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Fifth Series,

No. 2562. – August 12, 1893.

From Beginning


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Church Quarterly Review,
II. Rext DAY. By Rhoda Broughton, Temple Bar,

FALAISEAU. By S. I. de Zuylen de

National Reriew,

Macmillan's Magazine,
SYMONDS. By A. R. Cluer,

Fortnightly Review, .
VI. SOME High Notes,

Cornhill Magazine,
VII. LưLLABIES. By Laura Alex. Smith, Gentleman's Magazine,
TION. By W. F. Stockley,

Macmillan's Magazine,

350 357

362 366 374


322 THE COURTYARD Torch, :

ST. PATRICK'S DAY, 1893, :


: 322


TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

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Single copies of the LIVING AGE, 18 cents.



Hold on ! hold on ! true hearts ! stand fast, To one who gave it.

And set your teeth against the blast “ONLY a woman's hair." There was no

The right it stands to win at last

On Patrick's Day in the morning. Upon the slender packet ; and they blame Nothing is won withouten cost, The man who would not bare for all to view No good God made was ever lost The soul of her who trusted him, he knew And the shamrock's green in spite o'th' To whom belonged that curl of softest hair. frost, And thus he wrote, determined to leave On Patrick's Day in the morning. there


A. W. No trace which to the world might ever

show Who was the woman that had loved him so. But all who love have relics ; on my heart

WHILE I WAIT. There rests a locket, and I never part DEAR, while I wait for you, I would not steep By day or night with one small tress of hair, My wearied senses in soft slumber's dreams, Yet must I tell the world who placed it As he who hates the night and waits the there

gleams Within the locket ; call on all to see Of gladsome day-dawn — nay, nor would I My greatest treasure, say 'twas given to me

weep By one I love, who loves me not again, Through the long vigil, that I needs must And show to curious eyes my love is vain ? keep, And must I own to all that when I wake

With folded, idle hands, until the streams I find my hand close elasps it for the sake Of love-light fall on me, and its glad beams Of one from whom I took that tress of hair End the sad watch, or wake me from my Which now is mine, say that I breathe a sleep. prayer,

Ah no! I would my hands had swifter That God will bless and keep you all your grown life,

To aid all need — my lips had learned a new In sun and shade, in joy and peace and Sweet power to bless — my voice a tend'rer strife ?

toneI hold the world has nothing here to do, My eyes a deeper pity — this heart, too, It shall not come between my soul and you ;) This poor, weak woman's heart, you know Like the great Dean, I keep your name your own, apart,

God's perfect peace, dear, while I wait for You only know what rests upon my heart.

you ! Academy.

Chambers' Journal. KATE MELLERSH.

Out of the north, keen-edged and strong,
The wind came down with shout and song,
And raced the great white clouds along,

On Patrick's Day in the morning.
And bursts of sunlight glinted through,
And laughing rifts of heavenly blue
Made our hearts sing within us too,

On Patrick's Day in the morning.
E'en dusky Fleet Street was aglow
With violets — shamrock-tufts — when lo!
Across the sunshine whirled the snow,

On Patrick's Day in the morning.
The white clouds darkened into brown,
Sharp as a steel blade smiting down
Across the face of London town

On Patrick's Day in the morning.

(From the Chinese Ode, J'eng Leaou.)

the hour!
“ Not midnight ;

The torch flares bright."
My guests are near :

Are they in sight ?
What now the hour ?

“Not yet time :
The torch burns clear."
My guests appear :

Their horse-bells chime.
Again the hour ?

"'Tis sunrise :

The torch-flame dies."
My guests are here :

Those are their cries.




From The Church Quarterly Review. Mount Sinai, some leaves of which, as FIVE YEARS OF DOCUMENTARY he related, he had been just in time to

rescue from a basket of old papers inIn the year 1887 the occurrence of tended for the flames, where two other the Queen's Jubilee gave rise to the basketfuls had previously been conpublication of several historical sum-sumed. We could remember the dismaries of the events of her reign. cussions which sprang out of Cureton's Comparisons were made, from different Syriac publications from the manupoints of view, of the state of England scripts acquired by the British Museum then with what it had been at her ac- from the Nitrian monasteries, in particcession, and persons interested in vari- ular the discussions whether the short ous departments of kuowledge were led form of the Ignatian Epistles which he to take note what progress during those published was the true original form, fifty years their favorite studies had and whether the Syriac version of the made. The remark which the occasion Gospels, the fragments of which he suggested to ourselves was that these published, was earlier or later than the fifty years had been unusually fertile in long - received and widely circulated the bringing to light of documents illus- Peshitto. We could remember the distrative of the history of the carly cussions arising out of the publication Church, which had either been previ- of what was at first called Origen's ously unknown or had been supposed Philosophumena," both

for the to have perished. We would call to strange light which it threw on the mind the stir which each successive early history of the Roman Church and discovery had made, and the eager- for the materials which it furnished to ness of scholars to appraise the value of the historian of Gnosticism ; and, not the new acquisition and to turn it to to mention other “finds," we could reuseful account. We could remember member the intense interest excited the sensation caused in the circles in- when from a library in Constantinople, terested in such news by Tischendorf's the contents of which had been supdiscovery of the great Bible manuscript posed to have been already sufficiently in the Convent of St. Catharine at explored, Bryennius published first a ? 1. (1) Hippolytus and his “ Heads against Caius.. complete text of the Epistle of Clem(2 Hippolytus on St. Matthew xxiv. 15. By the ent, and afterwards the "Teaching of Rer. J. Gwynn, D.D. Hermathena, vols. vi. and the Twelve Apostles.” So we found 2. Die Gwynn'schen Cajus- und Hippolytus, - finds ” of Victoria's reign, which we

materials enough for an article on the Fragmente. Harnack: Texte u. Untersuchungen. Band vi. published in our number for October, Heft 3. Leipzig, 1890.

1887. It seems to us now that in the 3. The Commentary of Hippolytus on Daniel.

five * By the Rev. J. H. Kennedy. Dublin, 1888.

years that have passed since our 4. Das neu entdeckte vierte Buch des Daniel- article was published the necessity for von Hippolytus.

a supplement to it has arisen. It was a 5. The Apology of Aristides. Edited and trans- natural question for us to ask, after lated by J. Rendel Harris. With an Appendix by giving an account of comparatively reby J. A. Robinson. Vol. i. No. 1.) Cambridge, it was to be supposed we had come to J. A. Robinson. (Texts and studies, etc. Eliteel cent documentary discoveries, whether

6. The Passion of St. Perpetua. With an Ap- the end of them. Several lost books pendix on the Scillitan Martyrdom by the Editor. are known to us by name, and some of (Terts and Studies, etc. Vol. i., No. 2.) Cambridge, 1891.

them are known to have continued in 7. The Acts of the Martyrdom of Perpetua and use quite long enough to make the hope Felicitas. Edited by J. Rendel Harris and S. K. not utterly chimerical that they might Gifford, London, 1890.

8. Methodius von Olympus. Edited by G. x. not altogether have perished. Yet the Bonwetsch. Leipzig, 1891.

discoveries which we had to relate were 9. The Pilgrimage of S. Silvia of Aquitania to not of such a nature as of themselves the Holy Places. Translated by John H. Bernard, B.D. Palestine Pilgrims' Text Society, London, to justify an expectation that we should

witness a repetition of them. If a fer

vii, Dublin, 1888-9.


Von A. Harnack.


Lic. Dr.

Edouard Bratke. Bonn, 1891.


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tile field has yielded a rich harvest | years ago. We may refer to the recent there is room to suppose that it will announcement of a discovery in a difwell reward cultivation again ; but if a ferent field. The linen bands which man has found a few overlooked nug- swathed a mummy brought from Egypt gets at the bottom of a mine, deserted thirty or forty years ago were found to because supposed to have been worked be marked with characters which no out, he would no doubt do well to one could decipher. Professor Krall ? search for more, but could have little has lately recognized the characters, assurance of a successful result. If and even some of the words, as idenamong the disregarded contents of a tical with those which occur in Etrus. bookstall there were now found one of can inscriptions, and as therefore likely the first productions of Caxton's press, to give some aid to the recovery of that the happy finder might exult, but would mysterious language. The linen bands have little reason to conclude that sev- seem to represent one of the lintei libri, eral more treasures of the same kind or, as Macaulay has it, “ the verses were likely to be similarly brought to traced from the right, on linen white, light. Now, there are reasons which by mighty seers of yore.” forbid us to be very sanguine as to our The interest of theological students prospects of new documentary discov- in the subject of " finds " has been eries, One is the keenness of the revived by the recent recovery of a search that has been already made. considerable fragment of the Gospel The contents of libraries in all the most according to St. Peter, a work not later civilized parts of the world have of late than the middle of the second century, been so well explored that every year but which is so very rarely mentioned it becomes less and less likely that any- by Church writers that we can hardly thing should have escaped the search. think it ever had a wide circulation, and And those regions which have been therefore it would never have occurred least explored are those where waste to us to name this as one of which a and destruction are likely to have had copy was likely to be found when better the greatest range of exercise. There known books have been totally lost. In is too many a true story of ancient doc- our last number we were only able to uments allowed to rot uncared for, or give a short account of the new discovactually destroyed as worthless and ery, and we intimated then our intencumbersome, by ignorant possessors, to tion of returning to the subject. It permit us to doubt that every year our seems well before we redeem our pledge chance of finding old documents unde- to add to the account we gave in 1887 stroyed becomes less and less, while of the documentary discoveries of the there is a further doubt whether any preceding fifty years a supplementary old document that we might find would account of what has come to light durbe such as we should much care for. ing the last five. It is curious how many of the valuable

I. The first “ find ” we have to report discoveries of the present reign have not only throws some light on the opinbeen of the nature of surprises. We ions of an ecclesiastical writer at the believe that if any scholar had at the beginning of the third century, but, beginning of the reign made a list of strange to say, was even needed to reTost documents which he would long to move doubts as to his very existence. recover, and the recovery of which Catalogues of Church writers of that seemed to him not hopeless, it would date now commonly include the name scarcely include one of the documents of Caius, a Roman presbyter; yet it is that actually have come to light. strange how scanty our information is

But, in point of fact, the unearthing about him, and how hard it would be to of lost documents is a process which confute any one disposed to deny that has not yet come to an end, and the he was either Roman or a presbyter. prospect of future discoveries seems to

1 Die Etruskischen Mumienbinden des Agramer be quite as hopeful now as it was filly National-Museums. Viema, 1892.



Our earliest information about him re- rived at ; but in 1868 Professor Lightduces itself to this : that Eusebius was foot, as he was then, remarking on the acquainted with a controversial dia- great obscurity that hung over the perlogue held in the episcopate of Zephyri- sonality both of Caius and Hippolytus, nus (A.D. 201-219) between Caius and a and pointing out how many of the charMontanist leader, Proclus.1 There is no acteristics ascribed to each were idenevidence that Eusebius knew anything tical, raised the question 3 whether the about Caius beyond what he gathered two might not have been merely names from the dialogue itself; and the next for the same person. True, Caius was writers who mention bim Jerome principally known as the author of a and Theodoret — tell nothing about him dialogue against Montanism, which has that they might not have learned from never been ascribed to Hippolytus ; but Eusebius. Eusebius gives four extracts Lightfoot pointed out that in Cicero's from the dialogue, which show that it philosophic dialogues the author only had been held in Rome, and warrant us appears as a speaker under the name of in describing Caius as a Roman, in the Marcus, whence he concluded that if sense that he was at the time residing Hippolytus, as was quite possible, had in Rome, but give no authority for de- a prænomen Caius, then, even though scribing him either as a Roman by birth he were the author of the dialogue, his or as permanently connected with the speeches would probably only bear the Church of Rome. Our earliest author- ascription Caius, and persons dependent ity for describing Caius as a presbyter for their knowledge, as most of the is that in the ninth century Photius early Church were, on what they found states ? that he found, in a manuscript in the dialogue itself would know no of a work on the universe, the author- other name for the author than Caius. ship of which was disputed, a note But there were two difficulties in the that the author was Caius, who was a way of this identification. With one of presbyter of Rome in the episcopates of them we need not here concern ourVictor and Zephyrinus, and who him- selves ; the other was that a late Syriac self was appointed Bishop of the Gen- writer has enumerated, among the tiles (lovūv éniokotov). The real author works of Hippolytus, chapters against of the work in question is now generally Caius. It was no small triumph of acknowledged to have been Hippolytus, ingenuity to be able to devise a fairly who resided at or near Rome in the satisfactory answer to so formidable an episcopates just mentioned, and con- objection, and the feat was the more cerning whom there is also controversy remarkable because so little in Bishop whether he was presbyter or bishop. Lightfoot's line. For his habitual soWith respect to both Caius and Hippo- briety of judgment was such that there lytus there is also some authority for was no one to whose guidance a stusaying that each had received instruc- dent could trust himself more impliction from Ireneus.

itly, and he was ordinarily not to be When the newly discovered work tempted by the ingenuity of a theory against heresies was published in 1857 to dispense with severe testing of its under the name of Origen's “ Philoso- foundations. In this case there was phumena," learned men soon came to the more inducement to accept his soluan agreement that the work was not Ori- tion, because otherwise it was not easy yen's, but that it was written in Rome to imagine on what subject two presby a contemporary of Origen's; and a byters, both of good repute in the controversy arose between the rival Church of Rome, could find cause to claims of the two learned Roman pres- write against each other. byters of that date, Caius and Hippoly- One answer was suggested. Hippotus. An almost unanimous decision in 'lytus was known to have written in favor of Hippolytus was ultimately ar- defence of the Gospel and Apocalypse 1 Ensebius, Hist, Eccl. ii. 25, vi. 20.

3 Journal of Philology, i. 98.

Bibl. xlviii.

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