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force ; but it is easy to give order to staple manufactures in Mahon as in the others, in spite of the jungle of Majorca. The cobbler looks up frm flowers, bramble, and rye-grass which his work for a moment at the sound of envelops them. Very interesting and a strange step on the very rough stones suggestive here is the rude highway which pave the streets ; but lie has not through the brake of vegetation still enough curiosity in him to follow the indicated by the monoliths. A brace wayfarer with his eyes for more than a of stones, each about tive feet and a moment. Another industry merits nohalf in height, stand like gate-posts tice : this is the arrangement of shells in front of the entrance chamber of and seaweed in fancy forms, such as one of the talayots; and at the base ships, boxes, bouquets, and the like. of one of these monoliths my friend It would seem a species of labor likely and I discovered, deep embedded, a to be better rewarded at Ramsgate or basin of stone for all the world like a Ilfracombe than in Mahon. There is, piscina, about a foot in diameter. We however, a certain demand for these hit upon it by chance. What purpose pretty trifles from the British sailors it may have served, we could not of when the fleet calls here. course tell.

When we had been four days in The talayots apart, there is not much Minorca, we felt that we knew the to say about Minorca. The town of island as well almost as the oldest inMahon is humdrum and rather preten- habitant. It is but twenty-eight miles tious. Its four-storied red houses seem long by about ten broad, and easy of to date from the same epoch which saw access everywhere. Word was then the rise of the Bloomsbury district of brought us of a steamer likely to set off London. I dare say the same architects, for Palma on the fifth day. Without or their pupils, had a hand in both delay, we offered ourselves as passenachievements. The town deserves some gers; and so duly the shores of the praise for its hotels, in which you may little island receded from us as the live satisfactorily for about four shil- grey mountains of Majorca grew clearer. lings a day. This includes wine and There was a lusty gale again, and a sea also certain of those nice little biscuits in which we tossed somewhat rudely. which in Spain are known generically But eight hours sufficed to carry us

66 Minorquin pastry.” No doubt, across the strait, and enabled us to set thanks to the tradition of British occu- foot once more on the much livelier pation at least we will take leave to strand of Palma. fancy so — cleanliness is in much es- The entire population of Minorca is teem here.

only about thirty-five thousand, whereas Boots and shoes appear to be the Palma alone has nearly twice as many.

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DR. JOHNSON'S LAST PRAYER. - A few ration available to the confirmation of my days before his death, previous to receiving faith, the establishment of my hope, and the Holy Sacrament, Dr. Johnson com- the enlargement of my charity ; and make posed and fervently uttered this prayer : the death of thy Son Jesus Christ effectual

Almighty and most merciful Father, I to my redemption. Have mercy upon me, am now, as to human eyes it seems, about and pardon the multitude of my offences. to commemorate for the last time the death Bless my friends ; have mercy upon all of thy Son Jesus Christ, our Saviour and men. Support me by thy Holy Spirit, in Redeemer. Grant, O Lord, that my whole the days of weakness, and at the hour of hope and confidence may be in his merits death; and receive me, at my death, to and thy mercy ; enforce and accept my im- everlasting happiness, for the sake of Jesus perfect repentance; make this commemo- Christ, Amen.''

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CONTENTS.
I. THE RELIGION OF LETTERS, 1750–1850, . Blackwood's Magazine,
II. THE FETISH-MOUNTAIN OF KROBO. By
Hesketh J. Bell,

Macmillan's Magazine,
III. A TALE OF Two STUDIOS,

Blackwood's Magazine,
IV. THE LIVES AND Loves

OF NORTH
AMERICAN BIRDS. By John Worth, Nineteenth Century, .
V. THE WANDERINGS

THE NORTH
POLE. By Robert S. Ball,

Fortnightly Review, .
VI. DISCIPLINE. By Roy Tellet,

Longman's Magazine,
VII. What PARLIAMENTARY WhipS HAVE
TO DO,

Cassell's Saturday Journal,

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POETRY OFF TRIPOLI: THURSDAY, JUNE 22, 1893,

578 | JUNE 22, 1993,

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MISCELLANY,

640

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
LITTELL & CO., BOSTON.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For EIGHT DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & CO.

Single copies of the LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

Swore

OFF TRIPOLI: THURSDAY, JUNE 22, 1893. Of the foemen on the left and on the PEACE to the dead ! Great organs sound right ; and swell,

With brave rescue from the wreck, Thund'ring for us their glorious funeral And wild cheering on the deck, knell :

That Britannia had not parted with her Our hearts are torn and rent with anguish might ? sore ;

Be such glory what it may, Roll on, and lead us to the distant shore

Yet I venture still to say Where death is standing, silent sentinel !

That these shall not lose their guerdon Oh, piteous patience, pain we cannot quell;

or their faine, Ours is the agony no tongue can tell.

Though they died without a blow : Dumb is the deep — to voiceless heights Well, the Highest — died hie so; we soar ;

And our land shall shrine their memory Peace to the dead !

and their name :

For the man who, in the host, The heights of suffering love can but endure is death-stricken at his post, All that their country claims; an oath they

“It is finished” may triumphantly ex

claim ! To give her of their best, and woeful well Kept they their promise. We may not There is grief for me and you : rebel

But for Tryon and his crew While England mourns them and her seas Happy future, as was honor in the past ! restore

Though the admiral no more
Peace to the dead.

May hear wind or water roar,
Speaker.

D. M. B. Though his sailors cannot battle with the

blast,
For, the pilot of all seas,
He will welcome souls like these,

And shall guide them to fair haven -
THE DEATH-STROKE.

land at last !

Academy. ROBERT BROWN, JUN. 'Twas the sunny Syrian sea Off the coast of Tripoli, And the ironclads of England were at

play ; While their mimic thunder rent

JUNE 22, 1893. With its roar the firmament, As they tacked and they maneuvred in All then precipitated themselves into the the bay :

sea, with the exception of Vice-Admiral For our navy is the pride

Sir George Tryon, who remained alone Of that sea without a tide,

on the bridge." - (The Times, June 27.) And our home is on the deep amid the LET England mourn for him who met his spray.

death

Steadfast to duty, all unconsciously Something terribly amiss

Grown to a hero, - mourn for him whose In a moment! That or this,

soul, Man or mechanism ? Well, I do not

Shrined in a noble frame, had conquered know :

fear. On the gallant flagship came,

Let England grieve for these lier gallant Quick as stroke of lightning-flame

sons Or the giant rush of tempest, such a blow

Untimely gone, and grieve with them who That, her harness rent, she bowed ;

weep And, a mighty iron shroud, With her admiral and crew she sank be- A loss irreparable with bitter tears. low !

Let England still rejoice, for now she knows Do you deem they should have died Though time and science change the face On a fierce and reddened tide,

of war In the fury and the glory of the fight ? The stuff of English hearts they cannot With the ensign slot to rags,

change. And with striking of the flags

Academy.

MACKENZIE BELL.

From Blackwood's Magazine. and fiction, and selecting some familiar THE RELIGION OF LETTERS, 1750-1850.

figures from the crowded canvas, let us When we seek to understand what see what they can tell us of the way in may be called the spirit of any age in which religion was regardled, since they matters of religion, it is not in the say- are to some extent imbued with the ings and writings of professed theo- same spirit — the spirit of their aye. logians and divines, and still less in the It is not from the professed theologian, utterances of religious disputants and as we have before said, that we have leaders of parties, that we shall most most to learn. Seminarists, students, surely discern it, but rather in the atti- and ministers of religion of whatever tude of mind of thoughtful men outside creed, must needs be more

or less the arena of controversy - men of let- guided by class prejudices and

governed ters perhaps, but men of diverse inter- by class interests. They may instruct, ests and varied aims, who have no exhort, and convince, but they cannot personal ends to be served, no waver- give that unconscious impression, that ing disciples to conciliate, no law of casual revelation of a prevalent taste, edification to be observed.

which, like some old portrait in an anIt is true that those who for practical tiquated dress, recalls the manners and purposes are most opposed to one an- transports us into the society of a byother have frequently most in common. gone age. Times of great religious disturbance are In 1760-80 Methodism had not spent fruitful in instances of men who would its first fervor. Wesley was preaching have sent one another to the stake as up and down the country, and Newton the almost necessary expression of an and Cowper were writing their hynins equally fervent faith and an equally at Olney. It was a flame, however, deep-seated intolerance – conscience which, like a hearth tire, spread most striking, as it were, the same note, rapidly in the open ; it leapt from hamthough on minds of different metal. lei to hamlet, it was kindled in the Nevertheless it is true that the temper hearts of cottagers and artisans. But of the religious enthusiast is that of a though here and there this new reliprotest and a revolt, and it cannot be gion numbered the rich and influential regarded as a reliable interpretation of amongst its converts, it was for the the spirit of his times. If the history most part despised or distrusted by the of a nation is found in its national more highly educated members of the songs, the history of its religion is community ; it affronted the orthodoxy written in no misleading character in of a political episcopate, and scandaldialogue and anecdote, in epistolary ized the sober-minded Anglicanism of literature, in poetry and fiction.

the day. Evangelicalism within the At this end of the nineteenth cen- Church was as yet contined to a small tury, when religious activities are ab- minority, and the prevalent religion sorbing men's minds, and to some was that of cushioned pews, didactic extent usurping the place of contem- discourses, and comfortable divines ; plative piety, it may not be uninterest for the most part too well content with ing to cast our eyes back to a period this present world to awaken any ennot as yet too far removed from our thusiasm demanding personal and probown— to the days of Dr. Johnson and ably inconvenient sacrifices. Of many Goldsmith, of the Coleridges and of the parochial clergy Crabbe probaCharles Lamb, of Wordsworth and bly drew a faithful portrait when he Southey, of De Quincey and Miss Aus- wrote of his “ vicar :" ten, - a period beginning with the

Mild were his doctrines, and not one dispublication of the first portion of “The Rambler ”' in 1750, and ending in the But gained in softness what it lost in force. religious and literary revolutions of the If ever fretful thought disturbed his breast, early decades of this present century. If aught of gloom that cheerful mind opGlancing at some pages of biography

course

pressed,

It sprang from innovation ; it was then land went so far as to wish to discover He spake of mischief inade by restless men. painted glass and cobwebs; but such Habit with him was all the test of truth :

anticipations were naturally doomed to It must be right ; I've done it from my disappointment at a time when an old youth.

oak chest was the only relic of anSir Walter Scott, that magician of the tiquity allowed within the house, and past, was indeed, at the opening of the that had been put away in a corner nineteenth century, to fire the imagina- of the spare bedroom, Mediaevalism, lion of the young by his vivid presen- whether in architecture or religion, bad tations of a bygone faith ; but though given way to a desire for utility and no writer has more forcibly portrayed convenience. Whitewash had done its the temper of the religious enthusiast, work both literally and metaphorically. and the powerful influence which pas- A sense of propriety restrained relisionate self-sacrificing devotion to a gious impulses, and the Methodist recreed may exercise upon the minds and vival was condemned by contemporary fortunes of men, he was averse (almost divines writing from the precincts of to the point of intolerance) to any rectories and orthodoxy, as a “spiritstrong manifestation of religious feel- ual influenza” which could not but be ing. “I have been always careful,” repugnant to all reasonable persons. he writes in his diary, “ to place my We may well feel sure, as we turn over mind in the most tranquil posture it the voluminous pages of these longcan assume during my private exercises forgotten sermons, that they were in of devotion.” He purposely refrained no danger of catching the complaint. from indulging his imagination on spir- It was a common belief, not uncharacitual subjects, and his religion has been teristic of the times, that poor Cowper described as cold and conventional, but was driven mad by too much religion ; it was of a nature which could well whereas, to those who knew him best, withstand the repeated strokes of ad- it was evident that it was to the consoversity. It triumphed alike over bodily lations of religion alone be owed his weakness and failing mental powers, intervals of peace and sanity. But a and found its truest expression in his life spent in good works, in prayer and last conscious words of leave-taking to psalm-singing, would not improbably Lockhart. “My dear, be a good man, strike an unawakened conscience as inbe virtuous, be religious, — be a good consistent with the rational occupations man.

Nothing else will give you any of an educated man. comfort when you come to lie here." Hannah More, whom we are perhaps

In his romances he had painted rather too apt to think of merely as a Catholicism in some of its attractive writer of tracts and a Sunday-school aspects, but it was with the pencil of teacher, was at first almost as much the artist, not the pen of the disciple, afraid of Methodism as if she had been and in his diary he expresses a hope a bishop. She was naturally fond of that “unopposed the Catholic super- society, an agreeable woman, the friend stition may sink into dust.” In Great of Johnsou, Garrick, Horace Walpole, Britain, at least, it would have seemed and Sir Joshua Reynolds, and she benot impossible that his wish might be gan her literary career by writing rers fulfilled ; so far as practical use was de société and dramas, brought out with concerned, it was as yet as much a success upon the stage under Garrick's thing of the past as the ruined abbeys supervision. It is true that, even in scattered about the country, or the those days, she had scruples as to foldiscarded suits of armor which had lowing some of the customs of the fash. dung upon their walls. We find, it is ionable world. When there was to be true, that General Tilney talked of music on Sunday evening, Garrick preserving the Gothic forms of the called her “a Sunday woman," and windows in Northanger Abbey with advised her to retire to her room — he reverential care, and Catherine Moral.would recall her when the music was

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