be angry no more resemblance to the genuine and look grave, provoked an immoderate love-letters of their day than to those of fit of laughter, from which time he became ours, and the two things were probably her implacable enemy.

never confounded in the mind of either On this hypothesis, Leigh Hunt, party."1 In her replies she ignores all sympathizing with the poet, whom he his extravagant compliments, adopting supposes led on and then ridiculed by a cool tone of intellectual sympathy. a heartless beauty, addressed to Lady And when on her way back to England, Mary's shade an eloquent remon- she replies to his fervid congratulations strance. Her later biographers do not on her return : believe the romantic version. They

I can hardly forbear being angry with think her parody on Pope's “ Rustic Lovers," and Lady Mary's general pro- much ... 'tis not from insensibility of the

you for rejoicing at what displeases me so pensity for sharp sayings, leading to a joy of seeing my friends . . . but when I war of words with nearly all her friends consider that I must at the same time see in turn, quite enough to account for a and hear a thousand disagreeable impertifeud which, growing in bitterness with nents ; that I am a creature that cannot every stinging epigram on either side, serve anybody but with insignificant good joined in by Lord Hervey, Swift, and wishes ; and that my presence is not a others, and intensified by fierce polit- necessary good to any one member of my ical antagonism, was certainly not the

native country, I think I might much betleast among the causes that impelled

ter have stayed where ease and quiet made

up the happiness of my indolent life. her long absence from her native country. They think Lady Louisa Stuart's The letters all passed through Mr. story “ a tradition,” and cite in support Wortley's hands, yet he continued of their view Pope's assertion that hc Pope's friend after his return from his had no misunderstanding with Lady embassy. And when Pope put some Mary until he was “ the author of his of them into circulation subsequent to own misfortune in discontinuing her the quarrel, he first so manipulated acquaintance ; and her remark to them as to heighten the appearance of Spence : You shall see what a goul sentimental familiarity. dess he makes me in some of his let- Lady Mary's . withdrawal from Enters, though he makes such a devil of gland has been made the theme of specme in his writings afterwards, without ulations as numerous and diverse is any reason that I know of.

the ground of her quarrel with Pope ; But even supposing Pope's addresses yet it seems quite intelligible. The to have been so offered and so rejected warm exacting affection which Mr. one cannot, remembering the highly Wortley had repulsed in the early days artificial nature of all his passions, the of marriage had changed into a very rapidity and ingenuity with which his real and friendly respect, which could apparently most ardent tributes, both be, and was, as well manifested in abin verse and prose, were adapted in sence as in presence. Lady Mary's turn to each “ Cynthia of the minute,” daughter had married the Earl of Bute,2 and the gall and mire with which he soiled his brilliant pen when Cynthia Pope's letters to Lawly Mary : “ I fancy myself in

1 One brief specimen of this may be given from offended him, think his case deserved my romantic thoughts and distant admiration of the indignant sympathy it has excited. you not unlike the man in the · Alchemist 'that

has a passion for the queen of the fairies. I lie a recent acquaintance when dreaming of you in moonshiny nights, exactly in Lady Mary went to Turkey, yet he im- the posture of Endymion gaping for Cynthia in a mediately wrote to her what her grand- picture. And with just such a surprise and rap

ture should I awake, if after your long revolutions daughter calls“ high heroic fustian.”

were accomplished you should at last come rolling "The fashion was a French importa- back again, smiling with all that gentleness and tion," says Mr. Moy Thomas,” which serenity peculiar to the moon and you, and gilding

the same mountains from which you first set out on the hostile tariffs of the Whigs were un

your solemn melancholy journey." fortunately unable to prevent. It bore

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2 Groom of the stole to Frederick Prince of

and formed interests and a circle of her of a domino" formed “the genteel own; her son had hopelessly alienated dress to carry you everywhere." Above all his friends by a Fleet marriage with all — “ it is so much the established a laundress old enough to be his mother, fashion for everybody to live their own and nothing was to be looked for from way that nothing is more ridiculous him but fresh scandals ; the care of than censuring the actions of another." Lady Mar had, by Mr. Wortley's desire, Rome also detained her, and she been transferred to her daughter, Lady opened her doors to the English visitors Frances Erskine ; Lady Mary was ill (who were inuch thrown on their own and weary, both in body and mind - resources, not being then received by there had been sorrows enough in her Roman ladies) with such good effect life to shake the strongest. Travel, that the Abbé Grant told her she was which she loved, and a nililer climate, bound in conscience to pass her life had irresistible attractions for her. there for the benefit of her countrymen. And she hoped to meet Lady Pomfret, She saw “ bonnie Prince Charlie ” and for whom she had a strong affection, his brother, afterwards Cardinal York, and who, since the madness of Lady at a public ball. Mar, had been her most confidential

They were very richly adorned with jewcorrespondent.

els. The eldest seems thoughtless enough It is certain that this project of resid

the youngest is very well made, dances ing abroad had been long in contempla- finely, and has an ingenuous countenance. tion ; that at first she tried to prevail on The family live very splendidly, yet Mr. Wortley to go with her; and that pay everybody, and (wherever they get it) it was on the most amicable terms, and are certainly in no want of money. with a promise of his joining her, that

When, in the course of her wanderthey parted in 1739.1 At every stage ings Lady Mary arrived at Lyons, she of her journey they corresponded, and found several letters from Mr. Wortiey, Mr. Wortley's appreciation of her let- in one of which he urged her to meet ters — in his dry and formal way — is their son, who was again applying for shown by the following passage from help and promising reform. one of his replies : “If you mention a

presses the fullest confidence in her few of the great towns you have passed, judgment, and authorizes her to do and I shall see the whole journey. I wish

to promise whatever she thinks may be (if it be easy) you would be exact and for his good. The impression left by clear in your facts, because I shall lay the meeting was not favorable : by carefully what you write of your travels."

He is so much altered in his person I

He has Lady Mary's first long delay was in should scarcely have known him. Venice, where the varied society and entirely lost his beauty, and looks at least the simple manner of life alike charmed seven years older than he is, and the wildher. She found that it was the fashion much increased it is downright shocking,

ness that he always had in his eyes is so for the greatest ladies to walk in the and I am afraid will end fatally. . . . With admirably paved streets ; that gondolas his head I believe it is possible to make him were delightfully cheap ; that “a six- a monk one day and a Turk three days penny mask, a little cloak, and the head after. He has a flattering, insinuating

manner, which naturally prejudices stranWales, and afterwards George the Third's favorite gers in his favor. . . . He has a superficial

universal knowledge. He really knows 1 “I have taken some pains to put the inclination for travelling into Mr. Wortley's head," she most of the modern languages, and, if I can writes to Lady Pomfret. “ He proposed following believe him, can read Arabic and has read me in six weeks, his business requiring his pres- the Bible in Hebrew. ence at Newcastle. Since that the change of scene that has happened in England has made his friends She fears, however, that no influence, persuade him to attend Parliament this session, so not even self-interest, will permanently that what his inclinations, which must govern mine, will be next spring I cannot absolutely fore- reform him, and places no reliance on

his promises of good behavior. The

He ex



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event proved how accurate her judg- | in France,” she says, “ is as impossible ment was. He showed through life, to be attained as orange-trees on the ** an absolute incapacity for speaking mountains of Scotland. It is not the the truth” – begged, borrowed, and product of the climate.” And she comcheated for money wherever he went; plains that her home correspondents sat in Parliament for a time, travelled tell her no news. “I suppose you know much, married many wives, and, inher- everything that passes here," they say ; iting £1,000 a year from his father, or, Here is nothing worth troubling lived abroad entirely. While in the you with.” She does, however, hear East he is said to have become first a of the death of Pope, and the news Roman Catholic and then a Moham- evokes no acrimony, only a passing medan. He was a very discreditable wonder “to whom he has left the convert to either creed. The once well- enjoyment of his pretty house at Twickknown Dr. E. V. Kenealy founded a enham.” His will, she says later, “ apnovel on his strange history.

pears more reasonable and less vain While Lady Mary was staying at than I had expected of him." Lady Avignon in the early part of 1744, she Mary's letters to her husband reflect, was persuaded to accompany the Du- in a calmer strain, the same anxiety for chesse de Crillon to an entertainment tidings of him, the same regret at his given by the Freemasons of Nismes to cold reticence with which their married the Duc de Richelieu. “ They almost life began. She tells him that her carried me with them by force,” she daughter has been long silent, " which writes, “ which I am tempted to believe gives me the greatest uneasiness ; but an act of Providence, considering my the most sensible part of it is in regard great reluctance, and the service it of your health, which is truly and sinproved to be to unhappy, innocent peo- cerely the dearest concern I have in ple.” She had only been two hours in this world.” the town when some Huguenot ladies Lady Mary was driven from Avignon beyged her, with tears, to intercede by the swarms of Jacobite refugees with the Duc de Richelieu on behalf of who infested it in 1746, so that it was the Protestant minister and a dozen of impossible to go into company withhis congregation who had been cruelly out hearing a conversation improper to imprisoned. They said “none of the be listened to and dangerous to contraCatholics would do it, and the Protes- (liet.” But the unsettled state of the tants durst not, and God had sent me Continent made it very difficult to get for their protection. The Duc de Riche-away, and a certain Count Palazzo, genlieu was too well-bred to refuse to listen tleman of the bedchamber to the Prince to a lady, and I was of a rank and na- of Saxony, who brought Lady Mary tion to say what I pleased."

letters of introduction from her friend Lady Mary bad no difficulty in draw- the Count of Wackerbarth, persuaded ing the great man into conversation at her to travel under his escort as a Venethe ball, and he told her that he pitied tian lady, It was an adventurous jourthe poor Protestants as much as she ney, of which she gives a full account did, but his orders from court were to to Mr. Wortley. On leaving Genoa send them to the galleys. However, to they found the Bocchetta Pass almost show how much he desired her good blocked by the baggage and the sick opinion, he would solicit their freedom and wounded of the Spanish army after on his return and he obtained it. its defeat at Piacenza. At Serravalle

The scenery of Avignon pleased her, they met a large body of troops, “in but the society did not. ** Friendship the midst of which was Don Philip in

1 This became £2,000 on the death of his mother, person, going a very round trot, looking 80 that Laudy Mary was under no moral obligation down, and pale as ashes.” The inns to leave a son who had always been a terror and

were filled with wounded Spaniards, disgrace to her more than the “guinea ” which Walpole, who knew the circumstances, affected to

but the governor granted the “ Venethink such a proof of maternal insensibility. tian lady” the shelter of an empty


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room, without bed or supper. At day- | Hill. Here she bought an old château break the victorious Austrians entered and thoroughly identified herself with the town, and to them Count Palazzo Italian country life, tending and helpdisclosed Lady Mary's identity, on ing the villagers with so much success which they ordered her a guard of hus- that she says she is thought a great sars, and treated her as a heroine. physician, and would be thought a “ This journey has been very expen- saint if she went to mass. Slie allowed sive,” she tells Mr. Wortley, on reach- them to act plays in her salon, which ing Brescia ; " but I am very glad I they fitted up cleverly as a theatre, and have made it. I am now in a neutral taught them (regardless of their digescountry, under the protection of Venice. tions) to make “ French rolls, custards, The doge is our old friend Grimani, and minced pies, and plum-puddings; " I do not doubt meeting with all sorts of and “ as good butter as that produced civility."

in any part of Great Britain.” No Here, however, occurred the third wonder the grateful inhabitants of incident in her career of which calumny Lovere desired to erect a statue to their made capital, and which friendship benefactress, ordered the marble, comcould not entirely elucidate. On her missioned the sculptor, and were sorely arrival at Brescia she was met by Count disappointed when she refused to sit to Palazzo's mother, who insisted on tak- him, fearing that she would be accused ing Lady Mary to her own house, where in England of erecting her own monushe was seized with a fever so violent ment! The only civil excuse she could that she says few women of her age think of, with which to put off her (sixty-one) could have recovered from baffled admirers, was that her religion it. When next she wrote to Mr. Wort- would not permit her to be made a ley she told him she had kept her bed graven image of. for two months, but that Countess Pa- Lady Mary passed her days amongst lazzo had taken as much care of her as her poultry, her bees, her silkworms, if she had been a sister, and she could her vineyards, and in a wonderful garnot sufficiently express her gratitude. den, where she made “a dining-room

On some perverted version of this of verdure, capable of holding a table brief seclusion (she was in a house of of twenty covers ” and “fifteen bowers her own by the following March) Wal- in different views with seats of turf.” 2 pole must have based his scandalous She walked in her wood, carpeted with gossip. But there was some serious violets and “inhabited by a nation of quarrel with the Palazzos, for their nightingales and game of all kinds," or names never again occur in her letters, descended by easy steps cut in the turf and amongst her papers was found a to her river, on which her fisherman statement in Italian, apparently drawn rowed her “ in a little boat with a green up for production in a court of law, lutestring awning.” As a resource for describing her detention against her the evenings, her failing sight no longer will in a country house inhabited by an allowing her to read continuously, she Italian count and his mother. Lord taught some old priests to play whist Wharncliffe conjectures that they en- for penny points. deavored to extort money from her Sometimes this tranquil life is broken while invalided under their roof. In in upon by parties of thirty ladies and any case, the friendship ceased as sud- gentlemen who arrive on horseback, denly as it began.

with their servants, and expect to be Later, Lady Mary suffered much entertained for a fortnight. Or some from ague, and was sent by her doctors neighboring ladies favor her with to Lovere, the “most beautifully ro- visit in masquerade. “ They were all mantic" place she ever saw, with gardens which reminded her of Richmond

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2 " Gardening is certainly the next amusement to

reading,” she says. "I am glad to form a taste 1 He told Mann that he had heard of her being that will be the amusement of my age now my pen "shut up by a lover somewhere in the Brescian."

and needle are almost useless to me."


dressed in white like vestal virgins,” | calls “a strange fellow. I heartily she tells her daughter, “ with garlands despise him and eagerly read him, nay, in their hands. They came at night sob over his works in the most scanwith violins and flambeaux, but did not dalous manner. The two first tomes of stay more than once dance, pursuing · Clarissa' touched me, as being very their way to another castle some miles resembling to my maiden days.” from hence."

But we must hasten on, as life and Lady Mary hears with great pleasure time were hastening on with Lady from Mr. Wortley of their daughter's Mary, not unheeded and not wholly unpopularity and social success, " which regretted, but noted to her daughter justifies the opinion I always had of with tranquil composure :her understanding ;” and tells him in

There is a quiet after the abandoning of return that she has been assured “ Lord

pursuits something like the rest that follows Bute is still as much in love with his

a laborious day. I tell you this for your wife as when he married her fifteen

comfort. It was formerly a terrifying view years before.”

to me that I should one day be an old The failing sight of which she com

I now find that Nature has proplained when she established her whist | vided pleasures for every state. Those class must have improved for a time, only are unhappy who will not be contented as, in thanking Lady Bute for some with what she gives, but strive to break her new books, she says they amused her laws by affecting a perpetuity of youth, 80 much that she gave a very ridiculous which appears to me as little desirable at proof of her pleasure in them, fitter for present as the babies do to you that were

the delight of your infancy. her granddaughter than herself. She had returned from a party, and after

This was not the serenity of indifferriding twenty miles home, partly by ence, for she says in another letter that moonlight, found the box, opened it, Lady Bute's description of her family and * falling on Fielding's works, was gave her “ a melancholy joy : " fool enough to sit up all night reading." You would have laughed to see the old But she is no blind admirer of the nov- fool weep over it. I now find that age, elist.

when it does not harden the heart and sour

the temper, naturally returns to the milky I wonder (she says] he does not perceive disposition of infancy. . . . You see I am that Tom Jones and Mr. Booth are both

very industrious in finding comfort to mysorry scoundrels. All these sort of books self in my exile, and guarding as long as I have the same fault, which I cannot easily can against the peevishness which makes pardon, being very mischievous. They

age miserable in itself and contemptible to place a merit in extravagant passions, and others. encourage young people to hope for impos

In the same spirit Lady Mary says : sible events, to draw them out of the misery they chose to plunge themselves into, ex- I have often had a mind to write you a pecting legacies from unknown relations consolatory epistle on my own death, which and generous benefactors to distressed vir- I believe will be some affliction, though my tue, as much out of nature as fairy treas- life is wholly useless to you. That part of

it which we passed together you have reason

to remember with gratitude. . . . Your There are many other lively bits of

happiness was my first wish, and the purcriticism on which one would like to suit of all my actions, divested of all selfdwell if space allowed, such as the interest. So far I think you ought, and happy comment on Johnson's “Ram- believe you do, remember me as your real bler : " “ He always plods in the beaten friend. 1 road of his predecessors, following. The Spectator' (with the same pace a pack- credit Walpole when, after calling Lady Bute

1 These letters to her daughter sufficiently dishorse would a hunter) in the style that one of the best and sensible women in the is proper to lengthen a paper. ... 1 world,” who " has never made a false step,” he

says she was "educated by such a mother - or should be glad to know the name of rather, with no education at all.” Lady Mary was this laborious author.” Richardson she far too shrewd a woman to have appealed to her




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