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So much for theory ; but in case of of the Montmartre rats, which were emergencies, Mère Galipaux's walls pitilessly hunted and destroyed by the were lined with a regiment of bottles inhabitants of the quarter ; but of course of all shapes and sizes, containing cor- the appeal was set down as quixotic, dials, simples, and extracts of her own and the army of rodents continued to wonderful herbal infusions and decoc- die lingering deaths in gins, as if no tions. For distilling purposes she pos- measures had been taken by their prosessed a conical apparatus which resem-tectress for their deliverance. bled the alembics used in the Middle The steep little alley where Mère Ages by alchemists and other votaries Galipaux lived was the happy huntingof the black art. Above this triple row ground for the whiskered fraternity of of tasks hung bundles of dried aromatic Montmartre. They grew and multiplied plants which once were fragrant and in the big sewer underneath the street feathery on the lower slopes of the level ; they danced mazurkas on the Puy-de-Dôme, and which even still, uneven cobbles, and darted between though dead, contrived to impregnate the sabots of the working folk when the atmosphere with a piquant and not they returned from shop and factory at unpleasant odor. Surgical books and twilight; they climbed through the pamphlets lay upon the stained deal partitions of the old houses which had table, showing that the doctoresse, as been built in the reign of Henri IV., much as her daily occupations permit- and made the usual havoc in loaves and ted, took an interest in the progress of cheeses ; their weird, shrill cries awoke that science ?neath whose banner she the soundest sleepers at night-time, marched, though she had no preten- and even Bishop Hatto in his castle sions to be anything but a medical free- was not more surrounded by them than lance. And the worthy dame, when were the inhabitants of the Rue de la not engaged in binding Mère Perrin's ferronnerie, Montmartre. And Mère inutou's left ear, which had been almost Galipaux alone, of all her fellows, toltorn off by rival Toms on his last noc-erated and cared for the strange, deturnal promenade, or in setting the structive little creatures. She waged a broken leg of Petit Poucet, the baker's silent war on her neighbors anent the errand boy's poodle, or in squirting rats, for, through close vigilance, she soothing mixture into the inflamed orb knew the whereabouts of every gutterof some Paris street gamin, or in dis- trap and poison-dish, and after dark tilling and experimenting, would always would light her lantern, and, armed be seen with a book on her knee. with a few bandages and surgical ap

Her husband had left her in flourish- pliances, hie on her unsuspected errand ing circumstances, and since his death in the streets. Uninjured rodents she she coutinued to live on in the same set at liberty ; those who were already old rooms she had occupied on coming in the convulsive throes she humanely to live in Paris forty years previously, despatched.

She rinsed away

the and nothing would induce her to re-death-conveying messes in the cracked place the old furniture by newer and dishes and flower-pots, and for these less threadbare chairs, tables, and cup-substituted harmless ingredients of a boards. The carved oaken clock she similar appearance. She then placed had brought with her from Auvergne, food remnants in the holes between ticked pompously from its corner, just the paving-stones, and rats that were as it had done when it was placed in slightly hurt she carried to her attic her great-grandfather's kitchen one and saw to their wounds till they were hundred and seventy years ago.

cured. Mère Galipaux was a member of the Not a living soul in the neighborhood Paris branch of the Society for the knew of this remarkable crusade. Life Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and had taught Mère Galipaux a lesson had even drawn up a petition request- which some folks find so hard to learn, ing the president to interfere on behalf land that was to keep her own counsel ; she had forbidden the members of her occasions in the cause of humanity, so family to visit her of an evening; and la Mère Galipaux would have sojourned as, owing to her immense gifts and in plague-stricken places and fever masculine strength of character, her haunts if, thereby, she could have les. authority was almost patriarchal, none sened, by one iota, the distressing total dared to disobey her in the matter. of diseases and ills that menace her

The old medicine-woman was no re- fellow-creatures throughout the natural specter of persons, or rather, of the term of their lives. privileged among the animal species. Perhaps on that account, when she She did not see why there should be died, the crowd of mourners who folone rule for the spirited race-horse, and lowed her to her tomb was so great that another for the costermonger's donkey ; the traffic in the Boulevard Clichy was nor why white mice should be tended temporarily suspended, and the great and coddled by children in wicker deserted Montmartre Cemetery was cages, and their cousins the field-mice populous for the space of half an hour. cruelly exterminated. For her there Had la Mère Galipaux been the dean of

no grades in the divine order the Academy of Medicine, she could of life, whose dim beginnings in the not have received a warmer tribute to creeping things and batrachia seem so her memory than this spontaneous poprepulsive to frivolous natures. She be- ular testimony, more eloquent in its longed to the race of healers in her undemonstrative fervor than the most humble way, as surely as Hippocrates, polished funeral sermon preached by a Claude Bernard, and Jenner did in fashionable deacon, or a volley of guns theirs ; and even as these great men tired over her grave. would have imperilled their lives on all


THE WORK OF DISINFECTION IN LON-1 to be provided free of charge by every saniDON. -- From a return just prepared by the tary authority for housing those who are medical officer of health of the London compelled to leave their homes whilst the Council, it appears that sixteen sanitary process of disinfection is going on. So far authorities have provided themselves with this provision has not been carried out in disinfecting apparatus, in which disinfec- every district ; in fact, by only thirteen out tion is effected by steam ; fourteen authori- of the forty sanitary authorities. What ties possess apparatus in which disinfection accommodation has been provided is open is effected by dry heat ; and eleven authori- to improvement; in a few instances only is ties have arranged with a contractor by the accommodation provided for use by whom steam is used. It is hoped dry heat night as well as by day. Shelter by night, apparatus will soon be entirely superseded however, must be provided for in all cases, by steam apparatus. The arrangements as the time occupied in the purification of with a contractor to disinfect are not quite the room - often the only room of the satisfactory, on the ground that this duty family — extends to many hours. Provision should not be in other hands than those for baths to be used by those coming from who are responsible for the prevention of infected houses should also be ensured. It disease. It would be a good thing and is said that so far poor people are unwilling more economical, the medical officer shows, to use the accommodation thus provided, if districts were to combine in the manner but when they find it really meets their provided by the Public Health (London) convenience this is not likely to continue. Act, and find suitable sites for the erection But the shelters must be made reasonably of disinfecting apparatus in central districts attractive, or objections to them will never of London. Section 60 of the Public Health be overcome. (London) Act requires a temporary shelter

British Medical Journal.

Fifth Series, Volume Lxxxn. S


No. 2565. – September 2, 1893.

From Beginning

515 522 52.)




London Quarterly Reriew, II. Whist! ..

Saturday Reriew,
III. A GREY ROMANCE. By Lucy Clifford, National Review,


OF HYDERABAD. By Edward Strachey, Blackwood's Magazine,

MOIRS. Mrs. Kemble. By Anne Ritchie, Macmillan's Magazine,
VI. MY FIRST BEAR - Hunt. By Fred.
Whishaw, .

Longman's Magazine,

THACKERAY. By Francis St.
John Thackeray,

Temple Bar,

Chambers' Journal,






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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post office money-order, if possible. Il neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single copies of the LIVING AGE, 18 cents.


A PHILISTINE CONFESSION. From the rock-crown of a long woodland Fain would I sing in minor key of woe, hill,

In modern fashion, could I only banish We watched the grandeur of the sunset The sunshine from my heart : 'tis quite blaze

de trop; Along the deep horizon measureless,

But it won't vanish ! Where channel surges meet the Atlantic tide ;

“Court pessimism," urge my cultured And all the hollow of the boundless air,

friends : And all the ranges of engirdling heights, “Think how brute-force the world sets And restless face of the broad-sweeping spinning blindly : flood

How to blank misery existence tends !" Were clothed with flame as with a garment (They mean it kindly.)




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A lucid veil of splendor and of joy :

'Surely," they cry, “at least you can de It made the rolling Mendips laugh in light,

spair ? It turned brown waters into billowy gold, Condemn to darkness all that once seemed It kissed with kindling lips the coast of

brightest ? Wales,

Feel you no loathing for the fate you It lit the Brecon Beacon from afar,

share ?" And touched with lustre opaline the peak

No— not the slightest ! Of giant Dunkery as sheer he soared To reach the floating pearl of phantom Yet Fortune too has mocked me with her cloud

moods ; That sends the eternal softness of the Her fickle wings, alack! she's lightly west."

shaken ; And left me Care for comrade : while my

goods Low down the western verge of that long

The jade has taken. Hard by the beach, hidden 'mid ancient

“Well then?” — well then, I smile : (and elms,

so 't were vain Stands the grey church of that green

For poor contentment's slave to ape the country-side,

poet :) And there we lingered as we sauntered

* You think God's balance tilts the loss back,

with gain ?" Heard the sweet litanies of even-song

Nay, friend, - I know it! Blent with the rippling psalm of the bright


R. K. H.
And so the golden and majestic hour
Brought with its fading beam the solemn

Of a dim personality divine

If all the world had a pleasure-garden, That thro’ the witching voices of the And went there ever in early sun, world,

There were more to praise, there were less And all the winsome images of light,

to pardon The freshness of the lonely moorland's When the day is over and done.

calm, The nightly watch of unforgetful stars, There's an airy wisdom, a solemn lightThe flowing of the amber founts of dawn,

ness, The haunting of the murmur of the sea, A passion of power in brain and blood, Into the raised imagination breathes Belong to the dew and the still cool brightGrave exaltation, and immortal fire, Infinite comfort, peace unspeakable,

When day is a flower in bud. The dream of hope which quivers like new day

I have phloxes silver and phloxes rosy, Above the clouded and mysterious ridge

So sweet in service and glad to please, That ends the vision of the vale of life. With mines of wealth in their every posy

JOSEPH TRUMAN. For jolly bacchanal bees. Spectator.




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From The London Quarterly Review, the title-page, in striking contrast with AN EGYPTIAN PRINCESS.1

her Paris-made costume, in the height “ VERY soon after my arrival in of the hideous fashion of 1870, or Egypt,” writes Miss Chennels, in her thereabouts. introduction to these volumes, “ I had The story of this poor child's short occasion to observe that the opinion life reminds one often of the proverbial prevalent among Mohammedans was disadvantages of sewing new cloth on that it was a disgrace to any woman old garments.

The instincts of freefor her face to be seen, or her name dom, energy, and self-improvement imto be heard beyond the walls of the parted by an Euglish education were harem.” It was in deference to this inevitably and hopelessly at strife with prejudice that the publication of her the harem life of seclusion, idleness, -- Recollections " was delayed till not mental and moral stagnation, to which only her royal pupil, but the children the customs of the East condemned her who shared her studies and pleasures, as soon as her childhood was over. were in their graves. Not that they The pathetic human interest which contain the faintest touch of scandal, thus attaches to the subject of Miss the slightest hint of indiscreet revela- Chennels's ** Recollections” is accention. The social life of the Kledive luated by the fact that the narrator is Ismail and his family is painted in the obviously not writing for effect. She fairest colors, and the impression one sets down everything as it comes — picgains of him from these pages is that nics to the Pyramids and the humors of an amiable, somewhat over-indul- of Buiram, visits to the royal ladies, gent paterfamilias, scarcely to be rec- impertinences of the Arab servants, ognized as the “ Oriental despot with a reflections on the slavery question, and Parisian veneer, “ whose strength notes on the Cairo bazaars, with small of will and perverse fertility of re- care for any order beyond the chronosource enabled him to maintain a pow- logical. But this only increases the erful despotism in spite of general impression of exactitude and good faith discredit and impending bankruptcy, that grows on one as one reads. The and to baffle all the efforts of European author's view of things is open to the diplomaey to make him govern on ra- reproach of being a little 6. set" and tional principles."

conventional; the minor discomforts of Miss Chennels, in her notes and Eastern life' take up a somewhat disprocomments on what she saw, restricts portionate place in her narrative ; but herself carefully to her role of govern- she is throughout clear-sighted, sepsiess; and though her narrative affords ble, not without perception of the now and then a side-light, “ significant humorous ; and the very profusion of of much," on the character of Ismail detail in which she indulges on the and the nature of his administration, subject of her privations, helps one to yet its principal value consists in the realize how difficult it must be to edualmost photographic clearness and ac- cate a set of people so undisciplined, so curacy of the picture it gives of the idle, so ignorant of the value of time private life of Mohammedan ladies of or the force of a promise, as those with high rank just beginning to experience whom she had to do, into any adequate the disturbing influence of Western conception of ordler, rectitude, and ideas. It is a drama of the clash of public duty. two civilizations ; and the protagonist Miss Chennels entered upon her duis the little princess, whose sweet, wist- ties in October, 1871. The educational ful face, with the soft, Oriental fea- staff of the Khedive Ismail's housetures, looks out of the photograph facing hold then consisted of a Mr. Freeland,

who acted as the tutor of Ismail's 1 Recollections of an Egyptian Princess.

fourth son, Ibrahim Pasha, Mr. Micheli, ? England in Egypt, by Alfred Milner,

i the assistant tutor, and the Princess

W. Blackwood & Sons.

Miss Cheunels. Two vols.

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